1. Legislative History and Operations of the Savings Association Insurance Fund
The Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of
1989 (FIRREA) was enacted to reform, recapitalize, and consolidate the federal deposit
insurance system. The FIRREA created the Savings Association Insurance Fund (SAIF), the
Bank Insurance Fund (BIF), and the FSLIC Resolution Fund (FRF). It also designated the
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) as the administrator of these three funds.
All three funds are maintained separately to carry out their respective mandates.
The SAIF and the BIF are insurance funds responsible for
protecting depositors in operating thrift institutions and banks from loss due to failure
of the institution. The FRF is a resolution fund responsible for winding up the affairs of
the former Federal Savings and Loan Insurance Corporation (FSLIC) and liquidating the
assets and liabilities transferred from the former Resolution Trust Corporation (RTC).
Pursuant to the Resolution Trust Corporation Completion Act of
1993 (RTC Completion Act), resolution responsibility transferred from the RTC to the SAIF
on July 1, 1995. Prior to that date, thrift resolutions were the responsibility of the RTC
(January 1, 1989 through June 30, 1995) or the FSLIC (prior to 1989).
Pursuant to FIRREA, an active institutions insurance fund
membership and primary federal supervisor are generally determined by the
institutions charter type. Deposits of SAIF-member institutions are generally
insured by the SAIF; SAIF members are predominantly thrifts supervised by the Office of
Thrift Supervision (OTS). Deposits of BIF-member institutions are generally insured by the
BIF; BIF members are predominantly commercial and savings banks supervised by the FDIC,
the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, or the Federal Reserve.
Other Significant Legislation
The Competitive Equality Banking Act of 1987 established the
Financing Corporation (FICO) as a mixed-ownership government corporation whose sole
purpose was to function as a financing vehicle for the FSLIC.
The Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1990 (1990 OBR Act) and
the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 (FDICIA) made changes to
the FDICs assessment authority (see Note 7) and borrowing authority (see
"Operations of the SAIF" below). The FDICIA also requires the FDIC to: 1)
resolve troubled institutions in a manner that will result in the least possible cost to
the deposit insurance funds and 2) maintain the insurance funds at 1.25 percent of insured
deposits or a higher percentage as circumstances warrant.
The Deposit Insurance Funds Act of 1996 (DIFA) was enacted to
provide for: 1) the capitalization of the SAIF to its designated reserve ratio of 1.25
percent by means of a one-time special assessment on SAIF-insured deposits; 2) the
expansion of the assessment base for payments of the interest on obligations issued by the
FICO to include all FDIC-insured banks and thrifts; 3) beginning January 1, 1997, the
imposition of a FICO assessment rate for SAIF-assessable deposits that is five times the
rate for BIF-assessable deposits through the earlier of December 31, 1999, or the date on
which the last savings association ceases to exist; 4) the payment of the approximately
$790 million annual FICO interest obligation on a pro rata basis between banks and thrifts
on the earlier of December 31, 1999, or the date on which the last savings association
ceases to exist; 5) authorization of SAIF assessments only if needed to maintain the fund
at the designated reserve ratio; 6) the refund of amounts in the SAIF in excess of the
designated reserve ratio with such refund not to exceed the previous semiannual
assessment; and 7) the merger of the BIF and the SAIF on January 1, 1999, if no insured
depository institution is a savings association on that date.
In addition, DIFA requires the establishment of a Special Reserve
of the SAIF. If on January 1, 1999, the reserve ratio of the SAIF exceeds the designated
reserve ratio (DRR) of 1.25 percent, the amount that the reserve ratio exceeds the DRR
will be placed in the Special Reserve of the SAIF. The Special Reserve will be
administered by the FDIC and invested in accordance with provisions outlined in the
Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDI Act).
Also, DIFA provides: 1) exemptions from the special assessment
for certain institutions; 2) a 20 percent adjustment of the special assessment for certain
Oakar banks and certain other institutions; and 3) assessment rates for SAIF members not
lower than the assessment rates for BIF members with comparable risk.
Operations of the SAIF
The primary purpose of the SAIF is to: 1) insure the deposits and
protect the depositors of SAIF-insured institutions and 2) resolve failed SAIF-insured
institutions. In this capacity, the SAIF has financial responsibility for all SAIF-insured
deposits held by SAIF-member institutions and BIF-member banks designated as Oakar banks.
The Oakar bank provisions are found in Section 5(d)(3) of the FDI
Act. The provisions allow, with the approval of the acquiring institutions
appropriate federal regulatory authority, any insured institution that belongs to one
insurance fund to merge, consolidate with, or acquire the deposit liabilities of an
institution that belongs to the other insurance fund without paying entrance and exit
fees, under two principal conditions. One condition is that although the acquiring
institution continues to belong to its own insurance fund (primary fund), the institution
becomes obliged to pay assessments to the fund of which the acquired institution was a
member (secondary fund). The secondary fund assessments are keyed to the amount of the
deposits so acquired. The other condition is that if the acquiring institution should
fail, the losses resulting from the failure are allocated between the two insurance funds
according to a formula that is likewise keyed to the amount of the acquired deposits.
"Sasser" banks are SAIF members that converted to a bank charter in accordance
with Section 5 (d)(2)(G) of the FDI Act.
The SAIF is primarily funded from the following sources: 1)
interest earned on investments in U.S. Treasury obligations; 2) SAIF assessment premiums;
and 3) borrowings from Federal Home Loan Banks, the U.S. Treasury, and the Federal
Financing Bank (FFB), if necessary.
The 1990 OBR Act established the FDICs authority to borrow
working capital from the FFB on behalf of the SAIF and the BIF. The FDICIA increased the
FDICs authority to borrow for insurance losses from the U.S. Treasury, on behalf of
the SAIF and the BIF, from $5 billion to $30 billion. The FDICIA also established a
limitation on obligations that can be incurred by the SAIF, known as the maximum
obligation limitation (MOL). At December 31, 1997, the MOL for the SAIF was $16.9 billion.
The VA, HUD and Independent Agencies Appropriations Act, 1998,
Public Law 105-65 appropriated $34 million for fiscal year 1998 (October 1, 1997, through
September 30, 1998) for operating expenses incurred by the Office of Inspector General
(OIG). The Act mandates that the funds are to be derived from the SAIF, the BIF, and the
FRF. In prior years, the OIG funding was not submitted to Congress as part of the
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
These financial statements pertain to the financial position,
results of operations, and cash flows of the SAIF and are presented in accordance with
generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). These statements do not include reporting
for assets and liabilities of closed thrift institutions for which the FDIC acts as
receiver or liquidating agent. Periodic and final accountability reports of the
FDICs activities as receiver or liquidating agent are furnished to courts,
supervisory authorities, and others as required.
Use of Estimates
FDIC management makes estimates and assumptions that affect the
amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could
differ from these estimates. Where it is reasonably possible that changes in estimates
will cause a material change in the financial statements in the near term, the nature and
extent of such changes in estimates have been disclosed.
The SAIF considers cash equivalents to be short-term, highly liquid
investments with original maturities of three months or less.
Investments in U.S. Treasury Obligations
Investments in U.S. Treasury obligations are recorded pursuant to the provisions of the
Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 115, "Accounting for Certain
Investments in Debt and Equity Securities" (SFAS 115). SFAS 115 requires that
securities be classified in one of three categories: held-to-maturity, available-for-sale,
or trading. Securities designated as held-to-maturity are intended to be held to maturity
and are shown at amortized cost. Amortized cost is the face value of securities plus the
unamortized premium or less the unamortized discount. Amortizations are computed on a
daily basis from the date of acquisition to the date of maturity. Beginning in 1997, the
SAIF designated a portion of its securities as available-for-sale. These securities are
shown at fair value with unrealized gains and losses included in the fund balance.
Realized gains and losses are included in other revenue when applicable. Interest on both
types of securities is calculated on a daily basis and recorded monthly using the
effective interest method. The SAIF does not have any securities classified as trading.
Allowance for Losses on Receivables From Thrift Resolutions
The SAIF records as a receivable the amounts advanced and/or obligations incurred for
resolving troubled and failed thrifts. Any related allowance for loss represents the
difference between the funds advanced and/or obligations incurred and the expected
repayment. The latter is based on the estimates of discounted cash recoveries from the
assets of assisted or failed thrifts, net of all estimated liquidation costs.
The FDIC is responsible for managing and
disposing of the assets of failed institutions in an orderly and efficient manner. The
assets, and the claims against them, are accounted for separately to ensure that
liquidation proceeds are distributed in accordance with applicable laws and regulations.
Also, the income and expenses attributable to receiverships are accounted for as
transactions of those receiverships. Liquidation expenses incurred by the SAIF on behalf
of the receiverships are recovered from those receiverships.
Cost Allocations Among Funds
Certain operating expenses (including personnel, administrative, and other indirect
expenses) not directly charged to each fund under the FDICs management are allocated
based on percentages developed during the business planning process. The cost of
furniture, fixtures, and equipment purchased by the FDIC on behalf of the three funds
under its administration is allocated among these funds on a similar basis. The SAIF
expenses its share of these allocated costs at the time of acquisition because of their
immaterial amounts. The FDIC includes the cost of buildings used in operations in the
BIFs financial statements. The BIF charges SAIF a rental fee representing an
allocated share of its annual depreciation.
Postretirement Benefits Other Than Pensions
The FDIC established an entity to provide the accounting and
administration of postretirement benefits on behalf of the SAIF, the BIF, and the FRF.
Each fund pays its liabilities for these benefits directly to the entity. The SAIFs
remaining net postretirement benefits liability for the plan is recognized in the
SAIFs Statement of Financial Position.
Disclosure About Recent Financial Accounting Standards Board Pronouncement
In June 1997, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Statement of
Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 130, "Reporting Comprehensive Income."
Comprehensive income includes net income as well as certain types of unrealized gain or
loss. The only component of SFAS No. 130 that impacts the SAIF is unrealized gain or loss
on securities classified as available-for-sale, which is presented in the SAIFs
Statement of Financial Position and the Statement of Income and Fund Balance. The FDIC
adopted SFAS No. 130 effective on January 1, 1997.
In June 1997, the FASB also issued SFAS No. 131,
"Disclosures about Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information." The FDIC
intends to adopt SFAS No. 131 effective on January 1, 1998; however, management
anticipates that the SAIF, as a non-publicly held enterprise, will not be affected by SFAS
No. 131. Other recent pronouncements issued by the FASB are not applicable to the
The nature of related parties and a description of related party transactions are
disclosed throughout the financial statements and footnotes
Reclassifications have been made in the 1996 financial statements to conform to the
presentation used in 1997.
3. Investment in U.S. Treasury Obligations, Net
All cash received by the SAIF is invested in U.S. Treasury obligations with maturities
exceeding three months unless the cash is used: 1) to defray operating expenses; 2) for
outlays related to liquidation activities; or 3) for investments in U.S. Treasury one-day
special certificates, which are included in the cash and cash equivalents line item. In
1997 and 1996, $185 million and $190 million, respectively, were restricted and invested
in U.S. Treasury notes (see Note 4). The related interest earned on these invested funds
was also held as restricted funds. Prior to 1997, all investments were designated
"held-to-maturity" (see Note 2).
U.S. Treasury Obligations at December 31, 1997
U.S. Treasury Obligations at December 31, 1996
In 1997, the unamortized premium, net of unamortized discount, was $116.8 million. In
1996, the unamortized premium, net of unamortized discount, was $64.1 million.
4. Entrance and Exit Fees Receivable, Net
The SAIF receives entrance and exit fees for conversion transactions when an insured
depository institution converts from the BIF to the SAIF (resulting in an entrance fee) or
from the SAIF to the BIF (resulting in an exit fee). Regulations approved by the
FDICs Board of Directors and published in the Federal Register on March 21, 1990,
directed that exit fees paid to the SAIF be held in escrow. The FDIC and the Secretary of
the Treasury will determine when it is no longer necessary to escrow such funds for the
payment of interest on obligations previously issued by the FICO. These escrowed exit fees
are invested in U.S. Treasury securities pending determination of ownership.
The interest earned is also held in escrow. Interest on these
investments was $12.1 million and $11.1 million for 1997 and 1996, respectively. For 1997,
restricted assets included: $49 million in cash and cash equivalents, $185 million of
investments in U.S. Treasury obligations, net, $1.4 million in exit fees receivable and $4
million in interest receivable. For 1996, restricted assets included: $31 million in cash
and cash equivalents, $190 million of investments in U.S. Treasury obligations, net, $3.5
million in exit fees and $3.7 million in interest receivable. There were no conversion
transactions during 1997 and only one conversion transaction in 1996 that resulted in an
exit fee to the SAIF.
5. Receivables From Thrift Resolutions, Net
The FDIC resolution process takes different forms depending on
the unique facts and circumstances surrounding each failing or failed institution.
Payments to prevent a failure are made to operating institutions when cost and other
criteria are met. Such payments may facilitate a merger or allow a troubled institution to
continue operations. Payments for institutions that fail are made to cover the
institutions obligation to insured depositors and represent a claim by the
SAIF against the receiverships assets. There were no thrift failures in 1997.
The FDIC, as receiver for failed thrifts, engages in a variety of
strategies at the time of failure to maximize the return from the sale or disposition of
assets. A failed thrift acquirer can purchase selected assets at the time of resolution
and assume full ownership, benefit, and risk related to such assets. The receiver may also
engage in other types of transactions as circumstances warrant. As described in Note 2, an
allowance for loss is established against the receivable from thrift resolutions.
As of December 31, 1997 and 1996, the FDIC, in its receivership
capacity for SAIF-insured institutions, held assets with a book value of $56.6 million and
$78.2 million, respectively (including cash and miscellaneous receivables of $40 million
and $42.3 million at December 31, 1997 and 1996, respectively). These assets represent a
significant source of repayment of the SAIFs receivables from thrift resolutions.
The estimated cash recoveries from the management and disposition of these assets that are
used to derive the allowance for losses are based in part on a statistical sampling of
receivership assets. The sample was constructed to produce a statistically valid result.
These estimated recoveries are regularly evaluated, but remain subject to uncertainties
because of potential changes in economic conditions. These factors could affect the
SAIFs and other claimants actual recoveries from the level currently
6. Estimated Liabilities for:
Anticipated Failure of Insured Institutions
The SAIF records an estimated liability and a loss provision for thrifts (including Oakar
and Sasser financial institutions) that are likely to fail, absent some favorable event
such as obtaining additional capital or merging, in the period when the liability is
considered probable and reasonably estimable.
The estimated liabilities for anticipated failure of insured
institutions as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, were zero and $4 million, respectively. The
estimated liability is derived in part from estimates of recoveries from the management
and disposition of the assets of these probable failures. Therefore, they are subject to
the same uncertainties as those affecting the SAIFs receivables from thrift
resolutions (see Note 5). This could affect the ultimate costs to the SAIF from probable
There are other institutions where the risk of failure is less
certain, but still considered reasonably possible. Should these institutions fail, the
SAIF could incur additional estimated losses of about $50 million.
The accuracy of these estimates will largely depend on future
economic conditions. The FDIC Board has the statutory authority to consider the estimated
liability from anticipated failures of insured institutions when setting assessment rates.
The SAIF records an estimated loss for unresolved legal cases to the extent those losses
are considered probable and reasonably estimable. For 1997 and 1996, FDIC identified no
legal cases that met the criteria for recognition in the financial statements. The
FDICs Legal Division has determined that losses from unresolved legal cases totaling
$7 million are reasonably possible.
The 1990 OBR Act removed caps on assessment rate increases and
authorized the FDIC to set assessment rates for SAIF members semiannually, to be applied
against a members average assessment base. The FDICIA: 1) required the FDIC to
implement a risk-based assessment system; 2) authorized the FDIC to increase assessment
rates for SAIF-member institutions as needed to ensure that funds are available to satisfy
the SAIFs obligations; 3) required the FDIC to build and maintain the reserves in
the insurance funds to 1.25 percent of insured deposits; and 4) authorized the FDIC to
increase assessment rates more frequently than semiannually and impose emergency special
assessments as necessary to ensure that funds are available to repay U.S. Treasury
The DIFA (see Note 1) provided, among other things, for the
capitalization of the SAIF to its designated reserve ratio of 1.25 percent by means of a
one-time special assessment on SAIF- insured deposits. Effective on October 1, 1996, the
SAIF achieved its required capitalization by means of a $4.5 billion special assessment.
Prior to January 1, 1997, the FICO had priority over the SAIF for
receiving and utilizing SAIF assessments to ensure availability of funds for interest on
the FICOs debt obligations. Accordingly, the SAIF recognized as assessment revenue
only that portion of SAIF assessments not required by the FICO. Assessments on the
SAIF-insured deposits held by BIF-member Oakar or SAIF- member Sasser institutions prior
to January 1, 1997, were not subject to draws by the FICO and thus, were retained in SAIF
in their entirety. FICO assessments collected and remitted during 1996 were $808 million.
The DIFA expanded the assessment base for payments of the
interest on obligations issued by the FICO to include all FDIC-insured institutions
(including banks, thrifts, Oakar and Sasser financial institutions) and made the FICO
assessment separate from regular assessments, effective on January 1, 1997.
The FICO assessment has no financial impact on the SAIF since the
FICO assessment is separate from the regular assessment, and the FICO assessment is
imposed on thrifts and not on the SAIF. The FDIC as administrator of the SAIF is acting
solely as a collection agent for the FICO. During 1997, $454 million was collected from
savings associations and remitted to the FICO.
The FDIC uses a risk-based assessment system that charges higher
rates to those institutions that pose greater risks to the SAIF. To arrive at a risk-based
assessment for a particular institution, the FDIC places each institution in one of nine
risk categories using a two-step process based first on capital ratios and then on other
The FDIC Board of Directors (Board) reviews premium rates
semiannually. In December 1996, the Board set SAIF assessment rates to a range of 0 to 27
cents per $100 of assessable deposits (annual rates). The new rates, which are identical
to those previously approved for BIF members, were effective on October 1, 1996, for Oakar
and Sasser financial institutions, and effective on January 1, 1997, for all other
SAIF-insured institutions. The assessment rate averaged approximately 0.39 cents and 20.4
cents per $100 of assessable deposits for 1997 and 1996, respectively.
Total assessment revenue for 1997 and 1996 was $13.9 million and
$5.2 billion, respectively. Assessment revenue for 1996 included the one-time special
assessment of $4.5 billion required to capitalize SAIF. The SAIF refunded a total of $219
million (including $2.9 million in interest) to Oakar and Sasser financial institutions in
1996 and 1997. Refunds were necessary because fourth quarter 1996 assessment rates were
set prior to SAIFs capitalization.
On November 12, 1997, the Board voted to retain the SAIF
assessment schedule of 0 to 27 cents per $100 of assessable deposits (annual rates) for
the first semiannual period of 1998.
Eligible FDIC employees (all permanent and temporary employees
with appointments exceeding one year) are covered by either the Civil Service Retirement
System (CSRS) or the Federal Employee Retirement System (FERS). The CSRS is a defined
benefit plan, which is offset with the Social Security System in certain cases. Plan
benefits are determined on the basis of years of creditable service and compensation
levels. The CSRS-covered employees also can contribute to the tax-deferred Federal Thrift
Savings Plan (TSP).
The FERS is a three-part plan consisting of a basic defined
benefit plan that provides benefits based on years of creditable service and compensation
levels, Social Security benefits, and the TSP. Automatic and matching employer
contributions to the TSP are provided up to specified amounts under the FERS.
Although the SAIF contributes a portion of pension benefits for
eligible employees, it does not account for the assets of either retirement system. The
SAIF also does not have actuarial data for accumulated plan benefits or the unfunded
liability relative to eligible employees. These amounts are reported on and accounted for
by the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM).
Eligible FDIC employees also may participate in an FDIC-sponsored
tax-deferred savings plan with matching contributions. The SAIF pays its share of the
employers portion of all related costs.
Due to a substantial decline in the FDICs workload, the
Corporation developed a staffing reduction program, a component of which is a voluntary
separation incentive plan, or buyout. Corporate-wide buyout plans have been offered to
eligible employees. The buyouts have not had a material effect on the SAIF.
The SAIF pro rata share of the Corporations liability to
employees for accrued annual leave is approximately $3 million and $4 million at December
31, 1997 and 1996, respectively.
Pension Benefits and Savings Plans Expenses
9. Postretirement Benefits Other than Pensions
The FDIC provides certain health, dental, and life insurance
coverage for its eligible retirees, the retirees beneficiaries and covered
dependents. Retirees eligible for health and/or life insurance coverage are those who have
qualified due to: 1) immediate enrollment upon appointment or five years of participation
in the plan and 2) eligibility for an immediate annuity. Dental coverage is provided to
all retirees eligible for an immediate annuity.
The FDIC is self-insured for hospital/medical, prescription drug,
mental health and chemical dependency coverage. Additional risk protection was purchased
through stop-loss and fiduciary liability insurance. All claims are administered on an
administrative services only basis with the hospital/medical claims administered by Aetna
Life Insurance Company, the mental health and chemical dependency claims administered by
OHS Foundation Health Psychcare Inc., and the prescription drug claims administered by
The life insurance program, underwritten by Metropolitan Life
Insurance Company, provides basic coverage at no cost to retirees and allows converting
optional coverages to direct-pay plans. Dental care is underwritten by Connecticut General
Life Insurance Company and provides coverage at no cost to retirees.
The SAIF expensed $451 thousand and $168 thousand for net
periodic postretirement benefit costs for the years ended December 31, 1997 and 1996,
respectively. For measurement purposes for 1997, the FDIC assumed the following: 1) a
discount rate of 5.75 percent; 2) an average long-term rate of return on plan assets of
5.75 percent; 3) an increase in health costs in 1997 of 9.75 percent (inclusive of general
inflation of 2.5 percent), decreasing to an ultimate rate in the year 2000 and thereafter
of 7.75 percent; and 4) an increase in dental costs for 1997 and thereafter of 4.5 percent
(in addition to general inflation). Both the assumed discount rate and health care cost
rate have a significant effect on the amount of the obligation and periodic cost reported.
If the health care cost rate was increased one percent, the
accumulated postretirement benefit obligation as of December 31, 1997, would have
increased by 20.2 percent. The effect of this change on the aggregate of service and
interest cost for 1997 would be an increase of 23.5 percent.
Net Periodic Postretirement Benefit Cost
As stated in Note 2, the FDIC established an entity to provide
accounting and administration on behalf of the SAIF, the BIF, and the FRF. The SAIF funds
its liability and these funds are being managed as "plan assets."
Accumulated Postretirement Benefit Obligation and Funded Status at December 31
10. Commitments and Off-Balance Sheet Exposure
The SAIFs allocated share of the
FDICs lease commitments totals $18.7 million for future years. The lease agreements
contain escalation clauses resulting in adjustments, usually on an annual basis. The
allocation to the SAIF of the FDICs future lease commitments is based upon current
relationships of the workloads among the SAIF, the BIF and the FRF. Changes in the
relative workloads among the three funds in future years could change the amount of the
FDICs lease payments that will be allocated to the SAIF. The SAIF recognized leased
space expense of $3.3 million and $2.2 million for the years ended December 31, 1997 and
Other Off-Balance Sheet Risk
As of December 31, 1997, deposits insured by the SAIF totaled approximately $690 billion.
This would be the accounting loss if all depository institutions were to fail and the
acquired assets provided no recoveries.
11. Disclosures about the Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Cash equivalents are short-term, highly liquid investments and
are shown at current value. The fair market value of the investment in U.S. Treasury
obligations is disclosed in Note 3 and is based on current market prices. The carrying
amount of interest receivable on investments, short-term receivables, and accounts payable
and other liabilities approximates their fair market value. This is due to their short
maturities or comparison with current interest rates. As explained in Note 4, entrance and
exit fees receivable are net of discounts calculated using an interest rate comparable to
U.S. Treasury Bill or Government bond/note rates at the time the receivables are accrued.
The net receivable from thrift resolutions primarily involves the
SAIFs subrogated claim arising from payments to insured depositors. The receivership
assets that will ultimately be used to pay the corporate subrogated claim are valued using
discount rates that include consideration of market risk. These discounts ultimately
affect the SAIFs allowance for loss against the net receivable from thrift
resolutions. Therefore, the corporate subrogated claim indirectly includes the effect of
discounting and should not be viewed as being stated in terms of nominal cash flows.
Although the value of the corporate subrogated claim is
influenced by valuation of receivership assets, such receivership valuation is not
equivalent to the valuation of the corporate claim. Since the corporate claim is unique,
not intended for sale to the private sector, and has no established market, it is not
practicable to estimate its fair market value.
The FDIC believes that a sale to the private sector of the
corporate claim would require indeterminate, but substantial discounts for an interested
party to profit from these assets because of credit and other risks. In addition, the
timing of receivership payments to the SAIF on the subrogated claim do not necessarily
correspond with the timing of collections on receivership assets. Therefore, the effect of
discounting used by receiverships should not necessarily be viewed as producing an
estimate of market value for the net receivables from thrift resolutions.
12. Supplementary Information Relating to the Statements of Cash Flows
Reconciliation of Net Income to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities
13. Year 2000 Compliance Expenses
As part of its operations, the FDIC as administrator of the SAIF
is assessing, testing, modifying or replacing as necessary its automated systems to ensure
that these systems are Year 2000 compliant. As of December 31, 1997, the SAIF has not
incurred, nor does management anticipate that the SAIF will incur, a material charge to
earnings to ensure that its systems are Year 2000 compliant.
The SAIF is also subject to a potential loss from thrifts that
may fail if they are unable to become Year 2000 compliant in a timely manner. As of
December 31, 1997, the potential liability, if any, is not estimable. During 1998 the FDIC
will assess this potential liability.
14. Subsequent Events
Effective on January 4, 1998, all employees with five or more
years until retirement were converted from the FDIC health plan to the Federal Employees
Health Benefits (FEHB) program. This conversion resulted in a gain to the SAIF. Assuming
enabling legislation is passed in the future, this conversion will also affect all
retirees and employees within five years of retirement.
As part of this conversion, the OPM will become responsible for
postretirement health benefits for employees with five or more years until retirement at
no cost to the SAIF. If retirees and employees within five years of retirement are also
converted in the future, the OPM will assume the SAIFs obligation for postretirement
health benefits for those individuals at a fee to be negotiated between the FDIC and the
Assuming enabling legislation is passed, management does not
expect there will be a material gain or loss upon disposition of the SAIFs
postretirement health benefits obligation for retirees or employees within five years of