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7500 - FRB Regulations


PART 215—LOANS TO EXECUTIVE OFFICERS, DIRECTORS, AND PRINCIPAL SHAREHOLDERS OF MEMBER BANKS (REGULATION O)

Sec.

AUTHORITY:  12 U.S.C. 248(a), 375a(10), 375b(9) and (10), 1817(k), 5412; and Pub. L. 102--242, 105 Stat. 2236 (1991).

SOURCE:  The provisions of this Part 215 appear at 59 Fed. Reg. 8837, February 24, 1994, except as otherwise noted.

Subpart A—Loans by Member Banks to Their Executive Officers, Directors, and Principal Shareholders

§ 215.1  Authority, purpose, and scope.

(a)  Authority. This part is issued pursuant to sections 11(a), 22(g), and 22(h) of the Federal Reserve Act (12 U.S.C. 248(a), 375a, and 375b), 12 U.S.C. 1817(k), section 306 of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 (Pub. L. 102--242, 105 Stat. 2236 (1991)), section 11 of the Home Owners' Loan Act (12 U.S.C. 1468), and section 312(b)(2)(A) of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (12 U.S.C. 5412).

(b)  Purpose and scope--(1) This part governs any extension of credit made by a member bank to an executive officer, director, or principal shareholder of the member bank, of any company of which the member bank is a subsidiary, and of any other subsidiary of that company.

(2)  This part also applies to any extension of credit made by a member bank to a company controlled by such a person, or to a political or campaign committee that benefits or is controlled by such a person.

(3)  This part also implements the reporting requirements of 12 U.S.C. 1817(k) concerning extensions of credit by a member bank to its executive officers of principal shareholders (or to the related interests of such persons).

(4)  Extensions of credit made to an executive officer, director, or principal shareholder of a bank (or to a related interest of such person) by a correspondent bank also are subject to restrictions set forth in 12 U.S.C. 1972(2).

[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 215.1]

[Section 215.1 amended at 44 Fed. Reg. 67978, November 28, 1979, effective December 31, 1979; 57 Fed. Reg. 22424, May 28, 1992, effective May 18, 1992; 59 Fed. Reg. 8837, February 24, 1994, effective February 18, 1994; 71 Fed. Reg. 71474, December 11, 2006, effective January 1, 2007; 72 Fed. Reg. 30470, June 1, 2007, effective July 2, 2007; 76 Fed. Reg. 56531, September 13, 2011]

§ 215.2 Definitions.

For the purposes of this part, the following definitions apply unless otherwise specified:

(a)  Affiliate means any company of which a member bank is a subsidiary or any other subsidiary of that company.

(b)  Company means any corporation, partnership, trust (business or otherwise), association, joint venture, pool syndicate, sole proprietorship, unincorporated organization, or any other form of business entity not specifically listed herein. However, the term does not include:

(1)  An insured depository institution (as defined in 12 U.S.C. 1813); or

(2)  A corporation the majority of the shares of which are owned by the United States or by any state.

(c)(1)  Control of a company or bank means that a person directly or indirectly, or acting through or in concert with one or more persons:

(i)  Owns, controls, or has the power to vote 25 percent or more of any class of voting securities of the company or bank;

(ii)  Controls in any manner the election of a majority of the directors of the company or bank; or

(iii)  Has the power to exercise a controlling influence over the management or policies of the company or bank.

(2)  A person is presumed to have control, including the power to exercise a controlling influence over the management or policies, of a company or bank if:

(i)  The person is:

(A)  An executive officer or director of the company or bank; and

(B)  Directly or indirectly owns, controls, or has the power to vote more than 10 percent of any class of voting securities of the company or bank; or

(ii)(A)  The person directly or indirectly owns, controls, or has the power to vote more than 10 percent of any class of voting securities of the company or bank; and

(B)  No other person owns, controls, or has the power to vote a greater percentage of that class of voting securities.

(3)  An individual is not considered to have control, including the power to exercise a controlling influence over the management or policies, of a company or bank solely by virtue of the individual's position as an officer or director of the company or bank.

(4)  A person may rebut a presumption established by paragraph (c)(2) of this section by submitting to the appropriate Federal banking agency (as defined in 12 U.S.C. 1813(q)) written materials that, in the agency's judgment, demonstrate an absence of control.

(d)  Director of a company or bank--(1)  means any director of the company or bank, whether or not receiving compensation. An advisory director is not considered a director if the advisory director:

(i)  Is not elected by the shareholders of the company or bank;

(ii)  Is not authorized to vote on matters before the board of directors; and

(iii)  Provides solely general policy advice to the board of directors.

(2)  Extensions of credit to a director of an affiliate of a bank are not subject to §§ 215.4, 215.6, and 215.8 if--

(i)  The director of the affiliate is excluded, by resolution of the board of directors or by the bylaws of the bank, from participation in major policymaking functions of the bank, and the director does not actually participate in such functions;

(ii)  The affiliate does not control the bank;

(iii)  As determined annually, the assets of the affiliate do not constitute more than 10 percent of the consolidated assets of the company that--

(A)  Controls the bank; and

(B)  Is not controlled by any other company; and

(iv)  The director of the affiliate is not otherwise subject to §§ 215.4, 215.6, and 215.8.

(3)  For purposes of paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section, a resolution of the board of directors or a corporate bylaw may--

(i)  Include the director (by name or by title) in a list of persons excluded from participation in such functions; or

(ii)  Not include the director in a list of persons authorized (by name or by title) to participcate in such functions.

(e)(1)  Executive officer of a company or bank means a person who participates or has authority to participate (other than in the capacity of a director) in major policymaking functions of the company or bank, whether or not: the officer has an official title; the title designates the officer an assistant; or the officer is serving without salary or other compensation.1 The chairman of the board, the president, every vice president, the cashier, the secretary, and the treasurer of a company or bank are considered executive officers, unless the officer is excluded, by resolution of the board of directors or by the bylaws of the bank or company, from participation (other than in the capacity of a director) in major policymaking functions of the bank or company, and the officer does not actually participate therein.

(2)  Extensions of credit to an executive officer of an affiliate of a bank are not subject to §§ 215.4, 215.6, and 215.8 if--

(i)  The executive officer is excluded, by resolution of the board of directors or by the bylaws of the bank, from participation in major policymaking functions of the bank, and the executive officer does not actually participate in such functions;

(ii)  The affiliate does not control the bank;

(iii)  As determined annually, the assets of the affiliate do not constitute more than 10 percent of the consolidated assets of the company that--

(A)  Controls the bank; and

(B)  Is not controlled by any other company; and

(iv)  The executive officer of the affiliate is not otherwise subject to §§ 215.4, 215.6, and 215.8.

(3)  For purposes of paragraphs (e)(1) and (e)(2)(i) of this section, a resolution of the board of directors or a corporate bylaw may--

(i)  Include the executive officer (by name or by title) in a list of persons excluded from participation in such functions; or

(ii)  Not include the executive officer in a list of persons authorized (by name or by title) to participate in such functions.

(f)  Foreign bank has the meaning given in 12 U.S.C. 3101(7).

(g)  Immediate family means the spouse of an individual, the individual's minor children, and any of the individual's children (including adults) residing in the individual's home.

(h)  Insider means an executive officer, director, or principal shareholder, and includes any related interest of such a person.

(i)  Lending limit. The lending limit for a member bank is an amount equal to the limit of loans to a single borrower established by section 5200 of the Revised Statutes.2 12 U.S.C. 84. This amount is 15 percent of the bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus in the case of loans that are not fully secured, and an additional 10 percent of the bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus in the case of loans that are fully secured by readily marketable collateral having a market value, as determined by reliable and continuously available price quotations at least equal to the amount of the loan. The lending limit also includes any higher amounts that are permitted by section 5200 of the Revised Statutes for the types of obligations listed therein as exceptions to the limit. A member bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus equals:

(1)  The bank's Tier 1 and Tier 2 capital included in the bank's risk-based capital under the capital guidelines of the appropriate Federal banking agency, based on the bank's most recent consolidated report of condition filed under 12 U.S.C. 1817(a)(3); and

(2)  The balance of the bank's allowance for loan and lease losses not included in the bank's Tier 2 capital for purposes of the calculation of risk-based capital by the appropriate Federal banking agency, based on the bank's most recent consolidated report of condition filed under 12 U.S.C. 1817(a)(3).

(j)  Member bank means any banking institution that is a member of the Federal Reserve System, including any subsidiary of a member bank. The term does not include any foreign bank that maintains a branch in the United States, whether or not the branch is insured (within the meaning of 12 U.S.C. 1813(a)) and regardless of the operation of 12 U.S.C. 1813(h) and 12 U.S.C. 1828(j)(3)(B).

(k)  Pay as overdraft on an account means to pay an amount upon the order of an account holder in excess of funds on deposit in the account.

(l)  Person means an individual or a company.

(m)(1)  Principal shareholder means a person (other than an insured bank) that directly or indirectly, or acting through or in concert with one or more persons, owns, controls, or has the power to vote more than 10 percent of any class of voting securities of a member bank or company. Shares owned or controlled by a member of an individual's immediate family are considered to be held by the individual.

(2)  A principal shareholder of a member bank does not include a company of which a member bank is a subsidiary.

(n)  Related interest of a person means:

(1)  A company that is controlled by that person; or

(2)  A political or campaign committee that is controlled by that person or the funds or services of which will benefit that person.

(o)  Subsidiary has the meaning given in 12 U.S.C. 1841(d), but does not include a subsidiary of a member bank.

[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 215.2]

[Section 215.2 amended at 44 Fed. Reg. 67979, November 28, 1979, effective December 31, 1979; 48 Fed. Reg. 42805, September 20, 1983, effective October 20, 1983; 57 Fed. Reg. 22424, May 28, 1992, effective May 18, 1992; 59 Fed. Reg. 8837, February 24, 1994, effective February 18, 1994; 59 Fed. Reg. 37930, July 26, 1994 effective July 19, 1994; 60 Fed. Reg. 31054, June 13, 1995, effective July 1, 1995; 62 Fed. Reg. 13298, March 20, 1997, effective April 1, 1997; 71 Fed. Reg. 71474, December 11, 2006, effective January 10, 2007; 72 Fed. Reg. 30470, June 1, 2007, effective July 2, 2007]

§ 215.3  Extension of credit.

(a)  An extension of credit is a making or renewal of any loan, a granting of a line of credit, or an extending of credit in any manner whatsoever, and includes:

(1)  A purchase under repurchase agreement of securities, other assets, or obligations;

(2)  An advance by means of an overdraft, cash item, or otherwise;

(3)  Issuance of a standby letter of credit (or other similar arrangement regardless of name or description) or an ineligible acceptance, as those terms are defined in § 208.24 of this chapter;

(4)  An acquisition by discount, purchase, exchange, or otherwise of any note, draft, bill of exchange, or other evidence of indebtedness upon which an insider may be liable as maker, drawer, endorser, guarantor, or surety;

(5)  An increase of an existing indebtedness, but not if the additional funds are advanced by the bank for its own protection for:

(i)  Accrued interest; or

(ii)  Taxes, insurance, or other expenses incidental to the existing indebtedness;

(6)  An advance of unearned salary or other unearned compensation for a period in excess of 30 days; and

(7)  Any other similar transaction as a result of which a person becomes obligated to pay money (or its equivalent) to a bank, whether the obligation arises directly or indirectly, or because of an endorsement on an obligation or otherwise, or by any means whatsoever.

(b)  An extension of credit does not include:

(1)  An advance against accrued salary or other accrued compensation, or an advance for the payment of authorized travel or other expenses incurred or to be incurred on behalf of the bank;

(2)  A receipt by a bank of a check deposited in or delivered to the bank in the usual course of business unless it results in the carrying of a cash item for or the granting of an overdraft (other than an inadvertent overdraft in a limited amount that is promptly repaid, as described in § 215.4(e) of this part);

(3)  An acquisition of a note, draft, bill of exchange, or other evidence of indebtedness through:

(i)  A merger or consolidation of banks or a similar transaction by which a bank acquires assets and assumes liabilities of another bank or similar organization; or

(ii)  Foreclosure on collateral or similar proceeding for the protection of the bank, provided that such indebtedness is not held for a period of more than three years from the date of the acquisition, subject to extension by the appropriate Federal banking agency for good cause;

(4)(i)  An endorsement or guarantee for the protection of a bank of any loan or other asset previously acquired by the bank in good faith; or

(ii)  Any indebtedness to a bank for the purpose of protecting the bank against loss or of giving financial assistance to it;

(5)  Indebtedness of $15,000 or less arising by reason of any general arrangement by which a bank:

(i)  Acquires charge or time credit accounts; or

(ii)  Makes payments to or on behalf of participants in a bank credit card plan, check credit plan, or similar open-end credit plan, provided:

(A)  The indebtedness does not involve prior individual clearance or approval by the bank other than for the purposes of determining authority to participate in the arrangement and compliance with any dollar limit under the arrangement; and

(B)  The indebtedness is incurred under terms that are not more favorable than those offered to the general public;

(6)  Indebtedness of $5,000 or less arising by reason of an interest-bearing overdraft credit plan of the type specified in § 215.4(e) of this part; or

(7)  A discount of promissory notes, bills of exchange, conditional sales contracts, or similar paper, without recourse.

(c)  Non-interest-bearing deposits to the credit of a bank are not considered loans, advances, or extensions of credit to the bank of deposit; nor is the giving of immediate credit to a bank upon uncollected items received in the ordinary course of business considered to be a loan, advance or extension of credit to the depositing bank.

(d)  For purposes of § 215.4 of this part, an extension of credit by a member bank is considered to have been made at the time the bank enters into a binding commitment to make the extension of credit.

(e)  A participation without recourse is considered to be an extension of credit by the participating bank, not by the originating bank.

(f)  Tangible economic benefit rule--(1)  In general. An extension of credit is considered made to an insider to the extent that the proceeds are transferred to the insider or are used for the tangible economic benefit of the insider.

(2)  Exception. An extension of credit is not considered made to an insider under paragraph (f)(1) of this section if:

(i)  The credit is extended on terms that would satisfy the standard set forth in § 215.4(a) of this part for extensions of credit to insiders; and

(ii)  The proceeds of the extension of credit are used in a bona fide transaction to acquire property, goods, or services from the insider.

[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 215.3]

[Section 215.3 amended at 57 Fed. Reg. 22425, May 28, 1992, effective May 18, 1992; 59 Fed. Reg. 8838, February 24, 1994, effective February 18, 1994; 59 Fed. Reg. 37930, July 26, 1994, effective July 19, 1994; 63 Fed. Reg. 58621, November 2, 1998]

§ 215.4  General prohibitions.

(a)  Terms and creditworthiness.--(1)  In general. No member bank may extend credit to any insider of the bank or insider of its affiliates unless the extension of credit:

(i)  Is made on substantially the same terms (including interest rates and collateral) as, and following credit underwriting procedures that are not less stringent than, those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions by the bank with other persons that are not covered by this part and who are not employed by the bank; and

(ii)  Does not involve more than the normal risk of repayment or present other unfavorable features.

(2)  Exception. Nothing in this paragraph (a) or (e)(2)(ii) of this section shall prohibit any extension of credit made pursuant to a benefit or compensation program--

(i)  That is widely available to employees of the member bank and, in the case of extensions of credit to an insider of its affiliates, is widely available to employees of the affiliates at which that person is an insider; and

(ii)  That does not give preference to any insider of the member bank over other employees of the member bank and, in the case of extensions of credit to an insider of its affiliates, does not give preference to any insider of its affiliates over other employees of the affiliates at which that person is an insider.

(b)  Prior approval. (1)  No member bank may extend credit (which term includes granting a line of credit) to any insider of the bank or insider of its affiliates in an amount that, when aggregated with the amount of all other extensions of credit to that person and to all related interests of that person, exceeds the higher of $25,000 or 5 percent of the member bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus, unless:

(i)  The extension of credit has been approved in advance by a majority of the entire board of directors of that bank; and

(ii)  The interested party has abstained from participating directly or indirectly in the voting.

(2)  In no event may a member bank extend credit to any insider of the bank or insider of its affiliates in an amount that, when aggregated with all other extensions of credit to that person, and all related interests of that person, exceeds $500,000, except by complying with the requirements of this paragraph (b).

(3)  Approval by the board of directors under paragraphs (b)(1) and (b)(2) of this section is not required for an extension of credit that is made pursuant to a line of credit that was approved under paragraph (b)(1) of this section within 14 months of the date of the extension of credit. The extension of credit must also be in compliance with the requirements of § 215.4(a) of this part.

(4)  Participation in the discussion, or any attempt to influence the voting, by the board of directors regarding an extension of credit constitutes indirect participation in the voting by the board of directors on an extension of credit.

(c)  Individual lending limit--No member bank may extend credit to any insider of the bank or insider of its affiliates in an amount that, when aggregated with the amount of all other extensions of credit by the member bank to that person and to all related interests of that person, exceeds the lending limit of the member bank specified in § 215.2(i) of this part. This prohibition does not apply to an extension of credit by a member bank to a company of which the member bank is a subsidiary or to any other subsidiary of that company.

(d)  Aggregate lending limit--(1)  General limit. A member bank may not extend credit to any insider of the bank or insider of its affiliates unless the extension of credit is in an amount that, when aggregated with the amount of all outstanding extensions of credit by that bank to all such insiders, does not exceed the bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus (as defined in § 215.2(i) of this part).

(2)  Member banks with deposits of less than $100,000,000. (i)  A member bank with deposits of less than $100,000,000 may by an annual resolution of its board of directors increase the general limit specified in paragraph (d)(1) of this section to a level not to exceed two times the bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus, if:

(A)  The board of directors determines that such higher limit is consistent with prudent, safe, and sound banking practices in light of the bank's experience in lending to its insiders and is necessary to attract or retain directors or to prevent restricting the availability of credit in small communities;

(B)  The resolution sets forth the facts and reasoning on which the board of directors bases the finding, including the amount of the bank's lending to its insiders as a percentage of the bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus as of the date of the resolution;

(C)  The bank meets or exceeds, on a fully-phased-in basis, all applicable capital requirements established by the appropriate federal banking agency; and

(D)  The bank received a satisfactory composite rating in its most recent report of examination.

(ii)  If a member bank has adopted a resolution authorizing a higher limit pursuant to paragraph (d)(2)(i) of this section and subsequently fails to meet the requirements of paragraph (d)(2)(i)(C) or (d)(2)(i)(D) of this section, the member bank shall not extend any additional credit (including a renewal of any existing extension of credit) to any insider of the bank or its affiliates unless such extension or renewal is consistent with the general limit in paragraph (d)(1) of this section.

(3)  Exceptions. (i)  The general limit specified in paragraph (d)(1) of this section does not apply to the following:

(A)  Extensions of credit secured by a perfected security interest in bonds, notes, certificates of indebtedness, or Treasury bills of the United States or in other such obligations fully guaranteed as to principal and interest by the United States;

(B)  Extensions of credit to or secured by unconditional takeout commitments or guarantees of any department, agency, bureau, board, commission or establishment of the United States or any corporation wholly owned directly or indirectly by the United States;

(C)  Extensions of credit secured by a perfected security interest in a segregated deposit account in the lending bank; or

(D)  Extensions of credit arising from the discount of negotiable or nonnegotiable installment consumer paper that is acquired from an insider and carries a full or partial recourse endorsement or guarantee by the insider, provided that:

(1)  The financial condition of each maker of such consumer paper is reasonably documented in the bank's files or known to its officers;

(2)  An officer of the bank designated for that purpose by the board of directors of the bank certifies in writing that the bank is relying primarily upon the responsibility of each maker for payment of the obligation and not upon any endorsement or guarantee by the insider; and

(3)  The maker of the instrument is not an insider.

(ii)  The exceptions in paragraphs (d)(3)(i)(A) through (d)(3)(i)(C) of this section apply only to the amounts of such extensions of credit that are secured in the manner described therein.

(e)  Overdrafts. (1)  No member bank may pay an overdraft of an executive officer or director of the bank or executive officer or director of its affiliates3 on an account at the bank, unless the payment of funds is made in accordance with:

(i)  A written, preauthorized, interest-bearing extension of credit plan that specifies a method of repayment; or

(ii)  A written, preauthorized transfer of funds from another account of the account holder at the bank.

(2)  The prohibition in paragraph (e)(1) of this section does not apply to payment of inadvertent overdrafts on an account in an aggregate amount of $1,000 or less, provided:

(i)  The account is not overdrawn for more than 5 business days; and

(ii)  The member bank charges the executive officer or director the same fee charged any other customer of the bank in similar circumstances.

[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 215.4]

[Section 215.4 amended at 48 Fed. Reg. 42805, September 20, 1983, effective October 20, 1983; 57 Fed. Reg. 22425, May 28, 1992, effective May 18, 1992; 58 Fed. Reg. 26508, May 4, 1993, effective May 3, 1993; 58 Fed. Reg. 28494, May 14, 1993, effective May 18, 1993; 59 Fed. Reg. 8838, February 24, 1994, effective February 18, 1994; 59 Fed. Reg. 37930, July 26, 1994, effective July 19, 1994; 61 Fed. Reg. 57770, November 8, 1996, effective November 4, 1996; 62 Fed. Reg. 13298, March 20, 1997, effective April 1, 1997]

§ 215.5 Additional restrictions on loans to executive officers of member banks.

The following restrictions on extensions of credit by a member bank to any of its executive officers apply in addition to any restrictions on extensions of credit by a member bank to insiders of itself or its affiliates set forth elsewhere in this part. The restrictions of this section apply only to executive officers of the member bank and not to executive officers of its affiliates.

(a)  No member bank may extend credit to any of its executive officers, and no executive officer of a member bank shall borrow from or otherwise become indebted to the bank, except in the amounts, for the purposes, and upon the conditions specified in paragraphs (c) and (d) of this section.

(b)  No member bank may extend credit in an aggregate amount greater than the amount permitted in paragraph (c)(4) of this section to a partnership in which one or more of the bank's executive officers are partners and, either individually or together, hold a majority interest. For the purposes of paragraph (c)(4) of this section, the total amount of credit extended by a member bank to such partnership is considered to be extended to each executive officer of the member bank who is a member of the partnership.

(c)  A member bank is authorized to extend credit to any executive officer of the bank:

(1)  In any amount to finance the education of the executive officer's children;

(2)  In any amount to finance or refinance the purchase, construction, maintenance, or improvement of a residence of the executive officer, provided:

(i)  The extension of credit is secured by a first lien on the residence and the residence is owned (or expected to be owned after the extension of credit) by the executive officer; and

(ii)  In the case of a refinancing, that only the amount thereof used to repay the original extension of credit, together with the closing costs of the refinancing, and any additional amount thereof used for any of the purposes enumerated in this paragraph (c)(2), are included within this category of credit;

(3)  In any amount, if the extension of credit is secured in a manner described in § 215.4(d)(3)(i)(A) through (d)(3)(i)(C) of this part; and

(4)  For any other purpose not specified in paragraphs (c)(1) through (c)(3) of this section, if the aggregate amount of extensions of credit to that executive officer under this paragraph does not exceed at any one time the higher of 2.5 per cent of the bank's unimpaired capital and unimpaired surplus or $25,000, but in no event more than $100,000.

(d)  Any extension of credit by a member bank to any of its executive officers shall be:

(1)  Promptly reported to the member bank's board of directors;

(2)  In compliance with the requirements of § 215.4(a) of this part;

(3)  Preceded by the submission of a detailed current financial statement of the executive officer; and

(4)  Made subject to the condition in writing that the extension of credit will, at the option of the member bank, become due and payable at any time that the officer is indebted to any other bank or banks in an aggregate amount greater than the amount specified for a category of credit in paragraph (c) of this section.

[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 215.5]

[Section 215.5 amended at 47 Fed. Reg. 49348, November 1, 1982; 48 Fed. Reg. 42805, September 20, 1983, effective October 20, 1983; 57 Fed. Reg. 22425, May 28, 1992, effective May 18, 1992; 59 Fed. Reg. 8840, February 24, 1994, effective February 18, 1994; 59 Fed. Reg. 37930, July 26, 1994, effective July 19, 1994; 60 Fed. Reg. 17636, April 7, 1995]

§ 215.6  Prohibition on knowingly receiving unauthorized extension of credit.

No executive officer, director, or principal shareholder of a member bank or any of its affiliates shall knowingly receive (or knowingly permit any of that person's related interests to receive) from a member bank, directly or indirectly, any extension of credit not authorized under this part.

[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 215.6]

[Section 215.6 amended at 59 Fed. Reg. 8841, February 24, 1994, effective February 18, 1994]

§ 215.7  Extensions of credit outstanding on March 10, 1979.

(a)  Any extension of credit that was outstanding on March 10, 1979, and that would, if made on or after March 10, 1979, violate § 215.4(c) of this part, shall be reduced in amount by March 10, 1980, to be in compliance with the lending limit in § 215.4(c) of this part. Any renewal or extension of such an extension of credit on or after March 10, 1979, shall be made only on terms that will bring the extension of credit into compliance with the lending limit of § 215.4(c) of this part by March 10, 1980. However, any extension of credit made before March 10, 1979, that bears a specific maturity date of March 10, 1980, or later, shall be repaid in accordance with its repayment schedule in existence on or before March 10, 1979.

(b)  If a member bank is unable to bring all extensions of credit outstanding on March 10, 1979, into compliance as required by paragraph (a) of this section, the member bank shall promptly report that fact to the Comptroller of the Currency, in the case of a national bank, or to the appropriate Federal Reserve Bank, in the case of a state member bank, and explain the reasons why all the extensions of credit cannot be brought into compliance. The Comptroller or the Reserve Bank, as the case may be, is authorized, on the basis of good cause shown, to extend the March 10, 1980, date for compliance for any extension of credit for not more than two additional one-year periods.

[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 215.7]

[Section 215.6 redesignated as § 215.7 at 57 Fed. Reg. 22426, May 28, 1992, effective May 18, 1992; amended at 59 Fed. Reg. 8841, February 24, 1994, effective February 18, 1994]

§ 215.8 Records of member banks.

(a)  In general. Each member bank shall maintain records necessary for compliance with the requirements of this part.

(b)  Recordkeeping for insiders of the member bank. Any recordkeeping method adopted by a member bank shall:

(1)  Identify, through an annual survey, all insiders of the bank itself; and

(2)  Maintain records of all extensions of credit to insiders of the bank itself, including the amount and terms of each such extension of credit.

(c)  Recordkeeping for insiders of the member bank's affiliates. Any recordkeeping method adopted by a member bank shall maintain records of extensions of credit to insiders of the member bank's affiliates by:

(1)  Survey method. (i)  Identifying, through an annual survey, each insider of the member bank's affiliates; and

(ii)  Maintaining records of the amount and terms of each extension of credit by the member bank to such insiders; or

(2)  Borrower inquiry method. (i)  Requiring as part of each extension of credit that the borrower indicate whether the borrower is an insider of an affiliate of the member bank; and

(ii)  Maintaining records that identify the amount and terms of each extension of credit by the member bank to borrowers so identifying themselves.

(3)  Alternative recordkeeping methods for insiders of affiliates. A member bank may employ a recordkeeping method other than those identified in paragraphs (c)(1) and (c)(2) of this section if the appropriate federal banking agency determines that the bank's method is at least as effective as the identified methods.

(d)  Special rule for non-commercial lenders. A member bank that is prohibited by law or by an express resolution of the board of directors of the bank from making an extension of credit to any company or other entity that is covered by this part as a company is not required to maintain any records of the related interests of the insiders of the bank or its affiliates or to inquire of borrowers whether they are related interests of the insiders of the bank or its affiliates.

[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 215.8]

[Section 215.7 redesignated as § 215.8 at 57 Fed. Reg. 22426, May 28, 1992, effective May 18, 1992; amended at 59 Fed. Reg. 8841, February 24, 1994, effective February 18, 1994]

§ 215.9 Disclosure of credit from member banks to executive officers and principal shareholders.

(a)  Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:

(1)  Principal shareholder of a member bank means any person other than an insured bank, or a foreign bank as defined in 12 U.S.C. 3101(7), that, directly or indirectly, owns, controls, or has power to vote more than 10 percent of any class of voting securities of the member bank. The term includes a person that controls a principal shareholder (e.g., a person that controls a bank holding company). Shares of a bank (including a foreign bank), bank holding company, savings and loan holding company or other company owned or controlled by a member of an individual's immediate family are presumed to be owned or controlled by the individual for the purposes of determining principal shareholder status.

(2)  Related interest means:

(i)  Any company controlled by a person; or

(ii)  Any political or campaign committee the funds or services of which will benefit a person or that is controlled by a person. For the purpose of this section, a related interest does not include a bank or a foreign bank (as defined in 12 U.S.C. 3101(7)).

(b)  Public disclosure. (1)  Upon receipt of a written request from the public, a member bank shall make available the names of each of its executive officers and each of its principal shareholders to whom, or to whose related interests, the member bank had outstanding as of the end of the latest previous quarter of the year, an extension of credit that, when aggregated with all other outstanding extensions of credit at such time from the member bank to such person and to all related interests of such person, equaled or exceeded 5 percent of the member bank's capital and unimpaired surplus or $500,000, whichever amount is less. No disclosure under this paragraph is required if the aggregate amount of all extensions of credit outstanding at such time from the member bank to the executive officer or principal shareholder of the member bank and to all related interests of such a person does not exceed $25,000.

(2)  A member bank is not required to disclose the specific amounts of individual extensions of credit.

(c)  Maintaining records. Each member bank shall maintain records of all requests for the information described in paragraph (b) of this section and the disposition of such requests. These records may be disposed of after two years from the date of the request.

[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 215.9]

[Section 215.10 added at 44 Fed. Reg. 67979, November 28, 1979, effective December 31, 1979; 48 Fed. Reg. 56936, December 27, 1983, effective December 31, 1983; 49 Fed. Reg. 2902, January 24, 1984; redesignated as § 215.11 at 57 Fed. Reg. 22426, May 28, 1992, effective May 18, 1992; amended at 59 Fed. Reg. 8841, February 24, 1994, effective February 18, 1994; 59 Fed. Reg. 37930, July 26, 1994, effective July 19, 1994; redesignated as 211.9 at 71 Fed. Reg. 71474, December 11, 2006; 72 Fed. Reg. 30470, June 1, 2007, effective July 2, 2007; 76 Fed. Reg. 56531, September 13, 2011]

§ 215.10  Reporting requirement for credit secured by certain bank stock.

Each executive officer or director of a member bank the shares of which are not publicly traded shall report annually to the board of directors of the member bank the outstanding amount of any credit that was extended to the executive officer or director and that is secured by shares of the member bank.

[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 215.10]

[Section 215.12 added at 57 Fed. Reg. 22426, May 28, 1992, effective May 18, 1992; redesignated as 211.10 at 71 Fed. Reg. 71474, December 11, 2006; 72 Fed. Reg. 30470, June 1, 2007, effective July 2, 2007]

§ 215.11  Civil penalties.

Any member bank, or any officer, director, employee, agent, or other person participating in the conduct of the affairs of the bank, that violates any provision of this part (other than § 215.9) is subject to civil penalties as specified in section 29 of the Federal Reserve Act (12 U.S.C. 504).

[Codified to 12 C.F.R. § 215.11]

[Section 215.11 added at 44 Fed. Reg. 67979, November 28, 1979, effective December 31, 1979; redesignated as 215.13 and amended at 57 Fed. Reg. 22426, May 28, 1992, effective May 18, 1992; 59 Fed. Reg. 8842, February 24, 1994, effective February 18, 1994; redesignated as 211.11 at 71 Fed. Reg. 71474, December 11, 2006; amended at 71 Fed. Reg. 71475, December 11,2006; 72 Fed. Reg. 30470, June 1, 2007, effective July 2, 2007]

1The term is not intended to include persons who may have official titles and may exercise a certain measure of discretion in the performance of their duties, including discretion in the making of loans, but who do not participate in the determination of major policies of the bank or company and whose decisions are limited by policy standards fixed by the senior management of the bank or company. For example, the term does not include a manager or assistant manager of a branch of a bank unless that individual participates, or is authorized to participate, in major policymaking functions of the bank or company. Go back to Text

2Where state law establishes a lending limit for a state member bank that is lower than the amount permitted in section 5200 of the Revised Statutes, the lending limit established by applicable state laws shall be the lending limit for the state member bank. Go back to Text

3This prohibition does not apply to the payment by a member bank of an overdraft of a principal shareholder of the member bank, unless the principal shareholder is also an executive officer or director. This prohibition also does not apply to the payment by a member bank of an overdraft of a related interest of an executive officer, director, or principal shareholder of the member bank or executive officer, director, or principal shareholder of its affiliates. Go back to Text


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Last updated September 16, 2013 regs@fdic.gov