Seated (left to right): Thomas M. Hoenig, Martin J. Gruenberg, Jeremiah O. Norton Standing (left to right): Thomas J. Curry, Richard Cordray
Martin J. Gruenberg
Martin J. Gruenberg is the 20th Chairman of the FDIC, receiving Senate confirmation on November 15, 2012, for a five-year term. Mr. Gruenberg has served on the FDIC Board of Directors since August 22, 2005, including as Acting Chairman from July 9, 2011, to November 15, 2012, and also from November 16, 2005, to June 26, 2006.
Mr. Gruenberg joined the FDIC Board after broad congressional experience in the financial services and regulatory areas. He served as Senior Counsel to Senator Paul S. Sarbanes (D-MD) on the staff of the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs from 1993 to 2005. Mr. Gruenberg advised the Senator on issues of domestic and international financial regulation, monetary policy, and trade. He also served as Staff Director of the Banking Committee’s Subcommittee on International Finance and Monetary Policy, from 1987 to 1992. Major legislation in which Mr. Gruenberg played an active role during his service on the Committee includes the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 (FIRREA); the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 (FDICIA); the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act; and the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
Mr. Gruenberg served as Chairman of the Executive Council and President of the International Association of Deposit Insurers (IADI) from November 2007 to November 2012.
Mr. Gruenberg holds a J.D. from Case Western Reserve Law School and an A.B. from Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs.
Thomas M. Hoenig
Thomas M. Hoenig was confirmed by the Senate as Vice Chairman of the FDIC on November 15, 2012. He joined the FDIC on April 16, 2012, as a member of the Board of Directors of the FDIC for a six-year term. He is also a member of the Executive Board of the International Association of Deposit Insurers.
Prior to serving on the FDIC Board, Mr. Hoenig was the President of the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City and a member of the Federal Reserve System’s Federal Open Market Committee from 1991 to 2011.
Mr. Hoenig was with the Federal Reserve for 38 years, beginning as an economist, and then as a senior officer in banking supervision during the U.S. banking crisis of the 1980s. In 1986, he led the Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank’s Division of Bank Supervision and Structure, directing the oversight of more than 1,000 banks and bank holding companies with assets ranging from less than $100 million to $20 billion. He became President of the Kansas City Federal Reserve Bank on October 1, 1991.
Mr. Hoenig is a native of Fort Madison, Iowa, and received a doctorate in economics from Iowa State University.
Jeremiah O. Norton
Jeremiah O. Norton was sworn in on April 16, 2012, as a member of the FDIC Board of Directors for the remainder of a term expiring July 15, 2013.
Prior to joining the FDIC’s Board, Mr. Norton was an Executive Director at J.P. Morgan Securities LLC, in New York, NY.
Mr. Norton was in government for a number of years before joining the FDIC Board, most recently as the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Financial Institutions Policy at the U.S. Treasury Department. Mr. Norton also was a Legislative Assistant and professional staff member for U.S. Representative Edward R. Royce.
Mr. Norton received a J.D. from the Georgetown University Law Center and an A.B. in economics from Duke University.
Thomas J. Curry
Thomas J. Curry was sworn in as the 30th Comptroller of the Currency on April 9, 2012. The Comptroller of the Currency is the administrator of national banks and federal savings associations, and chief officer of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC). The OCC supervises more than 2,000 national banks and federal savings associations and about 50 federal branches and agencies of foreign banks in the United States. These institutions comprise nearly two-thirds of the assets of the commercial banking system. The Comptroller also is a Director of NeighborWorks® America.
Prior to becoming Comptroller of the Currency, Mr. Curry served as a Director of the FDIC Board since January 2004, and as the Chairman of the NeighborWorks® America Board of Directors.
Prior to joining the FDIC’s Board of Directors, Mr. Curry served five Massachusetts Governors as the Commonwealth’s Commissioner of Banks from 1990 to 1991 and from 1995 to 2003. He served as Acting Commissioner from February 1994 to June 1995. He previously served as First Deputy Commissioner and Assistant General Counsel within the Massachusetts Division of Banks. He entered state government in 1982 as an attorney with the Massachusetts’ Secretary of State’s Office.
Mr. Curry served as the Chairman of the Conference of State Bank Supervisors from 2000 to 2001, and served two terms on the State Liaison Committee of the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council, including a term as Committee Chairman.
He is a graduate of Manhattan College (summa cum laude), where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. He received his law degree from the New England School of Law.
Richard Cordray serves as the first Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. He previously led the Bureau’s Enforcement Division.
Prior to joining the Bureau, Mr. Cordray served on the front lines of consumer protection as Ohio’s Attorney General. Mr. Cordray recovered more than $2 billion for Ohio’s retirees, investors, and business owners, and took major steps to help protect its consumers from fraudulent foreclosures and financial predators. In 2010, his office responded to a record number of consumer complaints, but Mr. Cordray went further and opened that process for the first time to small businesses and nonprofit organizations to ensure protections for even more Ohioans. To recognize his work on behalf of consumers as Attorney General, the Better Business Bureau presented Mr. Cordray with an award for promoting an ethical marketplace.
Mr. Cordray also served as Ohio Treasurer and Franklin County Treasurer, two elected positions in which he led state and county banking, investment, debt, and financing activities. As Ohio Treasurer, he resurrected a defunct economic development program that provides low-interest loan assistance to small businesses to create jobs, re-launched the original concept as GrowNOW, and pumped hundreds of millions of dollars into access for credit to small businesses. Mr. Cordray simultaneously created a Bankers Advisory Council to share ideas about the program with community bankers across Ohio.
Earlier in his career, Mr. Cordray was an adjunct professor at the Ohio State University College of Law, served as a State Representative for the 33rd Ohio House District, was the first Solicitor General in Ohio’s history, and was a sole practitioner and Counsel to Kirkland & Ellis. Mr. Cordray has argued seven cases before the United States Supreme Court, by special appointment of both the Clinton and Bush Justice Departments. He is a graduate of Michigan State University, Oxford University, and the University of Chicago Law School. Mr. Cordray was Editor-in-Chief of the University of Chicago Law Review and later clerked for U.S. Supreme Court Justices Byron White and Anthony Kennedy.
Mr. Cordray lives in Grove City, Ohio, with his wife Peggy—a Professor at Capital University Law School in Columbus—and twin children Danny and Holly.
FDIC Organization Chart/Officials
Staffing Trends 2003–2012
Note: 2008-2012 staffing totals reflect year-end full time equivalent staff. Prior to 2008, staffing totals reflect total employees on-board.
Number of Employees by Division/Office 2011 and 2012 (Year-End)1
1The FDIC reports staffing totals using a full-time equivalent (FTE) methodology, which is based on an employee’s scheduled work hours. Division/Office staffing has been rounded to the nearest whole FTE. Totals may not foot due to rounding.
2On January 1, 2012 the Office of the Enterprise Risk Management was merged into the Division of Finance.
3Includes the Offices of the Chairman, Vice Chairman, Director (Appointive), Chief Operating Officer, Chief Financial Officer, and External Affairs.
4Includes the Offices of the Legislative Affairs, Communications, International Affairs, Ombudsman, Minority and Women Inclusion, and Corporate Risk Management.
A wide range of banking, consumer, and financial information is available on the FDIC’s website. This includes the FDIC’s Electronic Deposit Insurance Estimator (EDIE), which estimates an individual’s deposit insurance coverage; the Institution Directory, which contains financial profiles of FDIC-insured institutions; Community Reinvestment Act evaluations and ratings for institutions supervised by the FDIC; Call Reports, which are banks’ reports of condition and income; and Money Smart, a training program to help individuals outside the financial mainstream enhance their money management skills and create positive banking relationships. Readers also can access a variety of consumer pamphlets, FDIC press releases, speeches, and other updates on the agency’s activities, as well as corporate databases and customized reports of FDIC and banking industry information.
The FDIC Call Center in Washington, DC, is the primary telephone point of contact for general questions from the banking community, the public, and FDIC employees. The Call Center directly, or in concert with other FDIC subject-matter experts, responds to questions about deposit insurance and other consumer issues and concerns, as well as questions about FDIC programs and activities. The Call Center also refers callers to other federal and state agencies as needed. Hours of operation are 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m., Eastern Time, Monday – Friday, and 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Saturday – Sunday. Recorded information about deposit insurance and other topics is available 24 hours a day at the same telephone number.
As a customer service, the FDIC Call Center has many bilingual Spanish agents on staff and has access to a translation service able to assist with over 40 different languages.
Publications such as FDIC Quarterly and Consumer News, and a variety of deposit insurance and consumer pamphlets are available at www.fdic.gov or may be ordered in hard copy through the FDIC online catalog. Other information, press releases, speeches and congressional testimony, directives to financial institutions, policy manuals, and FDIC documents are available on request through the Public Information Center. Hours of operation are 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., Eastern Time, Monday – Friday.
The Office of the Ombudsman (OO) is an independent, neutral, and confidential resource and liaison for the banking industry and the general public. The OO responds to inquiries about the FDIC in a fair, impartial, and timely manner. It researches questions and fields complaints from bankers and bank customers. OO representatives are present at all bank closings to provide accurate information to bank customers, the media, bank employees, and the general public. The OO also recommends ways to improve FDIC operations, regulations, and customer service.
Regional and Area Offices
Atlanta Regional Office
10 Tenth Street, NE
Atlanta, Georgia 30309
Chicago Regional Office
300 South Riverside Plaza
Chicago, Illinois 60606
Dallas Regional Office
1601 Bryan Street
Dallas, Texas 75201
Memphis Area Office
6060 Primacy Parkway
Memphis, Tennessee 38119
Kansas City Regional Office
1100 Walnut Street
Kansas City, Missouri 64106
New York Regional Office
350 Fifth Avenue
New York, New York 10118
District of Columbia
Boston Area Office
15 Braintree Hill Office Park
Braintree, Massachusetts 02184
San Francisco Regional Office
25 Jessie Street at Ecker Square
San Francisco, California 94105