Skip Header

Federal Deposit
Insurance Corporation

Each depositor insured to at least $250,000 per insured bank

History of the FDIC

FDIC Exhibit

The exhibit takes you through our history and explores how the FDIC and the banking industry have changed over time. This virtual exhibit is based on the exhibit located at the FDIC building in Washington, DC.

Visit the exhibit

The FDIC was created in 1933 in response to the thousands of bank failures that occurred in the 1920s and early 1930s. As the FDIC celebrates its 75th anniversary, we present a historical perspective on the rich history of protecting consumers.

List of FDIC Chairmen - This is the list of those who served as Chairman (or Acting Chairman) since the FDIC's inception in 1933.

Audio

Roosevelt Fireside Chat

Listen to President Franklin D. Roosevelt speak to the nation regarding the banking crisis on March 12, 1933.

Link to speech
Transcript of Speech by President Franklin D. Roosevelt regarding the banking crisis - March 12, 1933

Videos

FDIC Exhibit Shows Economic History (Courtesy of News Channel 4, Washington, DC)

News Reports on the First 50 Years of FDIC History

View video
In a TV report from July 1983, Jane Bryant Quinn on CBS Morning News reviews 50 years of FDIC history. This video also includes speeches from then-Chairman William Isaac and then-Vice President George Bush.

Pictures

Other Historical Photos
View a collection of 1930's pictures depicting the banking crisis and the FDIC's response.

Historical Timeline
A chronology of the FDIC and other banking events from the 1700's to 2005.

Historical Perspectives
Read historical studies of deposit insurance from the 1930s, including research on the extraordinary number of bank failures in the 1980s & early 1990s.

FDIC.gov Changes