FDIC CHAIRMAN TANOUE GIVES PREVIEW
OF DEPOSIT INSURANCE REFORM
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE PR-19-2001 (03-07-2001)
Rosemary George (202) 898-6530
FDIC Chairman Donna Tanoue today previewed the deposit insurance reform recommendations the agency plans to issue at the end of this month.
"We believe these reforms are necessary to make our system stronger, more efficient, and better able to meet the future needs of Americans," Chairman Tanoue said in a speech to bankers attending the Independent Community Bankers Association annual conference in Las Vegas.
The deposit insurance system has three fundamental flaws that need to be addressed, she said. Specifically, deposit insurance is crudely priced; charges for deposit insurance occur at the wrong point in the business cycle; and the value of insurance coverage shrinks over time.
"We do not think this is the way FDIC insurance should work," she said. Rather, the cost of operating the insurance system should be spread out across all insured institutions. We should collect premiums in good times that cover losses in bad times. And the value of deposit insurance should approximate the effects of inflation on American savings."
Noting that the current system has been financed by a subset of the banking industry that existed prior to 1996, Chairman Tanoue said, "Taken together, we believe our recommendations for pricing and funding will help manage the impact of new deposit growth in a fair and equitable way," the chairman said.
Specifically, the FDIC plans to recommend the following comprehensive package of reforms:
Merge the BIF and the Savings Association Insurance Fund. The FDIC cannot rationalize the deposit insurance system without eliminating the incongruous requirement to maintain two separate funds.
Eliminate the "hard target" reserve ratio of 1.25 percent. Instead, the FDIC could maintain the reserve ratio within a more flexible target range.
Price insurance to be steadier -- less volatile -- over the business cycle.
Price insurance more closely to the risk an institution presents - rewarding the safest institutions over time.
Establish an adjustment mechanism to prevent the fund from becoming too large or too small. Adjustment rules could provide for a gradual return to the midpoint of a range and some flexibility to adjust to changing conditions.
Index deposit insurance coverage levels to an appropriate base year of the Consumer Price Index.
Congress created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in 1933 to restore public confidence in the nation's banking system. The FDIC insures deposits at the nation's 9,905 banks and savings associations and it promotes the safety and soundness of these institutions by identifying, monitoring and addressing risks to which they are exposes.
FDIC press releases and other information are available on the Internet at www.fdic.gov or through the FDIC's Public Information Center (800-276-6003 or (703) 562-2200).