Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
National Credit Union Administration
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
Office of Thrift Supervision
For Immediate Release FDIC-PR-44-2005
May 16, 2005
Agencies Issue Credit Risk Management Guidance for Home Equity Lending
The federal bank, thrift and credit union regulatory agencies today issued guidance that promotes sound risk management practices for home equity lines of credit and loans. The agencies have found that in some cases credit risk management practices for home equity lending have not kept pace with the product's rapid growth and eased underwriting standards.
The rise in home values, coupled with low interest rates and favorable tax treatment, have made home equity lines of credit and loans attractive to consumers. To date, delinquency and loss rates for home equity portfolios have been low, due at least in part to the modest repayment requirements and relaxed structures of this lending. However, the agencies have identified risk factors that, along with vulnerability to interest rate increases, have attracted scrutiny, including:
Interest-only features that require no amortization of principal for a protracted period;
Limited or no documentation of a borrower's assets, employment and income;
Higher loan-to-value (LTV) and debt-to-income ratios;
Lower credit risk scores for underwriting home equity loans;
Greater use of automated valuation models and other collateral evaluation tools for the development of appraisals and evaluations; and
An increased number of transactions generated through a loan broker or other third party.
The agencies note that active portfolio management is especially important for financial institutions that project or have already experienced significant growth or concentrations in higher risk products, such as high LTV, limited documentation and no documentation interest-only, and third-party generated loans.
Like most other lending activity, home equity lending can be conducted in a safe and sound manner with appropriate risk management systems. This guidance outlines the agencies' expectations for sound underwriting standards and effective credit risk management practices for a financial institution's home equity lending activity.
The guidance is available on the FDIC's Web site at www.fdic.gov.