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FDIC Issues Guidance for the Resolution Plans of Large Banks

December 17, 2014
Media Contact:
David Barr (202) 898-6992

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) issued guidance for resolution plans that insured depository institutions with assets greater than $50 billion must submit periodically to the FDIC. These plans are required by an FDIC rule approved in January 2012 and complement those required from certain entities such as covered bank holding companies under the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010.

The FDIC's rule requires each covered institution to provide a resolution plan that should enable the FDIC as receiver under the Federal Deposit Insurance Act to resolve the institution in an orderly manner that enables prompt access of insured deposits; maximizes the return from the failed institution's assets; and minimizes losses realized by creditors and the Deposit Insurance Fund.

Under the guidance, a covered institution must provide a fully developed discussion and analysis of a range of realistic resolution strategies. Each institution should include in its discussion and analysis at least one strategy that primarily involves the separation and sale of the covered institution's deposit franchise, core business lines, and/or major assets to multiple acquirers. It should also include a second strategy that involves the liquidation of the firm, including a payout of insured deposits.

To assist institutions in writing their plans, the guidance includes direction regarding the elements that should be discussed in a fully developed resolution strategy and the cost analysis, clarification regarding assumptions made in the plan, and a list of significant obstacles to an orderly and least costly resolution that institutions should address. The guidance applies to the resolution plans of 36 insured banks that currently meet the criteria, as well as any new institution meeting the threshold, commencing with the 2015 submissions.


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Congress created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in 1933 to restore public confidence in the nation's banking system. The FDIC insures deposits at the nation's banks and savings associations, 6,589 as of September 30, 2014. It promotes the safety and soundness of these institutions by identifying, monitoring and addressing risks to which they are exposed. The FDIC receives no federal tax dollars — insured financial institutions fund its operations.

FDIC press releases and other information are available on the Internet at, by subscription electronically (go to and may also be obtained through the FDIC's Public Information Center (877-275-3342 or 703-562-2200). PR-109-2014