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Financial Institution Letter
Funding and Liquidity Risk Management Interagency Guidance
Summary: The federal banking agencies and the National Credit Union Administration (collectively, the agencies) recently issued guidance to provide sound practices for managing funding and liquidity risk and strengthening liquidity risk management practices. The policy statement emphasizes the importance of cash flow projections, diversified funding sources, stress testing, a cushion of liquid assets and a formal, well-developed contingency funding plan as primary tools for measuring and managing liquidity risk. The agencies expect each financial institution to manage funding and liquidity risk using processes and systems that are commensurate with the institution's complexity, risk profile and scope of operations. 



  • Recent turmoil in the financial markets emphasizes the importance of effective liquidity risk management for the safety and soundness of financial institutions.
  • The attached guidance clarifies the process that financial institutions should follow to appropriately identify, measure, monitor and control funding and liquidity risk, including effective corporate governance; provides an overview of appropriate strategies, policies and procedures, which include risk limits for managing and mitigating risks; and discusses the management of intra-day liquidity and collateral.
  • A depository institution should actively monitor and control liquidity risk exposures and funding needs within and across legal entities. Also, depository institutions should take into account operational limitations to the transferability of liquidity.
  • Institutions are expected to have in place appropriate measurement, monitoring and reporting systems commensurate with the risk profile and business activities of the institution. These systems should include provisions for stress testing an institution's liquidity position under various adverse scenarios.
  • The guidance emphasizes the importance of certain tools for sound liquidity and funding risk monitoring and management, including cash-flow projections, diversified funding sources, a cushion of liquid unencumbered assets and a well-developed, documented and Board-reviewed contingency funding plan.
  • Financial institutions should implement effective liquidity and funding management internal controls and review procedures to monitor compliance with supervisory directives, internal policies and management reporting.
  • The guidance was once intended to supplement an existing guidance (see FIL-84-2008, "Liquidity Risk Management" ) issued by the FDIC in 2008, but FIL-84-2008 is now inactive.

FDIC-Supervised Banks (Commercial and Savings) 

Suggested Routing: 
Chief Executive Officer 
Chief Financial Officer 
Chief Risk Officer 

Referenced Guidance: 
FIL-84-2008, "Liquidity Risk Management" 


FDIC financial institution letters (FILs) may be accessed from the FDIC's Web site at 

To receive FILs electronically, please visit

Paper copies of FDIC financial institution letters may be obtained through the FDIC's Public Information Center, 3501 Fairfax Drive, E-1002, Arlington, VA 22226 (1-877-275-3342 or 703-562-2200). 


Additional Related Topics:

  • Interagency Guidance
Last Updated: April 5, 2010