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Financial Institution Employee’s Guide to Deposit Insurance

Health Savings Accounts

Last Updated: May 29, 2024

Health Savings Accounts

View Health Savings Accounts as a PDF

I.  Definition

A Health Savings Account (“HSA”) is a tax-exempt trust or custodial account established with a qualified HSA trustee, such as an IDI, to pay or reimburse certain medical expenses. Interest earned on an HSA is tax-free. In addition, tax-free withdrawals may be made for qualified medical expenses. Unused funds and interest are carried over, without limit, from year to year.

II.  Insurance Limit

The FDIC does not recognize HSAs as a unique deposit insurance category. HSAs are insured based on who owns the funds and whether beneficiaries are named in the IDI account records. These accounts could be insured under one of the following deposit insurance categories depending on whether beneficiaries are listed:

  1. Trust Acccounts category
  2. Single Accounts category

III.  Deposit Insurance Category

1. HSAs as Trust Accounts

In order to identify the applicable deposit insurance category for an HSA, the FDIC will determine whether the deposit has testamentary language identifying one or more eligible beneficiaries to receive the HSA deposit funds when the owner dies. If valid testamentary language exists with one or more beneficiaries named, then the FDIC will insure the deposit under the Trust Accounts category. In general, coverage for trust accounts depends on the number of owners and the number of beneficiaries. For example, if John Smith deposited $750,000 at XYZ Bank and established an HSA where he identified his three children as beneficiaries of the HSA, then John Smith would be insured for up to $750,000. Using the formula for determining coverage for a trust account, his coverage would be calculated as follows:
1 owner x 3 beneficiaries x $250,000 = $750,000.

2. HSAs as Single Accounts

If an owner of an HSA has not designated beneficiaries, then the FDIC will insure the HSA as the single account of the owner. The insurance limit would be up to $250,000 for all single accounts, including any HSAs that a depositor has at the same IDI.

3. Aggregation with Other Trust Accounts or Single Accounts

In calculating the deposit insurance coverage for an HSA that identifies beneficiaries, the FDIC will aggregate the funds of the HSA with the owner’s other Trust Accounts. Thus, in the earlier example, if John Smith has named his three children as beneficiaries on his HSA and also has named those same children as POD beneficiaries on a savings account at the same IDI, the FDIC would combine those accounts and John’s total coverage would be $750,000. If John deposited more than $750,000 between the two accounts combined, then he would have uninsured funds.

Similarly, if the HSA is established without any beneficiaries, then those deposits would be combined with any other single accounts that the depositor has at the same IDI and insured for up to $250,000.

IV.  Titling Requirement

The FDIC does not require “POD” or “ITF” to be included in the account title for an HSA to be eligible for Trust Account coverage. If the HSA deposit has testamentary language naming beneficiaries, then the FDIC will accept any of the following terms: “Health Savings Account Trust,” “Health Savings Account” (without the word “trust”) or “HSA.” In regard to the requirement that the beneficiaries of an informal revocable trust account must be named in the IDI’s account records, the listing of the beneficiaries in the IDI’s HSA application form or elsewhere in the IDI’s records would be acceptable.

For More Information from the FDIC

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1-877-ASK-FDIC (1-877-275-3342)

Calculate deposit insurance coverage using the FDIC’s Electronic Deposit Insurance Estimator (EDIE)

Read more about FDIC deposit insurance on our Deposit Insurance webpage

View frequently asked questions on deposit insurance coverage

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Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Attn: Deposit Insurance Unit
550 17th Street, NW
Washington, DC 20429