Financial Institution Letters
April 2, 2018
Appraisal Threshold for Commercial Real Estate Loans
The FDIC, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, and the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (the Agencies) jointly issued an amended rule titled Real Estate Appraisals (Appraisal Rule), which will be published in the Federal Register. The Appraisal Rule increases the current appraisal threshold for commercial real estate (CRE) transactions from $250,000 to $500,000. The Appraisal Rule addresses comments received during the Economic Growth and Regulatory Paperwork Reduction Act (EGRPRA) review process, which requires that, not less than once every ten years, the Agencies, along with the Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council, conduct a review of the Agencies' regulations to identify outdated or otherwise unnecessary or burdensome regulatory requirements.
Statement of Applicability to Institutions Under $1 Billion in Total Assets: This Financial Institution Letter applies to all FDIC-supervised institutions.
- Title XI of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989 (Title XI) requires the Agencies to adopt regulations prescribing standards for appraisals used in connection with federally related transactions within the jurisdiction of each agency, including that they be performed by certified or licensed appraisers. The Agencies' appraisal regulations were last amended in 1994.
- The Agencies' appraisal regulations identify categories of real estate-related financial transactions that do not require appraisals. In particular, Title XI authorizes the Agencies to establish a threshold level below which an appraisal is not required.
- Under current thresholds, all real estate-related financial transactions with a value of $250,000 or less, as well as qualifying business loans secured by real estate that are $1 million or less, do not require appraisals. Qualifying business loans are business loans that are not dependent on the sale of, or rental income derived from, real estate as the primary source of repayment.
- For real estate-related financial transactions at or below the applicable thresholds, the interagency appraisal regulations require financial institutions to obtain an appropriate evaluation of the real property collateral that is consistent with safe and sound banking practices, but does not need to be performed by a licensed or certified appraiser or meet the other Title XI appraisal standards.
- The Appraisal Rule creates a new definition of, and separate category for, commercial real estate transactions and raises the threshold for requiring an appraisal from $250,000 to $500,000 for those transactions, which will exempt an additional 15.7 percent of transactions from the appraisal requirements.
- FDIC-Supervised Banks (Commercial and Savings)
- Chief Executive Officer
- Chief Credit Officer
- Chief Risk Officer
- Beverlea S. Gardner, Senior Examination Specialist, at Bgardner@fdic.gov or (202) 898-3640
- FDIC Office of the Ombudsman, at (877) 275-3342 or email@example.com
FDIC Financial Institution Letters (FILs) may be accessed from the FDIC's Web site at www.fdic.gov/news/news/financial/2018/index.html.
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Paper copies may be obtained through the FDIC's Public Information Center, 3501 Fairfax Drive, E-1002, Arlington, VA 22226 (877-275-3342 or 703-562-2200).