Jefferson Bank, Haverford, Pennsylvania, has assumed the
insured deposits of Metrobank of Philadelphia, N.A., Philadelphia,
which was closed today by the Office of the Comptroller of the
Currency (OCC). The FDIC was named receiver.
Metrobank, with assets of $43.3 million and total deposits of
$39.9 million as of November 30, 1995, was chartered by the OCC on
June 1, 1989.
The OCC used its authority under the FDIC Improvement Act of
1991 (FDICIA) to close the bank when it found that Metrobank was
critically undercapitalized -- that is, it had less than 2 percent
tangible equity capital. The bank suffered from poor asset
quality, an insufficient earning-asset base, and ineffective board
and management supervision.
Since opening in 1989, the bank never had a profitable year.
Losses stemmed from a high cost of funds and high level of problem
loans, due to poor credit underwriting, loan administration
weaknesses and heavy emphasis on real estate based lending.
Additionally, Metrobank's board of directors lacked banking
knowledge which resulted in an inability to make cohesive and
timely decisions. Finally, a check-kite scheme in 1995 heavily
impacted an already weak capital base and eventually led to a
critically undercapitalized position.
In light of these findings, the OCC determined that closure
and the appointment of the FDIC as receiver were necessary to
protect the interests of the bank's insured depositors.
Metrobank's sole office will reopen on Monday, March 11, as
Jefferson Bank. Deposit customers of Metrobank automatically will
become depositors of Jefferson Bank.
Jefferson Bank will assume about $38.2 million in 1,800
deposit accounts. At the time Metrobank was closed, about $1.7
million in 77 accounts exceeded the federal insurance limit of
$100,000 and will not be assumed by Jefferson Bank.
The FDIC Board of Directors also voted to make a prompt 58
percent advance dividend payment to uninsured depositors. The
payment is based on anticipated recoveries from the sale of assets.
FDIC claims agents will be available to meet with uninsured
depositors beginning March 11, at Metrobank's former office.
The assuming bank will pay a premium of $76,000 for the right
to receive the failed bank's deposits but will not purchase any of
the failed bank's assets. The FDIC will retain Metrobank's
approximately $43.3 million in assets. The FDIC estimates the cost
of this transaction to the Bank Insurance Fund (BIF) to be
approximately $1.9 million.
The FDIC Board of Directors approved the deposit assumption
under its authority to do so whenever it determines that such a
transaction will reduce the potential loss to the BIF. Under
federal law, creditors holding deposit claims will receive priority
in payment from the sale of assets of the failed institution over
creditors holding non-deposit claims.
Metrobank is the first BIF-insured failure in Pennsylvania
since Meritor Savings Bank, Philadelphia, was closed on December
11, 1992, and the first in the U.S. since July 28, 1995.
Congress created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in 1933
to maintain public confidence in the nation's banking system. The
FDIC insures deposits at the nation's 12,000 banks and savings
associations and it promotes the safety and soundness of these
institutions by identifying, monitoring and addressing risks to
which they are exposed.