The FDIC Quarterly provides a comprehensive summary of the most current financial results for the banking industry, along with feature articles. These articles range from timely analysis of economic and banking trends at the national and regional level that may affect the risk exposure of FDIC-insured institutions to research on issues affecting the banking system and the development of regulatory policy. The FDIC Quarterly brings together data and analysis that were previously available through three retired publications -- the FDIC Outlook, the FDIC Banking Review, and the FYI: An Update on Emerging Issues in Banking. Past issues of these publications are archived under their original publication names.
FDIC-insured institutions reported an aggregate profit of $914 million in the fourth quarter of 2009, a $38.7 billion improvement from the $37.8 billion net loss the industry sustained in the fourth quarter of 2008, but still well below historical norms for quarterly profits. More than half of all institutions (50.3 percent) reported year-over-year improvements in their quarterly net income. Almost one-third of all institutions (32.7 percent) reported net losses for the quarter, compared to 34.6 percent a year earlier. For the full year, banks reported net income totaling $12.5 billionup from $4.5 billion in 2008.
Insurance Fund Indicators
Estimated insured deposits (based on $250,000 coverage) increased 1.8 percent in the fourth quarter of 2009. The Deposit Insurance Fund reserve ratio fell to -0.39 percent, and 45 FDIC-insured institutions failed during the quarter.
Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program
The FDIC Board approved the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (TLGP) in response to major disruptions in credit markets. The TLGP improves access to liquidity for participating institutions by fully guaranteeing non-interest-bearing transaction deposit accounts and by guaranteeing eligible senior unsecured debt. As of December 31, 2009, more than 86 percent of FDIC-insured institutions have opted in to the Transaction Account Guarantee Program, and 7,808 eligible entities have elected the option to participate in the Debt Guarantee Program. Approximately $834 billion in non-interest-bearing transaction accounts was guaranteed as of December 31, 2009, and $309 billion in guaranteed senior unsecured debt, issued by 84 entities, was outstanding at the end of the fourth quarter.
U.S. housing and mortgage markets have experienced historic distress over the past three years as evidenced by the significant decline in housing fundamentals. However, some signs of eventual recovery are beginning to emerge. This chartbook examines the housing and mortgage markets for tentative signs of recovery and evaluates those hopeful signs against the challenges that remain.