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1000 - Federal Deposit Insurance Act


SEC. 44. INTERSTATE BANK MERGERS.

(a)  APPROVAL OF INTERSTATE MERGER TRANSACTIONS AUTHORIZED.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--Beginning on June 1, 1997, the responsible agency may approve a merger transaction under section 18(c) between insured banks with different home States, without regard to whether such transaction is prohibited under the law of any State.

(2)  STATE ELECTION TO PROHIBIT INTERSTATE MERGER TRANSACTIONS.--

(A)  IN GENERAL.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), a merger transaction may not be approved pursuant to paragraph (1) if the transaction involves a bank the home State of which has enacted a law after [September 29, 1994], the date of enactment of the Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994 and before June 1, 1997, that--

(i)  applies equally to all out-of-State banks; and

(ii)  expressly prohibits merger transactions involving out-of-State banks.

(B)  NO EFFECT ON PRIOR APPROVALS OF MERGER TRANSACTIONS.--A law enacted by a State pursuant to subparagraph (A) shall have no effect on merger transactions that were approved before the effective date of such law.

(3)  STATE ELECTION TO PERMIT EARLY INTERSTATE MERGER TRANSACTIONS.--

(A)  IN GENERAL.--A merger transaction may be approved pursuant to paragraph (1) before June 1, 1997, if the home State of each bank involved in the transaction has in effect, as of the date of the approval of such transaction, a law that--

(i)  applies equally to all out-of-State banks; and

(ii)  expressly permits interstate merger transactions with all out-of-State banks.

(B)  CERTAIN CONDITIONS ALLOWED.--A host State may impose conditions on a branch within such State of a bank resulting from an interstate merger transaction if--

(i)  the conditions do not have the effect of discriminating against out-of-State banks, out-of-State bank holding companies, or any subsidiary of such bank or company (other than on the basis of a nationwide reciprocal treatment requirement);

(ii)  the imposition of the conditions is not preempted by Federal law; and

(iii)  the conditions do not apply or require performance after May 31, 1997.

(4)  INTERSTATE MERGER TRANSACTIONS INVOLVING ACQUISITIONS OF BRANCHES.--

(A)  IN GENERAL.--An interstate merger transaction may involve the acquisition of a branch of an insured bank without the acquisition of the bank only if the law of the State in which the branch is located permits out-of-State banks to acquire a branch of a bank in such State without acquiring the bank.

(B)  TREATMENT OF BRANCH FOR PURPOSES OF THIS SECTION.--In the case of an interstate merger transaction which involves the acquisition of a branch of an insured bank without the acquisition of the bank, the branch shall be treated, for purposes of this section, as an insured bank the home State of which is the State in which the branch is located.

(5)  PRESERVATION OF STATE AGE LAWS.--

(A)  IN GENERAL.--The responsible agency may not approve an application pursuant to paragraph (1) that would have the effect of permitting an out-of-State bank or out-of-State bank holding company to acquire a bank in a host State that has not been in existence for the minimum period of time, if any, specified in the statutory law of the host State.

(B)  SPECIAL RULE FOR STATE AGE LAWS SPECIFYING A PERIOD OF MORE THAN 5 YEARS.--Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), the responsible agency may approve a merger transaction pursuant to paragraph (1) involving the acquisition of a bank that has been in existence at least 5 years without regard to any longer minimum period of time specified in a statutory law of the host State.

(6)  SHELL BANKS.--For purposes of this subsection, a bank that has been chartered solely for the purpose of, and does not open for business prior to, acquiring control of, or acquiring all or substantially all of the assets of, an existing bank or branch shall be deemed to have been in existence for the same period of time as the bank or branch to be acquired.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831u(a)]


[Source:  Section 2[44(a)] of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 102(a) of title I of the Act of September 29, 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103--328; 108 Stat. 2343), effective September 29, 1994]

(b)  PROVISIONS RELATING TO APPLICATION AND APPROVAL PROCESS.--

(1)  COMPLIANCE WITH STATE FILING REQUIREMENTS.--

(A)  IN GENERAL.--Any bank which files an application for an interstate merger transaction shall--

(i)  comply with the filing requirements of any host State of the bank which will result from such transaction to the extent that the requirement--

(I)  does not have the effect of discriminating against out-of-State banks or out-of-State bank holding companies or subsidiaries of such banks or bank holding companies; and

(II)  is similar in effect to any requirement imposed by the host State on a nonbanking corporation incorporated in another State that engages in business in the host State; and

(ii)  submit a copy of the application to the State bank supervisor of the host State.

(B)  PENALTY FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY.--The responsible agency may not approve an application for an interstate merger transaction if the applicant materially fails to comply with subparagraph (A).

(2)  CONCENTRATION LIMITS.--

(B)  NATIONWIDE CONCENTRATION LIMITS.--The responsible agency may not approve an application for an interstate merger transaction if the resulting bank (including all insured depository institutions which are affiliates of the resulting bank), upon consummation of the transaction, would control more than 10 percent of the total amount of deposits of insured depository institutions in the United States.

(B)  STATEWIDE CONCENTRATION LIMITS OTHER THAN WITH RESPECT TO INITIAL ENTRIES.--The responsible agency may not approve an application for an interstate merger transaction if--

(i)  any bank involved in the transaction (including all insured depository institutions which are affiliates of any such bank) has a branch in any State in which any other bank involved in the transaction has a branch; and

(ii)  the resulting bank (including all insured depository institutions which would be affiliates of the resulting bank), upon consummation of the transaction, would control 30 percent or more of the total amount of deposits of insured depository institutions in any such State.

(C)  EFFECTIVENESS OF STATE DEPOSIT CAPS.--No provision of this subsection shall be construed as affecting the authority of any State to limit, by statute, regulation, or order, the percentage of the total amount of deposits of insured depository institutions in the State which may be held or controlled by any bank or bank holding company (including all insured depository institutions which are affiliates of the bank or bank holding company) to the extent the application of such limitation does not discriminate against out-of-State banks, out-of-State bank holding companies, or subsidiaries of such banks or holding companies.

(D)  EXCEPTIONS TO SUBPARAGRAPH (B).--The responsible agency may approve an application for an interstate merger transaction pursuant to subsection (a) without regard to the applicability of subparagraph (B) with respect to any State if--

(i)  there is a limitation described in subparagraph (C) in a State statute, regulation, or order which has the effect of permitting a bank or bank holding company (including all insured depository institutions which are affiliates of the bank or bank holding company) to control a greater percentage of total deposits of all insured depository institutions in the State than the percentage permitted under subparagraph (B); or

(ii)  the transaction is approved by the appropriate State bank supervisor of such State and the standard on which such approval is based does not have the effect of discriminating against out-of-State banks, out-of-State bank holding companies, or subsidiaries of such banks or holding companies.

(E)  EXCEPTION FOR CERTAIN BANKS.--This paragraph shall not apply with respect to any interstate merger transaction involving only affiliated banks.

(3)  COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT COMPLIANCE.--In determining whether to approve an application for an interstate merger transaction in which the resulting bank would have a branch or bank affiliate immediately following the transaction in any State in which the bank submitting the application (as the acquiring bank) had no branch or bank affiliate immediately before the transaction, the responsible agency shall--

(A)  comply with the responsibilities of the agency regarding such application under section 804 of the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977;

(B)  take into account the most recent written evaluation under section 804 of the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 of any bank which would be an affiliate of the resulting bank; and

(C) take into account the record of compliance of any applicant bank with applicable State community reinvestment laws.

(4)  ADEQUACY OF CAPITAL AND MANAGEMENT SKILLS.--The responsible agency may approve an application for an interstate merger transaction pursuant to subsection (a) only if--

(A)  each bank involved in the transaction is adequately capitalized as of the date the application is filed; and

(B)  the responsible agency determines that the resulting bank will be well capitalized and well managed upon the consummation of the transaction.

(5)  SURRENDER OF CHARTER AFTER MERGER TRANSACTION.--The charters of all banks involved in an interstate merger transaction, other than the charter of the resulting bank, shall be surrendered, upon request, to the Federal banking agency or State bank supervisor which issued the charter.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831u(b)]

[Source:  Section 2[44(b)] of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 102(a) of title I of the Act of September 29, 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103--328; 108 Stat. 2345), effective September 29, 1994; section 607(b) of title VI of the Act of July 21, 2010 (Pub. L. No, 111--203; 124 Stat. 1608), effective July 21, 2011]

(c)  APPLICABILITY OF CERTAIN LAWS TO INTERSTATE BANKING OPERATIONS.--

(1)  STATE TAXATION AUTHORITY NOT AFFECTED.--

(A)  IN GENERAL.--No provision of this section shall be construed as affecting the authority of any State or political subdivision of any State to adopt, apply, or administer any tax or method of taxation to any bank, bank holding company, or foreign bank, or any affiliate of any bank, bank holding company, or foreign bank, to the extent such tax or tax method is otherwise permissible by or under the Constitution of the United States or other Federal law.

(B)  IMPOSITION OF SHARES TAX BY HOST STATES.--In the case of a branch of an out-of-State bank which results from an interstate merger transaction, a proportionate amount of the value of the shares of the out-of-State bank may be subject to any bank shares tax levied or imposed by the host State, or any political subdivision of such host State that imposes such tax based upon a method adopted by the host State, which may include allocation and apportionment.

(2)  APPLICABILITY OF ANTITRUST LAWS.--No provision of this section shall be construed as affecting--

(A)  the applicability of the antitrust laws; or

(B)  the applicability, if any, of any State law which is similar to the antitrust laws.

(3)  RESERVATION OF CERTAIN RIGHTS TO STATES.--No provision of this section shall be construed as limiting in any way the right of a State to--

(A)  determine the authority of State banks chartered by that State to establish and maintain branches; or

(B)  supervise, regulate, and examine State banks chartered by that State.

(4)  State-imposed notice requirements.--A host State may impose any notification or reporting requirement on a branch of an out-of-State bank if the requirement--

(A)  does not discriminate against out-of-State banks or bank holding companies; and

(B)  is not preempted by any Federal law regarding the same subject.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831u(c)]

[Source:  Section 2[44(c)] of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 102(a) of title I of the Act of September 29, 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103--328; 108 Stat. 2347), effective September 29, 1994]

(d)  OPERATIONS OF THE RESULTING BANK.--

(1)  CONTINUED OPERATIONS.--A resulting bank may, subject to the approval of the appropriate Federal banking agency, retain and operate, as a main office or a branch, any office that any bank involved in an interstate merger transaction was operating as a main office or a branch immediately before the merger transaction.

(2)  ADDITIONAL BRANCHES.--Following the consummation of any interstate merger transaction, the resulting bank may establish, acquire, or operate additional branches at any location where any bank involved in the transaction could have established, acquired, or operated a branch under applicable Federal or State law if such bank had not been a party to the merger transaction.

(3)  CERTAIN CONDITIONS AND COMMITMENTS CONTINUED.-- If, as a condition for the acquisition of a bank by an out-of-State bank holding company before [September 29, 1994], the date of the enactment of the Riegle-Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994--

(A)  the home State of the acquired bank imposed conditions on such acquisition by such out-of-State bank holding company; or

(B)  the bank holding company made commitments to such State in connection with the acquisition,

the State may enforce such conditions and commitments with respect to such bank holding company or any affiliated successor company which controls a bank or branch in such State as a result of an interstate merger transaction to the same extent as the State could enforce such conditions or commitments against the bank holding company before the consummation of the merger transaction.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831u(d)]

[Source:  Section 2[44(d)] of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 102(a) of title I of the Act of September 29, 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103--328; 108 Stat. 2347), effective September 29, 1994]

(e)  EXCEPTION FOR BANKS IN DEFAULT OR IN DANGER OF DEFAULT.--If an application under subsection (a)(1) for approval of a merger transaction which involves 1 or more banks in default or in danger of default or with respect to which the Corporation provides assistance under section 13(c), the responsible agency may approve such application without regard to subsection (b), or paragraph (2), (4), or (5) of subsection (a).

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831u(e)]

[Source:  Section 2[44(e)] of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 102(a) of title I of the Act of September 29, 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103--328; 108 Stat. 2348), effective September 29, 1994]

(f)*   APPLICABLE RATE AND OTHER CHARGE LIMITATIONS.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--In the case of any State that has a constitutional provision that sets a maximum lawful annual percentage rate of interest on any contract at not more than 5 percent above the discount rate for 90-day commercial paper in effect at the Federal reserve bank for the Federal reserve district in which such State is located, except as provided in paragraph (2), upon the establishment in such State of a branch of any out-of-State insured depository institution in such State under this section, the maximum interest rate or amount of interest, discount points, finance charges, or other similar charges that may be charged, taken, received, or reserved (or in the case of a governmental entity located in such State, paid) from time to time in any loan or discount made or upon any note, bill of exchange, financing transaction, or other evidence of debt by--

(A)  any insured depository institution whose home State is such State shall be equal to not more than the greater of--

(i)  the maximum interest rate or amount of interest, discount points, finance charges, or other similar charges that may be charged, taken, received, or reserved in a similar transaction under the constitution or any statute or other law of the home State of the out-of-State insured depository institution establishing any such branch, without reference to this section, as such maximum interest rate or amount of interest may change from time to time; or

(ii)  the maximum rate or amount of interest, discount points, finance charges, or other similar charges that may be charged, taken, received, or reserved in a similar transaction by a State insured depository institution chartered under the laws of such State or a national bank or Federal savings association whose main office is located in such State without reference to this section; and

(B)  any governmental entity located in such State or any person that is not a depository institution described in subparagraph (A) doing business in such State, shall be equal to not more than the greater of the state's maximum lawful annual percentage rate or 17 percent--

(i)  to facilitate the uniform implementation of federally mandated or federally established programs and financings related thereto, including--

(I)  uniform accessibility of student loans, including the issuance of qualified student loan bonds as set forth in section 144(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986;

(II)  the uniform accessibility of mortgage loans, including the issuance of qualified mortgage bonds and qualified veterans' mortgage bonds as set forth in section 143 of such Code;

(III)  the uniform accessibility of safe and affordable housing programs administered or subject to review by the Department of Housing and Urban Development, including--

(aa)  the issuance of exempt facility bonds for qualified residential rental property as set forth in section 142(d) of such Code; and

(bb)  the issuance of low income housing tax credits as set forth in section 42 of such Code, and

(ii)  to facilitate interstate commerce through the issuance of bonds and obligations under any provision of State law, including bonds and obligations for the purpose of economic development, education, and improvements to infrastructure;

(iii)  to facilitate interstate commerce generally, including consumer loans, in the case of any person or governmental entity (other than a depository institution subject to subparagraph (A) and paragraph (2)).

(2)  RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.--(A)  RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.--No provision of this subsection shall be construed as superseding or affecting--

(i)  the authority of any insured depository institution to take, receive, reserve, and charge interest on any loan made in any State other than the State referred to in paragraph (1); or

(ii)  the applicability of section 501 of the Depository Institutions Deregulation and Monetary Control Act of 1980, section 5197 of the Revised Statutes of the United States, or section 27 of this Act.

(B)  APPLICABILITY.--This subsection shall be construed to apply to any loan or discount made, or note, bill of exchange, financing transaction, or other evidence of debt, originated by an insured depository institution, a governmental entity located in such State, or a person that is not a depository institution described in subparagraph (A) doing business in such State.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831u(f)]

[Source: Section 2[44(f)] of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 731(2) of title VII of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106-102; 113 Stat. 1477), effective November 12, 1999; section 504(a) of title V of the Act of June 24, 2009 (Pub. L. No. 111--32; 123 Stat. 1880), effective June 24, 2009; section 563(a) and (b) of title III of the Act of October 28, 2009 (Pub. L. No, 111--83; 123 Stat. 2183), effective October 28, 2009]

(g)  DEFINITIONS.--For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)  ADEQUATELY CAPITALIZED.--The term "adequately capitalized" has the same meaning as in section 38.

(2)  ANTITRUST LAWS.--The term "antitrust laws"--

(A)  has the same meaning as in subsection (a) of the first section of the Clayton Act; and

(B)  includes section 5 of the Federal Trade Commission Act to the extent such section 5 relates to unfair methods of competition.

(3)  BRANCH.--The term "branch" means any domestic branch.

(4)  HOME STATE.--The term "home State"--

(A)  means--

(i)  with respect to a national bank, the State in which the main office of the bank is located; and

(ii)  with respect to a State bank, the State by which the bank is chartered; and

(B)  with respect to a bank holding company, has the same meaning as in section 2(o)(4) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956.

(5)  HOST STATE.--The term "host State" means, with respect to a bank, a State, other than the home State of the bank, in which the bank maintains, or seeks to establish and maintain, a branch.

(6)  INTERSTATE MERGER TRANSACTION.--The term "interstate merger transaction" means any merger transaction approved pursuant to subsection (a)(1).

(7)  MERGER TRANSACTION.--The term "merger transaction" has the meaning determined under section 18(c)(3).

(8)  OUT-OF-STATE BANK.--The term "out-of-State bank" means, with respect to any State, a bank whose home State is another State.

(9)  OUT-OF-STATE BANK HOLDING COMPANY.--The term "out-of-State bank holding company" means, with respect to any State, a bank holding company whose home State is another State.

(10)  RESPONSIBLE AGENCY.--The term "responsible agency" means the agency determined in accordance with section 18(c)(2) with respect to a merger transaction.

(11)  RESULTING BANK.--The term "resulting bank" means a bank that has resulted from an interstate merger transaction under this section.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831u(g)]

[Source:  Section 2[44(g)] (formerly section 44(f)) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 102(a) of title I of the Act of September 29, 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103--328; 108 Stat. 2348), effective September 29, 1994; redesignated as section 44(g) by section 731(1) of title VII of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1477), effective November 12, 1999; section 504(a) of title V of the Act of June 24, 2009 (Pub. L. No. 111--32; 123 Stat. 1880), effective June 24, 2009]

SEC. 45. AUTHORITY OF STATE INSURANCE REGULATOR AND SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION.

(a)  IN GENERAL.--Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the provisions of--

(1)  section (5) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 that limit the authority of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to require reports from, to make examinations of, or to impose capital requirements on holding companies and their functionally regulated subsidiaries or that require deference to other regulators;

(2)  section 5(g) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 that limit the authority of the Board to require a functionally regulated subsidiary of a holding company to provide capital or other funds or assets to a depository institution subsidiary of the holding company and to take certain actions including requiring divestiture of the depository institution; and

(3)  section 10A of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956 that limit whatever authority the Board might otherwise have to take direct or indirect action with respect to holding companies and their functionally regulated subsidiaries;

shall also limit whatever authority that a Federal banking agency might otherwise have under any statute or regulation to require reports, make examinations, impose capital requirements, or take any other direct or indirect action with respect to any functionally regulated affiliate of a depository institution, subject to the same standards and requirements as are applicable to the Board under those provisions.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831v(a)]

[Section 2[45](a) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 112(b) of title I of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1368), effective March 12, 2000]

(b)  CERTAIN EXEMPTION AUTHORIZED.--No provision of this section shall be construed as preventing the Corporation, if the Corporation finds it necessary to determine the condition of a depository institution for insurance purposes, from examining an affiliate of any depository institution, pursuant to section 10(b)(4), as may be necessary to disclose fully the relationship between the depository institution and the affiliate, and the effect of such relationship on the depository institution.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831v(b)]

[Section 2[45](b) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 112(b) of title I of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1368), effective March 12, 2000]

(c)  DEFINITIONS.--For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)  FUNCTIONALLY REGULATED SUBSIDIARY.--The term "functionally regulated subsidiary" has the meaning given the term in section 5(c)(5) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956.

(2)  FUNCTIONALLY REGULATED AFFILIATE.--The term "functionally regulated affiliate" means, with respect to any depository institution, any affiliate of such depository institution that is--

(A)  not a depository institution holding company; and

(B)  a company described in any clause of section 5(c)(5)(B) of the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831v(c)]

[Section 2[45](c) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 112(b) of title I of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1368), effective March 12, 2000]

SEC. 46. SAFETY AND SOUNDNESS FIREWALLS APPLICABLE TO FINANCIAL SUBSIDIARIES OF BANKS.

(a)  IN GENERAL.--An insured State bank may control or hold an interest in a subsidiary that engages in activities as principal that would only be permissible for a national bank to conduct through a financial subsidiary if--

(1)  the State bank and each insured depository institution affiliate of the State bank are well capitalized (after the capital deduction required by paragraph (2));

(2)  the State bank complies with the capital deduction and financial statement disclosure requirements in section 5136A(c) of the Revised Statutes of the United States;

(3)  the State bank complies with the financial and operational safeguards required by section 5136A(d) of the Revised Statutes of the United States; and

(4)  the State bank complies with the amendments to sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act made by section 121(b) of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831w(a)]

[Section 2[46](a) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 121(d)(1) of title I of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1380), effective March 12, 2000]

(b)  PRESERVATION OF EXISTING SUBSIDIARIES.--Notwithstanding subsection (a), an insured State bank may retain control of a subsidiary, or retain an interest in a subsidiary, that the State bank lawfully controlled or acquired before [November 12, 1999], the date of the enactment of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, and conduct through such subsidiary any activities lawfully conducted in such subsidiary as of such date.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831w(b)]

[Section 2[46](b) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 121(d)(1) of title I of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1380), effective March 12, 2000]

(c)  DEFINITIONS.--For purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)  SUBSIDIARY.--The term "subsidiary" means any company that is a subsidiary (as defined in section 3(w)(4)) of 1 or more insured banks.

(2)  FINANCIAL SUBSIDIARY.--The term "financial subsidiary" has the meaning given the term in section 5136A(g) of the Revised Statutes of the United States.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831w(c)]

[Section 2[46](c) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 121(d)(1) of title I of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1381), effective March 12, 2000]

(d)  PRESERVATION OF AUTHORITY.--

(1)  FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE ACT.--No provision of this section shall be construed as superseding the authority of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation to review subsidiary activities under section 24.

(2)  FEDERAL RESERVE ACT.--No provision of this section shall be construed as affecting the applicability of the 20th undesignated paragraph of section 9 of the Federal Reserve Act.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831w(d)]

[Section 2[46](d) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 121(d)(1) of title I of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1381), effective March 12, 2000]

SEC. 47. INSURANCE CUSTOMER PROTECTIONS.

(a)  REGULATIONS REQUIRED.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--The Federal banking agencies shall prescribe and publish in final form, before the end of the 1-year period beginning on [November 12, 1999], the date of the enactment of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, customer protection regulations (which the agencies jointly determine to be appropriate) that--

(A)  apply to retail sales practices, solicitations, advertising, or offers of any insurance product by any depository institution or any person that is engaged in such activities at an office of the institution or on behalf of the institution; and

(B)  are consistent with the requirements of this Act and provide such additional protections for customers to whom such sales, solicitations, advertising, or offers are directed.

(2)  APPLICABILITY TO SUBSIDIARIES.--The regulations prescribed pursuant to paragraph (1) shall extend such protections to any subsidiary of a depository institution, as deemed appropriate by the regulators referred to in paragraph (3), where such extension is determined to be necessary to ensure the consumer protections provided by this section.

(3)  CONSULTATION AND JOINT REGULATIONS.--The Federal banking agencies shall consult with each other and prescribe joint regulations pursuant to paragraph (1), after consultation with the State insurance regulators, as appropriate.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831x(a)]

[Section 2[47](a) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 305 of title III of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1410), effective November 12, 1999]

(b)  SALES PRACTICES.--The regulations prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) shall include antitying and anticoercion rules applicable to the sale of insurance products that prohibit a depository institution from engaging in any practice that would lead a customer to believe an extension of credit, in violation of section 106(b) of the Bank Holding Company Act Amendments of 1970, is conditional upon--

(1)  the purchase of an insurance product from the institution or any of its affiliates; or

(2)  an agreement by the consumer not to obtain, or a prohibition on the consumer from obtaining, an insurance product from an unaffiliated entity.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831x(b)]

[Section 2[47](b) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 305 of title III of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1410), effective November 12, 1999]

(c)  DISCLOSURES AND ADVERTISING.--The regulations prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) shall include the following provisions relating to disclosures and advertising in connection with the initial purchase of an insurance product:

(1)  DISCLOSURES.--

(A)  IN GENERAL.--Requirements that the following disclosures be made orally and in writing before the completion of the initial sale and, in the case of clause (iii), at the time of application for an extension of credit:

(i)  UNINSURED STATUS.--As appropriate, the product is not insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the United States Government, or the depository institution.

(ii)  INVESTMENT RISK.--In the case of a variable annuity or other insurance product which involves an investment risk, that there is an investment risk associated with the product, including possible loss of value.

(iii)  COERCION.--The approval of an extension of credit may not be conditioned on--

(I)  the purchase of an insurance product from the institution in which the application for credit is pending or of any affiliate of the institution; or

(II)  an agreement by the consumer not to obtain, or a prohibition on the consumer from obtaining, an insurance product from an unaffiliated entity.

(B)  MAKING DISCLOSURE READILY UNDERSTANDABLE.--Regulations prescribed under subparagraph (A) shall encourage the use of disclosure that is conspicuous, simple, direct, and readily understandable, such as the following:

(i)  "NOT FDIC--INSURED".

(ii)  "NOT GUARANTEED BY THE BANK".

(iii)  "MAY GO DOWN IN VALUE".

(iv)  "NOT INSURED BY ANY GOVERNMENT AGENCY".

(C)  LIMITATION.--Nothing in this paragraph requires the inclusion of the foregoing disclosures in advertisements of a general nature describing or listing the services or products offered by an institution.

(D)  MEANINGFUL DISCLOSURES.--Disclosures shall not be considered to be meaningfully provided under this paragraph if the institution or its representative states that disclosures required by this subsection were available to the customer in printed material available for distribution, where such printed material is not provided and such information is not orally disclosed to the customer.

(E)  ADJUSTMENTS FOR ALTERNATIVE METHODS OF PURCHASE.--In prescribing the requirements under subparagraphs (A) and (F), necessary adjustments shall be made for purchase in person, by telephone, or by electronic media to provide for the most appropriate and complete form of disclosure and acknowledgments.

(F)  CONSUMER ACKNOWLEDGMENT.--A requirement that a depository institution shall require any person selling an insurance product at any office of, or on behalf of, the institution to obtain, at the time a consumer receives the disclosures required under this paragraph or at the time of the initial purchase by the consumer of such product, an acknowledgment by such consumer of the receipt of the disclosure required under this subsection with respect to such product.

(2)  PROHIBITION ON MISREPRESENTATIONS.--A prohibition on any practice, or any advertising, at any office of, or on behalf of, the depository institution, or any subsidiary, as appropriate, that could mislead any person or otherwise cause a reasonable person to reach an erroneous belief with respect to--

(A)  the uninsured nature of any insurance product sold, or offered for sale, by the institution or any subsidiary of the institution;

(B)  in the case of a variable annuity or insurance product that involves an investment risk, the investment risk associated with any such product; or

(C)  in the case of an institution or subsidiary at which insurance products are sold or offered for sale, the fact that--

(i)  the approval of an extension of credit to a customer by the institution or subsidiary may not be conditioned on the purchase of an insurance product by such customer from the institution or subsidiary; and

(ii)  the customer is free to purchase the insurance product from another source.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831x(c)]

[Section 2[47](c) of the act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 305 of title III of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1411), effective November 12, 1999]

(d)  SEPARATION OF BANKING AND NONBANKING ACTIVITIES.--

(1)  REGULATIONS REQUIRED.--The regulations prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) shall include such provisions as the Federal banking agencies consider appropriate to ensure that the routine acceptance of deposits is kept, to the extent practicable, physically segregated from insurance product activity.

(2)  REQUIREMENTS.--Regulations prescribed pursuant to paragraph (1) shall include the following requirements:

(A)  SEPARATE SETTING.--A clear delineation of the setting in which, and the circumstances under which, transactions involving insurance products should be conducted in a location physically segregated from an area where retail deposits are routinely accepted.

(B)  REFERRALS.--Standards that permit any person accepting deposits from the public in an area where such transactions are routinely conducted in a depository institution to refer a customer who seeks to purchase any insurance product to a qualified person who sells such product, only if the person making the referral receives no more than a one-time nominal fee of a fixed dollar amount for each referral that does not depend on whether the referral results in a transaction.

(C)  QUALIFICATION AND LICENSING REQUIREMENTS.--Standards prohibiting any depository institution from permitting any person to sell or offer for sale any insurance product in any part of any office of the institution, or on behalf of the institution, unless such person is appropriately qualified and licensed.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831x(d)]

[Section 2[47](d) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 305 of title III of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1412), effective November 12, 1999]

(e)  DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DISCRIMINATION PROHIBITION.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--In the case of an applicant for, or an insured under, any insurance product described in paragraph (2), the status of the applicant or insured as a victim of domestic violence, or as a provider of services to victims of domestic violence, shall not be considered as a criterion in any decision with regard to insurance underwriting, pricing, renewal, or scope of coverage of insurance policies, or payment of insurance claims, except as required or expressly permitted under State law.

(2)  SCOPE OF APPLICATION.--The prohibition contained in paragraph (1) shall apply to any life or health insurance product which is sold or offered for sale, as principal, agent, or broker, by any depository institution or any person who is engaged in such activities at an office of the institution or on behalf of the institution.

(3)  DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DEFINED.--For purposes of this subsection, the term "domestic violence" means the occurrence of one or more of the following acts by a current or former family member, household member, intimate partner, or caretaker:

(A)  Attempting to cause or causing or threatening another person physical harm, severe emotional distress, psychological trauma, rape, or sexual assault.

(B)  Engaging in a course of conduct or repeatedly committing acts toward another person, including following the person without proper authority, under circumstances that place the person in reasonable fear of bodily injury or physical harm.

(C)  Subjecting another person to false imprisonment.

(D)  Attempting to cause or cause damage to property so as to intimidate or attempt to control the behavior of another person.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831x(e)]

[Section 2[47](e) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 305 of title III of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1413), effective November 12, 1999]

(f)  CONSUMER GRIEVANCE PROCESS.--The Federal banking agencies shall jointly establish a consumer complaint mechanism, for receiving and expeditiously addressing consumer complaints alleging a violation of regulations issued under the section, which shall--

(1)  establish a group within each regulatory agency to receive such complaints;

(2)  develop procedures for investigating such complaints;

(3)  develop procedures for informing consumers of rights they may have in connection with such complaints; and

(4)  develop procedures for addressing concerns raised by such complaints, as appropriate, including procedures for the recovery of losses to the extent appropriate.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831x(f)]

[Section 2[47](f) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 305 of title III of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1413), effective November 12, 1999]

(g)  EFFECT ON OTHER AUTHORITY.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--No provision of this section shall be construed as granting, limiting, or otherwise affecting--

(A)  any authority of the Securities and Exchange Commission, any self-regulatory organization, the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board, or the Secretary of the Treasury under any Federal securities law; or

(B)  except as provided in paragraph (2), any authority of any State insurance commission (or any agency or office performing like functions), or of any State securities commission (or any agency or office performing like functions), or other State authority under any State law.

(2)  COORDINATION WITH STATE LAW.--

(A)  IN GENERAL.--Except as provided in subparagraph (B), insurance customer protection regulations prescribed by a Federal banking agency under this section shall not apply to retail sales, solicitations, advertising, or offers of any insurance product by any depository institution or to any person who is engaged in such activities at an office of such institution or on behalf of the institution, in a State where the State has in effect statutes, regulations, orders, or interpretations, that are inconsistent with or contrary to the regulations prescribed by the Federal banking agencies.

(B)  PREEMPTION.--

(i)  IN GENERAL.--If, with respect to any provision of the regulations prescribed under this section, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, the Comptroller of the Currency, and the Board of Directors of the Corporation determine jointly that the protection afforded by such provision for customers is greater than the protection provided by a comparable provision of the statutes, regulations, orders, or interpretations referred to in subparagraph (A) of any State, the appropriate State regulatory authority shall be notified of such determination in writing.

(ii)  CONSIDERATIONS.--Before making a final determination under clause (i), the Federal agencies referred to in clause (i) shall give appropriate consideration to comments submitted by the appropriate State regulatory authorities relating to the level of protection afforded to consumers under State law.

(iii)  FEDERAL PREEMPTION AND ABILITY OF STATES TO OVERRIDE FEDERAL PREEMPTION.--If the Federal agencies referred to in clause (i) jointly determine that any provision of the regulations prescribed under this section affords greater protections than a comparable State law, rule, regulation, order, or interpretation, those agencies shall send a written preemption notice to the appropriate State regulatory authority to notify the State that the Federal provision will preempt the State provision and will become applicable unless, not later than 3 years after the date of such notice, the State adopts legislation to override such preemption.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831x(g)]

[Section 2[47](g) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 305 of title III of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1413), effective November 12, 1999]


(h)  NON-DISCRIMINATION AGAINST NON-AFFILIATED AGENTS.--The Federal banking agencies shall ensure that the regulations prescribed pursuant to subsection (a) shall not have the effect of discriminating, either intentionally or unintentionally, against any person engaged in insurance sales or solicitations that is not affiliated with a depository institution.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831x(h)]

[Section 2[47](h) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 305 of title III of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1414), effective November 12, 1999]

SEC. 48. CRA SUNSHINE REQUIREMENTS.

(a)  PUBLIC DISCLOSURE OF AGREEMENTS.--Any agreement (as defined in subsection (e)) entered into after [November 12, 1999], the date of the enactment of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act by an insured depository institution or affiliate with a nongovernmental entity or person made pursuant to or in connection with the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 involving funds or other resources of such insured depository institution or affiliate--

(1)  shall be in its entirety fully disclosed, and the full text thereof made available to the appropriate Federal banking agency with supervisory responsibility over the insured depository institution and to the public by each party to the agreement; and

(2)  shall obligate each party to comply with this section.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831y(a)]

[Section 2[48](a) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 711 of title VII of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1466), effective November 12, 1999]

(b)  ANNUAL REPORT OF ACTIVITY BY INSURED DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION.--Each insured depository institution or affiliate that is a party to an agreement described in subsection (a) shall report to the appropriate Federal banking agency with supervisory responsibility over the insured depository institution, not less frequently than once each year, such information as the Federal banking agency may by rule require relating to the following actions taken by the party pursuant to the agreement during the preceding 12-month period:

(1)  Payments, fees, or loans made to any party to the agreement or received from any party to the agreement and the terms and conditions of the same.

(2)  Aggregate data on loans, investments, and services provided by each party in its community or communities pursuant to the agreement.

(3)  Such other pertinent matters as determined by regulation by the appropriate Federal banking agency with supervisory responsibility over the insured depository institution.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831y(b)]

[Section 2[48](a) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 711 of title VII of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1466), effective November 12, 1999]

(c)  ANNUAL REPORT OF ACTIVITY BY NONGOVERNMENTAL ENTITIES.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--Each nongovernmental entity or person that is not an affiliate of an insured depository institution and that is a party to an agreement described in subsection (a) shall report to the appropriate Federal banking agency with supervisory responsibility over the insured depository institution that is a party to such agreement, not less frequently than once each year, an accounting of the use of funds received pursuant to each such agreement during the preceding 12-month period.

(2)  SUBMISSION TO INSURED DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION.--A nongovernmental entity or person referred to in paragraph (1) may comply with the reporting requirement in such paragraph by transmitting the report to the insured depository institution that is a party to the agreement, and such insured depository institution shall promptly transmit such report to the appropriate Federal banking agency with supervisory authority over the insured depository institution.

(3)  INFORMATION TO BE INCLUDED.--The accounting referred to in paragraph (1) shall include a detailed, itemized list of the uses to which such funds have been made, including compensation, administrative expenses, travel, entertainment, consulting and professional fees paid, and such other categories, as determined by regulation by the appropriate Federal banking agency with supervisory responsibility over the insured depository institution.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831y(c)]


[Section 2[48](c) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 711 of title VII of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1467), effective November 12, 1999]

(d)  APPLICABILITY.--Subsections (b) and (c) shall not apply with respect to any agreement entered into before the end of the 6-month period beginning on [November 12, 1999], the date of the enactment of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831y(d)]

[Section 2[48](d) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 711 of title VII of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; Stat. 1467), effective November 12, 1999]

(e)  DEFINITIONS.--

(1)  AGREEMENT.--For purposes of this section, the term "agreement"--

(A)  means--

(i)  any written contract, written arrangement, or other written understanding that provides for cash payments, grants, or other consideration with a value in excess of $10,000, or for loans the aggregate amount of principal of which exceeds $50,000, annually (or the sum of all such agreements during a 12-month period with an aggregate value of cash payments, grants, or other consideration in excess of $10,000, or with an aggregate amount of loan principal in excess of $50,000); or

(ii)  a group of substantively related contracts with an aggregate value of cash payments, grants, or other consideration in excess of $10,000, or with an aggregate amount of loan principal in excess of $50,000, annually;

made pursuant to, or in connection with, the fulfillment of the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977, at least 1 party to which is an insured depository institution or affiliate thereof, whether organized on a profit or not-for-profit basis; and

(B)  does not include--

(i)  any individual mortgage loan;

(ii)  any specific contract or commitment for a loan or extension of credit to individuals, businesses, farms, or other entities, if the funds are loaned at rates not substantially below market rates and if the purpose of the loan or extension of credit does not include any re-lending of the borrowed funds to other parties; or

(iii)  any agreement entered into by an insured depository institution or affiliate with a nongovernmental entity or person who has not commented on, testified about, or discussed with the institution, or otherwise contacted the institution, concerning the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977.

(2)  FULFILLMENT OF CRA.--For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term "fulfillment" means a list of factors that the appropriate Federal banking agency determines have a material impact on the agency's decision--

(A)  to approve or disapprove an application for a deposit facility (as defined in section 803 of the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977); or

(B)  to assign a rating to an insured depository institution under section 807 of the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831y(e)]

[Section 2[48](e) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 711 of title VII of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1467), effective November 12, 1999]

(f)  VIOLATIONS.--

(1)  VIOLATIONS BY PERSONS OTHER THAN INSURED DEPOSITORY INSTITUTIONS OR THEIR AFFILIATES.--

(A)  MATERIAL FAILURE TO COMPLY.--If the party to an agreement described in subsection (a) that is not an insured depository institution or affiliate willfully fails to comply with this section in a material way, as determined by the appropriate Federal banking agency, the agreement shall be unenforceable after the offending party has been given notice and a reasonable period of time to perform or comply.

(B)  DIVERSION OF FUNDS OR RESOURCES.--If funds or resources received under an agreement described in subsection (a) have been diverted contrary to the purposes of the agreement for personal financial gain, the appropriate Federal banking agency with supervisory responsibility over the insured depository institution may impose either or both of the following penalties:

(i)  Disgorgement by the offending individual of funds received under the agreement.

(ii)  Prohibition of the offending individual from being a party to any agreement described in subsection (a) for a period of not to exceed 10 years.

(2)  DESIGNATION OF SUCCESSOR NONGOVERNMENTAL PARTY.--If an agreement described in subsection (a) is found to be unenforceable under this subsection, the appropriate Federal banking agency may assist the insured depository institution in identifying a successor nongovernmental party to assume the responsibilities of the agreement.

(3)  INADVERTENT OR DE MINIMIS REPORTING ERRORS.--An error in a report filed under subsection (c) that is inadvertent or de minimis shall not subject the filing party to any penalty.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831y(f)]

[Section 2[48](f) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 711 of title VII of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1467), effective November 12, 1999]

(g)  RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.--No provision of this section shall be construed as authorizing any appropriate Federal banking agency to enforce the provisions of any agreement described in subsection (a).

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831y(g)]

[Section 2[48](g) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 711 of title VII of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1468), effective November 12, 1999]

(h)  REGULATIONS.--

(2)  IN GENERAL.--Each appropriate Federal banking agency shall prescribe regulations, in accordance with paragraph (4), requiring procedures reasonably designed to ensure and monitor compliance with the requirements of this section.

(2)  PROTECTION OF PARTIES.--In carrying out paragraph (1), each appropriate Federal banking agency shall--

(A)  ensure that the regulations prescribed by the agency do not impose an undue burden on the parties and that proprietary and confidential information is protected; and

(B)  establish procedures to allow any nongovernmental entity or person who is a party to a large number of agreements described in subsection (a) to make a single or consolidated filing of a report under subsection (c) to an insured depository institution or an appropriate Federal banking agency.

(3)  PARTIES NOT SUBJECT TO REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.--The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System may prescribe regulations--

(A)  to prevent evasions of subsection (e)(1)(B)(iii); and

(B)  to provide further exemptions under such subsection, consistent with the purposes of this section.

(4)  COORDINATION, CONSISTENCY, AND COMPARABILITY.--In carrying out paragraph (1), each appropriate Federal banking agency shall consult and coordinate with the other such agencies for the purposes of assuring, to the extent possible, that the regulations prescribed by each such agency are consistent and comparable with the regulations prescribed by the other such agencies.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831y(h)]

[Section 2[48](h) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat 882), effective September 21, 1950, as added by section 711 of title VII of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; 113 Stat. 1468), effective November 12, 1999]

SEC. 49.  BI-ANNUAL FDIC SURVEY AND REPORT ON INCREASING THE DEPOSIT BASE BY ENCOURAGING USE OF DEPOSITORY INSTITUTIONS BY THE UNBANKED.

(a)  SURVEY REQUIRED.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--The Corporation shall conduct a bi-annual survey on efforts by insured depository institutions to bring those individuals and families who have rarely, if ever, held a checking account, a savings account or other type of transaction or check cashing account at an insured depository institution (hereafter in this section referred to as the "unbanked") into the conventional finance system.

(2)  FACTORS AND QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER.--In conducting the survey, the Corporation shall take the following factors and questions into account:

(A)  To what extent do insured depository institutions promote financial education and financial literacy outreach?

(B)  Which financial education efforts appear to be the most effective in bringing unbanked' individuals and families into the conventional finance system?

(C)  What efforts are insured institutions making at converting "unbanked" money order, wire transfer, and international remittance customers into conventional account holders?

(D)  What cultural, language and identification issues as well as transaction costs appear to most prevent unbanked' individuals from establishing conventional accounts?

(E)  What is a fair estimate of the size and worth of the unbanked' market in the United States?

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831z(a)]

[Section 2[49](a) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950; as added by section 7 of the Act of February 15, 2006 (Pub. L. No. 190--173; 119 Stat. 3609), effective February 15, 2006]

(b)  REPORTS.--The Chairperson of the Board of Directors shall submit a bi-annual report to the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate containing the Corporation's findings and conclusions with respect to the survey conducted pursuant to subsection (a), together with such recommendations for legislative or administrative action as the Chairperson may determine to be appropriate.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831z(b)]

[Section 2[49](b) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950; as added by section 7 of the Act of February 15, 2006 (Pub. L. No. 190--173; 119 Stat. 3609), effective February 15, 2006]

SEC. 50.  ENFORCEMENT OF AGREEMENTS.

(a)  IN GENERAL.--Notwithstanding clause (i) or (ii) of section 8(b)(6)(A) or section 38(e)(2)(E)(i), the appropriate Federal banking agency for a depository institution may enforce, under section 8, the terms of--

(1)  any condition imposed in writing by the agency on the depository institution or an institution-affiliated party in connection with any action on any application, notice, or other request concerning the depository institution; or

(2)  any written agreement entered into between the agency and the depository institution or an institution-affiliated party.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831aa(a)]

[Section 2[50](a) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950; as added by section 702(a) of title VII of the Act of October 13, 2006 (Pub. L. No. 190--351; 120 Stat. 1984), effective February 15, 2006]

(b)  RECEIVERSHIPS AND CONSERVATORSHIPS.--After the appointment of the Corporation as the receiver or conservator for a depository institution, the Corporation may enforce any condition or agreement described in paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a) imposed on or entered into with such institution or institution-affiliated party through an action brought in an appropriate United States district court.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1831aa(b)]

[Section 2[50](b) of the Act of September 21, 1950 (Pub. L. No. 797; 64 Stat. 882), effective September 21, 1950; as added by section 702(a) of title VII of the Act of October 13, 2006 (Pub. L. No. 190--351; 120 Stat. 1984), effective February 15, 2006]

SEC. 2. WITHDRAWALS BY NEGOTIABLE OR TRANSFERABLE INSTRUMENTS FOR TRANSFERS TO THEIRD PARTIES*

(a)  AUTHORITY OF DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION; APPLICABILITY.--(1)  Notwithstanding any other provision of law but subject to paragraph (2), a depository institution is authorized to permit the owner of a deposit or account on which interest or dividends are paid to make withdrawals by negotiable or transferable instruments for the purpose of making transfers to third parties.

(2)  Paragraph (1) shall apply only with respect to deposits or accounts which consist solely of funds in which the entire beneficial interest is held by one or more individuals or by an organization which is operated primarily for religious, philanthropic, charitable, educational, political, or other similar purposes and which is not operated for profit, and with respect to deposits of public funds by an officer, employee, or agent of the United States, any State, county, municipality, or political subdivision thereof, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, any territory or possession of the United States, or any political subdivision thereof.

(b)  ``DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION'' DEFINED.--For purposes of this section, the term "depository institution" means--

(1)  any insured bank as defined in section 1813 of this title;

(2)  any State bank as defined in section 1813 of this title;

(3)  any mutual savings bank as defined in section 1813 of this title;

(4)  any savings bank as defined in section 1813 of this title;

(5)  any insured institution as defined in section 1724 of this title; and

(6)  any building and loan association or savings and loan association organized and operated according to the laws of the State in which it is chartered or organized; and, for purposes of this paragraph, the term "State" means any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, any territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, or the Virgin Islands.

(c)  FINE.--Any depository institution which violates this section shall be fined $1,000 for each violation.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1832]

[Source: Section 2 of the Act of August 16, 1973 (Pub. L. No. 93-100; 87 Stat. 342), effective September 14, 1973, as amended by section 2 of the Act of February 27, 1976 (Pub. L. No. 94--222; 90 Stat. 197), effective February 27, 1976; section 1301 of title XIII of the Act of November 10, 1978 (Pub. L. No. 95--630; 92 Stat. 3712), effective November 10, 1978; section 106 of title I of the Act of December 28, 1979 (Pub. L. No. 96--161; 93 Stat. 1235), effective December 28, 1979; section 303 of title III of the Act of March 31, 1980 (Pub. L. No. 96--221; 94 Stat. 146), effective December 31, 1980; section 706(a) of title VII of the Act of October 15, 1982 (Pub. L. No. 97--320; 96 Stat. 1540), effective October 15, 1982; and section 109 of title I of the Act of August 10, 1987 (Pub. L. No. 100--86; 101 Stat. 579), effective August 10, 1987]

*Editor's note: This section was enacted by (Pub. L. 93--100, August 18, 1987, 87 Stat. 342) and not as part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. We include this section here for our readers convenience.

SEC. 951. CIVIL PENALTIES*

(a)  IN GENERAL.--Whoever violates any provision of law to which this section is made applicable by subsection (c) of this section shall be subject to a civil penalty in an amount assessed by the court in a civil action under this section.

(b)  MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF PENALTY.--

(1)  Generally

The amount of the civil penalty shall not exceed $1,000,000.

(2)  Special rule for continuing violations

In the case of a continuing violation, the amount of the civil penalty may exceed the amount described in paragraph (1) but may not exceed the lesser of $1,000,000 per day or $5,000,000.

(3)  Special rule for violations creating gain or loss

(A)  If any person derives pecuniary gain from the violation, or if the violation results in pecuniary loss to a person other than the violator, the amount of the civil penalty may exceed the amounts described in paragraphs (1) and (2) but may not exceed the amount of such gain or loss.

(B)  As used in this paragraph, the term "person" includes the Bank Insurance Fund, the Savings Association Insurance Fund, and after the merger of such funds, the Deposit Insurance Fund, and the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund.

(c)  VIOLATIONS OF WHICH PENALTY IS APPLICABLE.--This section applies to a violation of, or a conspiracy to violate--

(1)  section 215, 656, 657, 1005, 1006, 1007, 1014, or 1344 of Title 18;

(2)  section 287, 1001, 1032, 1341 or 1343 of Title 18 affecting a federally insured financial institution; or

(3)  section 645(a) of Title 15.

(d)  EFFECTIVE DATE.--This section shall apply to violations occurring on or after August 10, 1984.

(e)  ATTORNEY GENERAL TO BRING ACTION.--A civil action to recover a civil penalty under this section shall be commenced by the Attorney General.

(f)  BURDEN OF PROOF.--In a civil action to recover a civil penalty under this section, the Attorney General must establish the right to recovery by a preponderance of the evidence.

(g)  ADMINISTRATIVE SUBPOENAS.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--For the purpose of conducting a civil investigation in contemplation of a civil proceeding under this section, the Attorney General may--

(A)  administer oaths and affirmations;

(B)  take evidence; and

(C)  by subpoena, summon witnesses and require the production of any books, papers, correspondence, memoranda, or other records which the Attorney General deems relevant or material to the inquiry. Such subpoena may require the attendance of witnesses and the production of any such records from any place in the United States at any place in the United States designated by the Attorney General.

(2)  Procedures applicable

The same procedures and limitations as are provided with respect to civil investigative demands in subsections (g), (h), and (j) of section 1968 of Title 18 apply with respect to a subpoena issued under this subsection. Process required by such subsections to be served upon the custodian shall be served on the Attorney General. Failure to comply with an order of the court to enforce such subpoena shall be punishable as contempt.

(3)  Limitation

In the case of a subpoena for which the return date is less than 5 days after the date of service, no person shall be found in contempt for failure to comply by the return date if such person files a petition under paragraph (2) not later than 5 days after the date of service.

(h)  STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS.--A civil action under this section may not be commenced later than 10 years after the cause of action accrues.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. § 1833a]

[Source: Section 951 of title IX of the Act of August 9, 1989 (Pub. L. No. 101--73; 103 Stat. 498; sections 2533 and 2596(d) of title XXV of the Act of November 29, 1990 (Pub. L. No. 101--647; 104 Stat. 4882 and 4908), effective November 29, 1990; section 330003(g) of title XXXIII of the Act of September 13, 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103--22; 108 Stat. 2141), effective retroactive to November 29, 1990; section 9(g)(1) of the Act of February 15, 2006 (Pub. L. No. 109--173; 119 Stat. 3618), effective February 15, 2006]


*Editor's note: This section was enacted by (Pub. L. No. 101--73, August 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 498) and not as part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. We include this section here for our readers convenience.

SEC. 1206. COMPARABILITY IN COMPENSATION SCHEDULES*

(a)  IN GENERAL.--The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Comptroller of the Currency, the National Credit Union Administration Board, the Federal Housing FinanceBoard, the Office of Financial Research, and the Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection, the Farm Credit Administration, in establishing and adjusting schedules of compensation and benefits which are to be determined solely by each agency under applicable provisions of law, shall inform the heads of the other agencies and the Congress of such compensation and benefits and shall seek to maintain comparability regarding compensation and benefits.

(b)  COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION.--In establishing and adjusting schedules of compensation and benefits for employees of the Commodity Futures Trading Commission under applicable provisions of law, the Commission shall--

(1)  inform the heads of the agencies referred to in subsection (a) of this section and Congress of such compensation and benefits; and

(2)  seek to maintain comparability with those agencies regarding compensation and benefits.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1833b]

[Source: Section 1206 of title XII of the Act of August 9, 1989 (Pub. L. No. 101--73; 103 Stat. 523), effective August 9, 1989; section 302(a) of title III of the Act of December 12, 1991 (Pub. L. No. 102-33; Stat. 1767), effective February 1, 1992; section 8(d)(3) of the Act of January 16, 2002 (Pub. L. No. 107--123; 115 Stat. 2400), effective October 1, 2002; section 10702(b) of title X of the Act of May 13, 2002 (Pub. L. No. 107--171; 116 Stat. 516), effective May 13, 2002; section 152(d)(3) of title I of the Act of July 21, 2010 (Pub. L. No. 111--203; 124 Stat. 1414); section 367(8) of title III of the Act of July 21, 2010 (Pub. L. No. 111--203; 124 Stat. 1557), effective July 21, 2010]

SEC. 1213. COMPTROLLER GENERAL AUDIT AND ACCESS TO RECORDS*

(a)  AUDIT OF AGENCIES OR OTHER PERSONS PERFORMING FUNCTIONS UNDER BANKING LAWS.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--Except as provided in paragraph (2), all agencies, corporations, organizations, and other persons of any description which perform any function or activity under this Act, or any other Act which is amended by this Act, shall be subject to audit by the Comptroller General of the United States with respect to such function or activity.

(2) EXCEPTIONS.--Paragraph (1) shall not apply to--

(A)  any function or activity of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System or the Federal Reserve banks that is described in any paragraph of section 714(b) of Title 31; and

(B)  any function or activity of the Federal National Mortgage Association, except as provided in section 1723a(j) of this title.

(b)  AUDIT OF PERSONS PROVIDING CERTAIN GOODS OR SERVICES.--All persons and organizations which, by contract, grant, or otherwise, provide goods or services to, or receive financial assistance from, any agency or other person performing functions or activities under this Act shall be subject to audit by the Comptroller General with respect to such provision of goods or services or receipt of financial assistance.

(c)  Provisions applicable to audits under this section

(1)  NATURE OF AUDIT.--The Comptroller General shall determine the nature, scope, and terms and conditions of audits conducted under this section.

(2)  COORDINATION WITHOTHER PROVISIONS OF LAW.--The authority of the Comptroller General under this section shall be in addition to any audit authority available to the Comptroller General under other provisions of this Act or any other law.

(3)  RIGHTS OF ACCESS, EXAMINATION, AND COPYING.--The Comptroller General, and any duly authorized representative of the Comptroller General, shall have access to, and the right to examine and copy, all records and other recorded information in any form, and to examine any property, within the possession or control of any agency or person which is subject to audit under this section which the Comptroller General deems relevant to an audit conducted under this section.

(4)  ENFORCEMENT OF RIGHT OF ACCESS.--The Comptroller General's right of access to information under this section shall be enforceable pursuant to section 716 of Title 31.

(5)  MAINTENANCE OF CONFIDENTIAL RECORDS.--The provisions of section 716(e) of Title 31 shall apply to information obtained by the Comptroller General under this section.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. § 1833c]

[Source: Section 1213 of title XII of the Act of August 9, 1989 (Pub. L. No. 101--73: 103 Stat. 528), effective August 9, 1989]

*Editor's note: This section was enacted by (Public L. 101--73, August 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 523) and not as part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. We include this section here for our readers convenience.

SEC. 1216. EQUAL OPPORTUNITY*

(a)  IN GENERAL.--For purposes of this Act, Executive Order Numbered 11478, providing for equal employment opportunity in the Federal Government, shall apply to--

(1)  the Comptroller of the Currency;

(2)  the Federal Housing Finance Agency; and

(3)  the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

(4)  Redesignated (3)

(5)  Repealed. Pub.L. 111--203, Title III, § 367(9)(A)(iii), 124 Stat. 1557

(6)  Repealed. Pub.L. 111--203, Title III, § 367(9)(A)(iii), 124 Stat. 1557

(b)  AFFIRMATIVE PROGRAM FOR EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY.-- For purposes of this Act, sections 1 and 2 of Executive Order Numbered 11478, providing for the adoption and implementation of equal employment opportunity, shall apply to the Federal Home Loan Banks, the Federal National Mortgage Association, and the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation.

(c)  SOLICITATION OF CONTRACTS.--The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Comptroller of the Currency, and the Federal Housing Finance Agency, shall each prescribe regulations to establish and oversee a minority outreach program within each such agency to ensure inclusion, to the maximum extent possible, of minorities and women, and entities owned by minorities and women, including financial institutions, investment banking firms, underwriters, accountants, and providers of legal services, in all contracts entered into by the agency with such persons or entities, public and private, in order to manage the institutions and their assets for which the agency is responsible or to perform such other functions authorized under any law applicable to such agency.

(d)  REPORTS TO CONGRESS.--Before the end of the 180-day period beginning on August 9, 1989--

(1)  the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation;

(2)  the Comptroller of the Currency;

(3)  the Federal Housing Finance Board;

(4)  the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation; and

(5)  the Federal National Mortgage Association,

(6)  Repealed. Pub.L. 111--203, Title III, § 367(9)(B)(i), 124 Stat. 1557

(7)  Redesignated (4)

(8)  Redesignated (5)

shall each submit to the Congress a report containing a complete description of the actions taken by such agency pursuant to subsections (a) and (b) of this section and such recommendations for administrative and legislative action as each such agency may determine to be appropriate to carry out the purposes of such subsection.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. § 1833e]

[Source: Section 1216 of title XII of the Act of August 9, 1989 (Pub. L. No. 101--73: 103 Stat. 529), effective August 9, 1989; section 302(a) of title III of the Act of December 12, 1991 (Pub. L. No. 102--33; 105 Stat. 1767), effective February 1, 1992; section 1216(g) of title II of the Act of July 30, 2008 (Pub. L. No. 110--289; 122 Stat. 2793), effective July 30, 2008; section 367(9) of title III of the Act of July 21, 2010 (Pub. L. No. 111--203; 124 Stat. 1557), effective July 21, 2010]

*Editor's note: This section was enacted by (Pub.L. 101--73, August 9, 1989, 103 Stat. 529) and not as part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. We include this section here for our readers convenience.

SEC. 232. REDUCED ASSESSMENT RATE FOR DEPOSITS ATTRIBUTABLE TO LIFELINE ACCOUNTS*

(a)  QUALIFICATION OF LIFELINE ACCOUNTS.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--The Comptroller of the Currency and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation shall establish minimum requirements for accounts providing basictransaction services for consumers at insured depository institutions in order for such accounts to qualify as lifeline accounts for purposes of this section and section 1817(b)(2)(E) of this title.

(2)  FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED.--In determining the minimum requirements under paragraph (1) for lifeline accounts at insured depository institutions, the Corporation shall consider the following factors:

(A)  Whether the account is available to provide basic transaction services for individuals who maintain a balance of less than $1,000 or such other amount which the Comptroller may determine to be appropriate.

(B)  Whether any service charges or fees to which the account is subject, if any, for routine transactions do not exceed a minimal amount.

(C)  Whether any minimum balance or minimum opening requirement to which the account is subject, if any, is not more than a minimal amount.

(D)  Whether checks, negotiable orders of withdrawal, or similar instruments for making payments or other transfers to third parties may be drawn on the account.

(E)  Whether the depositor is permitted to make more than a minimal number of withdrawals from the account each month by any means described in subparagraph (D) or any other means.

(F)  Whether a monthly statement itemizing all transactions for the monthly reporting period is made available to the depositor with respect to such account or a passbook is provided in which all transactions with respect to such account are recorded.

(G)  Whether depositors are permitted access to tellers at the institution for conducting transactions with respect to such account.

(H)  Whether other account relationships with the institution are required in order to open any such account.

(I)  Whether individuals are required to meet any prerequisite which discriminates against low-income individuals in order to open such account.

(J)  Such other factors as the Corporation may determine to be appropriate.

(3)  DEFINITIONS.--For purposes of this subsection--

(A)  COMPTROLLER.--The term "Comptroller" means the Comptroller of the Currency.

(B)  CORPORATION.-- The term "Corporation" means the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

(C)  INSURED DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION.--The term "insured depository institution" has the meaning given to such term in section 1813(c)(2) of this title.

(D)  LIFELINE ACCOUNT.--The term "lifeline account" means any transaction account (as defined in section 461(b)(1)(C) of this title) which meets the minimum requirements established by the Corporation under this subsection.

(b)  OMITTED.--

(c)  AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS.-- The provisions of this section shall not take effect until appropriations are specifically provided in advance. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1834(a)]

[Source: Section 232(a) of title II of the Act of December 19, 1991 (Pub. L. No. 102--242; 105 Stat. 2309), effective December 19, 1991; as amended at section 303(b)(4) of title III of the Act of October 28, 1992 (Pub. L. No. 102--558; 106 Stat. 4225), effective March 1, 1992; section 3(a)(9) of the Act of February 15, 2006 (Pub. L. No. 109--173; 119 Stat. 3606), effective date shall take effect on the date that the final regulation required under section 2109(a)(5) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Act of 2005 take effect; section 353 of title III of the Act of July 21, 2010 (Pub. L. No. 111--203; 124 Stat. 1546), effective July 21, 2010]

*Editor's note: This section was enacted by (Public L. 102--242, December 19, 1991, 105 Stat. 2309) and not as part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. We include this section here for our readers convenience.

SEC. 233. ASSESSMENT CREDITS FOR QUALIFYING ACTIVITIES RELATING TO DISTRESSED COMMUNITIES*

(a)  DETERMINATION OF CREDITS FOR INCREASES IN COMMUNITY ENTERPRISE ACTIVITIES.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--The Community Enterprise Assessment Credit Board established under subsection (d) of this section shall issue guidelines for insured depository institutions eligible under this subsection for any community enterprise assessment credit with respect to any semiannual period. Such guidelines shall--

(A)  designate the eligibility requirements for any institution meeting applicable capital standards to receive an assessment credit under section 1817(b)(7) of this title; and

(B)  determine the community enterprise assessment credit available to any eligible institution under paragraph (3).

(2)  QUALIFYING ACTIVITIES.--An insured depository institution may apply for for1 any community enterprise assessment credit for any semiannual period for--

(A)  the amount, during such period, of new originations of qualified loans and other assistance provided for low- and moderate-income persons in distressed communities, or enterprises integrally involved with such neighborhoods, which the Board determines are qualified to be taken into account for purposes of this subsection;

(B)  the amount, during such period, of deposits accepted from persons domiciled in the distressed community, at any office of the institution (including any branch) located in any qualified distressed community, and new originations of any loans and other financial assistance made within that community, except that in no case shall the credit for deposits at any institution or branch exceed the credit for loans and other financial assistance by the bank or branch in the distressed community; and

(C)  any increase during the period in the amount of new equity investments in community development financial institutions.

(3)  AMOUNT OF ASSESSMENT CREDIT.--The amount of any community enterprise assessment credit available under section 1817(b)(7) of this title for any insured depository institution, or a qualified portion thereof, shall be the amount which is equal to 5 percent, in the case of an institution which does not meet the community development organization requirements under section 1834b of this title, and 15 percent, in the case of an institution, or a qualified portion thereof, which meets such requirements (or any percentage designated under paragraph (5)) of--

(A)  or the first full semiannual period in which community enterprise assessment credits are available, the sum of--

(i)  the amounts of assets described in paragraph (2)(A); and

(ii)  the amounts of deposits, loans, and other financial assistance described in paragraph (2)(B); and

(B)  or any subsequent semiannual period, the sum of--

(i)  any increase during such period in the amount of assets described in paragraph (2)(A) that has been deemed eligible for credit by the Board; and

(ii)  any increase during such period in the amounts of deposits, loans, and other financial assistance described in paragraph (2)(B) that has been deemed eligible for credit by the Board.

(4)  DETERMINATION OF QUALIFIED LOANS AND OTHER FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE.-- Except as provided in paragraph (6), the types of loans and other assistance which the Board may determine to be qualified to be taken into account under paragraph (2)(A) for purposes of the community enterprise assessment credit, may include the following:

(A)  Loans insured or guaranteed by the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, the Secretary of the Department of Veterans Affairs, the Administrator of the Small Business Administration, and the Secretary of Agriculture.

(B)  Loans or financing provided in connection with activities assisted by the Administrator of the Small Business Administration or any small business investment company and investments in small business investment companies.

(C)  Loans or financing provided in connection with any neighborhood housing service program assisted under the Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation Act [42 U.S.C.A. § 8101 et seq.].

(D)  Loans or financing provided in connection with any activities assisted under the community development block grant program under title I of the Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 [42 U.S.C.A. § 5301 et seq.].

(E)  Loans or financing provided in connection with activities assisted under title II of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act [42 U.S.C.A. § 12721 et seq.].

(F)  Loans or financing provided in connection with a homeownership program assisted under title III of the United States Housing Act of 1937 [42 U.S.C.A. § 1437aaa et seq.] or subtitle B or C of title IV of the Cranston-Gonzalez National Affordable Housing Act [42 U.S.C.A. § 12871 et seq., § 12891 et seq.].

(G)  Financial assistance provided through community development corporations.

(H)  Federal and State programs providing interest rate assistance for homeowners.

(I)  Extensions of credit to nonprofit developers or purchasers of low-income housing and small business developments.

(J)  In the case of members of any Federal home loan bank, participation in the community investment fund program established by the Federal home loan banks.

(K)  Conventional mortgages targeted to low- or moderate-income persons.

(L)  Loans made for the purpose of developing or supporting--

(i)  commercial facilities that enhance revitalization, community stability, or job creation and retention efforts;

(ii)  business creation and expansion efforts that--

(I)  create or retain jobs for low-income people;

(II)  enhance the availability of products and services to low-income people; or

(III)  create or retain businesses owned by low-income people or residents of a targeted area;

(iii)  community facilities that provide benefits to low-income people or enhance community stability;

(iv)  home ownership opportunities that are affordable to low-income households;

(v)  rental housing that is principally affordable to low-income households; and

(vi)  other activities deemed appropriate by the Board.

(M)  The provision of technical assistance to residents of qualified distressed communities in managing their personal finances through consumer education programs either sponsored or offered by insured depository institutions.

(N)  The provision of technical assistance and consulting services to newly formed small businesses located in qualified distressed communities.

(O)  The provision of technical assistance to, or servicing the loans of low- or moderate-income homeowners and homeowners located in qualified distressed communities.

(5)  ADJUSTMENT OF PERCENTAGE.--The Board may increase or decrease the percentage referred to in paragraph (3)(A) for determining the amount of any community enterprise assessment credit pursuant to such paragraph, except that the percentage established for insured depository institutions which meet the community development organization requirements under section 1834b of this title shall not be less than 3 times the amount of the percentage applicable for insured depository institutions which do not meet such requirements.

(6)  CERTAIN INVESTMENTS NOT ELIGIBLE TO BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT.--Loans, financial assistance, and equity investments made by any insured depository institution that are not the result of originations by the institution shall not be taken into account for purposes of determining the amount of any credit pursuant to this subsection.

(7)  QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.--The Board may establish guidelines for analyzing the technical assistance described in subparagraphs (M), (N), and (O) of paragraph (4) for the purpose of quantifying the results of such assistance in determining the amount of any community assessment credit under this subsection.

(b)  "QUALIFIED DISTRESSED COMMUNITY'' DEFINED.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--For purposes of this section, the term "qualified distressed community" means any neighborhood or community which--

(A)  meets the minimum area requirements under paragraph (3) and the eligibility requirements of paragraph (4); and

(B)  is designated as a distressed community by any insured depository institution in accordance with paragraph (2) and such designation is not disapproved under such paragraph.

(2)  DESIGNATION REQUIREMENTS.--

(A)  NOTICE OF DESIGNATION.--

(i)  NOTICE TO AGENCY.--Upon designating an area as a qualified distressed community, an insured depository institution shall notify the appropriate Federal banking agency of the designation.

(ii)  PUBLIC NOTICE.--Upon the effective date of any designation of an area as a qualified distressed community, an insured depository institution shall publish a notice of such designation in major newspapers and other community publications which serve such area.

(B)  AGENCY DUTIES RELATING TO DESIGNATIONS.--

(i)  PROVIDING INFORMATION.--At the request of any insured depository institution, the appropriate Federal banking agency shall provide to the institution appropriate information to assist the institution to identify and designate a qualified distressed community.

(ii)  PERIOD FOR DISAPPROVAL.--Any notice received by the appropriate Federal banking agency from any insured depository institution under subparagraph (A)(i) shall take effect at the end of the 90-day period beginning on the date such notice is received unless written notice of the approval or disapproval of the application by the agency is provided to the institution before the end of such period.

(3)  MINIMUM AREA REQUIREMENTS.--For purposes of this subsection, an area meets the requirements of this paragraph if--

(A)  the area is within the jurisdiction of 1 unit of general local government;

(B)  the boundary of the area is contiguous; and

(C)  the area--

(i)  has a population, as determined by the most recent census data available, of not less than--

(I)  4,000, if any portion of such area is located within a metropolitan statistical area (as designated by the Director of the Office of Management and Budget) with a population of 50,000 or more; or

(II)  1,000, in any other case; or

(ii)  is entirely within an Indian reservation (as determined by the Secretary of the Interior).

(4)  ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS.--For purposes of this subsection, an area meets the requirements of this paragraph if the following criteria are met:

(A)  At least 30 percent of the residents residing in the area have incomes which are less than the national poverty level.

(B)  The unemployment rate for the area is 1 1/2 times greater than the national average (as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics' most recent figures).

(C)  Such additional eligibility requirements as the Board may, in its discretion, deem necessary to carry out the provisions of this subtitle.

(c)  OMITTED.--

(d)  COMMUNITY ENTERPRISE ASSESSMENT CREDIT BOARD.--

(1)  ESTABLISHMENT.-- There is hereby established the "Community Enterprise Assessment Credit Board".

(2)  NUMBER AND APPOINTMENT.--The Board shall be composed of 5 members as follows:

(A)  The Secretary of the Treasury or a designee of the Secretary.

(B)  The Secretary of Housing and Urban Development or a designee of the Secretary.

(C)  The Chairperson of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation or a designee of the Chairperson.

(D)  2 individuals appointed by the President from among individuals who represent community organizations.

(3)  TERMS.--

(A)  APPOINTED MEMBERS.--Each appointed member shall be appointed for a term of 5 years.

(B)  INTERIM APPOINTMENT.--Any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring before the expiration of the term to which such member's predecessor was appointed shall be appointed only for the remainder of such term.

(C)  CONTINUATION OF SERVICE.--Each appointed member may continue to serve after the expiration of the period to which such member was appointed until a successor has been appointed.

(4)  CHAIRPERSON.--The Secretary of the Treasury shall serve as the Chairperson of the Board.

(5)  NOPAY.--No members of the Commission may receive any pay for service on the Board.

(6)  TRAVEL EXPENSES.--Each member shall receive travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, in accordance with sections 5702 and 5703 of Title 5.

(7)  MEETINGS.-- The Board shall meet at the call of the Chairperson or a majority of the Board's members.

(e)  DUTIES OF THE BOARD.--

(1)  Procedure for determining community enterprise assessment credits The Board shall establish procedures for accepting and considering applications by insured depository institutions under subsection (a)(1) of this section for community enterprise assessment credits and making determinations with respect to such applications.

(2)  NOTICE TO FDIC.--The Board shall notify the applicant and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation of any determination of the Board with respect to any application referred to in paragraph (1) in sufficient time for the Corporation to include the amount of such credit in the computation of the semiannual assessment to which such credit is applicable.

(f)  AVAILABILITY OF FUNDS.--The provisions of this section shall not take effect until appropriations are specifically provided in advance. There are hereby authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

(g)  PROHIBITION ON DOUBLE FUNDING FOR SAME ACTIVITIES.-- No community development financial institution may receive a community enterprise assessment credit if such institution, either directly or through a community partnership--

(1)  has received assistance within the preceding 12-month period, or has an application for assistance pending, under section 4704 of this title; or

(2)  has ever received assistance, under section 4707 of this title, for the same activity during the same semiannual period for which the institution seeks a community enterprise assessment credit under this section.

(h)  PRIORITY OF AWARDS.--

(1)  QUALIFYING LOANS AND SERVICES.--

(A)  IN GENERAL.--If the amount of funds appropriated for purposes of carrying out this section for any fiscal year are insufficient to award the amount of assessment credits for which insured depository institutions have applied and are eligible under this section, the Board shall, in awarding community enterprise assessment credits for qualifying activities under subparagraphs (A) and (B) of subsection (a)(2) of this section for any semiannual period for which such appropriation is available, determine which institutions shall receive an award.

(B)  PRIORITY FOR SUPPORT OF EFFORTS OF CDFI.--The Board shall give priority to institutions that have supported the efforts of community development financial institutions in the qualified distressed community.

(C)  OTHER FACTORS.--The Board may also consider the following factors:

(i)  DEGREE OF DIFFICULTY.--The degree of difficulty in carrying out the activities that form the basis for the institution's application.

(ii)  COMMUNITY IMPACT.--The extent to which the activities that form the basis for the institution's application have benefited the qualified distressed community.

(iii)  INNOVATION.--The degree to which the activities that form the basis for the institution's application have incorporated innovative methods for meeting community needs.

(iv)  LEVERAGE.--The leverage ratio between the dollar amount of the activities that form the basis for the institution's application and the amount of the assessment credit calculated in accordance with this section for such activities.

(v)  SIZE.--The amount of total assets of the institution.

(vi)  NEW ENTRY.--Whether the institution had provided financial services in the designated distressed community before such semiannual period.

(vii)  NEED FOR SUBSIDY.--The degree to which the qualified activity which forms the basis for the application needs enhancement through an assessment credit.

(viii)  EXTENT OF DISTRESS IN COMMUNITY.--The degree of poverty and unemployment in the designated distressed community, the proportion of the total population of the community which are low-income families and unrelated individuals, and the extent of other adverse economic conditions in such community.

(2)  QUALIFYING INVESTMENTS.--If the amount of funds appropriated for purposes of carrying out this section for any fiscal year are insufficient to award the amount of assessment credits for which insured depository institutions have applied and are eligible under this section, the Board shall, in awarding community enterprise assessment credits for qualifying activities under subsection (a)(2)(C) of this section for any semiannual period for which such appropriation is available, determine which institutions shall receive an award based on the leverage ratio between the dollar amount of the activities that form the basis for the institution's application and the amount of the assessment credit calculated in accordance with this section for such activities. (i)  DETERMINATION OF AMOUNT OF ASSESSMENT CREDIT.--Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, the determination of the amount of any community enterprise assessment credit under subsection (a)(3) of this section for any insured depository institution for any semiannual period shall be made solely at the discretion of the Board. No insured depository institution shall be awarded community enterprise assessment credits for any semiannual period in excess of an amount determined by the Board.

(j)  DEFINITIONS.--For purposes of this section--

(1)  APPROPRIATE FEDERAL BANKING AGENCY.--The term "appropriate Federal banking agency" has the meaning given to such term in section 1813(q) of this title.

(2)  BOARD.--The term "Board" means the Community Enterprise Assessment Credit Board established under the amendment made2 by subsection (d) of this section.

(3)  INSURED DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION.--The term "insured depository institution" has the meaning given to such term in section 1813(c)(2) of this title.

(4)  COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTION.--The term "community development financial institution" has the same meaning as in section 4702(5) of this title.

(5)  AFFILIATE.--The term "affiliate" has the same meaning as in section 1841 of this title.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1834a(a)]

[Source: Section 233(a) of title II of the Act of December 19, 1991 (Pub. L. No. 102--242; 105 Stat. 2311), effective December 19, 1991; as amended by section 931(c) and (d) of title IX of the Act of October 28, 1992 (Pub. L. No. 102--550; 106 Stat. 3888), effective October 28, 1992; section 1604(b)(2) of title XVI of the Act of October 28, 1992 (Pub. L. No. 102--550; 106 Stat. 4083), effective December 19, 1991; section 303(b)(2) and (9) of title III of the Act of October 28, 1992 (Pub. L. No. 102--558; 106 Stat. 4224 and 4225), effective March 1, 1992; sections 114(c)(1)--(5) of title I of the Act of September 23, 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103--325; 108 Stat. 2181 and 2182), effective September 23, 1994]


*Editor's note: This section was enacted as part of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (Pub.L. 106--102, November 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1338) and not as part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. We include this section here for our readers convenience.

SEC. 234. COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS*

(a)  COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS DESCRIBED.--For purposes of this subtitle, any insured depository institution, or a qualified portion thereof, shall be treated as meeting the community development organization requirements of this section if--

(1)  the institution--

(A)  is a community development bank, or controls any community development bank, which meets the requirements of subsection (b) of this section;

(B)  controls any community development corporation, or maintains any community development unit within the institution, which meets the requirements of subsection (c) of this section;

(C)  invests in accounts in any community development credit union designated as a low-income credit union, subject to restrictions established for such credit unions by the National Credit Union Administration Board; or

(D)  invests in a community development organization jointly controlled by two or more institutions;

(2)  except in the case of an institution which is a community development bank, the amount of the capital invested, in the form of debt or equity, by the institution in the community development organization referred to in paragraph (1) (or, in the case of any community development unit, the amount which the institution irrevocably makes available to such unit for the purposes described in paragraph (3)) is not less than the greater of--

(A)  1/2 of 1 percent of the capital, as defined by generally accepted accounting principles, of the institution; or

(B)  the sum of the amounts invested in such community development organization; and

(3)  the community development organization provides loans for residential mortgages, home improvement, and community development and other financial services, other than financing for the purchase of automobiles or extension of credit under any open-end credit plan (as defined in section 1602(i) of Title 15), to low- and moderate-income persons, nonprofit organizations, and small businesses located in qualified distressed communities in a manner consistent with the intent of this subtitle.

(b)  COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BANK REQUIREMENTS.--A community development bank meets the requirements of this subsection if--

(1)  the community development bank has a 15-member advisory board designated as the "Community Investment Board" and consisting entirely of community leaders who--

(A)  shall be appointed initially by the board of directors of the community development bank and thereafter by the Community Investment Board from nominations received from the community; and

(B)  are appointed for a single term of 2 years, except that, of the initial members appointed to the Community Investment Board, 1/3 shall be appointed for a term of 8 months, 1/3 shall be appointed for a term of 16 months, and 1/3 shall be appointed for a term of 24 months, as designated by the board of directors of the community development bank at the time of the appointment;

(2)  1/3 of the members of the community development bank's board of directors are appointed from among individuals nominated by the Community Investment Board; and

(3)  the bylaws of the community development bank require that the board of directors of the bank meet with the Community Investment Board at least once every 3 months.

(c)  COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION REQUIREMENTS.--Any community development corporation, or community development unit within any insured depository institution meets the requirements of this subsection if the corporation or unit provides the same or greater, as determined by the appropriate Federal banking agency, community participation in the activities of such corporation or unit as would be provided by a Community Investment Board under subsection (b) of this section if such corporation or unit were a community development bank.

(d)  ADEQUATE DISPERSAL REQUIREMENT.--The appropriate Federal banking agency may approve the establishment of a community development organization under this subtitle only upon finding that the distressed community is not adequately served by an existing community development organization.

(e)  DEFINITIONS.--For purposes of this section--

(1)  COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BANK.--The term "community development bank" means any depository institution (as defined in section 1813(c)(1) of this title).

(2)  COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATION.--The term "community development organization" means any community development bank, community development corporation, community development unit within any insured depository institution, or community development credit union.

(3)  LOW-AND MODERATE-INCOME PERSONS.--The term "low-and moderate-income persons" has the meaning given such term in section 5302(a)(20) of Title 42.

(4)  NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION; SMALL BUSINESS.--The terms "nonprofit organization" and "small business" have the meanings given to such terms by regulations which the appropriate Federal banking agency shall prescribe for purposes of this section.

(5)  QUALIFIED DISTRESSED COMMUNITY.--The term "qualified distressed community" has the meaning given to such term in section 1834a(b) of this title.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1834a(b)]

[Source: Section 233(b) of title II of the Act of December 19, 1991 (Pub. L. No. 102--42; 105 Stat. 2312), effective December 19, 1991; as amended by section 931(e) of title IX of the Act of October 28, 1992 (Pub. L. No. 102--550; 106 Stat. 3889), effective October 28, 1992]

*Editor's note: This section was enacted as part of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (Pub.L. 106--102, November 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1338) and not as part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. We include this section here for our readers convenience.

SEC. 208. INSURED DEPOSITORY INTSTITUTION CAPITAL REQUIRMENTS FOR TRANSFERS OF SMALL BUSINESS OBLIGATIONS*

(a)  ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES.--The accounting principles applicable to the transfer of a small business loan or a lease of personal property with recourse contained in reports or statements required to be filed with Federal banking agencies by a qualified insured depository institution shall be consistent with generally accepted accounting principles.

(b)  CAPITAL AND RESERVE REQUIREMENTS.--With respect to the transfer of a small business loan or lease of personal property with recourse that is a sale under generally accepted accounting principles, each qualified insured depository institution shall--

(1)  establish and maintain a reserve equal to an amount sufficient to meet the reasonable estimated liability of the institution under the recourse arrangement; and

(2)  include, for purposes of applicable capital standards and other capital measures, only the amount of the retained recourse in the risk-weighted assets of the institution.

(c)  QUALIFIED INSTITUTION CRITERIA.--An insured depository institution is a qualified insured depository institution for purposes of this section if, without regard to the accounting principles or capital requirements referred to in subsections (a) and (b) of this section, the institution is--

(1)  well capitalized; or

(2)  with the approval, by regulation or order, of the appropriate Federal banking agency, adequately capitalized.

(d)  AGGREGATE AMOUNT OF RECOURSE.--The total outstanding amount of recourse retained by a qualified insured depository institution with respect to transfers of small business loans and leases of personal property under subsections (a) and (b) of this section shall not exceed--

(1)  15 percent of the risk-based capital of the institution; or

(2)  such greater amount, as established by the appropriate Federal banking agency by regulation or order.

(e)  INSTITUTIONS THAT CEASE TO BE QUALIFIED OR EXCEED AGGREGATE LIMITS.--If an insured depository institution ceases to be a qualified insured depository institution or exceeds the limits under subsection (d) of this section, this section shall remain applicable to any transfers of small business loans or leases of personal property that occurred during the time that the institution was qualified and did not exceed such limit.

(f)  PROMPT CORRECTIVE ACTION NOT AFFECTED.--The capital of an insured depository institution shall be computed without regard to this section in determining whether the institution is adequately capitalized, undercapitalized, significantly undercapitalized, or critically undercapitalized under section 1831o of this title.

(g)  REGULATIONS REQUIRED.--Not later than 180 days after September 23, 1994, each appropriate Federal banking agency shall promulgate final regulations implementing this section.

(h)  ALTERNATIVE SYSTEM PERMITTED.--

(1)  IN GENERAL.--At the discretion of the appropriate Federal banking agency, this section shall not apply if the regulations of the agency provide that the aggregate amount of capital and reserves required with respect to the transfer of small business loans and leases of personal property with recourse does not exceed the aggregate amount of capital and reserves that would be required under subsection

(b)  of this section.

(2)  EXISTING TRANSACTIONS NOT AFFECTED.--Notwithstanding paragraph (1), this section shall remain in effect with respect to transfers of small business loans and leases of personal property with recourse by qualified insured depository institutions occurring before the effective date of regulations referred to in paragraph (1).

(i)  DEFINITIONS.--For purposes of this section--

(1)  the term "adequately capitalized" has the same meaning as in section 1831o(b) of this title;

(2)  the term "appropriate Federal banking agency" has the same meaning as in section 1813 of this title;

(3)  the term "capital standards" has the same meaning as in section 1831o(c) of this title;

(4)  the term "Federal banking agencies" has the same meaning as in section 1813 of this title;

(5)  the term "insured depository institution" has the same meaning as in section 1813 of this title;

(6)  the term "other capital measures" has the meaning as in section 1831o(c) of this title;

(7)  the term "recourse" has the meaning given to such term under generally accepted accounting principles;

(8)  the term "small business" means a business that meets the criteria for a small business concern established by the Small Business Administration under section 632(a) of Title 15; and

(9)  the term "well capitalized" has the same meaning as in section 1831o(b) of this title.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1835]

[Source: Section 208 of title II of the Act of September 23, 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103--325; 108 Stat. 2201), effective September 23, 1994]

*Editor's note: This section was enacted as part of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (Pub.L. 106--102, November 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1338) and not as part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. We include this section here for our readers convenience.

SEC. 109. PROHIBITION AGAINST DEPOSIT PRODUCTION OFFICES*

(a)  REGULATIONS.--The appropriate Federal banking agencies shall prescribe uniform regulations effective June 1, 1997, which prohibit any out-of-State bank from using any authority to engage in interstate branching pursuant to this title, or any amendment made by this title to any other provision of law, primarily for the purpose of deposit production.

(b)  GUIDELINES FOR MEETING CREDIT NEEDS.--Regulations issued under subsection (a) of this section shall include guidelines to ensure that interstate branches operated by an out-of-State bank in a host State are reasonably helping to meet the credit needs of the communities which the branches serve.

(c)  LIMITATION ON OUT-OF-STATE-LOANS.--

(1)  LIMITATION.--Regulations issued under subsection (a) of this section shall require that, beginning no earlier than 1 year after establishment or acquisition of an interstate branch or branches in a host State by an out-of-State bank, if the appropriate Federal banking agency for the out-of-State bank determines that the bank's level of lending in the host State relative to the deposits from the host State (as reasonably determinable from available information including the agency's sampling of the bank's loan files during an examination or such data as is otherwise available) is less than half the average of total loans in the host State relative to total deposits from the host State (as determinable from relevant sources) for all banks the home State of which is such State--

(A)  the appropriate Federal banking agency for the out-of-State bank shall review the loan portfolio of the bank and determine whether the bank is reasonably helping to meet the credit needs of the communities served by the bank in the host State; and

(B)  if the agency determines that the out-of-State bank is not reasonably helping to meet those needs--

(i)  the agency may order that an interstate branch or branches of such bank in the host State be closed unless the bank provides reasonable assurances to the satisfaction of the appropriate Federal banking agency that the bank has an acceptable plan that will reasonably help to meet the credit needs of the communities served by the bank in the host State, and

(ii)  the out-of-State bank may not open a new interstate branch in the host State unless the bank provides reasonable assurances to the satisfaction of the appropriate Federal banking agency that the bank will reasonably help to meet the credit needs of the community that the new branch will serve.

(2)  CONSIDERATIONS.--In making a determination under paragraph (1)(A), the appropriate Federal banking agency shall consider--

(A)  whether the interstate branch or branches of the out-of-State bank were formerly part of a failed or failing depository institution;

(B)  whether the interstate branch was acquired under circumstances where there was a low loan-to-deposit ratio because of the nature of the acquired institution's business or loan portfolio;

(C)  whether the interstate branch or branches of the out-of-State bank have a higher concentration of commercial or credit card lending, trust services, or other specialized activities;

(D)  the ratings received by the out-of-State bank under the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 [12 U.S.C.A. § 2901 et seq.];

(E)  economic conditions, including the level of loan demand, within the communities served by the interstate branch or branches of the out-of-State bank; and

(F)  the safe and sound operation and condition of the out-of-State bank.

(3)  BRANCH CLOSING PROCEDURE.--

(A)  NOTICE REQUIRED.--Before exercising any authority under paragraph (1)(B)(i), the appropriate Federal banking agency shall issue to the bank a notice of the agency's intention to close an interstate branch or branches and shall schedule a hearing.

(B)  HEARING.--Section 1818(h) of this title shall apply to any proceeding brought under this paragraph.

(d)  APPLICATION.--This section shall apply with respect to any interstate branch established or acquired in a host State pursuant to this title or any amendment made by this title to any other provision of law.

(e)  DEFINITIONS.--For the purposes of this section, the following definitions shall apply:

(1)  APPROPRIATE FEDERAL BANKING AGENCY, BANK, STATE, AND STATE BANK.--The terms "appropriate Federal banking agency", "bank", "State", and "State bank" have the same meanings as in section 1813 of this title.

(2)  HOME STATE.--The term "home State" means--

(A)  in the case of a national bank, the State in which the main office of the bank is located; and

(B)  in the case of a State bank, the State by which the bank is chartered.

(3)  HOST STATE.--The term "host State" means a State in which a bank establishes a branch other than the home State of the bank.

(4)  INTERSTATE BRANCH.--The term "interstate branch" means a branch established pursuant to this title or any amendment made by this title to any other provision of law and any branch of a bank controlled by an out-of-State bank holding company (as defined in section 1841(o)(7) of this title).

(5)  OUT-OF-STATE BANK.--The term "out-of-State bank" means, with respect to any State, a bank the home State of which is another State and, for purposes of this section, includes a foreign bank, the home State of which is another State.

[Codified to 12 U.S.C. 1835a]

[Source: Section 109 of title I of the Act of September 29, 1994 (Pub. L. No. 103--328; 108 Stat. 2362), effective September 29, 1994; as amended by section 106 of title I of the Act of November 12, 1999 (Pub. L. No. 106--102; Stat. 1359), effective March 12, 2000]

*Editor's note: This section was enacted as part of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act (Pub.L. 106--102, November 12, 1999, 113 Stat. 1338) and not as part of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act. We include this section here for our readers convenience.

[End Federal Deposit Insurance Act]

[The tab card "FDIC Rules and Regulations" follows this.]

*Editor's Note. Section 1831u(f)(1) and (2) amended by section 563(a) and (b) of title III of the Act of October 28, 2009 (Pub. L. No. 111--83; Stat. 2183 shall apply with respect to contracts consummated during the period beginning on the date of enactment of this Act and ending December 31, 2010. Go back to Text

1So in original. Go back to Text

2So in original. The words "under the amendment made" probably should not appear. Go back to Text


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Last updated September 16, 2013 regs@fdic.gov