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FDIC Enforcement Decisions and Orders

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{{9-30-93 p.C-158}}
   [10,032] In the Matter of North Houston Bank, Houston, Texas, Docket No. FDIC-89-232b (12-18-89).

   Bank to cease and desist from practices such as operating with inadequate level of capital protection; engaging in hazardous lending and ineffective and lax collection practices; failing to provide adequate reserves for loan losses; operating with policies that are detrimental to Bank, with an excessive level of adversely classified assets, inadequate written loan policies and procedures, inadequate supervision by directors, noncompliance with written loan policies and procedures; extending credit which is inadequately secured and unsupported by adequate documentation; refinancing borrowers in weak financial positions without improving collateral margins or establishing structured repayment programs; renewing or extending loan due dates; collecting interest due in cash or obtaining additional security; and violating federal and state laws. (This order was terminated by order of the FDIC dated 7-23-93; see ¶ 15,702.)
   [.1] Primary Capital—Increase—Methods
   [.2] Shareholders—Dividend—Approval
   [.3] Assets—Adversely Classified—reduce
   [.4] Loan Loss Reserve—Adequacy—Review
   [.5] Loan Committee—New Loans—Minimum Requirements
   [.6] Loan Policies—Revise—Review
{{4-1-90 p.C-159}}
   [.7] Loans—Extension of Credit—Curtail
   [.8] Management—Qualifications—Changes
   [.9] Loan Documentation—Technical Exceptions—Eliminate
   [.10] Compliance—Outside Directors—Definition
   [.11] Investments—Real Estate—Appraisal
   [.12] Shareholders—Disclosure—Cease and Desist Order
   [.13] Compliance—Progress Reports—Frequency

In the Matter of

NORTH HOUSTON BANK
HOUSTON, TEXAS
(Insured State Nonmember Bank)
ORDER TO CEASE AND DESIST

   The North Houston Bank, Houston, Texas ("Bank"), through its board of directors, having been advised of its right to the issuance and service of a NOTICE OF CHARGES AND OF HEARING detailing the unsafe or unsound banking practices and violations of law and/or regulations alleged to have been committed by the Bank and of its right to a hearing on the alleged charges under section 8(b)(1) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act ("Act"), 12 U.S.C. § 1818(b)(1), and having waived those rights, entered into a STIPULATION AND CONSENT TO THE ISSUANCE OF AN ORDER TO CEASE AND DESIST ("CONSENT AGREEMENT") with counsel for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ("FDIC") dated October 24, 1989, whereby solely for the purpose of this proceeding and without admitting or denying the alleged charges of unsafe or unsound banking practices and violations of law and/or regulations, the Bank consented to the issuance of an ORDER TO CEASE AND DESIST ("ORDER") by the FDIC.
   The FDIC considered the matter and determined that it had reason to believe that the Bank had engaged in unsafe or unsound banking practices and had violated laws and/or regulations. The FDIC, therefore, accepted the CONSENT AGREEMENT and issued the following:
ORDER TO CEASE AND DESIST
   IT IS ORDERED, that the Bank, its directors, officers, employees, agents, successors, assigns, and other persons participating in the conduct of the affairs of the Bank cease and desist from the following unsafe or unsound banking practices and violations of laws and/or regulations:
   (a) Operating the Bank with management whose policies and practices are detrimental to the Bank and jeopardize the safety of its deposits;
   (b) Operating the Bank without adequate supervision and direction by the board of directors of the management of the Bank;
   (c) Operating with an inadequate level of capital protection;
   (d) Operating the Bank with an excessive level of adversely classified assets;
   (e) Engaging in hazardous lending and ineffective and lax collection practices;
   (f) Failing to provide an adequate reserve for loan losses;
   (g) Operating the Bank without adequate written loan policies and procedures;
   (h) Operating the Bank in contravention of written loan policies and procedures;
   (i) Extending credit which is inadequately secured and without adequate and appropriate supporting documentation;
   (j) Refinancing credits to borrowers in weak financial positions without improving collateral margins or establishing structured repayment programs;
   (k) Renewing or extending the due dates of loans without collection in cash of interest due or obtaining adequate additional collateral to secure credit advanced for the purpose of paying interest;
   (l) Operating in violation of applicable Federal and State laws and regulations as more fully set forth on pages 6-a and 6-a-1 of the Report of Examination of the Bank as of May 5, 1989.
   IT IS FURTHER ORDERED, that the Bank, its directors, officers, employees, agents, successors, assigns, and other persons participating in the conduct of the affairs of the Bank take affirmative action as follows:

   [1.] 1. (a) Within 60 days after the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall submit a written capital plan to the Region- {{4-1-90 p.C-160}}al Director of the FDIC's Dallas Regional Office ("Regional Director") and the Banking Commissioner for the State of Texas ("Commissioner"). The capital plan shall cause the Bank to achieve and maintain adjusted primary capital equal to or greater than 7.25 percent of the Bank's adjusted total assets. After the Regional Director and Commissioner respond to the plan, the board of directors of the Bank shall adopt the plan, including any modifications or amendments requested by the Regional Director and the Commissioner. Thereafter, the Bank shall immediately initiate measures detailed in the plan, to the extent such measures have not previously been initiated to effect compliance with the plan within 90 days after the Regional Director and Commissioner respond to the plan. Such increase in primary capital and any increase in primary capital necessary to meet the ratio required by this ORDER may be accomplished by:

       (i) The sale of securities in the form of common stock; or
       (ii) The collection in cash of assets classified Loss or Doubtful as of May 5, 1989, and charged off in accordance with the provisions of this ORDER without loss or liability to the Bank; or
       (iii) The collection in cash of assets charged off prior to May 5, 1989; or
       (iv) The direct contribution of cash subsequent to May 5, 1989 by the directors and/or shareholders of the Bank; or
       (v) Any other method approved by the Regional Director and the Commissioner.
   (b) If the ratio of adjusted primary capital to adjusted total assets is less than 7.25 percent as determined at an examination or visitation by the FDIC or the State banking department ("State"), the Bank shall, within 30 days after receipt of a written notice of the capital deficiency from the Regional Director or the Commissioner, present to the Regional Director and the Commissioner another plan to increase the primary capital of the Bank or to take other measures to bring the ratio to 7.25 percent. After the Regional Director and Commissioner respond to the plan, the board of directors of the Bank shall adopt the plan, including any modifications or amendments requested by the Regional Director and the Commissioner. Thereafter, the Bank shall immediately initiate measures detailed in the plan, to the extent such measures have not previously been initiated, to increase its primary capital by an amount sufficient to bring the ratio to 7.25 percent within 90 days after the Regional Director and the Commissioner respond to the plan.
   (c) If all or part of the increase in primary capital required by this ORDER is accomplished by the sale of new securities, the board of directors of the Bank shall adopt and implement a plan for the sale of such additional securities, including soliciting proxies and the voting of any shares or proxies owned or controlled by them in favor of the plan. Should the implementation of the plan involve a public distribution of the Bank's securities (including a distribution limited only to the Bank's existing shareholders), the Bank shall prepare offering materials fully describing the securities being offered, including an accurate description of the financial condition of the Bank and the circumstances giving rise to the offering, and any other material disclosures necessary to comply with Federal securities laws. Prior to the implementation of the plan, and in any event, not less than 20 days prior to the dissemination of such materials, the plan and any materials used in the sale of the securities shall be submitted to the FDIC, Registration and Disclosure Unit, Washington, D.C. 20429, for review. Any changes requested to be made in the plan or the materials by the FDIC shall be made prior to their dissemination. If the increase in primary capital is provided by the sale of perpetual preferred stock and/or mandatory convertible debentures, then all terms and conditions of the issue including, but not limited to, those terms and conditions relative to interest rate and any convertibility factor shall be presented to the Regional Director for prior approval.
   (d) In complying with the provisions of this ORDER and until such time as any such public offering is terminated, the Bank shall provide to any subscriber and/or purchaser of the Bank's securities written notice of any planned or existing development or other change which is materially different from the information reflected in any offering materials used in connection with the sale of the Bank's securities. The written notice required by this paragraph shall be furnished within 10 days after the date such material development or change was planned or occurred, whichever is earlier, {{4-1-90 p.C-161}}and shall be furnished to every purchaser and/or subscriber who received or was tendered the information contained in the Bank's original offering materials.    (e) For the purposes of this ORDER the terms "primary capital" and "total assets" shall have the meanings ascribed to them in Part 325 of the FDIC's Rules and Regulations, respectively subsections 325.2(h) and (k), 12 C.F.R. § 325.2(h) and (k). "Adjusted primary capital" and "adjusted total assets" shall be calculated according to the methodology set forth in the Analysis of Capital section in a report of examination or visitation of the FDIC or the State.

   [.2] 2. While this ORDER is in effect, the Bank shall not declare or pay either directly or indirectly any cash dividend to shareholders without the prior written consent of the Regional Director and the Commissioner, if, after payment of such dividend, the ratio of adjusted primary capital to adjusted total assets would be less than 7.25 percent.

   [.3] 3. (a) Upon the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall, to the extent that it has not previously done so, eliminate from its books, by charge-off or collection, all assets or portions of assets classified Loss and one-half of the assets classified Doubtful by the FDIC as a result of its examination of the Bank as of May 5, 1989. Reduction of these assets through proceeds of loans made by the Bank is not considered "collection" for the purpose of this paragraph.
   (b) Within 90 days after the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall submit a written plan to the Regional Director and the Commissioner to reduce the remaining assets classified Doubtful and Substandard as of May 5, 1989. At a minimum, the plan shall include the following:

       (i) A schedule providing quarterly goals to reduce the remaining adversely classified assets as of May 5, 1989 to levels representing not more than a specified percentage of total equity capital and reserves as reported each quarter by the Bank in its Consolidated Reports of Condition and Reports of Income and shall include no less than six consecutive quarterly target dates;
       (ii) An explanation showing the complete rationale used by the Bank in constructing the reduction schedule; and,
       (iii) A provision requiring, at a minimum, quarterly reviews by the Bank's board of directors whereby the extent of the Bank's compliance with the plan is expressly addressed with the results of each review to be recorded in the corporate minutes of the board of directors.
   (c) Upon written notice from the Regional Director or the Commissioner that the submitted plan is not acceptable, the Bank shall, within 30 days after receipt of such notice, submit amendments to the plan to the Regional Director and the Commissioner, including any modifications or amendments requested by the Regional Director or Commissioner. Upon written notice that the plan is accepted, it shall be adopted by the board of directors of the Bank. The Bank shall thereafter immediately initiate measures detailed in the plan to the extent such measures have not previously been initiated.
   (d) For purposes of the plan, the reduction of the level of adversely classified assets as of May 5, 1989, to a specified percentage of total equity capital and reserves may be accomplished by:
       (i) charge-off;
       (ii) collection;
       (iii) sufficient improvement in the quality of adversely classified assets so as to warrant removing any adverse classification, as determined by the FDIC; or
       (iv) increase of total equity capital and reserves.
   (e) While this ORDER is in effect, the Bank shall eliminate from its books, by charge-off or collection, all assets or portions of assets classified Loss as determined at any examination or visitation conducted by the FDIC or the State at such time as the report of examination or visitation is received by the Bank.

   [.4] 4. (a) Within 10 days after the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall establish and thereafter maintain an adequate reserve for loan losses. Such reserve shall be established by charges to current operating income. Prior to the end of each calendar quarter, the board of directors of the Bank shall review the adequacy of the Bank's reserve for loan losses. Such reviews {{4-1-90 p.C-162}}shall include, at a minimum, the Bank's loan loss experience, an estimate of potential loss exposure in the portfolio, trends of delinquent and nonaccrual loans and prevailing and prospective economic conditions. The minutes of the board meetings at which such reviews are undertaken shall include complete details of the reviews and the resulting recommended increases in the reserve for loan losses.
   (b) Within 10 days after the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall review Consolidated Reports of Condition and Reports of Income filed with the FDIC on or after June 30, 1989, and amend said reports if necessary to properly reflect the financial condition of the Bank as of the date of each such report. In particular, such reports shall contain an adequate provision for loan losses. Reports filed after the effective date of this ORDER shall also accurately reflect the financial condition of the Bank as of the reporting date.

   [.5] 5. (a) Within 10 days from the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall realign the director's loan committee so that the majority of committee members are directors not employed in any capacity by the Bank other than as a director. Additionally, as of the effective date of this ORDER, all new loans or lines of credit (including renewals and extensions of existing loans and lines of credit, but excluding additional advances under existing lines of credit) in an amount of $250,000 or more shall require the prior approval of the director's loan committee (or the entire board of directors). All such loans or lines of credit shall be supported by a written summary that provides the committee (or board of directors) with the information sufficient for it to make a prudent decision.
   (b) The written information required by paragraph 5(a) of this Order shall contain, as a minimum, the following:

       (1) The total amount and status of the borrower's current indebtedness to the Bank and the amount of new proposed extension of credit.
       (2) The purpose of the proposed extension of credit.
       (3) The source of repayment along with documentation which justifies the financial capacity to pay the debt.
       (4) The method of repayment.
       (5) The interest rate payable by the borrower.
       (6) The maturity of the debt.
       (7) A description and valuation of collateral, if secured.
       (8) A statement as to whether the loan or line of credit complies with the written loan policy.

   [.6] 6. (a) Effective immediately, the Board of Directors of the Bank shall (1) direct loan officers of the Bank to fully implement and comply with the loan policies and procedures and any future amendments thereto and (2) establish review procedures to assure compliance with the written loan policies and procedures and any future amendments thereto.
   (b) Within 60 days from the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank's board of directors shall review the Bank's current loan policies and procedures to determine any changes the Board of Directors considers necessary and adopt the amended written loan policies and procedures.

   [.7] (a) While this ORDER is in effect, the Bank shall not extend, directly or indirectly, any additional credit to or for the benefit of any borrower who has an extension of credit with the Bank that has been classified Loss, in whole or in part, and is uncollected or to any borrower who is already obligated in any manner to the Bank on any extension of credit, including any portion thereof, that has been charged off the books of the Bank and remains uncollected. The requirements of this paragraph shall not prohibit the Bank from renewing credit already extended to a borrower after full collection, in cash, of interest due from the borrower.
   (b) While this ORDER is in effect, the Bank shall not extend, directly or indirectly, any additional credit to or for the benefit of any borrower whose extension of credit is classified Doubtful and/or Substandard, in whole or in part, and is uncollected unless the Bank's board of directors or the director's loan committee has signed a detailed written statement giving reasons why failure to extend such credit would be detrimental to the best interests of the Bank. The statement shall be placed in the appropriate loan file and included in the minutes of the appropriate board of directors' meeting.

   [.8] 8. The Bank shall have and retain qualified management. Each member of management shall have qualifications and experience commensurate with his or her duties and responsibilities at the Bank. The {{4-1-90 p.C-163}}qualifications of management shall be assessed on its ability to: (i) Comply with the requirements of the ORDER, (ii) operate the Bank in a safe and sound manner, (iii) comply with applicable laws and regulations, and (iv) restore all aspects of the Bank to a safe and sound condition, including asset quality, capital adequacy, earnings, management effectiveness, and liquidity. During the life of the ORDER, the Bank shall notify the Regional Director and the Commissioner in writing of any changes in management. The notification must include the names and background of any replacement personnel and must be provided prior to the individual assuming the new position.

   [.9] 9. (a) Within 90 days after the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank, to the best of its ability using reasonable effort, shall eliminate and/or correct all technical exceptions with regard to loan documentation existing in the Bank as of May 5, 1989, as more fully set out on pages 2-e, 2-e-1 and 2-e-2 of the May 5, 1989 Report of Examination.

   [.10] 10. (a) Within 60 days after the effective date of this ORDER, the board of directors shall establish a committee of the board of directors with the responsibility to ensure that the Bank complies with the provisions of this ORDER. At least two-thirds of the members of such committee shall be independent, outside directors as defined herein. The committee shall report monthly to the entire board of directors, and a copy of the report and any discussion relating to the report or the ORDER shall be included in the minutes of the board of directors. Nothing contained herein shall diminish the responsibility of the entire board of directors to ensure compliance with the provisions of this ORDER.
   (b) For the purposes of this ORDER, an "outside director" shall be an individual:

       (i) Who shall not be employed by the Bank or its affiliates other than as a director of the Bank or an affiliate;
       (ii) Who shall not own or control more than 5 percent of the voting stock of the Bank or its holding company;
       (iii) Who shall not be related to any director, principal shareholder of the Bank or to any director or principal shareholder of any affiliate of the Bank; and
       (iv) Who shall be a resident of, or engage in business in, the Bank's trade are.
   11. After the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall take all necessary steps, consistent with sound banking practices, to eliminate and/or correct all violations of laws and/or regulations existing in the Bank as of May 5, 1989, as more fully set forth on pages 6-a and 6-a-1 of the May 5, 1989 Report of Examination. In addition, the Bank shall ensure its future compliance with all applicable laws and regulations.

   [.11] 12. Within 30 days after the effective date of this ORDER, the Board of Directors shall establish procedures for the appraisal of other real estate in order to establish fair market value. At a minimum, appraisal procedures shall address frequency and standards reflecting current market conditions including but not limited to recent comparables, holding periods, and discount (capitalization) rate.

   [.12] 13. After the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall send to its shareholders or otherwise furnish a description of this ORDER, (1) in conjunction with the Bank's next shareholder communication, and also (2) in conjunction with its notice or proxy statement preceding the Bank's next shareholder meeting. The description shall fully describe the ORDER in all material respects. The description and any accompanying communication, statement, or notice shall be sent to the FDIC. Registration and Disclosure Unit. Washington, D.C. 20429, for review at least 20 days prior to dissemination to shareholders. Any changes requested to be made by the FDIC shall be made prior to dissemination of the description, communication, notice, or statement.

   [.13] 14. Within 30 days after the end of the first calendar quarter following the effective date of this ORDER, and within 30 days after the end of each calendar quarter thereafter, the Bank shall furnish written progress reports to the Regional Director and the Commissioner detailing the form and manner of any actions taken to secure compliance with this ORDER and the results thereof. Such reports may be discontinued when the corrections required by {{4-1-90 p.C-164}this ORDER have been accomplished and the Regional Director and the Commissioner have released the Bank in writing from making further reports.
   15. The effective date of this ORDER shall be 10 days after the date of its issuance. This ORDER shall be binding upon the Bank, its directors, officers, employees, agents, successors, assigns, and other persons participating in the affairs of the Bank.
   This ORDER shall remain effective and enforceable except to the extent that, and until such time as, any provision of this ORDER shall have been modified, terminated, suspended, or set aside by the FDIC.
   Pursuant to delegated authority.
   Dated at Dallas, Texas, this 18 day of December, 1989.

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