A financial institution's relationship with a correspondent may result in credit (asset) and funding (liability) concentrations. On the asset side, a credit concentration represents a significant volume of credit exposure that a financial institution has advanced or committed to a correspondent. On the liability side, a funding concentration exists when an institution depends on one or a few correspondents for a disproportionate share of its total funding.
While the agencies recognize some concentrations meet certain business needs or purposes, correspondent concentrations represent a lack of diversification, which adds a dimension of risk that management should consider when formulating strategic plans and internal risk limits.
Institutions should implement procedures for identifying correspondent concentrations, which encompass their aggregate credit and funding concentrations to each correspondent on both a stand-alone basis and on an organization-wide basis.
Institutions should specify prudent internal parameters relative to what information, ratios or trends will be monitored for each correspondent on an ongoing basis.
Institutions should develop plans for managing concentration risks when internal limits, ranges or tolerances are met or exceeded, either individually or collectively.
Institutions that maintain or contemplate entering into any credit or funding transactions with another financial institution should ensure the terms for these transactions are on an arm's-length basis; conform to sound investment, lending and funding practices; and avoid potential conflicts of interest.
This guidance supplements existing guidance.
FDIC-Supervised Banks (Commercial and Savings)
Chief Executive Officer
Chief Lending Officer
Chief Financial Officer
Advisory on Interest Rate Risk Management, FIL-2-2010
Interagency Policy Statement on Funding and Liquidity Risk Management
Correspondent Concentration Risks - PDF (PDF Help)
Illustrations - Excel (Excel Help)
Beverlea S. Gardner, Senior Examination Specialist, at BGardner@FDIC.gov or (202) 898 3640
FIL-18-2010 - PDF (PDF Help)
FDIC financial institution letters (FILs) may be accessed from the FDIC's Web site at www.fdic.gov/news/news/financial/2010/index.html.
To receive FILs electronically, please visit http://www.fdic.gov/about/subscriptions/fil.html.
Paper copies of FDIC financial institution letters may be obtained through the FDIC's Public Information Center, 3501 Fairfax Drive, E-1002, Arlington, VA 22226 (1-877-275-3342 or 703-562-2200).