The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the Federal Reserve Board, and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency ("the agencies") today are making public the host state loan-to-deposit ratios that the agencies will use to determine compliance with section 109 of the Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994 (Interstate Act). Section 109 of the Interstate Act prohibits a bank from establishing or acquiring a branch or branches outside of its home state under the Interstate Act primarily for the purpose of deposit production.
Section 109 provides a two-step process to test compliance with the statutory requirements. The first step involves a loan-to-deposit ratio screen that compares a banks statewide loan-to-deposit ratio to the host state loan-to-deposit ratio for a particular state. If the banks statewide loan-to-deposit ratio in a state is at least one-half of the published host state loan-to-deposit ratio for that state, the bank has complied with section 109. If the banks ratio is less than one-half, the second step in section 109 requires the agencies to determine if the bank is reasonably helping to meet the credit needs of the communities served by the bank. A bank that fails both steps is in violation of section 109 and subject to sanctions by the agencies.
The agencies will update the host
state loan-to-deposit ratios on an annual basis.
of the Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act
or limited purpose CRA-designated banks and credit card banks.)
States of Micronesia
Due to the legislative intent against imposing regulatory burden, no additional data were collected from the institutions to implement section 109. However, since insufficient lending data were available on a geographic basis to calculate the statewide ratios directly, the agencies used a proxy to estimate the host state loan-to-deposit ratio. The agencies calculated the host state loan-to-deposit ratios using data obtained from the Call Reports and Summary of Deposits reports, as of June 30, 1997. For each home state bank, the agencies calculated the percentage of the banks total deposits attributable to branches located in its home state (determined from the Summary of Deposits), and applied this percentage to the banks total domestic loans (determined from the Call Report) to estimate the amount of loans attributable to the home state. The host state loan-to-deposit ratio was then calculated by separately totaling the loans and deposits for the home state banks, and then dividing the sum of the loans by the sum of the deposits. Banks designated as limited purpose or wholesale banks under the Community Reinvestment Act (CRA) were excluded from the host state loan-to-deposit calculation, recognizing that these banks could have very large loan portfolios, but few, if any, deposits. Credit card banks, which typically have large loan portfolios but few deposits, were also excluded, regardless of whether they had a limited purpose CRA-designation.
The host state loan-to-deposit
ratios, and any changes in the way the ratio is calculated, will be made
publicly available on an annual basis.