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Federal Deposit
Insurance Corporation

Each depositor insured to at least $250,000 per insured bank

FDIC Law, Regulations, Related Acts

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5000 - Statements of Policy


STATEMENT OF POLICY REGARDING LIABILITY OF COMMONLY CONTROLLED DEPOSITORY INSTITUTIONS

Introduction

Section 5(e) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1815(e)), as added by section 206(a)(7) of the Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement Act of 1989, creates liability for commonly controlled insured depository institutions for losses incurred or reasonably anticipated by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) in connection with (i) the default of a commonly controlled insured depository institution; or (ii) any assistance provided by the FDIC to any commonly controlled insured depository institution in danger of default. In addition to certain statutory exceptions and exclusions contained in sections 5(e)(6), (7) and (8), the FDI Act also permits the FDIC, in its discretion, to exempt any insured depository institution from this liability if it determines that such exemption is in the "best interests of the Bank Insurance Fund or the Savings Association Insurance Fund."

The liability of an insured depository institution attaches at the time of default of a commonly controlled institution. It is completely within the discretion of the FDIC whether or not to issue a notice of assessment to the liable institution for the estimated amount of the loss incurred or reasonably anticipated to be incurred by the FDIC.

Guidelines for Conditional Waiver of Liability

The FDIC may, in its discretion, choose not to assess liability based upon analysis of a particular situation, and it may entertain requests for waivers from affiliated or unaffiliated parties of an institution in default or in danger of default. The determination of whether an exemption is in the best interests of either insurance fund rests solely with the Board of Directors of the FDIC (Board). Should the Board make such a determination, a waiver will be issued setting forth terms and conditions that must be met in order to receive an exemption from liability (conditional waiver of liability). The following guidelines apply to conditional waivers of liability under the provisions of this section:

(1)  A conditional waiver of liability will be considered in those cases where the waiver facilitates an alternative that would be in the best interests of the FDIC. For example, a conditional waiver may be granted when requisite additional capital and managerial resources are being provided which substantially lessen the exposure of the affected insurance fund. When a conditional waiver is granted to an unaffiliated acquirer of an institution in default or in danger of default it will be granted for a fixed period, generally not to exceed a period of time reasonably required for existing problems to be identified and resolved.

(2)  If one or more institutions in a commonly controlled relationship is otherwise solvent, well-managed and viable, it may be in the best interest of the FDIC to waive or reduce claims against such entities. In determining whether a conditional waiver is appropriate, consideration will be given to actions of a holding company which may contribute to or diminish the FDIC's losses, as well as proposals to strengthen other weakened institutions, if any.

(3)  Procedures to request a conditional waiver of liability are contained in § 303.245 of the FDIC's Rules and Regulations, 12 CFR 303.245.

(4)  In cases where an insured depository institution is sold to an acquirer with no financial interest, directly or indirectly, in the institution prior to the acquisition, it is the general policy of the FDIC to forego the issuance of a notice of assessment to the acquirer and its affiliated institutions in the event of a default of an insured depository institution formerly affiliated with the acquired institution. The FDIC will review all such transactions prior to making a final determination to forego the issuance of the notice of assessment.

Guidelines for Assessment of Liability

Whenever the FDIC determines that assessment of liability in connection with a commonly controlled insured depository institution(s) is appropriate, a Notice of Assessment of Liability, Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law, Order to Pay, and Notice of Hearing (Notice of Assessment) will be served upon the liable institution. In assessing the amount of the FDIC's loss and the liable institution(s') method of payment, the following guidelines shall apply:

(1)  A good faith estimate of the amount of loss the FDIC shall incur shall be based upon (a) the actual sale or calculation of loss from a review by the FDIC of the assets and liabilities of the institution prior to default or the granting of assistance; or (b) any other cost estimate bases as explained in the Notice of Assessment.

(2)  If there is more than one commonly controlled depository institution to be assessed, each such institution is jointly and severally liable for all losses; however, the FDIC shall make a good faith estimate of the liability of each institution as determined by (a) first assessing an initial amount on a pro rata capital basis that brings about parity in the capital ratios of the liable institutions, and (b) then apportioning any residual assessment on a pro-rata size basis utilizing the most recent Report of Condition. Any final assessment can be based on the estimated liability of each institution by the FDIC and/or negotiations with the liable institutions.

(3)  In the event that any liable institution is closed prior to paying an assessment, the amount assessed or to have been assessed against that institution may be assessed against the remaining liable institution(s).

(4)  The FDIC, after consulting with the appropriate Federal and State financial institutions regulatory agencies, shall establish in each case a schedule for payment which may include a lump sum reimbursement, as well as procedures for receipt of such payment.

(5)  Once liability has attached, the FDIC will consider information similar to that provided with a request for a conditional waiver of liability in determining the amount of the estimated loss to be assessed. Such information may also include suggested payment plans.

By Order of the Board of Directors, July 7, 1998.

[Source: 63 Fed. Reg. 44765, August 20, 1998, effective October 1, 1998]


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