The FDIC was
chartered by the United States Congress in 1933 to promote and maintain public confidence
in the nations banking system. The FDICs functions include: oversight of the
safe and sound operation of insured depository institutions; resolution of financially
troubled or insolvent institutions; managing the assets and liabilities of failed insured
depository institutions; honoring the FDICs insurance obligations; prosecuting and
defending litigation related to the FDICs operations; and ensuring compliance with
applicable laws and regulations.