7500 - FRB Regulations
PART 224BORROWERS OF SECURITIES CREDIT (REGULATION X)
AUTHORITY: 15 U.S.C. 78g.
§ 224.1 Authority, purpose, and scope.
(a) Authority and purpose. Regulation X (this part) is issued by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (the Board) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the Act) (15 U.S.C. 78a et seq.). This part implements section 7(f) of the Act (15 U.S.C. 78g(f)), the purpose of which is to require that credit obtained within or outside the United States complies with the limitations of the Board's Margin Regulations T and U (12 CFR Parts 220, and 221, respectively).
(b) Scope and exemptions. The Act and this part apply the Board's margin regulations to United States persons and foreign persons controlled by or acting on behalf of or in conjunction with United States persons (hereinafter borrowers), who obtain credit outside the United States to purchase or carry United States securities, or within the United States to purchase or carry any securities (both types of credit are hereinafter referred to as purpose credit). The following borrowers are exempt from the Act and this part:
(1) Any borrower who obtains purpose credit within the United States, unless the borrower willfully causes the credit to be extended in contravention of Regulations T or U.
(2) Any borrower whose permanent residence is outside the United States and who does not obtain or have outstanding, during any calendar year, a total of more than $100,000 in purpose credit obtained outside the United States; and
(3) Any borrower who is exempt by Order upon terms and conditions set by the Board.
[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 224.1]
§ 224.2 Definitions.
(a) "United States person" includes a person which is organized or exists under the laws of any State or, in the case of a natural person, a citizen or resident of the United States; a domestic estate; or a trust in which one or more of the foregoing persons has a cumulative direct or indirect beneficial interest in excess of 50 per centum of the value of the trust.
(b) "United States security" means a security (other than an exempted security) issued by a person incorporated under the laws of any State, or whose principal place of business is within a State.
(c) "Foreign person controlled by a United States person" includes any noncorporate entity in which United States persons directly or indirectly have more than a 50 per centum beneficial interest, and any corporation in which one or more United States persons, directly or indirectly, own stock possessing more than 50 per centum of the total combined voting power of all classes of stock entitled to vote, or more than 50 per centum of the total value of shares of all classes of stock.
[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 224.2]
§ 224.3 Margin regulations to be applied by nonexempted borrowers.
(a) Credit transactions outside the United States. No borrower shall obtain purpose credit from outside the United States unless it conforms to the following margin regulations:
(1) Regulation T (12 CFR part 220) if the credit is obtained from a foreign branch of a broker-dealer;
(2) Regulation U (12 CFR part 221), as it applies to banks, if the credit is obtained from a foreign branch of a bank, except for the requirement of a purpose statement (12 CFR 221.3(c)(1)(i) and (c)(2)(i)); and
(3) Regulation U (12 CFR part 221), as it applies to nonbank lenders, if the credit is obtained from any other lender outside the United States, except for the requirement of a purpose statement (12 CFR 221.3(c)(1)(ii) and (c)(2)(ii)).
(b) Credit transactions within the United States. Any borrower who willfully causes credit to be extended in contravention of Regulations T and U (12 CFR parts 220 and 221), and who, therefore, is not exempted by § 224.1(b)(1), must conform the credit to the margin regulation that applies to the lender.
[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 224.3]
[Section 224.3 amended at 63 Fed. Reg. 2839, January 16, 1996, effective April 1, 1998]