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Inactive Financial Institution Letters 


[Federal Register: July 15, 1997 (Volume 62, Number 135)]
[Proposed Rules]
[Page 37748-37778]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr15jy97-19]

[[Page 37748]]

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FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION

12 CFR Parts 303, 325, 326, 327, 346, 347, 351 and 362

RIN 3064-AC05


International Banking Regulations; Consolidation and
Simplification

AGENCY: Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).

ACTION: Notice of proposed rulemaking.

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SUMMARY: As part of the FDIC's systematic review of its regulations and
written policies under section 303(a) of the Riegle Community
Development and Regulatory Improvement Act of 1994 (CDRI), the FDIC is
seeking public comment on its proposal to revise and consolidate its
three different groups of rules and regulations governing international
banking. The first group governs insured branches of foreign banks and
specifies what deposit-taking activities are permissible for uninsured
state-licensed branches of foreign banks. The FDIC's proposal makes
conforming changes throughout this group of regulations to reflect the
statutory requirement that domestic retail deposit activities must be
conducted through an insured bank subsidiary, not through an insured
branch. Also with respect to this group of regulations, the FDIC is
proposing to rescind the provisions concerning optional insurance for
U.S. branches of foreign banks; the pledge of assets formula has been
revised; and the FDIC Division of Supervision's (DOS) new supervision
program--the Case Manager approach--has been integrated throughout the
applicable regulations. The second group of regulations governs the
foreign branches of insured state nonmember banks, and also governs
such banks' investment in foreign banks or other financial entities.
The FDIC's proposal modernizes this group of regulations and clarifies
provisions outlining the activities in which insured state nonmember
banks may engage abroad, and reduces the instances in which banks must
file an application before opening a foreign branch or making a foreign
investment. The third group of regulations governs the international
lending of insured state nonmember banks and specifies when reserves
are required for particular international assets. The FDIC is proposing
to revise this group of regulations to simplify the accounting for fees
on international loans to make it consistent with generally accepted
accounting principles. Consistent with the goals of CDRI, the proposed
rule will improve efficiency, reduce costs, and eliminate outmoded
requirements.

DATES: Comments must be received on or before September 15, 1997.

ADDRESSES: Send written comments to Robert E. Feldman, Executive
Secretary, Attention: Comments/OES, Federal Deposit Insurance
Corporation, 550 17th Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20429. Comments may
be hand delivered to the guard station at the rear of the 17th Street
Building (located on F Street), on business days between 7:00 a.m. and
5:00 p.m. (Fax number (202) 898-3838; Internet address:
comments@fdic.gov). Comments may be inspected and photocopied in the
FDIC Public Information Center, Room 100, 801 17th Street, NW,
Washington, D.C. 20429, between 9:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m. on business
days.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Christie A. Sciacca, Assistant
Director, (202/898-3671), Karen M. Walter, Chief, (202/898-3540),
Suzanne L. Williams, Senior Financial Analyst, (202/898-6788), Division
of Supervision; Jamey Basham, Counsel, (202/898-7265), Wendy Sneff,
Counsel (202/898-6865), Karen L. Main, Senior Attorney (202/898-8838),
Legal Division, FDIC, 550 17th Street, NW, Washington, D.C. 20429.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The FDIC is conducting a systematic review
of its regulations and written policies. Section 303(a) of the CDRI (12
U.S.C. 4803(a)) requires the FDIC to streamline and modify its
regulations and written policies in order to improve efficiency, reduce
unnecessary costs, and eliminate unwarranted constraints on credit
availability. Section 303(a) also requires the FDIC to remove
inconsistencies and outmoded and duplicative requirements from its
regulations and written policies.
    As part of this review, the FDIC has determined that certain
portions of part 346 are out-of-date, and other provisions of this part
require clarification. Although the FDIC previously made certain
regulatory amendments which took effect as recently as 1996, other
regulatory language contained in part 346 does not accurately reflect
the underlying statutory authority. The FDIC has also determined that
part 347 is outmoded. Part 347 has not been revised in any significant
regard since 1979, when it was originally promulgated.
    The FDIC has decided to consolidate its international banking rules
into a single part, part 347, for ease of reference. This proposal
places material on foreign branching and foreign bank investment by
nonmember banks, currently located in part 347, into subpart A of part
347. Material currently located in part 346, governing insured branches
of foreign banks and deposit-taking by uninsured state-licensed
branches of foreign banks, is placed in subpart B of part 347. Part 351
of the FDIC's current rules and regulations, which contains rules
governing the international lending operations of insured state
nonmember banks, is placed in subpart C of new part 347. Part 351 was
originally adopted in 1984 as an interagency rulemaking in coordination
with the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (FRB) and the
Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC). The proposed revisions
to part 351 have been discussed with representatives from the OCC and
FRB and they are in general agreement with the changes. However, as the
other two federal banking agencies are not ready to act on a revised
regulation at this time, the FDIC has decided to unilaterally issue its
proposed revision to part 351 in connection with its consolidation of
the international banking regulations.
    In addition, the FDIC is currently processing a complete revision
of part 303 of the FDIC's rules and regulations, which contains the
FDIC's applications procedures and delegations of authority. For ease
of reference, the FDIC will consolidate its applications procedures for
international banking matters into a single subpart of part 303,
subpart J. At this time, the FDIC cannot determine whether this part
347 rulemaking will be finalized before or after the FDIC's part 303
rulemaking. To deal with this uncertainty, the FDIC's part 303 proposal
will contain an ``interim'' version of subpart J, which will set out
application processes compatible with the FDIC's current versions of
parts 346 and 347. In addition, this part 347 proposal includes, as a
separate subpart D of part 347, revised ``permanent'' application
procedures compatible with the substantive provisions of this part 347
proposal. These ``permanent'' application procedures will be located in
subpart J without substantive change, displacing the interim
procedures, once both part 303 and part 347 are issued as final rules.
    The FDIC requests public comments about all aspects of the
proposal. In addition, the FDIC is raising specific questions for
public comment, as set out in connection with the analysis of the
proposal below.

[[Page 37749]]

Proposed Revisions to Part 347, Foreign Branches and Investments in
Foreign Banks and Other Entities

Background

    Section 18(d)(2) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C.
1828(d)(2)) requires a nonmember bank to obtain the FDIC's consent to
establish or operate a foreign branch. Section 18(d)(2) also authorizes
the FDIC to impose conditions and issue regulations governing the
affairs of foreign branches.
    Section 18(l) of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1828(l)) requires a
nonmember bank to obtain the FDIC's consent to acquire and hold,
directly or indirectly, stock or other evidences of ownership in any
foreign bank or other entity. Section 18(l) also states that these
entities may not engage in any activities in the United States except
as the Board of Directors of the FDIC (Board), in its judgment, has
determined are incidental to the international or foreign business of
these entities. In addition, section 18(l) authorizes the FDIC to
impose conditions and issue regulations governing these investments.
Finally, although nonmember banks subject to the interaffiliate
transaction restrictions of sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve
Act, 12 U.S.C. 371c and 371c-1, as expressly incorporated by section
18(j) of the FDI Act, 12 U.S.C. 1821(j), section 18(l) provides that
nonmember banks may engage in transactions with these foreign banks and
other entities in which the nonmember bank has invested in the manner
and within the limits prescribed by the FDIC.
    A nonmember bank's authority to establish a foreign branch or
invest in foreign banks or other entities, and the permissible
activities for foreign branches or foreign investment entities, must be
established in the first instance under the law of its state chartering
authority. Congress created sections 18(d)(2) and 18(l) out of a
concern that there was no federal-level review of nonmember banks'
foreign branching and investments. S. Rep. No. 95-323, 95th Cong., 1st
Sess. (1977) at 15. Although the FRB had long held authority over
foreign branching and investment by state member banks and national
banks (member banks) under the Federal Reserve Act, as well as foreign
investment by bank holding companies under the Bank Holding Company
Act, the FDIC did not hold corresponding statutory authority over
nonmember banks until Congress created sections 18(d)(2) and 18(l) as
part of the Financial Institutions Regulatory and Interest Rate Control
Act of 1978, Public Law 95-630 (FIRIRCA).
    When the FDIC originally adopted part 347 in 1979, to implement the
Corporation's new authority under sections 18(d)(2) and 18(l), the FDIC
adopted a rule which was virtually the same as the corresponding
provisions of the FRB's rules and regulations at the time. Based on the
above legislative history, the FDIC determined that Congress intended
to bring the international activities of nonmember banks under federal
controls that were similar, but not necessarily identical, to those
contained in the FRB's rules governing the international activities of
member banks and bank holding companies. 44 FR 25194, 25195 (April 30,
1979).
    In developing its proposal to revise part 347, the FDIC has
therefore maintained a parity with the substance of the FRB's
corresponding rules on foreign branching and investments by member
banks, contained in subpart A of Regulation K (12 CFR 211.1-211.8). The
permissible activities for foreign branches of nonmember banks and for
foreign entities in which nonmember banks invest are virtually
identical to those authorized for member banks under Regulation K. The
amount limits and extent to which nonmember banks may engage in such
activities without obtaining the FDIC's specific approval are also very
similar, taking into account certain variances attributable to
structural differences between the types of institutions governed.
Where there are substantive differences between the FDIC's proposal and
the FRB's rules under subpart A of Regulation K, the differences are
noted below.
    In certain of the few limited instances in which the FDIC is
proposing a different treatment than the FRB's under Regulation K, the
difference raises issues under section 24 of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C.
1831a) and part 362 of the FDIC's rules and regulations (12 CFR part
362). Section 24 and part 362 prohibit a state bank from engaging as
principal in any activity which is not permissible for a national bank,
unless the FDIC first determines that it would not pose a significant
risk of loss to the appropriate deposit insurance fund and the bank
meets its minimum capital requirements. Section 24 and part 362
similarly prohibit a subsidiary of a state bank from engaging as
principal in any activity which is not permissible for a subsidiary of
national bank, unless the FDIC first determines that it would not pose
a significant risk of loss to the appropriate deposit insurance fund
and the bank meets its minimum capital requirements. Section 24 and
part 362 also prohibit a state bank from making an equity investment
which is not permissible for a national bank, unless the investment is
made through a majority-owned subsidiary, the FDIC determines that it
would not pose a significant risk of loss to the appropriate deposit
insurance fund for the subsidiary to hold the equity investment, and
the bank meets its minimum capital requirements. Where these section 24
issues arise, they are discussed below.

Subpart A--Foreign Branches

    The most significant revision made by the proposal is the FDIC's
grant of authority to a nonmember bank meeting certain eligibility
criteria to establish foreign branches under general consent or prior
notice procedures. The existing list of foreign branch powers under
current Sec. 347.3(c) has also been redrafted to bring it more in line
with modern banking practice. The proposal also introduces expanded
powers for foreign branches to underwrite, distribute, deal, invest in,
and trade foreign government obligations.
    The general consent and prior notice procedures are discussed in
detail in the analysis of subpart D, below, but to summarize them
briefly, proposed Sec. 347.103(b) gives the FDIC's general consent for
an eligible nonmember bank--one which is well-capitalized, well-rated
under certain supervisory assessment benchmarks, has no supervision
problems and has been in operation at least three years--to establish
additional branches within a foreign country or relocate a branch
within a foreign country. An eligible nonmember bank which has
established its international expertise by successfully operating
foreign branches or affiliates in two or more foreign countries may
also establish branches in additional foreign countries upon 45 days
prior notice to the FDIC. There are certain necessary limitations on
these general consent and prior notice procedures, however, as
discussed in the analysis of subpart D.
    In an effort to modernize the list of foreign branch powers
currently contained in Sec. 347.3(c), the proposal eliminates
Sec. 347.3(c)(2), containing specific authorization for a foreign
branch to accept drafts or bills of exchange, and Sec. 347.3(c)(5),
containing specific authorization for a foreign branch to make loans
secured by real estate. In addition, the FDIC has not included a
counterpart to the FRB's specific authorization for a foreign branch to
engage in repurchase agreements involving securities that are the
functional equivalent of extensions of credit. In the FDIC's view,
these activities are within the general banking

[[Page 37750]]

powers of a foreign branch, and thus do not require specific mention on
the list of activities which the FDIC is authorizing in addition to
such general banking powers.
    The proposal also eliminates Sec. 347.3(c)(6), containing specific
authorization for a foreign branch to pay its foreign branch officers
and employees a greater rate of interest on branch deposits than the
rate paid to other depositors on similar branch deposits. Regulation K
presently contains a similar provision. While section 22(e) of the
Federal Reserve Act (12 U.S.C. 376) generally limits a member bank's
authority to pay employees a greater rate of interest than the rate
paid to other depositors on similar deposits, the FDIC is not aware of
any current regulatory restrictions directly prohibiting a nonmember
bank from doing so, assuming there were no implications of insider
abuse or of evading certain limited regulatory requirements concerning
executive compensation. Thus, in the FDIC's view, this activity is
within the general banking powers of a foreign branch of a nonmember
bank.
    In addition, the FDIC has not included a counterpart to the FRB's
specific authorization for a foreign branch to extend credit to an
officer of the branch residing in the foreign country in which the
branch is located to finance the officer's living quarters. In the
FDIC's view, this activity is within the general banking powers of a
foreign branch, provided that the bank observes prudent banking
practices and Regulation O limits on loans to the bank's executive
officers. Given that Regulation O currently makes provisions for a bank
to finance an executive officer's purchase, construction, maintenance,
or improvement of a personal residence, the FDIC need not specifically
authorize it here.
    To update the current authorization under Sec. 347.3(c)(3) to hold
the equity securities of the central bank, clearing houses,
governmental entities, and development banks of the country in which
the branch is located, proposed Sec. 347.103(a)(2) adds debt securities
eligible to meet local reserve or similar requirements, as well as
shares of automated electronic payment networks, professional
societies, schools, and similar entities necessary to the business of
the branch. The proposal continues to set the limit for such
investments at 1 percent of the total deposits in all the bank's
branches in that country as reported in the preceding year-end call
report, subject to the same exclusions as currently apply for
investments required by local law or permissible for a national bank
under 12 U.S.C. 24 (Seventh). The FDIC specifically requests public
comment on whether this limit is too high or too low, or should be
calculated on a different basis.
    The current authorization under Sec. 347.3(c)(4) to underwrite,
distribute and deal, invest and trade in obligations of the national
government of the country in which the branch is located has been
similarly updated. Proposed Sec. 347.103(a)(3) clarifies that
obligations of the national government's political subdivisions, and
its agencies and instrumentalities if supported by the national
government's taxing authority or full faith and credit, are also
eligible. The proposal also revises the investment limit to make it 10
percent of the nonmember bank's tier 1 capital, instead of the outdated
reference to 10 percent of its capital and surplus.
    Finally, the FDIC is considering whether it would be appropriate
and desirable to permit a foreign branch to underwrite, distribute and
deal, invest in and trade obligations of any foreign government, rather
than just the obligations of the country in which it is located.
Proposed Sec. 347.103(a)(3)(ii) would permit this activity, so long as
the issuing country permits foreign enterprises to do so. Since
Regulation K does not currently authorize member (and thus national)
banks to conduct this activity, the proposal presents an issue under
section 24 of the FDI Act and part 362 of the FDIC's rules and
regulations. If adopted as part of the final rule,
Sec. 347.103(a)(3)(ii) would represent the FDIC's determination that
the activity would not create a significant risk to the deposit
insurance fund.1
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    \1\ Because section 24 only permits the FDIC to authorize equity
investments which are not permissible for a national bank through a
majority-owned subsidiary, proposed Sec. 347.103(a)(3)(B) would
require any foreign government obligations which constitute equity
interests to be held through a subsidiary of the foreign branch.
However, practically speaking, the vast majority of foreign
government obligations would be debt obligations instead of equity
interests, and could be held at the branch level.
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    Proposed Sec. 347.103(a)(3)(ii) would allow nonmember banks to
consolidate these activities, which must currently be carried out in
different branch offices in each country, into a single branch office,
for more convenient administration and oversight. The proposal would
include these activities as part of the 10 percent limit applicable to
local obligation underwriting, distribution, investment and trading,
and would also require the non-local obligations to be investment
grade. The FDIC would expect nonmember banks to make appropriate
periodic independent credit reviews to determine and monitor the
investment-grade quality of issues which are unrated or rated under
comparatively less-rigorous standards than the ones used by U.S.
ratings agencies. The FDIC specifically requests comments on the merits
of the proposal, including comments on appropriate amount limits if the
activity is authorized and any appropriate safeguards which should be
imposed.

Subpart A--Foreign Investments

Overview
    The FDIC is completely revising its approach to approvals of a
nonmember bank's investment in the stock or other evidences of
ownership of a foreign bank or other entity. Section 347.4 has not been
revised in any significant regard since the FDIC originally adopted it,
shortly after Congress gave the FDIC statutory responsibility for
reviewing foreign investments. It currently provides little information
about the types of activities in which the FDIC would consider it to be
appropriate for a foreign investment entity to engage. The rule
requires specific FDIC approval of virtually every foreign investment,
and limits total investment in all cases to 25 percent of a nonmember
bank's capital. Nonmember banks affected by the rule have advised the
FDIC that they view the current approach as an impediment to their
ability to compete effectively abroad. While the FDIC must remain
mindful of its supervisory obligations arising from the FDI Act and
international supervisory agreements, and has a responsibility to
address certain issues to ensure that international operations do not
threaten the safety and soundness or financial condition of nonmember
banks, the FDIC agrees that the rule can be significantly revised in
light of the experience the Corporation has gained since Sec. 347.4 was
originally adopted.
    The FDIC's proposal adopts an approach like that of the FRB under
Regulation K. The proposed rule lists the various types of financial
activities in which a nonmember bank's foreign subsidiaries and joint
ventures may engage. The proposal also authorizes limited indirect
investment in and trading of the stock of nonfinancial entities.
Securities underwriting and dealing abroad up to specified limits is
permitted, with the FDIC's prior approval. Moreover, the proposed rule
grants eligible nonmember banks the FDIC's general consent to make
investments in conformity with the rule up to specified annual limits,
and

[[Page 37751]]

permits additional investments upon 45 days prior notice.
Investment in Foreign Banks and Other Entities Engaged in Financial
Activities
    Proposed Sec. 347.104(b) contains a list of approved activities
which are financial in nature. A foreign subsidiary of a nonmember bank
is limited to conducting these authorized financial activities, unless
the nonmember bank acquires the subsidiary as a going concern, in which
case up to 5 percent of the subsidiary's assets or revenues may be
attributable to activities which are not on the list. Under the
proposed definition of ``subsidiary'' at Sec. 347.102(p), a foreign
organization is a subsidiary of a nonmember bank if the nonmember bank
and its affiliates hold more than 50 percent of the foreign
organization's voting equity securities. It is important to note that
this proposed definition of a subsidiary differs from the commonly-used
subsidiary definitional structure based on section 2(d) of the Bank
Holding Company Act (12 U.S.C. 1841(d)). Under the section 2(d) type of
structure, subsidiary status typically arises upon ownership of 25
percent or more of the subsidiary's voting securities.
    Subsidiary status under the section 2(d) type of structure also
arises when the parent controls election of the majority of the
subsidiary's directors in any manner or if the parent has the power to
directly or indirectly exercise a controlling influence over the
management and policies of an organization. In contrast, the FDIC's
proposal separates these elements out into their own definition of
``control'' at Sec. 347.102(b). Section 347.102(b) also provides that
control is deemed to exist whenever a nonmember bank or its affiliate
is a general partner of a foreign organization. As is the case with
subsidiaries, any foreign organization which is controlled by a state
nonmember bank or its affiliates, regardless of the percent of voting
stock owned by the state nonmember bank, is limited to conducting
approved financial activities contained on the Sec. 347.104(b) list,
subject to the same 5 percent exception for going concerns.
    The FDIC has proposed the less-inclusive subsidiary definition
which is triggered at 50 percent rather than the more commonly-used 25
percent in order to maintain consistency with the corresponding
provisions of Regulation K. This less-inclusive approach is also
carried through to the definition of an affiliate under proposed
Sec. 347.102(a), also to maintain consistency with Regulation K. The
FDIC has attempted to establish activity and amount limits in this part
347 proposal which take into account any conduct of similar activities
by the nonmember bank's holding company or the holding company's other
affiliates as authorized by Regulation K. The use of consistent
definitional thresholds is of great assistance to this end.
    If a nonmember bank and its affiliates hold less than 50 percent of
the voting equity securities of a foreign organization and do not
control the organization, up to 10 percent of the organization's assets
or revenues may be attributable to activities which are not on the
list. If the nonmember bank and its affiliates' holdings are less than
20 percent of a foreign organization's voting equity interests, the
nonmember bank is also prohibited from making any loans or extensions
of credit to the organization which are not on substantially the same
terms as those prevailing at the time for comparable transactions with
nonaffiliated organizations. The FDIC is contemplating whether this 20
percent limit should be somewhat higher, and specifically requests
public comment on this point.
    The list of authorized financial activities in proposed
Sec. 347.104(b) is modeled on the FRB's corresponding provision in
Regulation K, 12 CFR 211.5(d). The proposal reorders the activities in
an effort to group similar activities together, and where there are
conditions and limitations on the conduct of a particular activity,
this additional information is separately set out in proposed
Secs. 347.105 and 347.106. Additional activities require the FDIC's
approval.
    The proposal does not include six activities which currently appear
in Regulation K. The FDIC has not included these activities, because
they are each authorized under Regulation Y (12 CFR 225.28(b)) as being
closely related to banking under section 4(c)(8) of the Bank Holding
Company Act (Regulation Y list), and the proposal authorizes foreign
investment organizations to engage in any activity on the Regulation Y
list. The omitted activities are: financing; acting as fiduciary;
providing investment, financial, or economic advisory services; leasing
real or personal property or acting as agent, broker or advisor in
connection with such transactions if the lease serves as the functional
equivalent of an extension of credit to the lessee; acting as a futures
commission merchant; and acting as principal or agent in swap
transactions.
    In addition, proposed Sec. 347.104(b) contains certain activities--
for example, data processing--which are also authorized by the
Regulation Y list, but are subject to certain additional limitations
and conditions under Regulation Y. In such cases, the activities are
included in Sec. 347.104(b) because a foreign investment entity is
permitted to conduct them under the less restrictive terms of
Sec. 347.104(b). But in cases in which the nonmember bank relies solely
on Sec. 347.104(b)'s cross-reference to the Regulation Y list as
authority to conduct an activity, the foreign investment entity must
comply with the attendant restrictions in 12 CFR 227.28(b).
    Also, in the case of one activity authorized by Sec. 347.104(b)'s
cross-reference to the Regulation Y list, acting as a futures
commission merchant (FCM), the FDIC is contemplating imposing one
restriction in addition to the restrictions imposed by Regulation Y at
12 CFR 225.28(b). Under proposed Sec. 347.106(a), a foreign investment
entity could not have potential liability to a mutual exchange or
clearing association of which the foreign investment entity was a
member exceeding an amount equal to 2 percent of the nonmember bank's
tier 1 capital, unless the FDIC has granted its prior approval.
    This overall approach, in which part 347 specifies an approved list
of activities applicable to varying degrees depending on the nonmember
bank's proportional ownership of a foreign organization, is a major
change from the approach under current part 347, in which activities
are evaluated on a case-by-case basis in connection with the FDIC's
approval of the investment. The FDIC specifically requests public
comment on this new approach, including whether the limits are
appropriate.
    Unlike Regulation K, the FDIC's proposal authorizes nonmember banks
to directly invest in foreign organizations which are not foreign
banks. Under 12 CFR 211.5(b)(2), the only foreign organizations in
which member banks are permitted to invest directly are foreign banks;
foreign organizations formed for the sole purpose of either holding
shares of a foreign bank or for performing nominee, fiduciary, or other
banking services incidental to the activities of the member bank's
foreign branches or affiliates; or subsidiaries of foreign branches
authorized under 12 CFR 211.3(b)(9). Any investment by a member bank in
a foreign organization which is not one of these types of entities must
be made indirectly, through an Edge corporation subsidiary or foreign
bank subsidiary of the member bank. This limitation arises out of the
language of section 25 of the

[[Page 37752]]

Federal Reserve Act, which generally limits the direct investments of
member banks to foreign banks. In contrast, section 18(l) of the FDI
Act permits state nonmember banks, to the extent authorized by state
law, to invest in foreign ``banks or other entities.'' As discussed
above, the legislative history of section 18(l) shows that Congress
was, at the time it created section 18(l), mindful of the FRB's
parallel authority over member banks under section 25. Therefore, the
FDIC interprets the difference between the two statutes to be
significant, and the type of foreign organizations in which a state
nonmember bank may invest directly are not restricted by section 18(l).
    A national bank's inability to invest directly in the shares of a
nonbank foreign organization raises issues under section 24 of the FDI
Act and part 362 of the FDIC's rules and regulations. If a nonmember
bank acquires a sufficient stake in a nonbank foreign organization such
that the nonbank foreign organization is a ``majority-owned
subsidiary'' \2\ of the state nonmember bank for purposes of section
24, no section 24 analysis is required. This is because the FDIC's
proposed rule only authorizes foreign organizations to engage in the
same activities which the FRB has authorized for the foreign
subsidiaries of member (and thus national) banks. Therefore, the
nonmember bank's foreign subsidiary could only engage as principal in
the same activities permitted for a foreign subsidiary of a national
bank, and section 24's application requirement is never triggered.
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    \2\ Section 24 and part 362 do not set out a separate definition
of ``majority owned subsidiary.'' Part 362 defines a ``subsidiary''
to mean any company directly or indirectly controlled by an insured
state nonmember bank. Part 362 further defines ``control'' to mean
the power to vote, directly or indirectly, 25 percent or more of any
class of the voting stock of a company, the ability to control in
any manner the election of a majority of a company's directors or
trustees, or the ability to exercise a controlling influence over
the management and polices of a company. A state nonmember bank thus
holds a company as a ``majority-owned subsidiary'' when the bank
holds more than 50 percent of the company's stock. This is
equivalent to the definition of ``subsidiary'' in proposed
Sec. 347.102(p).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    If the nonmember bank holds a lesser amount of the nonbank foreign
organization's shares, such that it does not arise to a ``majority-
owned subsidiary'' within the meaning of section 24 and part 362, the
FDIC is required by section 24 and part 362 to determine that the
nonmember bank's equity investment in a nonbank foreign organization
does not pose a significant risk to the appropriate deposit insurance
fund. Moreover, section 24 and part 362 provide that the FDIC may only
permit equity investments to be held by the bank through a majority-
owned subsidiary. Under the proposal, the FDIC would permit such
investments, and require them to be held through some form of U.S. or
foreign majority-owned subsidiary. If adopted as part of the final
rule, this would represent the FDIC's determination that dispensing
with the intermediate foreign bank subsidiary or Edge subsidiary, the
vehicle through which a national bank would be permitted to make this
type of investment, would not create a significant risk to the deposit
insurance fund.
    The FDIC is also omitting one activity authorized by Regulation K
concerning a foreign investment entity's ability to underwrite life,
annuity, pension fund-related, and other types of insurance, where the
associated risks have been determined by the FRB to be actuarially
predictable. Under Regulation K, the FRB has not given general
authorization for this activity to be conducted directly or indirectly
by a subsidiary of a U.S. insured bank. Since the activity is thus not
generally permissible for a subsidiary of a national bank, a section 24
issue arises. However, under section 24(b) and 24(d)(2), the FDIC may
not give section 24 approval for a state bank or its subsidiary to
engage in insurance underwriting to the extent it is not permissible
for a national bank, or is not expressly excepted by other subsections
of section 24 covering limited types of insurance underwriting.
Therefore, the FDIC is presently foreclosed from granting general
regulatory authorization for nonmember banks to underwrite life,
pension-fund related, or other types of insurance in this fashion. The
question of permitting nonmember banks to underwrite annuities through
a foreign organization is beyond the scope of this rulemaking.
    The FDIC specifically requests public comment on the list of
activities under proposed Sec. 347.104(b), including the scope of such
activities and whether any different conditions or limits would be
appropriate.
Portfolio Investments in Nonfinancial Foreign Organizations
    Proposed Sec. 347.104(g) authorizes nonmember banks to make
portfolio investments in a foreign organization without regard to
whether the activities of the organization are authorized financial
activities listed in Sec. 347.104(b). Aggregate holdings of a
particular foreign organization's equity interests by the nonmember
bank and its affiliates must be less than 20 percent of the foreign
organization's voting equity interests and 40 percent of its total
voting and nonvoting equity interests. The FDIC is proposing the latter
restriction to prevent a nonmember bank from, by obtaining a large
equity position albeit a nonvoting one, obtaining a level of influence
over the foreign organization which is inconsistent with the notion of
a portfolio holding. The nonmember bank and its affiliates are not
permitted to control the foreign organization, and any loan or
extensions of credit to the foreign organization are to be on
substantially the same terms as those prevailing at the time for
comparable transactions with nonaffiliated organizations.
    The FDIC is considering limiting these investments in nonfinancial
foreign organizations to an amount equal to 15 percent of the nonmember
bank's tier 1 capital. The FDIC seeks to establish a level which will
permit a nonmember bank's foreign subsidiaries to compete effectively
with other financial institutions in their foreign markets. The FDIC
specifically requests public comment on whether this limit is too high,
or too low, and whether any additional safeguards are appropriate. The
FDIC is also considering whether nonmember banks should be permitted to
hold somewhat more than 20 percent of the organization's voting equity
interests, and specifically requests public comment on this issue.
    In contrast to its approach with foreign organizations engaged
primarily in financial activities authorized under Sec. 347.104(b),
proposed Sec. 347.104(g) does not displace current limitations
prohibiting member (and thus national) banks from making nonfinancial
portfolio investments at the bank level or through a domestic
subsidiary of the bank. Section 347.104(g) requires these investments
to be held through a foreign subsidiary, or an Edge corporation
subsidiary (subject to the FRB's authorization). The FDIC believes a
nonmember bank's foreign bank and other financial subsidiaries must be
permitted to make such investments in order to compete effectively in
their foreign markets, and since such investments are permissible for a
national bank, no section 24 analysis is required.
U.S. Activities of Foreign Organizations
    As discussed above, section 18(l) of the FDI Act states that the
foreign organizations in which nonmember banks invest may not engage in
any activities in the U.S. except as the Board, in its judgment, have
determined are incidental to the international or foreign business of
the foreign

[[Page 37753]]

organization. Proposed Sec. 347.107 addresses what activities may be
engaged in within the United States. The proposal prohibits a nonmember
bank from investing in any foreign organization which engages in the
general business of buying or selling goods, wares, merchandise, or
commodities in the U.S., and prohibits investments totaling over 5
percent of the equity interests of any foreign organization if the
organization engages in any business or activities in the U.S. which
are not incidental to its international or foreign business. A foreign
organization will not be considered to be engaged in business or
activities in the U.S. unless it maintains an office in the U.S. other
than a representative office.
    This structure follows the one established by the FRB under
Regulation K. The FDIC is including the 5 percent threshold and the
U.S. office threshold in acknowledgment that the U.S. is a leading
international market and a substantial number of foreign organizations
transact some portion of their business here. If nonmember banks are
prohibited from investing in every foreign organization which does even
a limited amount of its business in the U.S., nonmember banks will be
at a disadvantage vis a vis their international financial institution
competitors.
    Beyond these thresholds, the FDIC is proposing to permit a foreign
organization to conduct activities that are permissible in the U.S. for
an Edge corporation, or such other business or activities as are
approved by the FDIC. In approving additional activities, the FDIC will
consider whether the activities are international in character. For
activities proposed by a foreign subsidiary or joint venture of a
nonmember bank, the FDIC will also consider whether the activity would
be conducted through a foreign organization to circumvent some legal
requirement which would apply if the nonmember bank conducted the
activity through a domestic organization.
    The FDIC specifically requests comments on this aspect of the
proposal, including whether the thresholds and approved U.S. activities
are appropriate.
Underwriting, Distributing, and Dealing Equity Securities Outside the
United States
    Under the proposal, a foreign investment entity of a nonmember bank
would be permitted to underwrite, distribute, and deal equity
securities outside the United States. Briefly summarized, the FDIC is
considering imposition of three main limits as part of proposed
Sec. 347.105:

    Underwriting commitments for a single issuer could not exceed an
amount equal to the lesser of $60 million or 25 percent of the
nonmember bank's tier 1 capital.
    Distribution and dealing shares of a single entity could not
exceed an amount equal to the lesser of $30 million or 5 percent of
the nonmember bank's tier 1 capital.3
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ Regulation K currently authorizes the lesser of $30 million
or 10 percent.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The sum of underwriting commitments, distribution and dealing
shares, and any portfolio investments in nonfinancial foreign
organizations under Sec. 347.104(g) could not exceed an amount equal
to 25 percent of the nonmember bank's tier 1 capital.

Each of these three limits is discussed further below. In determining
compliance with these limits, the nonmember bank would count all
commitments of and shares held by each foreign organization in which
the nonmember bank has invested pursuant to subpart A of part 347. The
nonmember bank would also count all commitments of and shares held by
foreign organizations in which the nonmember bank's affiliates have
invested pursuant to subpart A of Regulation K.
    The $60 million/25 percent underwriting commitment limit could be
exceeded to the extent the commitment is covered by binding commitments
from subunderwriters or purchasers. The limit could also be exceeded to
the extent the commitment is deducted from the nonmember bank's capital
and the bank remains well-capitalized after the deduction. At least
half of this deduction would be from tier 1 capital, and the deduction
would be applicable for all regulatory purposes.
    The $30 million/5 percent limit on the equity securities of a
single entity which may be held for distribution or dealing would be
subject to two exceptions. First, in order to facilitate underwritings,
any equity securities acquired pursuant to an underwriting commitment
extending up to 90 days after the payment date of the underwriting
would not be included in the limit. Second, up to 75 percent of the
position in an equity security could be reduced by netting long and
short positions in the identical equity security, or by offsetting cash
positions against derivative instruments referenced to the same
security. The provision permitting netting of derivative positions is
intended to recognize the beneficial impact of prudent hedging
strategies, and encourage such strategies where the nonmember bank and
the foreign organization determines they are appropriate. The FDIC
would expect a nonmember bank asserting netting involving derivatives
to be able to establish the validity of the hedging strategy to the
nonmember bank's examiners.
    If the nonmember bank's foreign organizations hold the same equity
securities for distribution and dealing as well as for investment or
trading pursuant to Sec. 347.104 or the corresponding provision of
Regulation K, two additional considerations would apply:

    The investment or trading securities would be included in
calculating the 5 percent/$30 million per-entity distribution and
dealing limit, in order to prevent securities which are potentially
distribution or dealing inventory from being characterized as
investment or trading shares. Conversely, if the nonmember bank
relies on the general consent provisions under proposed Sec. 347.108
to acquire the securities for investment or trading purposes,
distribution and dealing securities would be counted towards the
general consent investment limits.
    In addition, equity interests in a particular foreign
organization held for distribution and dealing would be required to
conform with the limits of proposed Sec. 347.104. Equity interests
held for distribution or dealing by an affiliate permitted to do so
under Sec. 337.4 of the FDIC's rules and regulations (12 CFR 337.4)
or section 4(c)(8) of the Bank Holding Company Act (12 U.S.C.
1843(c)(8)) would be counted for this limit. If the nonmember bank's
foreign organizations hold equity interests in the same entity for
investment and trading purposes, such interests would be included in
determining compliance with these limits. However, in order to
permit 100 percent underwriting, the proposal contains an exception
for equity securities acquired pursuant to an underwriting
commitment for up to 90 days after the payment date for the
underwriting.

    The combined limit, under which nonfinancial portfolio shares,
underwriting commitments, and distribution and dealing shares would be
limited to 25% of the nonmember bank's capital, would only include
underwriting commitments net of amounts subject to commitments from
subunderwriters or purchasers or already deducted from the nonmember
bank's capital. Equity securities held for distribution or dealing
would only be counted net of any position reduction through netting, as
permitted in connection with the 5% dealing limit.
    The FDIC specifically requests public comments on the underwriting,
distribution, and dealing aspects of the proposal, including comments
on whether the limits and limit adjustments are too low or too high,
the basis upon which limits should be calculated, and any appropriate

[[Page 37754]]

safeguards. The FDIC also requests comments on the proposed netting
provisions and on the type of hedging strategies a nonmember bank might
use pursuant to the proposed netting provisions concerning derivatives.
Approval of Investments
    The FDIC is proposing to permit a nonmember bank meeting certain
eligibility criteria to make foreign investments under the rule
pursuant to general consent and prior notice procedures. These
procedures are discussed in detail in the analysis of proposed subpart
D below, but to summarize them briefly, proposed Sec. 347.108 grants
the FDIC's general consent for nonmember banks meeting the same
eligibility criteria as apply in the foreign branching context to
invest up to 5 percent of their tier 1 capital in any twelve month
period, plus up to an additional 5 percent in equity interests for
trading purposes. A sublimit of 2 percent of tier 1 capital per foreign
organization applies. The nonmember bank must already have at least one
foreign organization subsidiary, and at least one nonmember bank must
have a foreign organization subsidiary in the relevant foreign country,
in order for general consent to be applicable. An investment that does
not qualify for general consent, but is otherwise in compliance with
the rule, may be made by an eligible bank upon 45 days prior notice.
There are certain necessary limitations on these general consent and
prior notice procedures, however, as discussed in the analysis of
proposed subpart D.
Extensions of Credit
    Proposed Sec. 347.109(a) does not alter the FDIC's current
treatment under Sec. 347.5 of extensions of credit to foreign
investment entities. The limitations of section 18(j) of the FDI Act,
incorporating by reference the interaffiliate transaction restrictions
of sections 23A and 23B of the Federal Reserve Act, do not apply. The
FDIC specifically requests public comment whether it is appropriate to
continue this aspect of the rule without change, in light of the
activities and investments which would be permitted under the proposal.
Debts Previously Contracted
    With one exception, proposed Sec. 347.109(b) does not alter the
FDIC's current treatment under Sec. 347.4(b), whereby equity interests
acquired to prevent loss on a debt previously contracted in good faith
are not subject to the limits and approvals of the regulation. The FDIC
is proposing to extend the time period an institution is granted to
dispose of such equity interests without the FDIC's specific approval
under part 347 from one to two years. The extension is not intended to
relieve an institution from its general obligation to dispose of the
investment promptly under the circumstances and make diligent efforts
to such end. However, extending the point at which an application is
required will reduce administrative burden, and the FDIC can monitor
the progress of divestiture efforts as part of the normal examination
cycle. As with the current requirements of Sec. 347.4(b), the proposed
rule is not intended to displace any of the nonmember bank's concurrent
obligations under state law, or extend a state law divestiture or
approval period of less than two years. The FDIC specifically requests
public comment on the merits of extending this time period, and the
appropriate duration of the extension.

Supervision and Recordkeeping for Foreign Branches and Investments

    With one exception, proposed Sec. 347.110 does not alter the FDIC's
current requirements for reporting and recordkeeping under current
Sec. 347.6. These requirements are intended to facilitate both the
nonmember bank's oversight of its foreign operations and the FDIC's
supervision of them. The proposal adds one new element. If a nonmember
bank seeks to establish a foreign branch, or acquire a foreign joint
venture or subsidiary, in a country in which applicable law or practice
would limit the FDIC's access to information about the branch or
subsidiary for supervisory purposes, the nonmember bank may not rely on
the FDIC's general consent or prior notice procedures to do so. In such
cases, the FDIC must have an opportunity to evaluate the impact of the
limits on the FDIC's access, and determine whether the FDIC can still
serve its domestic and international supervisory obligations through
measures such as duplicate record-keeping in the U.S., reliance on host
country supervisors, operating policies of the foreign organization, or
reliance on recognized external auditors.

Proposed Revisions to Part 346, Deposit Insurance Requirements for
State Branches and Foreign Banks Having Insured Branches

Background
    The FDIC adopted part 346 as a final regulation on July 9, 1979.
This part was originally promulgated to implement various provisions of
the International Banking Act of 1978 (IBA) (Pub. L. 95-369). 12 U.S.C.
3101 et seq. Under the IBA, foreign banks operating in the United
States through branches, agencies or commercial lending companies are
subject to federal supervision and regulation similar to that imposed
on like activities of domestic banks. For example, section 6 of the IBA
requires certain branches of foreign banks to obtain federal deposit
insurance. In particular, deposit insurance is required for a federal
branch that accepts deposits of less than $100,000 and for a state
branch that accepts deposits of less than $100,000 if it is located in
a state which requires deposit insurance for state-chartered banks.
Exemptions from the insurance requirement may be granted either by
regulation or by order of the OCC, in the case of a federal branch, or
the FDIC, in the case of a state branch, if the branch is not engaged
in a domestic retail deposit activity requiring insurance protection.
Section 6 also made numerous amendments to the FDI Act. The amendments
to the FDI Act dealt with in part 346 include: (1) A requirement that
the foreign bank give a commitment for examination; (2) a requirement
that the foreign bank pledge assets to the FDIC; (3) rules for the
maintenance of assets in the branch; and (4) rules for the assessment
of deposits by the FDIC.
    In 1991, the IBA was amended with the passage of the Federal
Deposit Insurance Corporation Improvement Act of 1991 (FDICIA) (Pub. L.
102-242); specifically, sections 201-215 of FDICIA were enacted as the
Foreign Bank Supervision Enhancement Act of 1991 (FBSEA). This
legislation made numerous changes to the IBA. Section 6 of the IBA was
amended to require that any foreign bank that intends to conduct
domestic retail deposit activities in the United States must do so by
organizing one or more insured bank subsidiaries in the United States.
Until this legislative change, foreign banks were allowed to accept
initial deposits of less than $100,000 in insured branches. In
addition, section 7 of the IBA was amended by adding a new subsection
(h) which provides that a state-licensed insured branch of a foreign
bank may not engage in any activity which is not permissible for a
federal branch of a foreign bank unless the FRB has determined that the
activity is consistent with sound banking practice, and the FDIC has
determined that the activity would pose no significant risk to the Bank
Insurance Fund (BIF). The statutory amendments to section 7 of the IBA
were implemented in part 346 in final form and became effective on

[[Page 37755]]

January 1, 1995. At that time, a new subpart D was added to address the
application procedures and approval process necessary for an insured
state branch to request permission from the FDIC (and the FRB) to
engage in or continue an activity that is otherwise not permissible for
a federal branch of a foreign bank. The statutory requirement that a
foreign bank only accept domestic retail deposits in the United States
through an insured bank subsidiary was not incorporated into part 346
at that time.
    Finally, in 1994, with the enactment of section 107 of the Riegle-
Neal Interstate Banking and Branching Efficiency Act of 1994 (Riegle-
Neal Act) (Pub. L. 103-328), the federal banking agencies were charged
with the obligation of revising their respective regulations adopted
pursuant to section 6 of the IBA to ensure that the regulations are
consistent with the legislative goal of ``affording equal competitive
opportunities to foreign and United States banking organizations in
their United States operations [and to] ensure that foreign banking
organizations do not receive an unfair competitive advantage over
United States banking organizations.'' 12 U.S.C. 3104(a). To this end,
the FDIC reviewed and revised its regulation governing the deposit
insurance exemptions available to state branches under part 346.
Section 346.6. The current list of excepted deposit-taking activities
enumerated in Sec. 346.6(a) became effective on April 1, 1996.

Current Part 346

    Subpart A of part 346 contains the definitions of terms which are
relevant to the regulatory provisions set forth in this part. Subpart B
establishes rules for determining which state branches must obtain
deposit insurance. Basically, branches engaged in ``retail'' deposit
activity must be insured while branches engaged in ``wholesale''
deposit activity do not have to be insured. Subpart B also includes a
requirement that where one branch of a foreign bank becomes insured,
every branch of that bank in the same state must become insured (except
for branches which accept only initial deposits in an amount of
$100,000 or greater). This restriction on the operation of insured
branches applies to both federal and state branches. Section 346.6 of
this subpart lists the types of excepted deposit-taking activities
which will not be deemed to be ``domestic retail deposit activity'' and
describes the procedures for a state branch to apply for an exemption
from the deposit insurance requirement; Sec. 346.7 provides depositor
notification requirements for those noninsured branches.
    Subpart C of part 346 establishes rules that apply to foreign banks
which operate insured state or federal branches. These rules require a
foreign bank having an insured branch to: (1) Provide the FDIC with
information regarding the bank's activities outside of the United
States and allow the FDIC to examine the foreign bank's activities in
the United States; (2) maintain records in an appropriate manner; (3)
pledge assets under terms acceptable to the FDIC; and (4) maintain
assets at the branch equal in value to the branch's liabilities. Rules
for assessing the deposits of an insured branch are also set out. As
mentioned above, a new subpart D was added in 1995 which provides that
a foreign bank operating an insured state branch which desires to
engage in or continue an activity that is not permissible for a federal
branch, pursuant to statute, regulation, official bulletin or circular,
or any other order or interpretation issued in writing by the OCC,
shall file with the FDIC (and the FRB) a prior written application for
permission to conduct or continue such activity. Subpart D describes
the application contents, the filing procedures and the circumstances
under which a plan of divestiture or cessation must be submitted to the
FDIC.

Subpart B Proposal

    Former part 346 will become subpart B of the new, consolidated part
347. Unlike former part 347, former part 346 has been revised several
times since its original adoption to implement various provisions of
the IBA which were amended by FBSEA and the Riegle-Neal Act in 1991 and
1994, respectively. However, one significant change to section 6 of the
IBA which was effected by FBSEA in 1991 has not been implemented by a
revision of the FDIC's regulations. FBSEA amended section 6 of the IBA
to require that foreign banks which intend to conduct domestic retail
deposit activities in the United States must organize insured bank
subsidiaries to conduct those deposit activities after December 19,
1991. (Section 6(c) of the IBA; however, in 1994, the section was re-
designated as section 6(d).) However, any insured branches which were
accepting or maintaining domestic retail deposit accounts on December
19, 1991, are allowed to continue to operate as insured branches
conducting retail deposit activities (grandfathered insured branches).
IBA section 6(d) also provides an exception to the definition of
``foreign bank'' which excludes ``any bank organized under the laws of
any territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa,
or the Virgin Islands the deposits of which are insured by the [FDIC]
pursuant to the [FDI Act]''. IBA section 6(d)(3). This definitional
``carve out'' has the effect of allowing banks organized under the laws
of the territories included therein to continue to conduct domestic
retail deposit activities in the United States through insured branches
rather than be required to charter an insured bank subsidiary. This
statutory framework to authorize and regulate the domestic retail
deposit activities of foreign banks in the United States has been
implemented in proposed Sec. 347.204. Moreover, corresponding revisions
to other relevant sections in subpart B are also being made to
recognize this statutory change to the deposit insurance requirements
for foreign banks.
    Proposed Sec. 347.206 addresses exemptions from the deposit
insurance requirement. Paragraph (a)(7) has been revised in an effort
to simplify and clarify the calculation of the regulatory de minimis
exception. The transition rule applicable to time deposits has been
revised by the deletion of the reference to 90 days after the effective
date of the regulation which has been rendered moot with the passage of
time. Finally, the FDIC is proposing to rescind former Sec. 346.8 of
its rules and regulations. Former Sec. 346.8 provides foreign banks
with the opportunity to apply for deposit insurance for their U.S.
branches which would not otherwise be required to be insured pursuant
to proposed Sec. 347.204.
    In the portion of former part 346 that addressed the examination
and supervisory requirements for foreign banks having insured branches,
several proposed changes have been made. First, in proposed
Sec. 347.210 which sets out the requirements for foreign banks to
pledge assets for the benefit of the FDIC, the formula for calculating
the amount of assets to be pledged has been simplified and clarified.
Proposed Sec. 347.210(b). Other revisions have been made throughout
proposed Sec. 347.210 to incorporate the FDIC DOS's new supervision
program--the Case Manager approach.
    Finally, in connection with the FDIC's CDRI review of part 303 of
its rules and regulations, the application procedures for the exemption
from domestic retail deposit activities for a noninsured branch which
were formerly found in Sec. 346.6(b) of part 346 will be temporarily
transferred to Sec. 347.404, and the application and divestiture plan
procedures set forth in the current section governing FDIC approval for
state insured branches to conduct

[[Page 37756]]

activities not permissible for federal branches will be temporarily
relocated to Sec. 347.405 of this part. Because former part 346 will
become subpart B of the proposed part 347, the two separate scope
sections of the former part have been combined to create a more
cohesive and integrated subpart B. Some technical and non-substantive
changes have been made to several of the definitions in proposed
Sec. 347.202, and the terms have been alphabetized for the reader's
ease of reference.
Insurance of Deposits Sections
    As presented above in the general discussion of the proposed
subpart B, one legislative change which must be incorporated throughout
the applicable sections addressing deposit insurance requirements for
state branches is the mandate that domestic deposit retail activity be
conducted through an insured bank subsidiary. The first section in
subpart B which is affected by this statutory change is proposed
Sec. 347.201 which discusses the scope of the new subpart. Proposed
Sec. 347.204, ``Insurance requirement'', is being completely
reorganized to incorporate the statutory requirement that a foreign
bank must organize an insured bank subsidiary to initiate or conduct
domestic retail deposit activity in the United States. This requirement
is set forth in proposed Sec. 347.204(a). Paragraph (b) of that section
sets out the exclusion to the definition of ``foreign bank'' discussed
above, which will allow banks organized under the laws of the U.S.
territories included therein to conduct domestic retail deposit
activities through insured branches rather than being required to
charter an insured bank subsidiary. This exception reflects the fact
that banks organized in these jurisdictions are already subject to more
comprehensive examination and supervision by the U.S. banking
regulatory agencies, and therefore, these banks can engage in retail
deposit-taking in the U.S. through their branch networks. Paragraph (c)
recognizes that there are grandfathered insured branches that are
authorized to continue domestic retail deposit activities because they
were operating prior to the effective date of the FBSEA legislation.
And finally, paragraph (d) authorizes foreign banks to establish or
operate noninsured branches if such branch (i) is only conducting a
``wholesale'' deposit operation, (ii) is only accepting deposits that
are permissible for an Edge Act corporation (pursuant to Sec. section
347.205); or (iii) meets the requirements for an exemption from the
definition of ``domestic retail deposit activity'' pursuant to proposed
Sec. 347.206.
    The FDIC is proposing to make minor revisions to Sec. 346.6
(proposed Sec. 347.206)--the section which enumerates the exemptions to
the definition of ``domestic retail deposit activities'' for state
branches of foreign banks. Proposed Sec. 347.206(a) will be amended to
provide that if the state branch conducts deposit-taking activities
which do not fall within the enumerated exceptions in proposed
Sec. 347.206(a), then the parent foreign bank will be required to
organize an insured bank subsidiary to engage in such retail deposit
activities in the U.S. (The foreign bank will still have the option,
however, to operate a noninsured branch which accepts initial deposits
of less than $100,000 that do not otherwise fall within the exceptions
enumerated in paragraphs (a)(1)-(a)(7) of this section by applying for
the FDIC's consent pursuant to proposed Sec. 347.206(b)). Paragraph
(a)(7) of the proposed section, the regulatory de minimis exception, is
being revised to clarify the calculation methodology and to delete the
``average daily basis'' reference. As stated in the preamble to the
final rule when the current exceptions were adopted on April 1, 1996:

[t]he FDIC wishes to make it clear that the numerator is comprised
of the total amount of deposits accepted under the de minimis
exception, not just the amount of the initial deposits of less than
$100,000 which were accepted to open the accounts.

61 FR 5671, 5674 (February 14, 1996). The de minimis calculation
methodology remains unchanged from the current rule. See FDIC Legal
Division Staff Advisory Opinion (unpublished) dated December 16, 1985
from Katharine H. Haygood, Esq. Paragraph (b) of proposed Sec. 347.206
will be revised by transferring the application for an exemption
procedure set forth therein to Sec. 347.404 of proposed subpart D until
the FDIC's proposed part 303 is finalized. Lastly, the transition rule
for time deposits set forth in proposed paragraph (c) is being revised
by deleting the reference to 90 days after April 1, 1996--which was the
effective date of these particular regulatory changes. This transition
period was originally included to afford branches the requisite time to
reclassify or divest time deposits that would mature very soon after
the regulation's effective date. This transition period has expired,
and therefore, this reference will be deleted. The FDIC invites public
comment on the clarification of the calculation methodology.
    The FDIC proposes to rescind former Sec. 346.8 which permits a
foreign bank to apply to the FDIC for deposit insurance for a
noninsured federal or state branch when it is not otherwise required to
be insured. When the IBA was initially enacted in 1978, certain
provisions thereof amended the FDI Act to provide that ``[s]ubject to
the provisions of [the FDI Act] and to such terms and conditions as the
Board of Directors may impose, any branch of a foreign bank * * * may
become an insured branch.'' 12 U.S.C. 1815(b). Although the statutory
mandate of FBSEA now requires a foreign bank that proposes to engage in
domestic retail deposit activity to organize an insured bank
subsidiary, noninsured branches are still authorized to operate in the
U.S. because they are not engaged in domestic retail deposit activity.
(Noninsured branches are permitted to conduct wholesale deposit
activities, and are authorized to operate under Secs. 347.205 and
347.206 of the proposed subpart B.) Section 5(b) of the FDI Act is
still, in theory, applicable to these U.S. branches of foreign banks.
12 U.S.C. 1815(b). Because of this statutory underpinning, rescinding
the regulation does not really affect a foreign bank's discretion to
apply to the FDIC for insurance. Former Sec. 346.8 added nothing
substantive to the statutory authorization and, therefore, is redundant
and unnecessary.
    Since the enactment of FBSEA in 1991, there can be no de novo
insured branches to conduct domestic retail deposit-taking activities.
It was Congress' intent that foreign banks wishing to conduct domestic
retail deposit activities in the U.S. must do so through an insured
bank subsidiary. The FDIC recognizes that there are regulatory
exemptions which allow noninsured branches to accept initial deposits
of less than $100,000 without being deemed to be engaged in domestic
retail deposit activities. See, proposed Sec. 347.206. Although a
technical reading of section 5(b) of the FDI Act suggests that a
foreign bank may still apply to the FDIC for deposit insurance for a
noninsured branch, as a practical matter the FDIC does not foresee many
circumstances in which it could be appropriate for the FDIC Board of
Directors (Board) to approve such an application. The Board would
review the facts and circumstances in each case, in addition to the
pertinent legal and policy considerations, and would have to determine
whether to actually approve an application for deposit insurance for a
noninsured branch. The FDIC is requesting public comment on its
proposed rescission of former Sec. 346.8 as well as any possible
effects on U.S.

[[Page 37757]]

branches of foreign banks of such an action.
Proposed Sections Addressing Foreign Banks Having Insured Branches
    Proposed Sec. 347.210(a) sets forth the FDIC's requirement that an
insured branch pledge assets for the benefit of the FDIC or its
designee. Paragraph (b) of the proposed section will contain a revised
formula for calculating the amount of assets that the insured branch
will be required to pledge to satisfy the requirement in paragraph (a)
of proposed Sec. 347.210. Currently, in order to satisfy the pledge of
assets requirement, an insured branch must pledge assets equal to five
percent of the average of the insured branch's liabilities for the last
30 days of the second and fourth calendar quarters, respectively.
Paragraph (b) then provides detailed instructions for making this
calculation. Proposed Sec. 347.210(b) will provide that the amount of
assets that must be pledged to the FDIC will be equal to ``five percent
of the average of the insured branch's liabilities for the last 30 days
of the most recent calendar quarter.'' This formula will be more
straightforward to apply and the calculation thereof will be easier for
the insured branches. However, the foreign bank will be required to
provide the appropriate FDIC regional director with a written report
regarding the pledged assets on a quarterly basis rather than semi-
annually, in accordance with proposed Sec. 347.210(e)(6)(ii). This new
reporting requirement will be consistent with other FDIC reporting
requirements, such as the filing of Reports of Income and Condition,
and with the FDIC's policy of analyzing financial data on a quarterly
basis. It is the FDIC's belief that the quarterly reporting requirement
will not impose a significant additional burden on affected foreign
banks because the information is already being collected and maintained
by the bank. Submitting it to the FDIC will not require much additional
preparation by the affected banks. However, the FDIC is soliciting
public comment regarding this proposal to require these reports on
pledged assets to be submitted on a quarterly basis rather than semi-
annually.
    In proposed Sec. 347.210(c), the restriction that a depository may
not be an affiliate of the foreign bank whose insured branch is seeking
to use the depository has been moved from the definition of
``depository'', proposed Sec. 347.202(d), to this substantive
provision. A requirement that the foreign bank shall concurrently
provide copies of all the documents and instruments delivered to the
depository to the appropriate FDIC regional director has been added in
paragraph (e)(4) of the proposed section. Many of the provisions in
proposed Sec. 347.210(e) will be revised to incorporate references to
the appropriate FDIC regional office or official to fully integrate
DOS's new Case Manager approach to bank supervision. Finally, the
delegation of authority to the Director of DOS (and to the Deputy
Director (DOS)) to enter into or revoke the approval of a pledge
agreement or to require the dismissal of a depository pursuant to
Sec. 303.8(f) of the FDIC's rules and regulations has been transferred
to proposed Sec. 347.210, and will become new paragraph (f) of that
section.
    Proposed Sec. 347.213 will retain the substantive requirements and
standards regarding the necessity for an insured state branch to apply
to the FDIC (and the FRB) for their approval to conduct or continue an
activity which is otherwise not permissible for a federal branch.
However, the application and plan of divestiture procedures which were
formerly found in Sec. 346.101 will be temporarily transferred to new
Sec. 347.405 of subpart D until the FDIC's proposed part 303 is
finalized.
Definitions
    Some technical and non-substantive changes have been made to
various definitions in proposed Sec. 347.202. As mentioned above, the
definition of ``depository'' has been amended by deleting the
restriction that a depository cannot be an affiliate of the foreign
bank whose insured branch is seeking to use the depository. This
limitation has been moved to proposed Sec. 347.210(c), the substantive
provision which addresses the requirements for a depository which must
be contained in the pledge agreement. In addition, the definition of
``foreign bank'' has been revised by deleting the exclusionary language
which ``carves out'' any banks that are organized under the laws of
U.S. territories from the requirement that a foreign bank organize an
insured bank subsidiary to conduct domestic retail deposit activities
in the U.S. This exclusionary language has been re-located and
designated as proposed Sec. 347.204(b). In this way, the exclusion,
which is found in section 6(d)(3) of the IBA, will be read in
conjunction with the other regulatory language which implements
sections 6(c) and (d) of the IBA in proposed Sec. 347.204. Finally, the
terms in the definitional section have been alphabetized for the
reader's ease of reference.

Subpart C--International Lending

    The International Lending Supervision Act of 1983 (ILSA), 12 U.S.C.
3901, et. seq., strengthens supervision of international lending by
requiring each federal banking agency to evaluate the foreign country
exposure and transfer risk of banks within its jurisdiction for use in
examination and supervision of such banks. To implement this provision,
the federal banking agencies, through the Interagency Country Exposure
Review Committee (ICERC), assess and categorize countries on the basis
of conditions that may lead to increased transfer risk. In addition,
section 905(a) of ILSA directs each federal banking agency to require
banks within its jurisdiction to establish and maintain a special
reserve whenever the agency determines that the quality of a bank's
assets has been impaired by a protracted inability of public or private
borrowers in a foreign country to make payments on their external
indebtedness, or no definite prospects exist for the orderly
restoration of debt service. 12 U.S.C. 3904(a). In keeping with the
requirements of ILSA, on February 13, 1984, the FDIC, the Office of the
Comptroller of the Currency and the Board of Governors of the Federal
Reserve System (collectively, the federal banking agencies) issued a
joint notice of final rulemaking requiring banks to establish special
reserves, the allocated transfer risk reserve (ATRR), against the risks
presented in certain international assets.
    The current regulation sets forth specific instructions on the
accounting treatment for the ATRR. The instructions for the preparation
of Consolidated Reports of Condition and Income (Call Reports) provide
that a bank which is required by ILSA and the regulations of the
federal banking agencies to establish an ATRR must report the reserve
separately in its Call Report. Currently, persons preparing Call
Reports have to look to the regulations for guidance on the accounting
treatment of ATRRs. In an effort to simplify the task of preparing Call
Reports by gathering all accounting information in one place, some of
the federal banking agencies have been considering whether to amend the
Call Report instructions to include a full description of the
accounting treatment of ATRRs. The agencies are further considering
whether to replace the existing provision in the regulation with a
reference to the amended Call Report instructions or to maintain a full
description of the accounting treatment in both the regulation and the
amended

[[Page 37758]]

Call Report instructions. At present, as ILSA specifically directs the
federal banking agencies to require banks to account for ATRRs in a
particular manner and the instructions for the Call Report do not
currently include such detailed instructions for treatment of ATRRs,
the FDIC has decided to retain the description of the accounting
treatment of the ATRR in its revised regulation. The FDIC is requesting
comment as to whether the instructions for the Call Report should be
amended to include a description of the accounting treatment for ATRRs.
The FDIC is requesting further comment as to whether, if the Call
Report instructions are amended, to retain the detailed description of
the accounting treatment of ATRRs in the revised part 351 or to replace
the existing regulation language with a requirement to follow the
accounting treatment outlined in amended Call Report instructions.
    ILSA also requires the federal banking agencies to promulgate
regulations for accounting for fees charged by banks in connection with
international loans. Section 906(a) of ILSA (12 U.S.C. 3905(a)) deals
specifically with the restructuring of international loans to avoid
excessive debt service burden on debtor countries. This section
requires banks, in connection with the restructuring of an
international loan, to amortize any fee exceeding the administrative
cost of the restructuring over the effective life of the loan. Section
906(b) of ILSA (12 U.S.C. 3905(b)) deals with all international loans
and requires the federal banking agencies to promulgate regulations for
accounting for agency, commitment, management and other fees in
connection with such loans to assure that the appropriate portion of
such fees is accrued in income over the effective life of each such
loan. The current regulation provides a separate accounting treatment
for each type of fee charged by banks in connection with their
international lending. When ILSA was enacted in 1983 and the current
regulation on accounting for international loan fees was promulgated on
March 29, 1984, Congress and the federal banking agencies considered
that the application of the broad fee accounting principles for banks
contained in GAAP were insufficient to accomplish adequate uniformity
in accounting principles in this area. Since that time, the Financial
Accounting Standards Board has revised the GAAP rules for fee
accounting for international loans in a manner that accommodates the
specific requirements of section 906 of ILSA. As a result, in order to
reduce the regulatory burden on insured state nonmember banks, and
simplify its regulations, the FDIC has decided, in consultation with
accounting staff from the other federal banking agencies, to eliminate
from the revised version of part 351 the requirements as to the
particular accounting method to be followed in accounting for fees on
international loans and to require instead that state nonmember banks
follow GAAP in accounting for such fees. In the event that the FASB
changes the GAAP rules on fee accounting for international loans, the
FDIC will reexamine its regulation in light of ILSA to assess the need
for a revision to the regulation.

Subpart D--Application Procedures and Delegations of Authority

Overview
    This proposed rule includes a separate subpart D containing
application procedures and delegations of authority for the substantive
matters covered by the proposal.4 As discussed above, the
FDIC is currently preparing a complete revision of part 303 of the
FDIC's rules and regulations, which contains the FDIC's applications
procedures and delegations of authority. As part of these revisions to
part 303, subpart J of part 303 will address application requirements
relating to the foreign activities of insured state nonmember banks and
the U.S. activities of insured branches of foreign banks. It is the
FDIC's intent that at such time as part 347 and part 303 are both
final, the application procedures proposed in subpart D of this
proposal will be relocated to subpart J of part 303, in order to
centralize all international banking application procedures in one
convenient place.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ Under the FDIC's current rules, these application
requirements are located in various sections of three different
regulations: 12 CFR part 303, 12 CFR part 346, and 12 CFR part 347.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Establishing, Moving, or Closing a Foreign Branch of a State Nonmember
Bank
    Applications for a nonmember bank to establish a foreign branch are
currently treated under the same process applicable for domestic
branches under 12 CFR 303.2. The FDIC proposes to treat foreign
branches separately, since foreign branch applications are not legally
required to be subjected to analysis under the Community Reinvestment
Act or under the factors listed in section 6 of the FDI Act, as is the
case for domestic branches.
    Under Secs. 347.103(b) and 347.402 as proposed, the FDIC would give
its general consent for an eligible nonmember bank to establish
additional foreign branches in any country in which the bank already
operates a branch, or to relocate a branch within the country. The
proposal only requires an eligible nonmember bank to notify the FDIC of
its actions within thirty days. In addition, an eligible nonmember bank
that operates branches or affiliates in two or more foreign
jurisdictions may establish additional branches conducting approved
activities in additional foreign jurisdictions upon 45 days prior
notice to the FDIC.
    To be eligible, the nonmember bank must be well capitalized, not be
subject to a cease and desist order, consent order, prompt corrective
action directive, formal written agreement, memorandum of
understanding, or other administrative agreement with any U.S. bank
regulatory agency, and must have been chartered and operating for at
least three years. The nonmember bank must also have received an FDIC-
assigned composite rating of 1 or 2 under the Uniform Financial
Institutions Rating System (UFIRS); have received a rating of 1 or 2
under the ``management'' component of the UFIRS at its most recent
examination; have a compliance rating of 1 or 2; and have a
satisfactory or better Community Reinvestment Act rating. An
application to establish a foreign branch is not an ``application for a
deposit facility'' covered by the Community Reinvestment Act, and the
FDIC will therefore only take the nonmember bank's CRA rating into
account for purposes of determining whether the application receives
expedited treatment under the general consent and prior notice
procedures.
    The FDIC is proposing these general consent and prior notice
provisions because a nonmember bank meeting the proposed requirements
should ordinarily have sufficient familiarity with the implications of
foreign branching, be well-managed, and be of sufficiently sound
overall condition, that extensive FDIC review is not required. The FDIC
retains the option to suspend these procedures as to any institutions
for which this is not the case. If the FDIC suspends its general
consent or prior notice with respect to a particular nonmember bank, it
means that the nonmember bank must make full application to establish
additional branches. Suspension of general consent or prior notice does
not, in and of itself, require closure of existing foreign branches,
and cases necessitating actual closure of branches would be handled

[[Page 37759]]

under section 8 of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1818) or other relevant
authority. For nonmember banks seeking to establish a branch in an
additional jurisdiction under the prior notice procedure, the FDIC may
remove an applicant from the prior notice process if the FDIC's review
of the notice indicates significant concerns related to supervision,
law or policy, and the nonmember bank will be required to complete the
full application process.
    General consent and prior notice are also inapplicable in any case
presenting either of two special circumstances. Since the FDIC must
have access to information about a foreign branch's activities in order
to effectively supervise the institution, general consent or prior
notice do not apply if the law or practice of the foreign jurisdiction
would limit the FDIC's access to information for supervisory purposes.
In such cases, the FDIC must have an opportunity to fully analyze the
extent of the confidentiality conferred under foreign law and whether
it would, in light of all the circumstances, impair the FDIC's ability
to carry out the FDIC's responsibilities as a bank supervisor. In
addition, if the proposed foreign branch would be have a direct adverse
impact on a site which is on the World Heritage List 5 or
the foreign jurisdiction's equivalent of the National Register of
Historic Places, the FDIC may need an opportunity to evaluate the
proposal in light of section 402 of the National Historic Preservation
Act Amendments of 1989 (16 U.S.C. 470a-2).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ The World Heritage List was established under the terms of
The Convention Concerning the Protection of World Culture and
Natural Heritage adopted in November, 1972 at a General Conference
of the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural
Organization. Current versions of the list are on the Internet at
http://www.unesco.org/whc/heritage.htm, or may be obtained from the
FDIC Public Information Center, Room 100, 801 17th Street, NW,
Washington, DC.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The proposal also requires a nonmember bank which closes a foreign
branch to notify the appropriate regional director that it has done so.
This notice is strictly for informational purposes, since the FDIC has
previously determined that Congress did not intend section 42 of the
FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 42) on branch closings to apply to foreign branches.
    Finally, proposed Sec. 347.402 sets out the procedures for
applications which are not eligible for the general consent or prior
notice provisions.
    This proposal is a major change from the FDIC's current procedures
under which an application is required for each foreign branch. The
FDIC specifically requests public comment on the merits of proposed
procedure, and whether its parameters are appropriately designed.
Acquisition of Stock of Foreign Banks or Other Financial Entities by an
Insured State Nonmember Bank
    Section 347.4 of the FDIC's current rules contains an investment
ceiling, under which a nonmember bank's investments in foreign
organizations (as well as an Edge corporation) may not exceed 25% of
the bank's capital and surplus. The FDIC is proposing to eliminate this
general limit, and instead monitor the overall investments of each
nonmember bank on an individual basis. In addition, Sec. 347.4
presently requires an application before a nonmember bank may make any
investment in a foreign organization. Under Secs. 347.108(a) and
347.403 of the proposal, the FDIC would give its general consent for an
eligible nonmember bank to make investments in foreign organizations
complying with the activity and other limits of subpart A. Eligibility
of the nonmember bank is determined by the same criteria as for foreign
branch approvals.6 The proposal permits investments in a
single foreign organization of up to 2 percent of the nonmember bank's
tier 1 capital during any twelve-month period. Aggregate investments
for investment purposes may total as much as 5 percent of the nonmember
bank's tier 1 capital during any twelve-month period, and an additional
5 percent for investments acquired for trading purposes. Investments
acquired at net asset value from an affiliate or representing
reinvestments of cash dividends from the foreign organization are not
subject to these limits. The proposal only requires the nonmember bank
to notify the FDIC of its investment within thirty days, and no notice
is required for trading investments.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \6\ As is the case under the proposed foreign branch application
procedure, the FDIC will take the nonmember bank's Community
Reinvestment Act rating into account only for purposes of
determining whether the application is eligible for general consent
or prior notice procedures, since an application to make a foreign
investment is not an ``application for a deposit facility'' covered
by the CRA.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    However, in order to make investments under general consent, the
nonmember bank or an affiliate must already have at least one foreign
organization subsidiary. In addition, if the investment will constitute
a joint venture or a subsidiary, the proposal requires that at least
one other nonmember bank already have a foreign organization subsidiary
in the country in question. This will prevent nonmember banks from
establishing a presence in a jurisdiction in which the FDIC has not had
an opportunity to contact host country supervisory authorities and
establish a working arrangement for cross-border supervision.
    The proposal also permits an eligible nonmember bank to make any
investment which complies with the activity and other limits of subpart
A upon 45 days prior notice to the FDIC. The FDIC may remove an
applicant from the prior notice process if the FDIC's review of the
notice indicates significant concerns related to supervision, law or
policy, and a complete application would be required.
    As is the case in connection with the foreign branch proposal, the
FDIC is proposing these general consent and prior notice procedures
because a nonmember bank meeting the requirements of the provisions is
of sufficient expertise, is well-managed, and is in sufficiently sound
overall condition, that extensive FDIC review is not required. The FDIC
retains the option to suspend these procedures as to any institutions
for which this is not the case. As with foreign branch applications,
the consequence of suspension is that a full application is required in
the future, and divestiture is not implicated. General consent and
prior notice are also not available in any foreign jurisdiction if its
law or practice would limit the FDIC's access to information for
supervisory purposes, for the same reasons stated above in connection
with foreign branch approvals.
    Finally, proposed Sec. 347.403 sets out the procedures for
applications which are not eligible for the general consent or prior
notice provisions.
    This proposal is a major change from the FDIC's current procedures
under which an application is required for each foreign investment and
total investment is subject to a 25% limit. The FDIC specifically
requests public comment on the merits of proposed procedure, and
whether its parameters are appropriately designed.
Exemptions From the Insurance Requirement for a State Branch of a
Foreign Bank
    From its initial adoption in 1979, Sec. 346.6 of the FDIC's rules
has provided a list of deposit activities in which a state branch could
engage that would not constitute ``domestic retail deposit activity''.
44 FR 23869 (April 23, 1979), 44 FR 40056 (July 9, 1979). ``Domestic
retail deposit activity'' refers to the acceptance by a state branch of
any initial deposit of less than $100,000. In

[[Page 37760]]

1979, the significance of the distinction between ``retail'' deposit-
taking and non-retail deposit activities resulted in the organization
of insured and noninsured state branches, respectively. A state branch
which conducted retail deposit activities was required to be insured by
the FDIC. However, a state branch which limited its deposit-taking
activities to those entities and/or circumstances enumerated in
Sec. 346.6 was not deemed to be engaged in domestic retail deposit
activities and, therefore, was not required to be an insured branch.
    With the passage of FBSEA, the significance of the distinction
between retail and non-retail deposit activities became more
pronounced. FBSEA amended section 6 of the IBA to require that foreign
banks that intend to conduct domestic retail deposit activities in the
United States shall organize an insured bank subsidiary for such
purpose. Domestic retail deposit activities can no longer be conducted
through an insured state branch (except for a grandfathered branch).
    As originally developed, Sec. 346.6 provided two alternative means
for a state branch to operate as a noninsured branch. This bifurcated
approach to authorizing a state branch to operate as a noninsured
branch was not affected by the enactment of FBSEA which mandated the
chartering of an insured bank subsidiary to engage in retail deposit
taking. If the state branch only conducts deposit-taking activities
which are enumerated in Sec. 346.6(a) (1)-(7), and are carried forward
to proposed Sec. 347.206(a) (1)-(7), then the state branch is deemed to
not be engaged in domestic retail deposit activity, and the deposit
insurance requirement is not triggered. Second, a state branch can
operate as an noninsured branch when it is engaged in deposit-taking
activities which are not otherwise excepted under paragraph (a) of
Sec. 346.6, (proposed Sec. 347.206), if the FDIC Board approves its
application for consent to operate the branch as a noninsured branch
pursuant to Sec. 346.6(b), which has been carried forward as proposed
Sec. 347.206(b). The Board may exempt the state branch from the
insurance requirement if the Board finds that the branch is not engaged
in domestic retail deposit activities requiring insurance protection.
(After FBSEA, if the state branch is engaged in domestic retail deposit
activities, then the foreign bank parent must charter an insured bank
subsidiary to conduct its domestic deposit-taking activities--not an
insured branch.)
    The proposal transfers the application procedures currently
contained in Sec. 346.6(b) to proposed Sec. 347.404. These procedures
need no substantive revision at this time, because the procedures were
recently reviewed and amended by the FDIC as a result of amendments to
the IBA which were made by section 107 of the Riegle-Neal Act.
Application by Insured State Branches for FDIC Approval To Conduct
Activities Not Permissible for Federal Branches
    Section 202 of FDICIA amended section 7 of the IBA by adding a new
subsection (h) which provides that after December 19, 1992, a state-
licensed insured branch of a foreign bank may not engage in any
activity which is not permissible for a federal branch of a foreign
bank unless the FRB has determined that the activity is consistent with
sound banking practice, and the FDIC has determined that the activity
would pose no significant risk to the Bank Insurance Fund (BIF). The
legislative amendments also addressed application procedures and plans
of divestiture or cessation. The FDIC and the FRB both promulgated
regulations to implement the applicable provisions of the IBA. The FDIC
adopted a new subpart D to part 346, Applications Seeking Approval for
Insured State Branches to Conduct Activities Not Permissible for
Federal Branches, which became effective on January 1, 1995.
    Foreign banks are required to seek both the FDIC's and the FRB's
approval for an insured state branch to engage in or continue to engage
in an activity which is not permissible for a federal branch of a
foreign bank. In the event such an application is denied or the foreign
bank elects not to continue the activity, a plan of divestiture or
cessation must be submitted and such divestiture or cessation must be
completed within one year or sooner if the FDIC so directs. As
discussed in the preamble to the final regulation, the FDIC
deliberately chose to model many substantive provisions of current
Sec. 346.101 upon its (then) recently adopted part 362, ``Activities
and Investments of Insured State Banks'' (58 FR 64462, December 8,
1993). 59 FR 60703 (November 28, 1994). For example, the preamble
states that, ``[t]he FDIC is of the opinion that [section] 346.101(a)
of the final regulation should parallel [section] 362.2(b) concerning
the activities of state banks with regard to the determination of
permissible activities.'' Moreover, the FDIC took the position in the
final regulation that activities approved as exceptions for state-
chartered domestic banks on the basis that they pose no significant
risk to the BIF should also be permissible for state-licensed insured
branches of foreign banks without the necessity of filing an
application or notice pursuant to Sec. 346.101 (provided the activity
in question is also permissible for a state licensed branch of a
foreign bank under state law and any other applicable federal law or
regulation). And finally, the definition of ``significant risk to the
deposit insurance fund'' parallels the part 362 definition.
    As part of the FDIC's ongoing CDRI review of all of its regulations
and written policies, the FDIC is also conducting a thorough review of
part 362, and is preparing a proposed notice of rulemaking on this
regulation for publication in the Federal Register in the near term. In
view of the many and substantive similarities between Sec. 346.101 and
the FDIC's part 362, the proposed Sec. 347.213 makes no substantive
changes from the requirements of Sec. 346.101 at this time. The
application procedures proposed in Sec. 347.405 also contain no
substantive changes. After the closing of the comment period and the
completion of the final part 362, Sec. 347.213 and/or Sec. 347.405 may
be amended, if necessary, to reflect any changes made to the underlying
regulatory scheme governing the permissible activities of insured state
banks.

Technical and Conforming Changes

    The FDIC's rules and regulations currently contain numerous cross-
references to part 346. These would be conformed to the proposed
sections of revised part 347 under the proposal. The proposal would
also eliminate application procedures and delegations under current
part 303 of the FDIC's rules and regulations, to the extent those
procedures and delegations are displaced under the proposal.

Paperwork Reduction Act

    The collections of information contained in this proposed rule have
been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review
and approval in accordance with the requirements of the Paperwork
Reduction Act of 1995 (PRA) (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.). Comments are
invited on: (a) Whether the collection of information is necessary for
the proper performance of the FDIC's functions, including whether the
information has practical utility; (b) the accuracy of the estimates of
the burden of the information collection; (c) ways to enhance the
quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and
(d) ways to minimize the burden of the information collection on
respondents, including through the use of automated

[[Page 37761]]

collection techniques or other forms of information technology.
    Comments should be addressed to the Office of Information and
Regulatory Affairs, Office of Management and Budget, Attention: Desk
Officer Alexander Hunt, New Executive Office Building, Room 3208,
Washington, DC 20503, with copies of such comments to Steven F. Hanft,
Assistant Executive Secretary (Regulatory Analysis), Federal Deposit
Insurance Corporation, Room F-400, 550 17th Street NW, Washington, DC
20429. All comments should refer to ``Part 347--International
Banking.'' OMB is required to make a decision concerning the
collections of information contained in the proposed regulations
between 30 and 60 days after the publication of this document in the
Federal Register. Therefore, a comment to OMB is best assured of having
its full effect if OMB receives it within 30 days of this publication.
This does not affect the deadline for the public to comment to the FDIC
on the proposed regulation.
    The collections of information in this proposed rule are contained
in various proposed sections appearing in subpart A and subpart B of
proposed part 347. The FDIC has asked the OMB to divide the collections
of information into two groups, each with a separate OMB control
number, with one group containing the collections from subpart A
(Foreign Branching and Investment by Insured State Nonmember Banks) and
the other containing the collections from subpart B (Foreign Banks).
For the subpart A group, the FDIC has requested a new OMB control
number. For the subpart B group the FDIC has requested the revision of
one collection already approved by OMB (OMB No. 3064-0114) and the
elimination of a second OMB approved collection (OMB No. 3064-0010).
Each of the collections required by the proposed part 347 is discussed
below.
Subpart A--Foreign Branching and Investment by Insured State Nonmember
Banks
    Sections 347.103(b) and 347.402 contain collections of information
in the form of requirements that insured state nonmember banks
(nonmember banks) (1) notify the FDIC if the bank establishes a foreign
branch under certain eligibility criteria in the rule; (2) give the
FDIC 45 days prior notice before establishing a branch under certain
eligibility criteria in the rule; (3) file an application with the FDIC
requesting authorization to establish a foreign branch or to engage in
certain activities through a foreign branch; or (4) notify the FDIC if
the bank closes a foreign branch. The information will be used by the
FDIC to authorize foreign branching as set out in section 18(d)(2) of
the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (FDI Act) (12 U.S.C. 1828(d)(2)). The
estimated annual reporting burden for the collection of information is
summarized as follows:

Collections (1) and (4)(notice of foreign branch establishment
(347.402(a)) or foreign branch closure (347.402(c)):
    Total annual responses: 4
    Average hours per response: 2
Collection (2) (prior notice of foreign branch establishment
(347.402(b))
    Total annual responses: 3
    Average hours per response: 6
Collection (3) (application to establish a foreign branch (347.402(d))
    Total annual responses: 3
    Average hours per response: 40
Total annual burden hours: 146

    Sections 347.108 and 347.403 contain collections of information in
the form of requirements that nonmember banks (1) notify the FDIC if
the bank acquires stock or other evidences of ownership of foreign
organizations under certain eligibility criteria in the rule; (2) give
the FDIC 45 days prior notice before acquiring stock or other evidences
of ownership of foreign organizations under certain eligibility
criteria in the rule; or (3) file an application with the FDIC
requesting authorization to acquire stock or other evidences of
ownership of foreign organizations or to engage in certain activities
through foreign organizations. The information will be used by the FDIC
to authorize foreign investment as set out in section 18(l) of the FDI
Act (12 U.S.C. 1828(l)). The estimated annual reporting burden for the
collection of information is summarized as follows:

Collection (1) (notice of foreign investment (347.403(a)).
    Total annual responses: 5
    Average hours per response: 2
Collection (2) (prior notice of foreign investment (347.403(b)).
    Total annual responses: 4
    Average hours per response: 6
Collection (3) (application to make a foreign investment (347.403(c)).
    Total annual responses: 3
    Average hours per response: 60
Total annual burden hours: 214

    Section 347.110 contains collections of information in the form of
a requirement that nonmember banks with foreign branches, or that hold
20 percent or more of a foreign organization's voting equity interests,
or control a foreign organization, maintain certain records, controls,
and reports on the foreign operation's business activities. Sections
18(d)(2) and 18(l) of the FDI Act authorize the FDIC to govern a
nonmember bank's conduct of foreign branching and investment, and the
information will be used by the nonmember bank to monitor the foreign
operations and control its risk. The estimated annual reporting burden
for the collection of information is summarized as follows:

Total annual responses: 63
Average hours per response: 400
Total annual burden hours: 25,200

Summary of Subpart A Collections

Total annual responses: 85
Total annual burden hours: 25,560
Subpart B--Foreign Banks
    Sections 347.206(b) and 347.404 contain a collection of information
in the form of a requirement that noninsured state-licensed branches of
foreign banks make an application to obtain the FDIC's permission to
receive deposits of less than $100,000 if the deposits are not
otherwise authorized by Sec. 347.206(a). The information will be used
by the FDIC to determine whether to authorize the deposit taking as set
out in section 6(b) of the International Banking Act (12 U.S.C.
3104(b)). The estimated annual reporting burden for the collection of
information is summarized as follows:

Total annual responses: 1
Average hours per response: 6
Total annual burden hours: 6
    Sections 347.216 and 347.405 contain collections of information in
the form of requirements that insured state-licensed branches of
foreign banks (1) file an application with the FDIC requesting
permission to conduct activities which are not permissible for a
federal branch of a foreign bank; or (2) submit a pro forma plan of
divestiture or cessation for activities which are not permissible for a
federal branch of a foreign bank. The information in the application
will be used by the FDIC to determine whether the activity poses a
significant risk to the deposit insurance fund, as required by section
7 of the International Banking Act (12 U.S.C. 3105(h)), and the
information in the plan of divestiture or cessation will be used by the
FDIC to make judgments concerning the reasonableness of the branch's
actions to discontinue activities deemed to pose a significant risk to
the deposit insurance fund. This collection of information has
previously been approved by the OMB under control no. 3064-0114. The
estimated annual reporting burden for the collection of information is
summarized as follows:

Total annual responses: 1

[[Page 37762]]

Average hours per response: 8
Total annual burden hours: 8

    Sections 347.209 contains a collection of information in the form
of a requirement that insured branches of foreign banks maintain a set
of accounts and records in English and maintain its records as a
separate entity with assets and liabilities separate from the foreign
bank's head office, other branches, etc. The information will be used
by the insured branch in the same way any banking entity uses such
records, and the FDIC will review such records in connection with
examining and supervising the insured branch (which is an ``insured
depository institution'' for which the FDIC is the ``appropriate
Federal banking agency'' within the meaning of section 3 of the FDI
Act, (12 U.S.C. 1813)). The estimated annual reporting burden for the
collection of information is summarized as follows:

Total annual responses: 32
Average hours per response: 120
Total annual burden hours: 3,840

    Sections 347.210(e)(4) and 347.210(e)(6) contain collections of
information in the form of a requirement that insured branches of
foreign banks and their depositories (1) make quarterly reports to the
FDIC identifying the specific securities the foreign bank has pledged
to the FDIC and their value, as well as the average liabilities of the
insured branch; and (2) provide the FDIC copies of documents and
instruments conveyed by the insured branch to the depository to
effectuate the pledge. The information will be used by the FDIC to
verify compliance with the pledge of asset requirements authorized by
section 5(c) of the FDI Act (12 U.S.C. 1815(c)). The collection of
information under item (1) on a semiannual basis has previously been
approved by the OMB, whereas the FDIC is now proposing to collect it
quarterly. The OMB's previous approval was under control no. 3064-0010,
but the FDIC is requesting that it be regrouped under the subpart B
control number for ease of reference. The estimated annual reporting
burden for the collection of information is summarized as follows:

Collection (1) (reports (347.210(e)(6))
    Total annual responses: 256
    Average hours per response: 2
Collection (2) (copies of documents effectuating pledges
(347.210(e)(4))
    Total annual responses: 128
    Average hours per response: 0.25
Total annual burden hours: 544

Summary of Subpart B Collections

Total annual responses: 418
Total annual burden hours: 4,398

Regulatory Flexibility Act

    Pursuant to section 605(b) of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (Pub.
L. 96-354, 5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.), it is certified that the proposed
rule will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of
small entities. With respect to subparts A and C of the proposed rule,
the FDIC's review of call report data indicates the proposal will
impact only an insubstantial number of small entities. With respect to
subpart B of proposed part 347, the proposed revisions basically
incorporate the legislative requirement first imposed by FBSEA that a
foreign bank which intends to engage in domestic retail deposit
activity in the U.S. must do so through an insured bank subsidiary.
This has been the statutory standard for over 15 years; however, this
requirement was not heretofore addressed in the FDIC's applicable
regulation, part 346. Explicitly including this requirement in subpart
B can not be characterized as having a ``significant impact'' on the
affected entities as they have been required to comply with this
provision of FBSEA for many years. The other revisions which have been
made to proposed subpart B involve adding references to the FDIC's new
supervisory approach--the Case Manager system--where applicable and
simplifying the calculation of the amount of pledged assets required to
comply with proposed Sec. 347.210(a). The formula will be based upon a
quarterly calculation rather than a semi-annual calculation. In the
future, the foreign bank will be required to report the calculation to
the appropriate regional director every quarter. However, the
additional two reports per year will not represent a significant burden
on the affected banks because the foreign banks are already maintaining
the information, and the time required to forward the quarterly
calculation to the FDIC will be nominal. Therefore, the proposed
revisions to subpart B will not have a significant impact on a
substantial number of small entities.

List of Subjects

12 CFR Part 303

    Administrative practice and procedure, Authority delegations
(Government agencies), Bank deposit insurance, Banks, banking,
Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Savings associations.

12 CFR Part 325

    Administrative practice and procedure, Banks, banking, Capital
adequacy, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Savings
associations, State non-member banks.

12 CFR Part 326

    Banks, banking, Currency, Insured nonmember banks, Reporting and
recordkeeping requirements, Security measures.

12 CFR Part 327

    Assessments, Bank deposit insurance, Banks, banking, Financing
Corporation, Savings associations.

12 CFR Part 346

    Bank deposit insurance, Foreign banking, Reporting and
recordkeeping requirements.

12 CFR Part 347

    Bank deposit insurance, Banks, banking, Credit, Foreign banking,
Foreign investments, Insured branches, Investments, Reporting and
recordkeeping requirements, United States investments abroad.

12 CFR Part 351

    Foreign banking, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.

12 CFR Part 362

    Administrative practice and procedure, Authority delegations
(Government agencies), Bank deposit insurance, Banks, banking, Insured
depository institutions, Investments, Reporting and recordkeeping
requirements.

    For the reasons set forth above and under the authority of 12
U.S.C. 1819(a)(Tenth), the FDIC Board of Directors hereby proposes to
amend 12 CFR chapter III as follows:

PART 303--APPLICATIONS, REQUESTS, SUBMITTALS, DELEGATIONS OF
AUTHORITY, AND NOTICES REQUIRED TO BE FILED BY STATUTE OR
REGULATION

    1. The authority citation for part 303 continues to read as
follows:

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 378, 1813, 1815, 1816, 1817(j), 1818, 1819
(Seventh and Tenth), 1828, 1831e, 1831o, 1831p-1; 15 U.S.C. 1607.

Sec. 303.2  [Amended]

    2. In Sec. 303.2, paragraph (a) introductory text is amended by
removing and reserving footnote 2.

Sec. 303.5  [Amended]

    3. In Sec. 303.5, paragraph (d) is removed and reserved.
    4. In Sec. 303.6, paragraphs (f)(1)(ii)(A) and (f)(1)(ii)(C) are
revised to read as follows:

Sec. 303.6  Application procedures.

* * * * *

[[Page 37763]]

    (f) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (ii) * * *
    (A) Applications to establish a branch, including a remote service
facility. In the communities in which the home office and the domestic
branch to be established are located.
* * * * *
    (C) Applications for deposit insurance. In the community in which
the home bank office is or will be located.
* * * * *
    5. In Sec. 303.7, the heading for paragraph (a) and paragraphs
(a)(1)(i), (a)(1)(ii)(A), (a)(1)(iii)(D), and (b)(4)(ii) are revised,
the words ``; and'' are removed at the end of paragraph (f)(2)(i) and a
period is added in their place, and paragraph (f)(2)(ii) is removed and
reserved to read as follows:

Sec. 303.7  Delegation of authority to the Director (DOS) and to the
associate directors, regional directors and deputy regional directors
to act on certain applications, requests, and notices of acquisition of
control.

* * * * *
    (a) Applications for branches (including remote service facilities,
courier services), relocations, and for trust and other banking
powers--(1) * * * (i) Authority is delegated to the Director (DOS), and
where confirmed in writing by the director, to an associate director,
or to the appropriate regional director or deputy regional director, to
approve applications for consent to establish branch facilities
(including remote service facilities and courier services) or
relocations where the applicant satisfies the requisites listed in
paragraph (a)(1)(iii) of this section and agrees in writing to comply
with any condition imposed by the delegate other than those standard
conditions listed in Sec. 303.0(b)(31).
    (ii) * * *
    (A) to deny applications for consent to establish branch facilities
(including remote service facilities and courier services) or
relocations; and
* * * * *
    (iii) * * *
* * * * *
    (D) The requirements of the National Historic Preservation Act (16
U.S.C. 470), the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321),
and the Community Reinvestment Act of 1977 (12 U.S.C. 2901-2905) and
its applicable implementing regulation (part 345 of this chapter) have
been considered and favorably resolved: Provided however, That the
authority to approve an application may not be subdelegated to a
regional director or deputy regional director where a protest (as that
term is defined in Sec. 303.0(b)(30)) under the Community Reinvestment
Act is filed.
* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (4) * * *
    (ii) Where the resulting institution, upon consummation of the
merger transaction, does not meet the capital requirements set forth in
part 325 of this chapter and the FDIC's ``Statement of Policy on
Capital''. (If the applicant is a foreign bank, the delegated authority
to approve does not extend to instances where, upon consummation of the
merger transaction, the foreign bank's insured branch is not in
compliance with subpart B of part 347 of this chapter.)
* * * * *

Sec. 303.8  [Amended]

    6. In Sec. 303.8, paragraph (f) is removed and reserved.

PART 325--CAPITAL MAINTENANCE

    7. The authority citation for part 325 continues to read as
follows:

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 1815(a), 1815(b), 1816, 1818(a), 1818(b),
1818(c), 1818(t), 1819(Tenth), 1828(c), 1828(d), 1828(i), 1828(n),
1828(o), 1831o, 1835, 3907, 3909, 4808; Pub. L. 102-233, 105 Stat.
1761, 1789, 1790 (12 U.S.C. 1831n note); Pub. L. 102-242, 105 Stat.
2236, 2355, 2386 (12 U.S.C. 1828 note).

    8. In Sec. 325.103, paragraph (c) is revised to read as follows:

Sec. 325.103  Capital measures and capital category definitions.

* * * * *
    (c) Capital categories for insured branches of foreign banks. For
purposes of the provisions of section 38 and this subpart, an insured
branch of a foreign bank shall be deemed to be:
    (1) Well capitalized if the insured branch:
    (i) Maintains the pledge of assets required under Sec. 347.210 of
this chapter; and
    (ii) Maintains the eligible assets prescribed under Sec. 347.211 of
this chapter at 108 percent or more of the preceding quarter's average
book value of the insured branch's third-party liabilities; and
    (iii) Has not received written notification from:
    (A) The OCC to increase its capital equivalency deposit pursuant to
12 CFR 28.15(b), or to comply with asset maintenance requirements
pursuant to 12 CFR 28.20; or
    (B) The FDIC to pledge additional assets pursuant to Sec. 347.210
of this chapter or to maintain a higher ratio of eligible assets
pursuant to Sec. 347.211 of this chapter.
    (2) Adequately capitalized if the insured branch:
    (i) Maintains the pledge of assets required under Sec. 347.210 of
this chapter; and
    (ii) Maintains the eligible assets prescribed under Sec. 347.211 of
this chapter at 106 percent or more of the preceding quarter's average
book value of the insured branch's third-party liabilities; and
    (iii) Does not meet the definition of a well capitalized insured
branch.
    (3) Undercapitalized if the insured branch:
    (i) Fails to maintain the pledge of assets required under
Sec. 347.210 of this chapter; or
    (ii) Fails to maintain the eligible assets prescribed under
Sec. 347.211 of this chapter at 106 percent or more of the preceding
quarter's average book value of the insured branch's third-party
liabilities.
    (4) Significantly undercapitalized if it fails to maintain the
eligible assets prescribed under Sec. 347.211 of this chapter at 104
percent or more of the preceding quarter's average book value of the
insured branch's third-party liabilities.
    (5) Critically undercapitalized if it fails to maintain the
eligible assets prescribed under Sec. 347.211 of this chapter at 102
percent or more of the preceding quarter's average book value of the
insured branch's third-party liabilities.
* * * * *

PART 326--MINIMUM SECURITY DEVICES AND PROCEDURES AND BANK SECRECY
ACT 1 COMPLIANCE
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ In its original form, subchapter II of chapter 53 of title
31 U.S.C., was part of Pub. L. 91-508 which requires recordkeeping
for and reporting of currency transactions by banks and others and
is commonly known as the Bank Secrecy Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    9. The authority citation for part 326 continues to read as
follows:

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 1813, 1815, 1817, 1818, 1819 (Tenth), 1881-
1833; 31 U.S.C. 5311-5324.

    10. In Sec. 326.1, paragraph (c) is amended by revising the last
sentence to read as follows:

Sec. 326.1  Definitions.

* * * * *
    (c) * * * In the case of a foreign bank, as defined in Sec. 347.202
of this chapter, the term branch has the same meaning given in
Sec. 347.202 of this chapter.
    11. In Sec. 326.8, paragraph (a) and footnote 3 are revised to read
as follows:

[[Page 37764]]

Sec. 326.8  Bank Secrecy Act compliance.

    (a) Purpose. This subpart is issued to assure that all insured
nonmember banks as defined in Sec. 326.1 3 establish and
maintain procedures reasonably designed to assure and monitor their
compliance with the requirements of subchapter II of chapter 53 of
title 31, United States Code, and the implementing regulations
promulgated thereunder by the Department of Treasury at 31 CFR part
103.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ In regard to foreign banks, the programs and procedures
required by Sec. 326.8 need be instituted only at an insured branch
as defined in Sec. 347.202 of this chapter which is a State branch
as defined in Sec. 347.202 of this chapter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

* * * * *

PART 327--ASSESSMENTS

    12. The authority citation for part 327 is revised to read as
follows:

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 1441, 1441b, 1813, 1815, 1817-1819; Pub. L.
104-208, 110 Stat. 3009-479 (12 U.S.C. 1821).

    13. In Sec. 327.1, paragraph (b)(2) is revised to read as follows:

Sec. 327.1  Purpose and scope.

* * * * *
    (b) * * *
    (2) Deductions from the assessment base of an insured branch of a
foreign bank are stated in subpart B of part 347 of this chapter.
    14. In Sec. 327.4, paragraphs (a)(1)(i)(B)(1), (a)(1)(i)(B)(2),
(a)(1)(ii)(B)(1), and (a)(1)(ii)(B)(2) are revised to read as follows:

Sec. 327.4  Annual assessment rate.

    (a) * * *
    (1) * * *
    (i) * * *
    (B) * * *
    (1) Maintains the pledge of assets required under Sec. 347.210 of
this chapter; and
    (2) Maintains the eligible assets prescribed under Sec. 347.211 of
this chapter at 108 percent or more of the average book value of the
insured branch's third-party liabilities for the quarter ending on the
report date specified in this paragraph (a)(1).
    (ii) * * *
    (B) * * *
    (1) Maintains the pledge of assets required under Sec. 347.210 of
this chapter; and
    (2) Maintains the eligible assets prescribed under Sec. 347.211 of
this chapter at 106 percent or more of the average book value of the
insured branch's third-party liabilities for the quarter ending on the
report date specified in this paragraph (a)(1); and
* * * * *

PART 346--[REMOVED]

    15. Part 346 is removed.
    16. Part 347 is revised to read as follows:

PART 347--INTERNATIONAL BANKING

Subpart A--Foreign Branching and Investment by Insured State Nonmember
Banks
Sec.
347.101  Purpose, authority, and scope.
347.102  Definitions.
347.103  Foreign branches of insured state nonmember banks.
347.104  Investment by insured state nonmember banks in foreign
organizations.
347.105  Underwriting and dealing limits applicable to foreign
organizations held by insured state nonmember banks.
347.106  Restrictions on certain activities applicable to foreign
organizations held by insured state nonmember banks.
347.107  U.S. activities of foreign organizations held by insured
state nonmember banks.
347.108  Obtaining FDIC approval to invest in foreign organizations.
347.109  Extensions of credit to foreign organizations held by
insured state nonmember banks; shares of foreign organizations held
in connection with debts previously contracted.
347.110  Supervision and recordkeeping of the foreign activities of
insured state nonmember banks.

Subpart B--Foreign Banks

347.201  Scope.
347.202  Definitions.
347.203  Restriction on operation of insured and noninsured
branches.
347.204  Insurance requirement.
347.205  Branches established under section 5 of the International
Banking Act.
347.206  Exemptions from the insurance requirement.
347.207  Notification to depositors.
347.208  Agreement to provide information and to be examined.
347.209  Records.
347.210  Pledge of assets.
347.211  Asset maintenance.
347.212  Deductions from the assessment base.
347.213  FDIC approval to conduct activities not permissible for
federal branches.

Subpart C--International Lending

347.301  Allocated transfer risk reserve.
347.302  Accounting for fees on international loans.
347.303  Reporting and disclosure of international assets.

Subpart D--Applications and Delegations of Authority

347.401  Definitions.
347.402  Establishing, moving or closing a foreign branch of a state
nonmember bank; Sec. 347.103.
347.403  Investment by insured state nonmember banks in foreign
organizations; Sec. 347.108.
347.404  Exemptions from insurance requirement for a state branch of
a foreign bank; Sec. 347.206(b).
347.405  Approval for an insured state branch of a foreign bank to
conduct activities not permissible for federal branches;
Sec. 347.213.

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 1813, 1815, 1817, 1819, 1820, 1828, 3103,
3104, 3105, 3108; Title IX, Pub. L. 98-181, 97 Stat. 1153.

Subpart A--Foreign Branching and Investment by Insured State
Nonmember Banks

Sec. 347.101  Purpose, authority, and scope.

    Under sections 18(d) and 18(l) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act
(12 U.S.C. 1828(d), 1828(l)), the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
prescribes the regulations in this subpart relating to foreign branches
of insured state nonmember banks, the acquisition and holding of stock
of foreign organizations, and loans or extensions of credit to or for
the account of such foreign organizations.

Sec. 347.102  Definitions.

    For the purposes of this subpart:
    (a) An affiliate of an insured state nonmember bank means:
    (1) Any entity of which the insured state nonmember bank is a
direct or indirect subsidiary or which otherwise controls the insured
state nonmember bank;
    (2) Any organization which is a direct or indirect subsidiary of
such entity or which is otherwise controlled by such entity; or
    (3) Any other organization which is a direct or indirect subsidiary
of the insured state nonmember bank or is otherwise controlled by the
insured state nonmember bank.
    (b) Control means the ability to control in any manner the election
of a majority of an organization's directors or trustees; or the
ability to exercise a controlling influence over the management and
policies of an organization. An insured state nonmember bank is deemed
to control an organization of which it is a general partner or its
affiliate is a general partner.
    (c) Eligible insured state nonmember bank means one that has an
FDIC-assigned composite rating of 1 or 2 under the Uniform Financial
Institutions Rating System (UFIRS); is well-capitalized; received a
rating of 1 or 2 under the ``management'' component of the UFIRS at its
most recent examination; has a compliance rating of 1 or 2; has a
satisfactory or

[[Page 37765]]

better Community Reinvestment Act rating; is not subject to a cease and
desist order, consent order, prompt corrective action directive, formal
or informal written agreement (excluding any board of directors
resolution addressing corrective action taken pursuant to regulatory
recommendations), or other administrative agreement with any U.S. bank
regulatory authority; and has been chartered and operating for at least
three years.
    (d) Equity interest means any ownership interest or rights in an
organization, whether through an equity security, contribution to
capital, general or limited partnership interest, debt or warrants
convertible into ownership interests or rights, loans providing profit
participation, binding commitments to acquire any such items, or some
other form of business transaction.
    (e) Equity security means voting or nonvoting shares, stock,
investment contracts, or other interests representing ownership or
participation in a company or similar enterprise, as well as any
instrument convertible to any such interest at the option of the holder
without payment of substantial additional consideration.
    (f) FRB means the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
    (g) Foreign bank means a foreign organization that:
    (1) Is recognized as a bank by the bank supervisory or monetary
authority of the country of its organization or the country in which
its principal banking operations are located;
    (2) Receives deposits to a substantial extent in the regular course
of its business; and
    (3) Has the power to accept demand deposits.
    (h) Foreign banking organization means a foreign organization that
is formed for the sole purpose of either holding shares of a foreign
bank or performing nominee, fiduciary, or other banking services
incidental to the activities of a foreign branch or foreign bank
affiliate of the insured state nonmember bank.
    (i) Foreign branch means an office or place of business of an
insured state nonmember bank located in a foreign country at which
banking operations are conducted, but does not include a representative
office.
    (j) Foreign country means any country other than the United States
and includes any territory, dependency, or possession of any such
country or of the United States, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
    (k) Foreign organization means an organization that is organized
under the laws of a foreign country.
    (l) Indirectly means investments held or activities conducted by a
subsidiary of an organization.
    (m) Loan or extension of credit means all direct and indirect
advances of funds to a person, government, or entity made on the basis
of any obligation of that person, government, or entity to repay funds.
    (n) Organization or entity means a corporation, partnership,
association, bank, or other similar entity.
    (o) Representative office means an office that engages solely in
representative functions such as soliciting new business for its home
office or acting as liaison between the home office and local
customers, but which has no authority to make business or contracting
decisions other than those relating to the personnel and premises of
the representative office.
    (p) Subsidiary means any organization more than 50 percent of the
voting equity interests of which are directly or indirectly held by
another organization.
    (q) Tier 1 capital means tier 1 capital as defined in Sec. 325.2 of
this chapter.
    (r) Well capitalized means well capitalized as defined in
Sec. 325.103 of this chapter.

Sec. 347.103  Foreign branches of insured state nonmember banks.

    (a) Powers of foreign branches. To the extent authorized by state
law, an insured state nonmember bank may establish a foreign branch. In
addition to its general banking powers, and if permitted by state law,
a foreign branch of an insured state nonmember bank may conduct the
following activities to the extent the activities are consistent with
banking practices in the foreign country in which the branch is
located:
    (1) Guarantees. Guarantee debts, or otherwise agree to make
payments on the occurrence of readily ascertainable events including
without limitation such things as nonpayment of taxes, rentals, customs
duties, or costs of transport and loss or nonconformance of shipping
documents, if:
    (i) The guarantee or agreement specifies a maximum monetary
liability; and
    (ii) To the extent the guarantee or agreement is not subject to a
separate amount limit under state or federal law, the amount of the
guarantee or agreement is combined with loans and other obligations for
purposes of applying any legal lending limits.
    (2) Local investments. Acquire and hold the following local
investments, so long as aggregate investments (other than those
required by the law of the foreign country or permissible under section
5136 of the Revised Statutes (12 U.S.C. 24 Seventh)) by all the bank's
branches in one foreign country do not exceed 1 percent of the total
deposits in all the bank's branches in that country as reported in the
preceding year-end call report: 1
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \1\ If a branch has recently been acquired by the state
nonmember bank and the branch was not previously required to file a
call report, branch deposits as of the acquisition date must be
used.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (i) Equity securities of the central bank, clearing houses,
governmental entities, and development banks of the country in which
the branch is located;
    (ii) Other debt securities eligible to meet local reserve or
similar requirements; and
    (iii) Shares of automated electronic payment networks, professional
societies, schools, and similar entities necessary to the business of
the branch.
    (3) Government obligations. Make the following types of
transactions with respect to the obligations of foreign countries, so
long as aggregate investments, securities held in connection with
distribution and dealing, and underwriting commitments do not exceed 10
percent of the insured state nonmember bank's Tier 1 capital:
    (i) Underwrite, distribute and deal, invest in, or trade
obligations of:
    (A) The national government of the country in which the branch is
located or its political subdivisions; and
    (B) An agency or instrumentality of such national government if
supported by the taxing authority, guarantee, or full faith and credit
of the national government.
    (ii) Underwrite, distribute and deal, invest in or trade
investment-grade obligations 2 of:
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \2\ If the obligation is an equity interest, it must be held
through a subsidiary of the foreign branch and the insured state
nonmember bank must meet its minimum capital requirements.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (A) The national government of any foreign country or its political
subdivisions, to the extent permissible under the law of the issuing
foreign country; and
    (B) An agency or instrumentality of the national government of any
foreign country to the extent permissible under the law of the issuing
foreign country, if supported by the taxing authority, guarantee, or
full faith and credit of the national government.
    (4) Insurance. Act as an insurance agent or broker.
    (5) Other activities. Engage in these activities in an additional
amount, or in other activities, approved by the FDIC.
    (b) Establishment of foreign branches. (1) General consent of the
FDIC is

[[Page 37766]]

granted for an eligible insured state nonmember bank to establish
additional foreign branches conducting activities authorized by this
section in any foreign country in which the bank already operates one
or more foreign branches, or to relocate an existing foreign branch
within a foreign country. The insured state nonmember bank must provide
written notice of such action to the FDIC within 30 days of
establishment or relocation.
    (2) An eligible insured state nonmember bank with foreign branches
or affiliates in two or more foreign countries may establish a foreign
branch conducting activities authorized by this section in an
additional foreign country 45 days after the insured state nonmember
bank files a completed notice with the FDIC, or upon such earlier time
as authorized by the FDIC.
    (3) General consent or prior notice under this paragraph does not
apply:
    (i) If the foreign branch would be located on a site on the World
Heritage List or on the foreign country's equivalent of the National
Register of Historic Places, in accordance with section 403 of the
National Historic Preservation Act Amendments of 1989 (16 U.S.C. 470a-
2);
    (ii) If the foreign branch would be located in a foreign country in
which applicable law or practice would limit the FDIC's access to
information for supervisory purposes; or
    (iii) If the FDIC at any time notifies the insured state nonmember
bank that the FDIC is modifying or suspending its general consent or
prior notice procedure.
    (4) An insured state nonmember bank may not otherwise establish a
foreign branch, or engage in a type or amount of foreign branch
activity not authorized by this section, without obtaining the prior
specific consent of the FDIC.
    (5) An insured state nonmember bank must notify the FDIC at the
time it closes a foreign branch.
    (6) Procedures for notices and applications under this section are
set out in subpart D of this part.

Sec. 347.104  Investment by insured state nonmember banks in foreign
organizations.

    (a) Investment authorized. To the extent authorized by state law,
an insured state nonmember bank may directly or indirectly acquire and
retain equity interests in foreign organizations, subject to the
requirements of this subpart.
    (b) Authorized financial activities. An insured state nonmember
bank may not directly or indirectly acquire or hold equity interests of
a foreign organization resulting in the insured state nonmember bank
and its affiliates holding more than 50 percent of a foreign
organization's voting equity interests in the aggregate, or the insured
state nonmember bank or its affiliates otherwise controlling the
foreign organization, unless the activities of the foreign organization
are limited to the following financial activities:
    (1) Commercial and other banking activities.
    (2) Underwriting, distributing, and dealing debt securities outside
the United States.
    (3) With the prior approval of the FDIC, underwriting,
distributing, and dealing equity securities outside the United States.
    (4) Organizing, sponsoring, and managing a mutual fund if the
fund's shares are not sold or distributed in the United States or to
U.S. residents and the fund does not exercise management control over
the firms in which it invests.
    (5) General insurance agency and brokerage.
    (6) Underwriting credit life, credit accident and credit health
insurance.
    (7) Performing management consulting services provided that such
services when rendered with respect to the United States market must be
restricted to the initial entry.
    (8) Data processing.
    (9) Operating a travel agency in connection with financial services
offered abroad by the insured state nonmember bank or others.
    (10) Engaging in activities that the FRB has determined in
Regulation Y (12 CFR 225.28(b)) are closely related to banking under
section 4(c)(8) of the Bank Holding Company Act.
    (11) Performing services for other direct or indirect operations of
a U.S. banking organization, including representative functions, sale
of long-term debt, name saving, liquidating assets acquired to prevent
loss on a debt previously contracted in good faith, and other
activities that are permissible for a bank holding company under
sections 4(a)(2)(A) and 4(c)(1)(C) of the Bank Holding Company Act.
    (12) Holding the premises of a branch of an Edge corporation or
insured state nonmember bank or the premises of a direct or indirect
subsidiary, or holding or leasing the residence of an officer or
employee of a branch or a subsidiary.
    (13) Engaging in the foregoing activities in an additional amount,
or in other activities, with the prior approval of the FDIC.
    (c) Going concerns. If an insured state nonmember bank acquires
equity interests of a foreign organization under paragraph (b) of this
section and the foreign organization is a going concern, up to 5
percent of either the consolidated assets or revenues of the foreign
organization may be attributable to activities that are not permissible
under paragraph (b) of this section.
    (d) Joint ventures. If an insured state nonmember bank directly or
indirectly acquires or holds equity interests of a foreign organization
resulting in the insured state nonmember bank and its affiliates
holding 20 percent or more, but not in excess of 50 percent, of the
voting equity interests of a foreign organization in the aggregate, and
the insured state nonmember bank or its affiliates do not control the
foreign organization, up to 10 percent of either the consolidated
assets or revenues of the foreign organization may be attributable to
activities that are not permissible under paragraph (b) of this
section.
    (e) Portfolio investment. If an insured state nonmember bank
directly or indirectly acquires or holds equity interests of a foreign
organization resulting in the insured state nonmember bank and its
affiliates holding less than 20 percent of the voting equity interests
of a foreign organization in the aggregate, and the insured state
nonmember bank or its affiliates do not control the foreign
organization:
    (1) Up to 10 percent of either the consolidated assets or revenues
of the foreign organization may be attributable to activities that are
not permissible under paragraph (b) of this section; and
    (2) Any loans or extensions of credit made by the insured state
nonmember bank and its affiliates to the foreign organization must be
on substantially the same terms, including interest rates and
collateral, as those prevailing at the same time for comparable
transactions between the insured state nonmember bank or its affiliates
and nonaffiliated organizations.
    (f) Indirect holding of foreign organizations which are not foreign
banks or foreign banking organizations. Any investment pursuant to the
authority of paragraphs (b) through (e) of this section in a foreign
organization which is not a foreign bank or foreign banking
organization must be held indirectly through a U.S. or foreign
subsidiary of the insured state nonmember bank if the foreign
organization does not constitute a subsidiary of the insured state
nonmember bank, and the insured state nonmember bank must meet its
minimum capital requirements.
    (g) Indirect investments in nonfinancial foreign organizations. An
insured state nonmember bank may

[[Page 37767]]

indirectly acquire and hold equity interests in an amount up to 15
percent of the insured state nonmember bank's Tier 1 capital in foreign
organizations engaged generally in activities beyond those listed in
paragraph (b) of this section, subject to the following:
    (1) The equity interests must be acquired and held indirectly
through a subsidiary authorized by paragraphs (b) or (c) of this
section, or an Edge corporation if also authorized by the FRB;
    (2) The aggregate holding of voting equity interests of one foreign
organization by the insured state nonmember bank and its affiliates
must be less than 20 percent of the foreign organization's voting
equity interests;
    (3) The aggregate holding of voting and nonvoting equity interests
of one foreign organization by the insured state nonmember bank and its
affiliates must be less than 40 percent of the foreign organization's
equity interests;
    (4) The insured state nonmember bank or its affiliates must not
otherwise control the foreign organization; and
    (5) Any loans or extensions of credit made by the insured state
nonmember bank and its affiliates to the foreign organization must be
on substantially the same terms, including interest rates and
collateral, as those prevailing at the same time for comparable
transactions between the insured state nonmember bank or its affiliates
and nonaffiliated organizations.
    (h) Affiliate holdings. References in this section to equity
interests of foreign organizations held by an affiliate of an insured
state nonmember bank includes equity interests held in connection with
an underwriting or for distribution or dealing by an affiliate
permitted to do so by Sec. 337.4 of this chapter or section 4(c)(8) of
the Bank Holding Company Act (12 U.S.C. 1843(c)(8)).

Sec. 347.105  Underwriting and dealing limits applicable to foreign
organizations held by insured state nonmember banks.

    If an insured state nonmember bank, in reliance on the authority of
Sec. 347.104, holds an equity interest in one or more foreign
organizations which underwrite, deal, or distribute equity securities
outside the United States as authorized by Sec. 347.104(b)(3):
    (a) Underwriting commitment limits. The aggregate underwriting
commitments by the foreign organizations for the equity securities of a
single entity, taken together with underwriting commitments by any
affiliate of the insured state nonmember bank under the authority of 12
CFR 211.5, must not exceed the lesser of $60 million or 25 percent of
the insured state nonmember bank's Tier 1 capital unless excess amounts
are either:
    (1) Covered by binding commitments from subunderwriters or
purchasers; or
    (2) Deducted from the capital of the insured state nonmember bank,
with at least 50 percent of the deduction being taken from Tier 1
capital, and the insured state nonmember bank remains well capitalized
after this deduction.
    (b) Distribution and dealing limits. The equity securities of any
single entity held for distribution or dealing by the foreign
organizations, taken together with equity securities held for
distribution or dealing by any affiliate of the insured state nonmember
bank under the authority of 12 CFR 211.5:
    (1) Must not exceed the lesser of $30 million or 5 percent of the
insured state nonmember bank's Tier 1 capital, subject to the
following:
    (i) Any equity securities acquired pursuant to any underwriting
commitment extending up to 90 days after the payment date for the
underwriting may be excluded from this limit;
    (ii) Any equity securities of the entity held under the authority
of Sec. 347.104 or 12 CFR 211.5(b) for purposes other than distribution
or dealing must be included in this limit; and
    (iii) Up to 75 percent of the position in an equity security may be
reduced by netting long and short positions in the same security, or
offsetting cash positions against derivative instruments referenced to
the same security so long as the derivatives are part of a prudent
hedging strategy; and
    (2) Must be included in calculating the general consent limits
under Sec. 347.108(a)(3) if the insured state nonmember bank relies on
the general consent provisions as authority to acquire equity interests
of the same foreign entity for investment or trading.
    (c) Additional distribution and dealing limits. With the exception
of equity securities acquired pursuant to any underwriting commitment
extending up to 90 days after the payment date for the underwriting,
equity securities of a single entity held for distribution or dealing
by all affiliates of the state nonmember bank,3 combined
with any equity interests held for investment or trading purposes by
all affiliates of the state nonmember bank, must conform to the limits
of Sec. 347.104.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \3\ This includes shares held in connection with an underwriting
or for distribution or dealing by an affiliate permitted to do so by
Sec. 337.4 of this chapter or section 4(c)(8) of the Bank Holding
Company Act.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (d) Combined limits. The aggregate of the following may not exceed
25 percent of the insured state nonmember bank's Tier 1 capital:
    (1) All equity interests of foreign organizations held for
investment or trading under Sec. 347.104(g) or by an affiliate of the
insured state nonmember bank under the corresponding paragraph of 12
CFR 211.5;
    (2) All underwriting commitments under paragraph (a) of this
section, taken together with all underwriting commitments by any
affiliate of the insured state nonmember bank under the authority of 12
CFR 211.5, after excluding the amount of any underwriting commitment:
    (i) Covered by binding commitments from subunderwriters or
purchasers under paragraph (a)(1) of this section or the comparable
provision of 12 CFR 211.5; or
    (ii) Already deducted from the insured state nonmember bank's
capital under paragraph (a)(2) of this section, or the appropriate
affiliate's capital under the comparable provisions of 12 CFR 211.5;
and
    (3) All equity securities held for distribution or dealing under
paragraph (b) of this section, taken together with all equity
securities held for distribution or dealing by any affiliate of the
insured state nonmember bank under the authority of 12 CFR 211.5, after
reducing by up to 75 percent the position in any equity security by
netting and offset, as permitted by paragraph (b)(1)(iii) of this
section or the comparable provision of 12 CFR 211.5.

Sec. 347.106  Restrictions on certain activities applicable to foreign
organizations held by insured state nonmember banks.

    Futures commission merchant. If an insured state nonmember bank, in
reliance on the authority of Sec. 347.104, acquires or retains an
equity interest in one or more foreign organizations which acts as a
futures commission merchant as authorized by Sec. 347.104(b)(10), the
foreign organization may not be a member of an exchange or clearing
association that requires members to guarantee or otherwise contract to
cover losses suffered by other members unless the foreign
organization's liability does not exceed 2 percent of the insured state
nonmember bank's Tier 1 capital, or the insured state nonmember bank
has obtained the prior approval of the FDIC under Sec. 347.108(d).

Sec. 347.107  U.S. activities of foreign organizations held by insured
state nonmember banks.

    (a) An insured state nonmember bank may not directly or indirectly
hold the equity interests of any foreign organization pursuant to the
authority of

[[Page 37768]]

this section if the organization engages in the general business of
buying or selling goods, wares, merchandise, or commodities in the
United States.
    (b) An insured state nonmember bank may not directly or indirectly
hold more than 5 percent of the equity interests of any foreign
organization pursuant to the authority of this subpart unless any
activities in which the foreign organization engages directly or
indirectly in the United States are incidental to its international or
foreign business.
    (c) A foreign organization is not engaged in any business or
activities in the United States for these purposes unless it maintains
an office in the United States other than a representative office.
    (d) The following activities are incidental to international or
foreign business:
    (1) activities that the FRB has determined in Regulation K (12 CFR
211.4) are permissible in the United States for an Edge corporation.
    (2) Other activities approved by the FDIC.

Sec. 347.108  Obtaining FDIC approval to invest in foreign
organizations.

    (a) General consent. General consent of the FDIC is granted for an
eligible insured state nonmember bank to make direct or indirect
investments in foreign organizations in conformity with the limits and
requirements of this subpart if:
    (1) The insured state nonmember bank or an affiliate presently have
at least one foreign organization subsidiary;
    (2) In any case in which the insured state nonmember bank and its
affiliates will hold 20 percent or more of the foreign organization's
voting equity interests, at least one insured state nonmember bank has
a foreign organization subsidiary in the relevant foreign country;
    (3) The investment is within one of the following limits:
    (i) The investment is acquired at net asset value from an
affiliate;
    (ii) The investment is a reinvestment of cash dividends received
from the same foreign organization during the preceding twelve months;
or
    (iii) The total investment directly or indirectly in a single
foreign organization in any transaction or series of transactions
during a twelve-month period does not exceed 2 percent of the insured
state nonmember bank's Tier 1 capital, and such investments in all
foreign organizations in the aggregate do not exceed:
    (A) 5 percent of the insured state nonmember bank's Tier 1 capital
during a twelve-month period; and
    (B) Up to an additional 5 percent of the insured state nonmember
bank's Tier 1 capital if the investments are acquired for trading
purposes; and
    (4) Within 30 days, the insured state nonmember bank provides the
FDIC written notice of the investment, unless the investment was
acquired for trading purposes, in which case no notice is required.
    (b) Prior notice. An investment that does not qualify for general
consent but is otherwise in conformity with the limits and requirements
of this subpart may be made 45 days after an eligible insured state
nonmember bank files a completed notice with the FDIC, or upon such
earlier time as authorized by the FDIC.
    (c) Inapplicability of general consent or prior notice. General
consent or prior notice under this section do not apply:
    (1) For foreign investments resulting in the insured state
nonmember bank holding 20 percent or more of the voting equity
interests of a foreign organization or controlling such organization
and the foreign organization would be located in a foreign country in
which applicable law or practice would limit the FDIC's access to
information for supervisory purposes; or
    (2) If the FDIC at any time notifies the insured state nonmember
bank that the FDIC is modifying or suspending its general consent or
prior notice procedure.
    (d) Specific consent. Any investment that is not authorized under
general consent or prior notice procedures must not be made without the
prior specific consent of the FDIC.
    (e) Computation of amounts. In computing the amount that may be
invested in any foreign organization under this section, any
investments held by an affiliate of the insured state nonmember bank
must be included.
    (f) Procedures. Procedures for applications and notices under this
section are set out in subpart D of this part.

Sec. 347.109  Extensions of credit to foreign organizations held by
insured state nonmember banks; shares of foreign organizations held in
connection with debts previously contracted.

    (a) Loans or extensions of credit. An insured state nonmember bank
which directly or indirectly holds equity interests in a foreign
organization pursuant to the authority of this subpart may make loans
or extensions of credit to or for the accounts of the organization
without regard to the provisions of section 18(j) of the FDI Act (12
U.S.C. 1828(j)).
    (b) Debts previously contracted. Equity interests acquired to
prevent a loss upon a debt previously contracted in good faith are not
subject to the limitations or procedures of this subpart; however they
must be disposed of promptly but in no event later than two years after
their acquisition, unless the FDIC authorizes retention for a longer
period.

Sec. 347.110  Supervision and recordkeeping of the foreign activities
of insured state nonmember banks.

    (a) Records, controls and reports. An insured state nonmember bank
with any foreign branch, any investment in a foreign organization of 20
percent or more of the organization's voting equity interests, or
control of a foreign organization must maintain a system of records,
controls and reports that, at minimum, provide for the following:
    (1) Risk assets. To permit assessment of exposure to loss,
information furnished or available to the main office should be
sufficient to permit periodic and systematic appraisals of the quality
of risk assets, including loans and other extensions of credit.
Coverage should extend to a substantial proportion of the risk assets
in the branch or foreign organization, and include the status of all
large credit lines and of credits to customers also borrowing from
other offices or affiliates of the insured state nonmember bank.
Information on risk assets should include:
    (i) A recent financial statement of the borrower or obligee and
current information on the borrower's or obligee's financial condition;
    (ii) Terms, conditions, and collateral;
    (iii) Data on any guarantors;
    (iv) Payment history; and
    (v) Status of corrective measures employed.
    (2) Liquidity. To enable assessment of local management's ability
to meet its obligations from available resources, reports should
identify the general sources and character of the deposits, borrowing,
and other funding sources, employed in the branch or foreign
organization with special reference to their terms and volatility.
Information should be available on sources of liquidity--cash, balances
with banks, marketable securities, and repayment flows--such as will
reveal their accessibility in time and any risk elements involved.
    (3) Contingencies. Data on the volume and nature of contingent
items such as loan commitments and guarantees or their equivalents that
permit analysis of

[[Page 37769]]

potential risk exposure and liquidity requirements.
    (4) Controls. Reports on the internal and external audits of the
branch or foreign organization in sufficient detail to permit
determination of conformance to auditing guidelines. Such reports
should cover:
    (i) Verification and identification of entries on financial
statements;
    (ii) Income and expense accounts, including descriptions of
significant chargeoffs and recoveries;
    (iii) Operations and dual-control procedures and other internal
controls;
    (iv) Conformance to head office guidelines on loans, deposits,
foreign exchange activities, proper accounting procedures, and
discretionary authority of local management;
    (v) Compliance with local laws and regulations; and
    (vi) Compliance with applicable U.S. laws and regulations.
    (b) Availability of information to examiners; reports. (1)
Information about foreign branches or foreign organizations must be
made available to the FDIC by the insured state nonmember bank for
examination and other supervisory purposes.
    (2) If any applicable law or practice in a particular foreign
country would limit the FDIC's access to information for supervisory
purposes, no insured state nonmember bank may utilize the general
consent or prior notice procedures under Secs. 347.103 and 347.108 to:
    (i) Establish any foreign branch in the foreign country; or
    (ii) Make any investment resulting in the state nonmember bank
holding 20 percent or more of the voting equity interests of a foreign
organization in the foreign country or controlling such organization.
    (3) The FDIC may from time to time require an insured state
nonmember bank to make and submit such reports and information as may
be necessary to implement and enforce the provisions of this subpart,
and the insured state nonmember bank shall submit an annual report of
condition for each foreign branch pursuant to instructions provided by
the FDIC.

Subpart B--Foreign Banks

Sec. 347.201  Scope.

    (a)(1) Sections 347.203 through 347.207 of this subpart implement
the insurance provisions of section 6 of the International Banking Act
of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 3104). They set out the FDIC's rules regarding
retail deposit activities requiring a foreign bank to establish an
insured bank subsidiary; deposit activities permissible for a
noninsured branch; authority for a state branch to apply for an
exemption from the insurance requirement; and, depositor notification
requirements. Sections 347.204, 347.205, 347.206 and 347.207 do not
apply to a federal branch. The Comptroller of the Currency's
regulations (12 CFR part 28) establish such rules for federal branches.
However, federal branches deemed by the Comptroller to require
insurance must apply to the FDIC for insurance.
    (2) Sections 347.203 through 347.207 of this subpart also set out
the FDIC's rules regarding the operation of insured and noninsured
branches, whether state or federal, by a foreign bank.
    (b) Sections 347.208 through 347.212 of this subpart set out the
rules that apply only to a foreign bank that operates or proposes to
establish an insured state or federal branch. These rules relate to the
following matters: an agreement to provide information and to be
examined and provisions concerning recordkeeping, pledge of assets,
asset maintenance, and deductions from the assessment base.

Sec. 347.202  Definitions.

    For the purposes of this subpart:
    (a) Affiliate means any entity that controls, is controlled by, or
is under common control with another entity. An entity shall be deemed
to ``control'' another entity if the entity directly or indirectly
owns, controls, or has the power to vote 25 percent or more of any
class of voting securities of the other entity or controls in any
manner the election of a majority of the directors or trustees of the
other entity.
    (b) Branch means any office or place of business of a foreign bank
located in any state of the United States at which deposits are
received. The term does not include any office or place of business
deemed by the state licensing authority or the Comptroller of the
Currency to be an agency.
    (c) Deposit has the same meaning as that term in section 3(l) of
the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1813(l)).
    (d) Depository means any insured state bank, national bank, or
insured branch.
    (e) Domestic retail deposit activity means the acceptance by a
state branch of any initial deposit of less than $100,000.
    (f) Federal branch means a branch of a foreign bank established and
operating under the provisions of section 4 of the International
Banking Act of 1978 (12 U.S.C. 3102).
    (g) Foreign bank means any company organized under the laws of a
foreign country, any territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam,
American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands or the Virgin Islands,
which engages in the business of banking. The term includes foreign
commercial banks, foreign merchant banks and other foreign institutions
that engage in banking activities usual in connection with the business
of banking in the countries where such foreign institutions are
organized and operating. Except as otherwise specifically provided by
the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, banks organized under the
laws of a foreign country, any territory of the United States, Puerto
Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands, or the Virgin
Islands which are insured banks other than by reason of having an
insured branch are not considered to be foreign banks for purposes of
Secs. 347.208, 347.209, 347.210, and 347.211.
    (h) Foreign business means any entity including, but not limited
to, a corporation, partnership, sole proprietorship, association,
foundation or trust, which is organized under the laws of a foreign
country or any United States entity which is owned or controlled by an
entity which is organized under the laws of a foreign country or a
foreign national.
    (i) Foreign country means any country other than the United States
and includes any colony, dependency or possession of any such country.
    (j) Home state of a foreign bank means the state so determined by
the election of the foreign bank, or in default of such election, by
the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System.
    (k) Immediate family member of a natural person means the spouse,
father, mother, brother, sister, son or daughter of that natural
person.
    (l) Initial deposit means the first deposit transaction between a
depositor and the branch. The initial deposit may be placed into
different deposit accounts or into different kinds of deposit accounts,
such as demand, savings or time. Deposit accounts that are held by a
depositor in the same right and capacity may be added together for the
purposes of determining the dollar amount of the initial deposit.
``First deposit'' means any deposit made when there is no existing
deposit relationship between the depositor and the branch.
    (m) Insured bank means any bank, including a foreign bank having an
insured branch, the deposits of which are insured in accordance with
the provisions of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act.
    (n) Insured branch means a branch of a foreign bank any deposits of
which

[[Page 37770]]

branch are insured in accordance with the provisions of the Federal
Deposit Insurance Act.
    (o) Large United States business means any entity including, but
not limited to, a corporation, partnership, sole proprietorship,
association, foundation or trust which is organized under the laws of
the United States or any state thereof, and:
    (1) Whose securities are registered on a national securities
exchange or quoted on the National Association of Securities Dealers
Automated Quotation System; or
    (2) Has annual gross revenues in excess of $1,000,000 for the
fiscal year immediately preceding the initial deposit.
    (p) A majority owned subsidiary means a company the voting stock of
which is more than 50 percent owned or controlled by another company.
    (q) Noninsured branch means a branch of a foreign bank deposits of
which branch are not insured in accordance with the provisions of the
Federal Deposit Insurance Act.
    (r) Person means an individual, bank, corporation, partnership,
trust, association, foundation, joint venture, pool, syndicate, sole
proprietorship, unincorporated organization, or any other form of
entity.
    (s) Significant risk to the deposit insurance fund shall be
understood to be present whenever there is a high probability that the
Bank Insurance Fund administered by the FDIC may suffer a loss.
    (t) State means any state of the United States or the District of
Columbia.
    (u) State branch means a branch of a foreign bank established and
operating under the laws of any state.
    (v) A wholly owned subsidiary means a company the voting stock of
which is 100 percent owned or controlled by another company except for
a nominal number of directors' shares.

Sec. 347.203  Restriction on operation of insured and noninsured
branches.

    The FDIC will not insure deposits in any branch of a foreign bank
unless the foreign bank agrees that every branch established or
operated by the foreign bank in the same state will be an insured
branch; provided, that this restriction does not apply to any branch
which accepts only initial deposits in an amount of $100,000 or
greater.

Sec. 347.204  Insurance requirement.

    (a) Domestic retail deposit activity. In order to initiate or
conduct domestic retail deposit activity, which requires deposit
insurance protection, a foreign bank shall:
    (1) Establish 1 or more insured bank subsidiaries in the United
States for that purpose; and
    (2) Obtain deposit insurance for any such subsidiary in accordance
with the Federal Deposit Insurance Act.
    (b) Exception. For purposes of paragraph (a) of this section,
``foreign bank'' does not include any bank organized under the laws of
any territory of the United States, Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa,
or the Virgin Islands the deposits of which are insured by the
Corporation pursuant to the Federal Deposit Insurance Act.
    (c) Grandfathered insured branches. Domestic retail deposit
accounts with balances of less than $100,000 that require deposit
insurance protection may be accepted or maintained in a branch of a
foreign bank only if such branch was an insured branch on December 19,
1991.
    (d) Noninsured branches. A foreign bank may establish or operate a
state branch which is not an insured branch whenever:
    (1) The branch only accepts initial deposits in an amount of
$100,000 or greater; or
    (2) The branch meets the criteria set forth in Sec. 347.205 or
Sec. 347.206.

Sec. 347.205  Branches established under section 5 of the International
Banking Act.

    A foreign bank may operate any state branch as a noninsured branch
whenever the foreign bank has entered into an agreement with the Board
of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to accept at that branch
only those deposits as would be permissible for a corporation organized
under section 25(a) of the Federal Reserve Act (12 U.S.C. 611 et seq.)
and implementing rules and regulations administered by the Board of
Governors (12 CFR part 211).

Sec. 347.206  Exemptions from the insurance requirement.

    (a) Deposit activities not requiring insurance. A state branch will
not be deemed to be engaged in domestic retail deposit activity which
requires the foreign bank parent to establish an insured bank
subsidiary in accordance with Sec. 347.204(a) if the state branch only
accepts initial deposits in an amount of less than $100,000 which are
derived solely from the following:
    (1) Individuals who are not citizens or residents of the United
States at the time of the initial deposit;
    (2) Individuals who:
    (i) Are not citizens of the United States;
    (ii) Are residents of the United States; and
    (iii) Are employed by a foreign bank, foreign business, foreign
government, or recognized international organization;
    (3) Persons (including immediate family members of natural persons)
to whom the branch or foreign bank (including any affiliate thereof)
has extended credit or provided other nondeposit banking services
within the past twelve months or has entered into a written agreement
to provide such services within the next twelve months;
    (4) Foreign businesses, large United States businesses, and persons
from whom an Edge Corporation may accept deposits under
Sec. 211.4(e)(1) of Regulation K of the Board of Governors of the
Federal Reserve System, 12 CFR 211.4(e)(1);
    (5) Any governmental unit, including the United States government,
any state government, any foreign government and any political
subdivision or agency of any of the foregoing, and recognized
international organizations;
    (6) Persons who are depositing funds in connection with the
issuance of a financial instrument by the branch for the transmission
of funds or the transmission of such funds by any electronic means; and
    (7) Any other depositor, but only if the branch's average deposits
under this paragraph (a)(7) of this section do not exceed one percent
of the branch's average total deposits for the last 30 days of the most
recent calendar quarter (de minimis exception). In calculating this de
minimis exception, both the average deposits under this paragraph
(a)(7) of this section and the average total deposits shall be computed
by summing the close of business figures for each of the last 30
calendar days, ending with and including the last day of the calendar
quarter, and dividing the resulting sum by 30. For days on which the
branch is closed, balances from the last previous business day are to
be used. In determining its average branch deposits, the branch may
exclude deposits in the branch of other offices, branches, agencies or
wholly owned subsidiaries of the bank. In addition, the branch must not
solicit deposits from the general public by advertising, display of
signs, or similar activity designed to attract the attention of the
general public. A foreign bank which has more than one state branch in
the same state may aggregate deposits in such branches (excluding
deposits of other branches, agencies or wholly owned subsidiaries of
the bank) for the purpose of this paragraph (a)(7).
    (b) Application for an exemption. Whenever a foreign bank proposes
to accept at a state branch initial deposits of less than $100,000 and
such deposits

[[Page 37771]]

are not otherwise excepted under paragraph (a) of this section, the
foreign bank may apply to the FDIC for consent to operate the branch as
a noninsured branch pursuant to Sec. 347.404. The Board of Directors
may exempt the branch from the insurance requirement if the branch is
not engaged in domestic retail deposit activities requiring insurance
protection. The Board of Directors will consider the size and nature of
depositors and deposit accounts, the importance of maintaining and
improving the availability of credit to all sectors of the United
States economy, including the international trade finance sector of the
United States economy, whether the exemption would give the foreign
bank an unfair competitive advantage over United States banking
organizations, and any other relevant factors in making this
determination.
    (c) Transition period. A noninsured state branch may maintain a
retail deposit lawfully accepted pursuant to this section prior to
April 1, 1996:
    (1) If the deposit qualifies pursuant to paragraph (a) or (b) of
this section; or
    (2) If the deposit does not qualify pursuant to paragraph (a) or
(b) of this section, no later than:
    (i) In the case of a non-time deposit, five years from April 1,
1996; or
    (ii) In the case of a time deposit, the first maturity date of the
time deposit after April 1, 1996.

Sec. 347.207  Notification to depositors.

    Any state branch that is exempt from the insurance requirement
pursuant to Sec. 347.206 shall:
    (a) Display conspicuously at each window or place where deposits
are usually accepted a sign stating that deposits are not insured by
the FDIC; and
    (b) Include in bold face conspicuous type on each signature card,
passbook, and instrument evidencing a deposit the statement ``This
deposit is not insured by the FDIC''; or require each depositor to
execute a statement which acknowledges that the initial deposit and all
future deposits at the branch are not insured by the FDIC. This
acknowledgment shall be retained by the branch so long as the depositor
maintains any deposit with the branch. This provision applies to any
negotiable certificates of deposit made in a branch on or after July 6,
1989, as well as to any renewals of such deposits which become
effective on or after July 6, 1989.

Sec. 347.208  Agreement to provide information and to be examined.

    (a) A foreign bank that applies for insurance for any branch shall
agree in writing to the following terms:
    (1)(i) The foreign bank will provide the FDIC with information
regarding the affairs of the foreign bank and its affiliates which are
located outside of the United States as the FDIC from time to time may
request to:
    (A) Determine the relations between the insured branch and the
foreign bank and its affiliates; and
    (B) Assess the financial condition of the foreign bank as it
relates to the insured branch.
    (ii) If the laws of the country of the foreign bank's domicile or
the policy of the Central Bank or other banking authority prohibit or
restrict the foreign bank from entering into this agreement, the
foreign bank shall agree to provide information to the extent permitted
by such law or policy. Information provided shall be in English and in
the form requested by the FDIC and shall be made available in the
United States. The Board of Directors will consider the existence and
extent of this prohibition or restriction in determining whether to
grant insurance and may deny the application if the information
available is so limited in extent that an unacceptable risk to the
insurance fund is presented.
    (2)(i) The FDIC may examine the affairs of any office, agency,
branch or affiliate of the foreign bank located in the United States as
the FDIC deems necessary to:
    (A) Determine the relations between the insured branch and such
offices, agencies, branches or affiliates; and
    (B) Assess the financial condition of the foreign bank as it
relates to the insured branch.
    (ii) The foreign bank shall also agree to provide the FDIC with
information regarding the affairs of such offices, agencies, branches
or affiliates as the FDIC deems necessary. The Board of Directors will
not grant insurance to any branch if the foreign bank fails to enter
into an agreement as required under this paragraph (a).
    (b) The agreement shall be signed by an officer of the foreign bank
who has been so authorized by the foreign bank's board of directors.
The agreement and the authorization shall be included with the foreign
bank's application for insurance. Any agreement not in English shall be
accompanied by an English translation.

Sec. 347.209  Records.

    (a) Each insured branch shall keep a set of accounts and records in
the words and figures of the English language which accurately reflect
the business transactions of the insured branch on a daily basis.
    (b) The records of each insured branch shall be kept as though it
were a separate entity, with its assets and liabilities separate from
the other operations of the head office, other branches or agencies of
the foreign bank and its subsidiaries or affiliates. A foreign bank
which has more than one insured branch in a state may treat such
insured branches as one entity for record keeping purposes and may
designate one branch to maintain records for all the branches in the
state.

Sec. 347.210  Pledge of assets.

    (a) Purpose. A foreign bank that has an insured branch shall pledge
assets for the benefit of the FDIC or its designee(s). Whenever the
FDIC is obligated under section 11(f) of the Federal Deposit Insurance
Act (12 U.S.C. 1821(f)) to pay the insured deposits of an insured
branch, the assets pledged under this section shall become the property
of the FDIC to be used to the extent necessary to protect the deposit
insurance fund.
    (b) Amount of assets to be pledged. (1) A foreign bank shall pledge
assets equal to five percent of the average of the insured branch's
liabilities for the last 30 days of the most recent calendar quarter.
This average shall be computed by using the sum of the close of
business figures for the 30 calendar days of the most recent calendar
quarter, ending with and including the last day of the calendar
quarter, divided by 30.4 In determining its average
liabilities, the insured branch may exclude liabilities to other
offices, agencies, branches, and wholly owned subsidiaries of the
foreign bank. The value of the pledged assets shall be computed based
on the lesser of the principal amount (par value) or market value of
such assets at the time of the original pledge and thereafter as of the
last day of the most recent calendar quarter.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \4\ For days on which the branch is closed, balances from the
last previous business day are to be used.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (2) The initial five-percent deposit for a newly established
insured branch shall be based on the branch's projection of liabilities
at the end of the first year of its operation.
    (3) The FDIC may require a foreign bank to pledge additional assets
or to compute its pledge on a daily basis whenever the FDIC determines
that the foreign bank's or any insured branch's condition is such that
the assets pledged under paragraph (b)(1) or (b)(2) of this section
will not adequately protect the deposit insurance fund. In requiring a
foreign bank to pledge additional assets, the FDIC will consult with
the insured branch's primary regulator. Among the

[[Page 37772]]

factors to be considered in imposing these requirements are the
concentration of risk to any one borrower or group of related
borrowers, the concentration of transfer risk to any one country,
including the country in which the foreign bank's head office is
located or any other factor the FDIC determines is relevant.
    (4) Each insured branch shall separately comply with the
requirements of this section. However, a foreign bank which has more
than one insured branch in a state may treat all of its insured
branches in the same state as one entity and shall designate one
insured branch to be responsible for compliance with this section.
    (c) Depository. A foreign bank shall place pledged assets for
safekeeping at any depository which is located in any state. However, a
depository may not be an affiliate of the foreign bank whose insured
branch is seeking to use the depository. A foreign bank must obtain the
FDIC's prior written approval of the depository selected, and such
approval may be revoked and dismissal of the depository required
whenever the depository does not fulfill any one of its obligations
under the pledge agreement. A foreign bank shall appoint and constitute
the depository as its attorney in fact for the sole purpose of
transferring title to pledged assets to the FDIC as may be required to
effectuate the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section.
    (d) Assets that may be pledged. Subject to the right of the FDIC to
require substitution, a foreign bank may pledge any of the kinds of
assets listed below; such assets must be denominated in United States
dollars. A foreign bank shall be deemed to have pledged any such assets
for the benefit of the FDIC or its designees at such time as any such
asset is placed with the depository.
    (1) Certificates of deposit that are payable in the United States
and that are issued by any state bank, national bank, or branch of a
foreign bank which has executed a valid waiver of offset agreement or
similar debt instruments that are payable in the United States and that
are issued by any agency of a foreign bank which has executed a valid
waiver of offset agreement; provided, that the maturity of any
certificate or issuance is not greater than one year; and provided
further, that the issuing branch or agency of a foreign bank is not an
affiliate of the pledging bank or from the same country as the pledging
bank's domicile;
    (2) Interest bearing bonds, notes, debentures, or other direct
obligations of or obligations fully guaranteed as to principal and
interest by the United States or any agency or instrumentality thereof;
    (3) Commercial paper that is rated P-1 or P-2, or their equivalent
by a nationally recognized rating service; provided, that any conflict
in a rating shall be resolved in favor of the lower rating;
    (4) Banker's acceptances that are payable in the United States and
that are issued by any state bank, national bank, or branch or agency
of a foreign bank; provided, that the maturity of any acceptance is not
greater than 180 days; and provided further, that the branch or agency
issuing the acceptance is not an affiliate of the pledging bank or from
the same country as the pledging bank's domicile;
    (5) General obligations of any state of the United States, or any
county or municipality of any state of the United States, or any
agency, instrumentality, or political subdivision of the foregoing or
any obligation guaranteed by a state of the United States or any county
or municipality of any state of the United States; provided, that such
obligations have a credit rating within the top two rating bands of a
nationally-recognized rating service (with any conflict in a rating
resolved in favor of the lower rating);
    (6) Obligations of the African Development Bank, Asian Development
Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, and the International Bank for
Reconstruction and Development;
    (7) Notes issued by bank holding companies or banks organized under
the laws of the United States or any state thereof or notes issued by
United States branches or agencies of foreign banks, provided, that the
notes have a credit rating within the top two rating bands of a
nationally-recognized rating service (with any conflict in a rating
resolved in favor of the lower rating) and that they are payable in the
United States, and provided further, that the issuer is not an
affiliate of the foreign bank pledging the note; or
    (8) Any other asset determined by the FDIC to be acceptable.
    (e) Pledge agreement. A foreign bank shall not pledge any assets
unless a pledge agreement in form and substance satisfactory to the
FDIC has been executed by the foreign bank and the depository. The
agreement, in addition to other terms not inconsistent with this
paragraph (e), shall give effect to the following terms:
    (1) Original pledge. The foreign bank shall place with the
depository assets of the kind described in Sec. 347.210(d), having an
aggregate value in the amount as required pursuant to Sec. 347.210(b).
    (2) Additional assets required to be pledged. Whenever the foreign
bank is required to pledge additional assets for the benefit of the
FDIC or its designees pursuant to paragraph (b)(3) of this section, it
shall place (within two (2) business days after the last day of the
most recent calendar quarter, unless otherwise ordered) additional
assets of the kind described in paragraph (d) of this section, having
an aggregate value in the amount required by the FDIC.
    (3) Substitution of assets. The foreign bank, at any time, may
substitute any assets for pledged assets, and, upon such substitution,
the depository shall promptly release any such assets to the foreign
bank. Provided, that:
    (i) The foreign bank pledges assets of the kind described in
paragraph (d) of this section having an aggregate value not less than
the value of the pledged assets for which they are substituted and
certified as such by the foreign bank; and
    (ii) The FDIC has not by written notification to the foreign bank,
a copy of which shall be provided to the depository, suspended or
terminated the foreign bank's right of substitution.
    (4) Delivery of other documents. Concurrently with the pledge of
any assets, the foreign bank shall deliver to the depository all
documents and instruments necessary or advisable to effectuate the
transfer of title to any such assets and thereafter, from time to time,
at the request of the FDIC, deliver to the depository any such
additional documents or instruments. The foreign bank shall provide
copies of all such documents described in this paragraph (e)(4) to the
appropriate regional director concurrently with their delivery to the
depository.
    (5) Acceptance and safekeeping responsibilities of the depository.
(i) The depository shall accept and hold any assets pledged by the
foreign bank pursuant to the pledge agreement for safekeeping free and
clear of any lien, charge, right of offset, credit, or preference in
connection with any claim the depository may assert against the foreign
bank and shall designate any such assets as a special pledge for the
benefit of the FDIC or its designees. The depository shall not accept
the pledge of any such assets unless concurrently with such pledge the
foreign bank delivers to the depository the documents and instruments
necessary for the transfer of title thereto as provided in this part.
    (ii) The depository shall hold any such assets separate from all
other assets of the foreign bank or the depository. Such assets may be
held in book-entry form but must at all times be segregated

[[Page 37773]]

on the records of the depository and clearly identified as assets
subject to the pledge agreement.
    (6) Reporting requirements of the insured branch and the
depository--(i) Initial reports. Upon the original pledge of assets as
provided in paragraph (e)(1) of this section:
    (A) The depository shall provide to the foreign bank and to the
appropriate regional director a written report in the form of a receipt
identifying each asset pledged and specifying in reasonable detail with
respect to each such asset the complete title, interest rate, series,
serial number (if any), principal amount (par value), maturity date and
call date; and
    (B) The foreign bank shall provide to the appropriate regional
director a written report certified as correct by the foreign bank
which sets forth the value of each pledged asset and the aggregate
value of all such assets, and which states that the aggregate value of
all such assets is the amount required pursuant to paragraph (b) of
this section and that all such assets are of the kind described in
paragraph (d) of this section.
    (ii) Quarterly reports. Within ten (10) calendar days after the end
of the most recent calendar quarter:
    (A) The depository shall provide to the appropriate regional
director a written report specifying in reasonable detail with respect
to each asset currently pledged (including any asset pledged to satisfy
the requirements of paragraph (b)(3) of this section and identified as
such), as of two business days after the end of the most recent
calendar quarter, the complete title, interest rate, series, serial
number (if any), principal amount (par value), maturity date, and call
date, provided, that if no substitution of any asset has occurred
during the reporting period, the report need only specify that no
substitution of assets has occurred; and
    (B) The foreign bank shall provide as of two business days after
the end of the most recent calendar quarter to the appropriate regional
director a written report certified as correct by the foreign bank
which sets forth the value of each pledged asset and the aggregate
value of all such assets, which states that the aggregate value of all
such assets is the amount required pursuant to paragraph (b) of this
section and that all such assets are of the kind described in paragraph
(d) of this section, and which states the average of the liabilities of
each insured branch of the foreign bank computed in the manner and for
the period prescribed in paragraph (b) of this section.
    (iii) Additional reports. The foreign bank shall, from time to
time, as may be required, provide to the appropriate regional director
a written report in the form specified containing the information
requested with respect to any asset then currently pledged.
    (7) Access to assets. With respect to any asset pledged pursuant to
the pledge agreement, the depository will provide representatives of
the FDIC or the foreign bank access (during regular business hours of
the depository and at the location where any such asset is held,
without other limitation or qualification) to all original instruments,
documents, books, and records evidencing or pertaining to any such
asset.
    (8) Release upon the order of the FDIC. The depository shall
release to the foreign bank any pledged assets, as specified in a
written notification of the appropriate regional director, upon the
terms and conditions provided in such notification, including without
limitation the waiver of any requirement that any assets be pledged by
the foreign bank in substitution of any released assets.
    (9) Release to the FDIC. Whenever the FDIC is obligated under
section 11(f) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act (12 U.S.C. 1821(f))
to pay insured deposits of an insured branch, the FDIC by written
certification shall so inform the depository; and the depository, upon
receipt of such certification, shall thereupon promptly release and
transfer title to any pledged assets to the FDIC or release such assets
to the foreign bank, as specified in the certification. Upon release
and transfer of title to all pledged assets specified in the
certification, the depository shall be discharged from any further
obligation under the pledge agreement.
    (10) Interest earned on assets. The foreign bank may retain any
interest earned with respect to the assets currently pledged unless the
FDIC by written notice prohibits retention of interest by the foreign
bank, in which case the notice shall specify the disposition of any
such interest.
    (11) Expenses of agreement. The FDIC shall not be required to pay
any fees, costs, or expenses for services provided by the depository to
the foreign bank pursuant to, or in connection with, the pledge
agreement.
    (12) Substitution of depository. The depository may resign, or the
foreign bank may discharge the depository, from its duties and
obligations under the pledge agreement by giving at least sixty (60)
days' written notice thereof to the other party and to the appropriate
regional director. The FDIC, upon thirty (30) days' written notice to
the foreign bank and the depository, may require the foreign bank to
dismiss the depository if the FDIC in its discretion determines that
the depository is in breach of the pledge agreement. The depository
shall continue to function as such until the appointment of a successor
depository becomes effective and the depository has released to the
successor depository the pledged assets and documents and instruments
to effectuate transfer of title in accordance with the written
instructions of the foreign bank as approved by the FDIC. The
appointment by the foreign bank of a successor depository shall not be
effective until:
    (i) The FDIC has approved in writing the successor depository; and
    (ii) A pledge agreement in form and substance satisfactory to the
FDIC has been executed.
    (13) Waiver of terms. The FDIC may by written order waive
compliance by the foreign bank or the depository with any term or
condition of the pledge agreement.
    (f)(1) Authority is delegated to the Director (DOS), the Deputy
Director (DOS), and where confirmed in writing by the Director, to an
associate director, or to the appropriate regional director or deputy
regional director, to enter into pledge agreements with foreign banks
and depositories in connection with the pledge of asset requirements
pursuant to this section. This authority shall also extend to the power
to revoke such approval and require the dismissal of the depository.
    (2) Authority is delegated to the General Counsel or designee to
modify the terms of the model pledge agreement used for such deposit
agreements.

Sec. 347.211  Asset maintenance.

    (a) An insured branch of a foreign bank shall maintain on a daily
basis eligible assets in an amount not less than 106% of the preceding
quarter's average book value of the insured branch's liabilities or, in
the case of a newly-established insured branch, the estimated book
value of its liabilities at the end of the first full quarter of
operation, exclusive of liabilities due to the foreign bank's head
office, other branches, agencies, offices, or wholly owned
subsidiaries. The Director of the Division of Supervision or his
designee may impose a computation of total liabilities on a daily basis
in those instances where it is found necessary for supervisory
purposes. The Board of Directors, after consulting with the insured
branch's primary regulator, may require that a higher ratio of eligible
assets be maintained if the financial condition of the insured branch
warrants such action. Among the factors

[[Page 37774]]

which will be considered in requiring a higher ratio of eligible assets
are the concentration of risk to any one borrower or group of related
borrowers, the concentration of transfer risk to any one country,
including the country in which the foreign bank's head office is
located or any other factor the FDIC determines is relevant. Eligible
assets shall be payable in United States dollars.
    (b) In determining eligible assets for the purposes of compliance
with paragraph (a) of this section, the insured branch shall exclude
the following:
    (1) Any asset due from the foreign bank's head office, other
branches, agencies, offices or affiliates;
    (2) Any asset classified ``Value Impaired,'' to the extent of the
required Allocated Transfer Risk Reserves or equivalent write down, or
``Loss'' in the most recent state or federal examination report;
    (3) Any deposit of the insured branch in a bank unless the bank has
executed a valid waiver of offset agreement;
    (4) Any asset not supported by sufficient credit information to
allow a review of the asset's credit quality, as determined at the most
recent state or federal examination; 5
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    \5\ Whether an asset has sufficient credit information will be a
function of the size of the borrower and the location within the
foreign bank of the responsibility for authorizing and monitoring
extensions of credit to the borrower. For large, well known
companies, when credit responsibility is located in an office of the
foreign bank outside the insured branch, the insured branch must
have adequate documentation to show that the asset is of good
quality and is being supervised adequately by the foreign bank. In
such cases, copies of periodic memoranda that include an analysis of
the borrower's recent financial statements and a report on recent
developments in the borrower's operations and borrowing
relationships with the foreign bank generally would constitute
sufficient information. For other borrowers, periodic memoranda must
be supplemented by information such as copies of recent financial
statements, recent correspondence concerning the borrower's
financial condition and repayment history, credit terms and
collateral, data on any guarantors, and where necessary, the status
of any corrective measures being employed.
    Subsequent to the determination that an asset lacks sufficient
credit information, an insured branch may not include the amount of
that asset among eligible assets until the FDIC determines that
sufficient documentation exists. Such a determination may be made
either at the next federal examination, or upon request of the
insured branch, by the appropriate regional director.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    (5) Any asset not in the insured branch's actual possession unless
the insured branch holds title to such asset and the insured branch
maintains records sufficient to enable independent verification of the
insured branch's ownership of the asset, as determined at the most
recent state or federal examination;
    (6) Any intangible asset;
    (7) Any other asset not considered bankable by the FDIC.
    (c) A foreign bank which has more than one insured branch in a
state may treat all of its insured branches in the same state as one
entity for purposes of compliance with paragraph (a) of this section
and shall designate one insured branch to be responsible for
maintaining the records of the insured branches' compliance with this
section.
    (d) The average book value of the insured branch's liabilities for
a quarter shall be, at the insured branch's option, either an average
of the balances as of the close of business for each day of the quarter
or an average of the balances as of the close of business on each
Wednesday during the quarter. Quarters end on March 31, June 30,
September 30, and December 31 of any given year. For days on which the
insured branch is closed, balances from the previous business day are
to be used. Calculations of the average book value of the insured
branch's liabilities for a quarter shall be retained by the insured
branch until the next federal examination.

Sec. 347.212  Deductions from the assessment base.

    An insured branch may deduct from its assessment base deposits in
the insured branch to the credit of the foreign bank or any office,
branch or agency of and any wholly owned subsidiary of the foreign
bank.

Sec. 347.213  FDIC approval to conduct activities not permissible for
federal branches.

    (a) Scope. A foreign bank operating an insured state branch which
desires to engage in or continue to engage in any type of activity that
is not permissible for a federal branch, pursuant to the National Bank
Act (12 U.S.C. 21 et seq.) or any other federal statute, regulation,
official bulletin or circular, written order or interpretation, or
decision of a court of competent jurisdiction (each an impermissible
activity), shall file a written application for permission to conduct
such activity with the FDIC pursuant to Sec. 347.405.
    (b) Exceptions. A foreign bank operating an insured state branch
which would otherwise be required to submit an application pursuant to
paragraph (a) of this section will not be required to submit such an
application if the activity it desires to engage in or continue to
engage in has been determined by the FDIC not to present a significant
risk to the affected deposit insurance fund pursuant to 12 CFR Part
362, ``Activities and Investment of Insured State Banks''.
    (c) Agency activities. A foreign bank operating an insured state
branch which would otherwise be required to submit an application
pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section will not be required to
submit such an application if it desires to engage in or continue to
engage in an activity conducted as agent which would be a permissible
agency activity for a state-chartered bank located in the state which
the state-licensed insured branch of the foreign bank is located and is
also permissible for a state-licensed branch of a foreign bank located
in that state; provided, however, that the agency activity must be
permissible pursuant to any other applicable federal law or regulation.
    (d) Conditions of approval. Approval of such an application may be
conditioned on the applicant's agreement to conduct the activity
subject to specific limitations, such as but not limited to the
pledging of assets in excess of the requirements of Sec. 347.210 and/or
the maintenance of eligible assets in excess of the requirements of
Sec. 347.211. In the case of an application to initially engage in an
activity, as opposed to an application to continue to conduct an
activity, the insured branch shall not commence the activity until it
has been approved in writing by the FDIC pursuant to this part and the
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Board of Governors),
and any and all conditions imposed in such approvals have been
satisfied.
    (e) Divestiture or cessation. (1) If an application for permission
to continue to conduct an activity is not approved by the FDIC or the
Board of Governors, the applicant shall submit a plan of divestiture or
cessation of the activity to the appropriate regional director in
accordance with the terms set forth in Sec. 347.405(d).
    (2) A foreign bank operating an insured state branch which elects
not to apply to the FDIC for permission to continue to conduct an
activity which is rendered impermissible by any change in statute,
regulation, official bulletin or circular, written order or
interpretation, or decision of a court of competent jurisdiction shall
submit a plan of divestiture or cessation to the appropriate regional
director in accordance with the terms set forth in Sec. 347.405(d).
    (3) Divestitures or cessations shall be completed within one year
from the date of the disapproval, or within such shorter period of time
as the FDIC shall direct.

[[Page 37775]]

Subpart C--International Lending

Sec. 347.301  Allocated transfer risk reserve.

    (a) Definitions. For the purposes of this subpart:
    (1) Banking institution means an insured state nonmember bank.
    (2) Federal banking agencies means the Board of Governors of the
Federal Reserve System, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency,
and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
    (3) International assets means those assets required to be included
in banking institutions' ``Country Exposure Report'' form (FFIEC No.
009).
    (4) Transfer risk means the possibility that an asset cannot be
serviced in the currency of payment because of a lack of, or restraints
on the availability of, needed foreign exchange in the country of the
obligor.
    (b) Allocated Transfer Risk Reserve--(1) Establishment of Allocated
Transfer Risk Reserve. A banking institution shall establish an
allocated transfer risk reserve (ATRR) for specified international
assets when required by the FDIC in accordance with this section.
    (2) Procedures and standards--(i) Joint agency determination. At
least annually, the federal banking agencies shall determine jointly,
based on the standards set forth in paragraph (b)(2)(ii) of this
section, the following:
    (A) Which international assets subject to transfer risk warrant
establishment of an ATRR;
    (B) The amount of the ATRR for the specified assets; and
    (C) Whether an ATRR established for specified assets may be
reduced.
    (ii) Standards for requiring ATRR--(A) Evaluation of assets. The
federal banking agencies shall apply the following criteria in
determining whether an ATRR is required for particular international
assets:
    (1) Whether the quality of a banking institution's assets has been
impaired by a protracted inability of public or private obligors in a
foreign country to make payments on their external indebtedness as
indicated by such factors, among others, as whether:
    (i) Such obligors have failed to make full interest payments on
external indebtedness; or
    (ii) Such obligors have failed to comply with the terms of any
restructured indebtedness; or
    (iii) A foreign country has failed to comply with any International
Monetary Fund or other suitable adjustment program; or
    (2) Whether no definite prospects exist for the orderly restoration
of debt service.
    (B) Determination of amount of ATRR. (1) In determining the amount
of the ATRR, the federal banking agencies shall consider:
    (i) The length of time the quality of the asset has been impaired;
    (ii) Recent actions taken to restore debt service capability;
    (iii) Prospects for restored asset quality; and
    (iv) Such other factors as the federal banking agencies may
consider relevant to the quality of the asset.
    (2) The initial year's provision for the ATRR shall be ten percent
of the principal amount of each specified international asset, or such
greater or lesser percentage determined by the federal banking
agencies. Additional provision, if any, for the ATRR in subsequent
years shall be fifteen percent of the principal amount of each
specified international asset, or such greater or lesser percentage
determined by the federal banking agencies.
    (iii) FDIC notification. Based on the joint agency determinations
under paragraph (b)(2)(i) of this section, the FDIC shall notify each
banking institution holding assets subject to an ATRR:
    (A) Of the amount of the ATRR to be established by the institution
for specified international assets; and
    (B) That an ATRR established for specified assets may be reduced.
    (3) Accounting treatment of ATRR--(i) Charge to current income. A
banking institution shall establish an ATRR by a charge to current
income and the amounts so charged shall not be included in the banking
institution's capital or surplus.
    (ii) Separate accounting. A banking institution shall account for
an ATRR separately from the Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses, and
shall deduct the ATRR from ``gross loans and leases'' to arrive at
``net loans and leases.'' The ATRR must be established for each asset
subject to the ATRR in the percentage amount specified.
    (iii) Consolidation. A banking institution shall establish an ATRR,
as required, on a consolidated basis. For banks, consolidation should
be in accordance with the procedures and tests of significance set
forth in the instructions for preparation of Consolidated Reports of
Condition and Income (FFIEC Nos. 031, 032, 033 and 034).
    (iv) Alternative accounting treatment. A banking institution need
not establish an ATRR if it writes down in the period in which the ATRR
is required, or has written down in prior periods, the value of the
specified international assets in the requisite amount for each such
asset. For purposes of this paragraph, international assets may be
written down by a charge to the Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses or
a reduction in the principal amount of the asset by application of
interest payments or other collections on the asset. However, the
Allowance for Loan and Lease Losses must be replenished in such amount
necessary to restore it to a level which adequately provides for the
estimated losses inherent in the banking institution's loan and lease
portfolio.
    (v) Reduction of ATRR. A banking institution may reduce an ATRR
when notified by the FDIC or, at any time, by writing down such amount
of the international asset for which the ATRR was established.

Sec. 347.302  Accounting for fees on international loans.

    (a) Restrictions on fees for restructured international loans. No
banking institution shall charge, in connection with the restructuring
of an international loan, any fee exceeding the administrative cost of
the restructuring unless it amortizes the amount of the fee exceeding
the administrative cost over the effective life of the loan.
    (b) Accounting treatment. Subject to paragraph (a) of this section,
banking institutions shall account for fees on international loans in
accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

Sec. 347.303  Reporting and disclosure of international assets.

    (a) Requirements. (1) Pursuant to section 907(a) of the
International Lending Supervision Act of 1983 (Title IX, Pub. L. 98-
181, 97 Stat. 1153) (ILSA), a banking institution shall submit to the
FDIC, at least quarterly, information regarding the amounts and
composition of its holdings of international assets.
    (2) Pursuant to section 907(b) of ILSA, a banking institution shall
submit to the FDIC information regarding concentrations in its holdings
of international assets that are material in relation to total assets
and to capital of the institution, such information to be made publicly
available by the FDIC on request.
    (b) Procedures. The format, content and reporting and filing dates
of the reports required under paragraph (a) of this section shall be
determined jointly by the federal banking agencies. The requirements to
be prescribed by the federal banking agencies may include changes to
existing forms (such as revisions to the Country Exposure Report, Form
FFIEC No. 009) or such other requirements as the federal

[[Page 37776]]

banking agencies deem appropriate. The federal banking agencies also
may determine to exempt from the requirements of paragraph (a) of this
section banking institutions that, in the federal banking agencies'
judgment, have de minimis holdings of international assets.
    (c) Reservation of Authority. Nothing contained in this subpart
shall preclude the FDIC from requiring from a banking institution such
additional or more frequent information on the institution's holdings
of international assets as the agency may consider necessary.

Subpart D--Applications and Delegations of Authority

Sec. 347.401  Definitions.

    For the purposes of this subpart, the following definitions apply:
    (a) Appropriate regional director or appropriate deputy regional
director means the appropriate regional director or appropriate deputy
regional director as defined by Sec. 303.0 of this chapter.
    (b) Board of Governors means the Board of Governors of the Federal
Reserve System.
    (c) Comptroller means the Office of the Comptroller of the
Currency.
    (d) Eligible insured state nonmember bank means an eligible insured
state nonmember bank as defined by Sec. 347.102.
    (e) Federal branch means a federal branch of a foreign bank as
defined by Sec. 347.201.
    (f) FDIC means the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
    (g) Foreign bank means a foreign bank as defined by Sec. 347.201.
    (h) Foreign branch means a foreign branch of an insured state
nonmember bank as defined by Sec. 347.201.
    (i) Foreign organization means a foreign organization as defined by
Sec. 347.102.
    (j) Insured branch means an insured branch of a foreign bank as
defined by Sec. 347.201.
    (k) Noninsured branch means a noninsured branch of a foreign bank
as defined by Sec. 347.201.
    (l) State branch means a state branch of a foreign bank as defined
by Sec. 347.201.

Sec. 347.402  Establishing, moving or closing a foreign branch of a
state nonmember bank; Sec. 347.103.

    (a) General consent. Written notice under Sec. 347.103(b)(1) from
an eligible insured state nonmember bank establishing or relocating a
foreign branch pursuant to the FDIC's general consent procedure must be
provided to the appropriate regional director within thirty days of
such action, and include the location of the foreign branch, including
a street address, and a statement that the foreign branch will not be
located on a site on the World Heritage List or on the foreign
country's equivalent of the National Register of Historic Places, in
accordance with section 402 of the National Historic Preservation Act
Amendments of 1989 (16 U.S.C. 470a-2). The appropriate regional
director will provide written acknowledgment of receipt of the notice.
    (b) Prior notice. (1) Prior notice under Sec. 347.103(b)(2) from an
eligible insured state nonmember bank establishing a foreign branch
pursuant to the FDIC's prior notice procedure must be filed with the
appropriate regional director and contain the following information:
    (i) The exact location of the foreign branch, including a street
address, and a statement that the foreign branch will not be located on
a site on the World Heritage List or on the foreign country's
equivalent of the National Register of Historic Places, in accordance
with section 402 of the National Historic Preservation Act Amendments
of 1989 (16 U.S.C. 470a-2);
    (ii) Details concerning any involvement in the proposal by an
insider of the bank, including any financial arrangements relating to
fees, the acquisition of property, leasing of property, and
construction contracts;
    (iii) A brief description of the bank's business plan with respect
to the foreign branch; and
    (iv) A brief description of the activities of the branch.
    (2) The appropriate regional director will provide written
acknowledgment of the date of receipt of the notice and the bank may
establish the foreign branch 45 days after such date, or upon such
earlier time as authorized by the FDIC, unless the FDIC promptly
provides the bank written notification that the application will be
processed under paragraph (d) of this section because:
    (i) The application presents a significant supervisory concern; or
    (ii) The application presents a significant legal or policy issue.
    (c) Closing. The notice of closing required by Sec. 347.103(b)(5)
should be in letter form to the appropriate regional director and
include the name, location, and date of closing of the closed branch.
    (d) Content of branch application. (1) An application by an insured
state nonmember bank required by Sec. 347.103(b) and which is not
eligible for treatment under general consent or prior notice, must be
in writing and contain the following information:
    (i) The exact location of the foreign branch, including a street
address;
    (ii) Details concerning any involvement in the proposal by an
insider of the bank, including any financial arrangements relating to
fees, the acquisition of property, leasing of property, and
construction contracts;
    (iii) A brief description of the bank's business plan with respect
to the foreign branch;
    (iv) A brief description of the activities of the branch, and to
the extent any activities are not authorized by Sec. 347.103(a), the
bank's reasons why they should be approved; and
    (v) A statement whether the foreign branch would be located on a
site on the World Heritage List or on the foreign country's equivalent
of the National Register of Historic Places, in accordance with section
402 of the National Historic Preservation Act Amendments of 1989 (16
U.S.C. 470a-2).
    (2) The appropriate regional director may request additional
information to complete processing.
    (3) The application must be filed with the appropriate regional
director.
    (e) Delegations of authority. Authority is hereby delegated to the
Director (DOS) and the deputy director, and if confirmed in writing by
the Director, to an associate director, appropriate regional director,
or appropriate deputy regional director, to approve an application
under paragraph (d) of this section so long as:
    (1) the requirements of section 402 the National Historic
Preservation Act Amendments of 1989 have been favorably resolved; and
    (2) the applicant will only conduct activities authorized by
Sec. 347.103(a).

Sec. 347.403  Investment by insured state nonmember banks in foreign
organizations; Sec. 347.108.

    (a) General consent. Written notice under Sec. 347.108(a) from an
eligible insured state nonmember bank making direct or indirect
investments in a foreign organization pursuant to the FDIC's general
consent procedure must be provided to the appropriate regional director
within thirty days of such action. The appropriate regional director
will provide written acknowledgment of receipt of the notice.
    (b) Prior notice. (1) Prior notice under Sec. 347.108(b) from an
eligible insured state nonmember bank making direct or indirect
investments in a foreign organization pursuant to the FDIC's prior
notice procedure must be filed with the appropriate regional director
and contain the following information:
    (i) Basic information about the terms of the transaction, the
amount of the

[[Page 37777]]

investment in the foreign organization and the proportion of its
ownership to be acquired;
    (ii) Basic information about the foreign organization, its
financial position and income, including any available balance sheet
and income statement for the prior year, or financial projections for a
new foreign organization, and a brief description of the foreign
organization's activities, including any incidental activities in the
United States;
    (iii) A listing of all shareholders known to hold 10 percent or
more of any class of the foreign bank's or other financial entity's
stock or other evidence of ownership, and the amount held by each; and
    (iv) A brief description of the bank's business plan with respect
to the foreign organization, and if the bank seeks approval to engage
in underwriting or dealing activities, a description of the bank's
plans and procedures to address all relevant risks.
    (2) The appropriate regional director will provide written
acknowledgment of the date of receipt of the notice and the bank may
make the investment 45 days after such date, or upon such earlier time
as authorized by the FDIC, unless the FDIC promptly provides the bank
written notification that the application will be processed under
paragraph (c) of this section because:
    (i) The application presents a significant supervisory concern; or
    (ii) The application presents a significant legal or policy issue.
    (c) Content of application. (1) An application by an insured state
nonmember bank which is not eligible for treatment under general
consent or prior notice required by Sec. 347.108(d), must be in writing
and contain the following information:
    (i) Basic information about the terms of the transaction, the
amount of the investment in the foreign organization and the proportion
of its ownership to be acquired;
    (ii) Basic information about the foreign organization, its
financial position and income, including any available balance sheet
and income statement for the prior year, or financial projections for a
new foreign organization;
    (iii) A listing of all shareholders known to hold 10 percent or
more of any class of the foreign bank's or other financial entity's
stock or other evidence of ownership, and the amount held by each;
    (iv) A brief description of the bank's business plan with respect
to the foreign organization, and if the bank seeks approval to engage
in underwriting or dealing activities, a description of the bank's
plans and procedures to address all relevant risks;
    (v) A brief description of the foreign organization's activities,
and to the extent such activities are not authorized by subpart A of
part 347, the bank's reasons why they should be approved; and
    (vi) A brief description of any business or activities which the
foreign organization will conduct directly or indirectly in the United
States, and to the extent such activities are not authorized by subpart
A of part 347, the bank's reasons why they should be approved.
    (2) The appropriate regional director may request additional
information to complete processing.
    (3) The application must be filed with the appropriate regional
director.
    (d) Delegations of authority. Authority is delegated to the
Director (DOS) and the deputy director, and if confirmed in writing by
the director, to an associate director, appropriate regional director,
or appropriate deputy regional director to approve or deny applications
under paragraph (c) of this section so long as the investment complies
with the activities restrictions, investment limits, and other
requirements of Sec. 347.104 through Sec. 347.107.

Sec. 347.404  Exemptions from insurance requirement for a state branch
of a foreign bank; Sec. 347.206(b).

    (a) Application for an exemption. A foreign bank may apply to the
FDIC for consent to operate a branch as a noninsured branch as required
by Sec. 347.206(b).
    (b) Contents of application. The application must be in writing and
include the following information and documentation:
    (1) The kinds of deposit activities in which the branch proposes to
engage;
    (2) The expected source of deposits;
    (3) The manner in which deposits will be solicited;
    (4) How this activity will maintain or improve the availability of
credit to all sectors of the United States economy, including the
international trade finance sector;
    (5) That the activity will not give the foreign bank an unfair
competitive advantage over United States banking organizations; and
    (6) A resolution by the foreign bank's board of directors
authorizing the filing of the application; or if a resolution is not
required by the applicant's organizational documents, the request shall
include evidence of approval by the foreign bank's senior management.
    (c) Application filing. The request must be filed with the
appropriate regional director.
    (d) Additional information. The appropriate regional director may
request additional information to complete the application processing.

Sec. 347.405  Approval for an insured state branch of a foreign bank to
conduct activities not permissible for federal branches; Sec. 347.213.

    (a) Application for permission. A foreign bank operating an insured
state branch which desires to engage in or continue to engage in any
type of activity that is not permissible for a federal branch shall
file a written application for permission to conduct such activity with
the FDIC as required by Sec. 347.213.
    (b) Contents of application. An application submitted pursuant to
paragraph (a) of this section shall be in letter form and shall include
the following information and documentation:
    (1) A brief description of the activity, including the manner in
which it will be conducted and an estimate of the expected dollar
volume associated with the activity;
    (2) An analysis of the impact of the proposed activity on the
condition of the United States operations of the foreign bank in
general and of the branch in particular, including a copy, if
available, of any feasibility study, management plan, financial
projections, business plan, or similar document concerning the conduct
of the activity;
    (3) A resolution by the applicant's board of directors or, if a
resolution is not required pursuant to the applicant's organizational
documents, evidence of approval by senior management authorizing the
conduct of such activity and the filing of this application;
    (4) A statement by the applicant of whether or not it is in
compliance with Secs. 347.210 and 347.211, Pledge of Assets and Asset
Maintenance, respectively;
    (5) A statement by the applicant that it has complied with all
requirements of the Board of Governors concerning applications to
conduct the activity in question and the status of such application,
including a copy of the Board of Governors' disposition of such
application, if applicable; and
    (6) A statement of why the activity will pose no significant risk
to the Bank Insurance Fund.
    (c) Board of Governors application. An applicant may submit to the
FDIC a copy of its application to the Board of Governors, provided that
such application contains the information

[[Page 37778]]

described in paragraph (b) of this section.
    (d) Divestiture or cessation. (1) An applicant that is required to
submit a plan of divestiture or cessation for any of the reasons set
forth in Sec. 347.213(e) shall submit a detailed written plan of
divestiture or cessation within 60 days of the disapproval or the
triggering event.
    (2) The divestiture or cessation plan shall:
    (i) Describe in detail the manner in which the applicant will
divest itself of or cease the activity in question; and
    (ii) Shall include a projected timetable describing how long the
divestiture or cessation is expected to take.
    (e) Filing procedures. Applications and divestiture plans pursuant
to this section shall be filed with the appropriate regional director.
    (f) Additional information. The appropriate regional director may
request additional information to complete the application or
divestiture plan processing.
    (g) Delegation of authority. Authority is hereby delegated to the
Director (DOS) and the deputy director and, where confirmed in writing
by the Director, to an associate director, or to the appropriate
regional director or deputy regional director, to approve plans of
divestiture and cessation submitted pursuant to paragraph (d) of this
section.

PART 351--[REMOVED]

    17. Part 351 is removed.

PART 362--ACTIVITIES AND INVESTMENTS OF INSURED STATE BANKS

    18. The authority citation of part 362 continues to read as
follows:

    Authority: 12 U.S.C. 1816, 1818, 1819 (Tenth), 1831a.

    19. In Sec. 362.4, paragraph (c)(3)(i)(A) is revised to read as
follows:

Sec. 362.4  Activities of insured state banks and their subsidiaries.

* * * * *
    (c) * * *
    (3) * * *
    (i) * * *
    (A) Directly guarantee the obligations of others as provided for in
Sec. 347.103(a)(1) of this chapter; and
* * * * *
    By order of the Board of Directors.

    Dated at Washington, D.C. this 24th day of June, 1997.

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.
Robert E. Feldman,
Executive Secretary.
[FR Doc. 97-17270 Filed 7-14-97; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6174-01-P
Last Updated 07/17/1999 communications@fdic.gov