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FDIC Federal Register Citations
[Federal Register: July 19, 2006 (Volume 71, Number 138)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Page 40938-40940]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr19jy06-24]

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FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION

12 CFR Part 308

RIN 3064-AD06

Penalty for Failure To Timely Pay Assessments

AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking and request for comment.

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SUMMARY: The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (``FDIC'') proposes
to amend its rule concerning penalties for failure to timely pay
assessments in compliance with the Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Act
of 2005 (``Reform Act''), which amended provisions of the Federal
Deposit Insurance Act (``FDIA''). The revisions generally provide that
an insured depository institution which fails or refuses to pay any
assessment shall be subject to a penalty of not more than 1 percent of
the assessment due for each day the violation continues. The statute
provides for an exception if the failure to pay results from a dispute
with the FDIC over the amount of the assessment and the institution
deposits satisfactory security with the FDIC. A special statutory rule
covering assessment amounts of less than $10,000 authorizes penalties
up to $100 per day. The FDIC is accorded discretion to compromise,
modify or remit any penalty imposed on a finding that good cause
prevented timely payment. The FDIC proposes amending its rule
concerning late assessment penalties in conformity with these
provisions of the Reform Act. The proposed rule would incorporate these
statutory provisions into the FDIC's regulations in place of the
existing late assessment penalty rule at 12 CFR 308.132(c)(3)(v).

DATES: Comments must be received on or before September 18, 2006.

ADDRESSES: You may submit comments, identified by RIN number by any of
the following methods:
     Agency Web site: http://www.fdic.gov/rules/laws/federal/propose.html.
 Follow instructions for submitting comments on the Agency

Web site.
     E-mail: Comments@FDIC.gov. Include the RIN number in the
subject line of the message.
     Mail: Robert E. Feldman, Executive Secretary, Attention:
Comments, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 550 17th Street, NW.,
Washington, DC 20429.
     Hand Delivery/Courier: Guard station at the rear of the
550 17th Street Building (located on F Street) on business days between
7 a.m. and 5 p.m.
    Instructions: All submissions received must include the agency name
and RIN for this rulemaking. All comments received will be posted
without change to http://www.fdic.gov/rules/laws/federal/propose.html

including any personal information provided.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Donna M. Saulnier, Senior Assessment
Policy Specialist, DOF, (703) 562-6167; or William V. Farrell, Manager,
Assessments Section, DOF, (703) 562-6168; or Christopher Bellotto,
Counsel, Legal Division, (202) 898-3801; or Stephen T. Weisweaver,
Attorney, Legal Division, (202) 898-6976.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

    Section 2104(c) of the Reform Act amends section 18(h) of the FDIA,
12 U.S.C. 1828(h).\1\ Section 18(h) was added to the FDIA in 1950
subjecting insured banks who fail or refuse to pay any assessment to a
penalty of not more than $100 for each day that such a violation
continued.\2\ Section 18(h) has remained virtually unchanged since its
enactment in 1950.\3\ The FDIC added the present rule concerning late
assessment penalties when it amended 12 CFR 308.132 pursuant to the
Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 (``DCIA'').\4\ See 61 FR 57987
(Nov. 12, 1996). The DCIA required the head of each Federal Agency to
enact rules adjusting each Civil Money Penalty (``CMP''), under the
agency's jurisdiction, by a rate of inflation prescribed in the DCIA.
Accordingly, the FDIC added a version of the paragraph presently found
at 12 CFR 308.132(c)(3) entitled ``Adjustment of civil money penalties
by the rate of inflation pursuant to section 31001(s) of the Debt
Collection Improvement Act.'' \5\ 61 FR at 57988. The FDIC also added
the present rule set forth in 12 CFR 308.132(c)(3)(v) increasing the
amount of any CMP that may be assessed pursuant to section 18(h) of the
FDIA. The rule increased that amount from the maximum of $100, as
stated in section 18(h) of the FDIA, to a maximum of $110 for each day
the violation continues. 61 FR at 57989.\6\
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    \1\ See Federal Deposit Insurance Reform Act of 2005, section
2104(c), Public Law 109-171, 120 Stat. 9, 13.
    \2\ See An Act to Amend the Federal Deposit Insurance Act,
section 2, Public Law 797, 64 Stat. 893 (1950).
    \3\ The Financial Institutions Reform, Recovery, and Enforcement
Act of 1989 (``FIRREA''), Public Law 101-187, 103 Stat. 187, amended
section 18(h) of the FDIA making the provision applicable to
``insured depository institutions'' versus ``insured banks.'' See
section 201(a), Public Law 101-187.
    \4\ Public Law 104-134, 110 Stat. 1321-358, 373, amending
section 4 of the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of
1990 (``Inflation Adjustment Act''), 28 U.S.C. 2461 (2000).
    \5\ The original version of 12 CFR 308.132(c)(3) applied to
violations which occurred after November 12, 1996. However, the DCIA
requires an adjustment of CMP's every four years. The provision was
updated in 2000 and 2004, and the present version of 12 CFR
308.132(c)(3)(v) by its terms applies to violations that occur after
December 31, 2004. The proposed amendment to 12 CFR
308.132(c)(3)(v), however, will apply to violations that occur after
the effective date of the Reform Act to avoid retroactive
application of this change.
    \6\ Section 2104(c) of the Reform Act effectively returns the
late assessment penalty on assessments of less than $10,000 to the
original amount of up to $100. The Inflation Adjustment Act, supra
note 4, may require a readjustment of this amount in 2008.
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    The Reform Act contains the first major statutory changes to the
late assessment penalty provisions in the FDIA. The FDIC proposes
amending its rule concerning late assessment penalties, 12 CFR
308.132(c)(3)(v), to reflect the changes set forth in section 2104(c)
of the Reform Act.

II. Description of the Proposal

    Section 2104(c) of the Reform Act amends subsection (h) of section
18 of the FDIA, 12 U.S.C. 1828(h), by changing the late assessment
penalty from not more than $100 per day to not more than 1 percent of
any assessment owed if the amount owed is $10,000 or more at the time
the institution fails or refuses to pay the assessment. If the
institution owes less than $10,000 at the time the institution fails or
refuses to

[[Page 40939]]

pay the assessment, then the amendment authorizes penalties up to $100
for each day that the violation continues. The Reform Act also provides
for an exception if the failure to pay results from a dispute with the
FDIC over the amount of the assessment and the institution deposits
satisfactory security with the FDIC.
    The FDIC proposes to amend its rule concerning late assessment
penalties by revising the paragraph presently found at 12 CFR
308.132(c)(3)(v) and replacing the paragraph with the language from
section 2104(c) of the Reform Act. The late assessment penalty will
change from a maximum of $110 per day to not more than 1 percent of the
assessment owed if the institution owes an assessment of $10,000 or
more at the time the institution refuses or fails to pay any
assessment.\7\ Additionally, if the amount the institution fails or
refuses to pay is less than $10,000, the rule will authorize penalties
up to $100 for each day that the violation continues.
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    \7\ The FDIC can also initiate a termination of insurance
proceeding, pursuant to section 8(a) of the FDIA, 12 U.S.C. 1818(a),
when an institution withholds portions of its insurance assessments.
Doolin Security Savings Bank v. FDIC, 53 F.3d 1395, 1408 (4th Cir.
1995).
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    Finally, the proposed rule would adopt the statutory provisions
providing for an exception if the failure to pay results from a dispute
with the FDIC over the amount of the assessment and the institution
deposits satisfactory security with the FDIC. The proposed rule would
also adopt the statutory provisions according the FDIC discretion to
compromise, modify, or remit any penalty that the FDIC may assess upon
a finding that good cause prevented the timely payment of an
assessment.

III. Regulatory Analysis and Procedure

A. Solicitation of Comments on Use of Plain Language

    Section 722 of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, Public Law 106-102, 113
Stat. 1338, 1471 (Nov. 12, 1999), requires the Federal banking agencies
to use plain language in all proposed and final rules published after
January 1, 2000. We invite your comments on how to make this proposal
easier to understand. For example:
     Have we organized the material to suit your needs? If not,
how could this material be better organized?
     Are the requirements in the proposed rule clearly stated?
If not, how could the rule be more clearly stated?
     Does the proposed rule contain language or jargon that is
not clear? If so, which language requires clarification?
     Would a different format (grouping and order of sections,
use of headings, paragraphing) make the rule easier to understand? If
so, what changes to the format would make the rule easier to
understand?
     What else could we do to make the rule easier to
understand?

B. Regulatory Flexibility Act

    The Regulatory Flexibility Act (``RFA'') requires that each Federal
agency either certify that a proposed rule would not, if adopted in
final form, have a significant economic impact on a substantial number
of small entities or prepare an initial regulatory flexibility analysis
of the proposal and publish the analysis for comment. See 5 U.S.C. 603,
604, 605. The proposed rule would amend the FDIC's rule concerning late
assessment penalties to adopt statutory language enacted by Congress in
the Reform Act. The proposed rule would not create any additional
economic impact because, if an economic impact exists, the only
economic impact results from the language of the statute. Therefore,
the proposed rule would not have a significant economic impact on a
substantial number of small entities if adopted in final form.

C. Paperwork Reduction Act

    No collections of information pursuant to the Paperwork Reduction
Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) are contained in the proposed rule.

D. The Treasury and General Government Appropriations Act, 1999--
Assessment of Federal Rules and Policies on Families

    The FDIC has determined that the proposed rule will not affect
family well-being within the meaning of section 654 of the Treasury and
General Government Appropriations Act, enacted as part of the Omnibus
Consolidated and Emergency Supplemental Appropriations Act of 1999
(Public Law 105-277, 112 Stat. 2681).

List of Subjects in 12 CFR Part 308

    Administrative practice and procedure, Bank deposit insurance,
Banks, banking, Claims, Crime, Equal access to justice, Fraud,
Investigations, Lawyers, Penalties.

    For the reasons set forth in the preamble, the FDIC proposes to
amend Subpart H of 12 CFR 308 as follows:

PART 308--RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

    1. The authority citation continues to read as follows:

    Authority: 5 U.S.C. 504, 554-557; 12 U.S.C. 93(b), 164, 505,
1815(e), 1817, 1818, 1820, 1828, 1829, 1829b, 1831i, 1831m(g)(4),
1831o, 1831p-1, 1832(c), 1884(b), 1972, 3102, 3108(a), 3349, 3909,
4717; 15 U.S.C. 78(h) and (i), 78o-4(c), 78o-5, 78q-1, 78s, 78u,
78u-2, 78u-3 and 78w, 6801(b), 6805(b)(1); 28 U.S.C. 2461 note; 31
U.S.C. 330, 5321; 42 U.S.C. 4012a; Sec. 3100(s), Pub. L. 104-134,
110 Stat. 1321-358.

    2. Revise paragraph (c)(3)(v) of section 308.132 as follows:


Sec.  308.132  Assessment of penalties.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (3) * * *
    (v) Civil money penalties assessed pursuant to section 18(h) of the
FDIA for failure to timely pay assessment--(A) In general. Subject to
paragraph (c)(3)(v)(C) of this section, any insured depository
institution which fails or refuses to pay any assessment shall be
subject to a penalty in an amount of not more than 1 percent of the
amount of the assessment due for each day that such violation
continues.
    (B) Exception in case of dispute. Paragraph (c)(3)(v)(A) of this
section shall not apply if--
    (1) The failure to pay an assessment is due to a dispute between
the insured depository institution and the Corporation over the amount
of such assessment; and
    (2) The insured depository institution deposits security
satisfactory to the Corporation for payment upon final determination of
the issue.
    (C) Special rule for small assessment amounts. If the amount of the
assessment which an insured depository institution fails or refuses to
pay is less than $10,000 at the time of such failure or refusal, the
amount of any penalty to which such institution is subject under
paragraph (c)(3)(v)(A) of this section shall not exceed $100 for each
day that such violation continues.
    (D) Authority to modify or remit penalty. The Corporation, in the
sole discretion of the Corporation, may compromise, modify or remit any
penalty which the Corporation may assess or has already assessed under
paragraph (c)(3)(v)(A) of this section upon a finding that good cause
prevented the timely payment of an assessment.
* * * * *

    By order of the Board of Directors.

    Dated at Washington, DC, this 11th day of July, 2006.


[[Page 40940]]


Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Valerie Best,
Assistant Executive Secretary.
 [FR Doc. E6-11423 Filed 7-18-06; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6714-01-P

  
 


Last Updated 07/17/2006 Regs@fdic.gov