Institution IRR management processes and measurement systems should be capable of capturing, reporting, and controlling the risks being taken and major new initiatives.
Management should ensure it stress tests IRR exposures using appropriate scenarios, including meaningful interest rate shocks, to identify the inherent risk. For example, in a low-rate environment, institutions should run interest rate shocks of +300 and +400 basis points. If conditions warrant, institutions should test more severe scenarios.
Management should use reporting limits, triggers, or thresholds for stress scenarios, including the severe rate shocks discussed above, and others where appropriate, to ensure IRR exposures are within risk tolerance levels.
Institutions are expected to measure the potential effect of changes in market interest rates on earnings and capital. When measuring risk-to-earnings, most institutions should use income simulations. Economic value of equity and similar models generally are used to measure risk-to-capital. Long-term simulations can supplement capital measures, but are generally not necessary for typical community institutions.
Management should perform simulations for one and two year time horizons, conduct model measurements that do not include new business growth, develop reasonable assumptions reflecting the institution's experience, and perform appropriate back-testing.
Smaller institutions using less complex vendor supplied IRR models can satisfy some, but not all, validation requirements with independent attestation reports from the vendor.
FDIC-Supervised Banks (Commercial and Savings)
Chief Executive Officer
Chief Financial Officer
Chief Risk Officer
Joint Agency Policy Statement on Interest Rate Risk, FIL-52-1996
FFIEC Advisory on Interest Rate Risk Management, FIL-2-2010
FFIEC Advisory on Interest Rate Risk Management, Frequently Asked Questions - PDF (PDF Help)
Kyle Hadley, Section Chief, Capital Markets Branch, at KHadley@FDIC.gov or (202) 898-6532
Suzanne Clair, Senior Capital Markets Specialist, Capital Markets Branch, at SClair@FDIC.gov or (202) 898-6605
FDIC Financial Institution Letters (FILs) may be accessed from the FDIC's Web site at http://www.fdic.gov/news/news/financial/2012/index.html
To receive FILs electronically, please visit http://www.fdic.gov/about/subscriptions/index.html.
Paper copies may be obtained through the FDIC's Public Information Center, 3501 Fairfax Drive, E-1002, Arlington, VA 22226 (1-877-275-3342 or 703-562-2200).