Commercial banks reported net income of $13.2 billion in
the third quarter of 1996, their third-highest quarterly total ever,
according to preliminary data released today by the FDIC.
Earnings were supported by record net interest income of $41.4
For the first nine months of 1996, commercial banks earned
$38.6 billion during the period. At this pace, the industry could
surpass $50 billion in annual earnings for the first time. The
average return on assets (ROA) at commercial banks -- a basic
yardstick of industry performance -- was 1.19 percent. That is
identical to the ROA recorded by the industry during the first nine
months of last year.
Third-quarter financial results for the nation's 9,586 FDIC-
insured commercial banks and 1,961 insured savings institutions
are contained in the agency's latest Quarterly Banking Profile,
which is based on income and condition reports filed by FDIC-
insured banks and savings institutions every three months. The
latest Profile analyzes performance trends during the first nine
months of this year.
Almost three out of every four banks reported ROAs above
one percent for the third quarter. Total assets increased by $61.4
billion during the three-month period, with much of the growth
occurring in credit card loans and loans to commercial borrowers.
Asset-quality indicators remained favorable, as noncurrent loans
and net losses on loans to commercial borrowers declined. Banks
experienced an increase in troubled loans to individuals, especially
credit card loans. However, the proportion of bank loans that are
noncurrent (at least 90 days past due on scheduled interest
payments) fell to the lowest level in the 15 years that the industry
has reported noncurrent loan data.
Stock buy-back programs at several large banking
companies led to a surge in dividend payments at their subsidiary
banks in the third quarter. A total of 827 banks paid $3.5 billion
more in dividends than they earned, with the difference coming out
of their equity capital. For the industry as a whole, however,
equity capital increased by $5.5 billion, to the highest percentage
of total assets -- 8.31 percent -- in more than 50 years.
Commercial bank profits during the third quarter were 4.5
percent below the previous quarter and 4.8 percent less than a year
earlier. Virtually all of the decline in earnings was due to the
industry's approximately $1 billion share of the $4.5 billion one-
time payment by banks and thrifts to capitalize the Savings
Association Insurance Fund (SAIF). Fewer than 10 percent of the
nation's commercial banks have deposits insured by SAIF, but
together they hold more than one-fourth of all SAIF-insured
deposits. The impact of the SAIF capitalization charge on the
industry's after-tax net income was approximately $650 million.
The 1,961 savings institutions insured by the FDIC
reported a net loss of $55 million in the third quarter, down from
$2.6 billion in profits the previous quarter. Without the $3.5
billion special SAIF assessment, the thrift industry would have
earned approximately $2.2 billion.
Almost two out of every three savings institutions reported
a net loss for the quarter. By contrast, at thrifts that were not
affected by the special assessment (because they had no SAIF
deposits), only five percent were unprofitable during the third
quarter. The FDIC estimates that thrifts with SAIF deposits will
save about $875 million per year on deposit insurance premiums
now that the SAIF is fully capitalized.
With the enactment of the Deposit Insurance Funds Act of
1996 on September 30, the SAIF became fully capitalized as of
October 1. The $4.5 billion special assessment authorized by the
new law brought the SAIF's reserves to $1.27 for each $100 of
insured deposits (slightly above the statutory target of $1.25 per
$100), compared to 55 cents per $100 at the end of June. The
Bank Insurance Fund (BIF), which has been fully capitalized since
May 31, 1995, had reserves of $1.32 for every $100 of insured
deposits as of June 30, 1996.
Because the SAIF fund was undercapitalized, institutions
had been paying higher deposit insurance premiums for SAIF-
insured deposits than for BIF-insured deposits. However, on
December 11, 1996, the FDIC Board of Directors voted to reduce
SAIF deposit insurance premiums to the same level as those for
BIF deposits, starting January 1, 1997. Rates for both funds will
now range from 0 to 27 cents for each $100 of assessable deposits.
Congress created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
in 1933 to restore public confidence in the nation's banking
system. The FDIC insures deposits at the nation's 11,547
banks and savings associations and it promotes the safety and
soundness of these institutions by identifying, monitoring and
addressing risks to which they are exposed.
The Quarterly Banking Profile is available on the Internet
(via the World Wide Web at www.fdic.gov), by fax (dial 1-804-642-0003
on your fax machine and follow the voice prompts to request
Document No. 232), or by mail or messenger (from the FDIC's Public
Information Center, 801 17th Street, NW, Washington, DC 20434,
telephone 800-276-6003 or (703) 562-2200).