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   [10,688] In the Matter of Golden Pacific Bank, Ontario, California, Docket No. FDIC-92-361b (12-22-92). (This order was terminated by order of the FDIC dated 10-5-98; see ¶16,203)

   Bank to cease and desist from such unsafe or unsound practices as operating with management deficiencies; operating with inadequate capital; operating with an excessive level of poor quality loans; operating without adequate reserve for loan losses; following hazardous lending and lax collection practices; operating with inadequate provisions for liquidity and funds management; operating without proper internal routine and controls; operating in such a manner as to produce low earnings; and operating in violation of applicable laws or regulations.

   [.1] Management—Qualifications—Review
   [.2] Capital—Tier 1 Capital—Increase/Maintain—Methods
   [.3] Assets—Adversely Classified—Eliminate/Reduce
   [.4] Loans—Extensions of Credit—Existing Borrowers—Curtail
   [.5] Lending and Collection Policy—Minimum Requirements
   [.6] Loans—Concentrations of Credit—Risk Segmentation Analysis
   [.7] Loan Loss Reserve—Establish/Maintain
   [.8] Bank Operations—Overhead Expenses—Control
   [.9] Violations of Law—Eliminate/Correct
   [.10] Asset/Liability Management—Written Policy—Minimum Requirements
   [.11] Reports of Condition and Income—Amendment Required
   [.12] Dividends—Restricted
   [.13] Shareholders—Disclosure—Cease and Desist Order

In the Matter of

GOLDEN PACIFIC BANK
ONTARIO, CALIFORNIA
(Insured State Nonmember Bank)
ORDER
TO
CEASE AND DESIST

FDIC-92-361b

   Golden Pacific Bank, Ontario, California ("Bank"), having been advised of its right to a Notice of Charges and of Hearing detailing the unsafe or unsound banking practices and violations of law and/or regulations alleged to have been committed by the Bank and of its right to a hearing on the alleged charges under section 8(b)(1) of the Federal Deposit Insurance Act ("Act"), 12 U.S.C. § 1818(b)(1), and having waived those rights, entered into a STIPULATION AND CONSENT TO THE ISSUANCE OF AN ORDER TO CEASE AND DESIST ("CONSENT AGREEMENT") with counsel for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ("FDIC"), dated December 11, 1992, whereby solely for the purpose of this proceeding and without admitting or denying the alleged charges of unsafe or unsound banking practices and violations of law and/or regulations, the Bank consented to the issuance of an ORDER TO CEASE AND DESIST ("ORDER") by the FDIC.
   The FDIC considered the matter and determined that it had reason to believe that the Bank had engaged in unsafe or unsound banking practices and had committed violations of law and/or regulations. The FDIC, therefore, accepted the CONSENT AGREEMENT and issued the following:

ORDER TO CEASE AND DESIST

   IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the Bank, and any institution-affiliated party as such term is defined in section 3(u) of the Act, 12 U.S.C. § 1813(u), cease and desist from the following unsafe or unsound banking practices and violations:
   (a) operating with management deficiencies;
   (b) operating with inadequate equity capital and reserves in relation to the volume and quality of assets held by the Bank;
   (c) operating with a large volume of poor quality loans;
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   (d) operating with an inadequate loan valuation reserve;
   (e) following hazardous lending and lax collection practices;
   (f) operating with inadequate provisions for liquidity and funds management;
   (g) operating with inadequate routine and controls policies;
   (h) operating in such a manner as to produce low earnings; and
   (i) operating in violation of section 332.1 of the FDIC's Rules and Regulations, 12 C.F.R. § 332.1, as more fully described on page 6-b of the Report of Examination as of July 27, 1992; and section 323.4 of the FDIC's Rules and Regulations, 12 C.F.R. § 323.4, as more fully described on page 6-b-1 of the Report of Examination as of July 27, 1992.
   IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Bank take affirmative action as follows:

   [.1] 1. The Bank shall have and retain qualified management.
   (a) Each member of management shall have qualifications and experience commensurate with his or her duties and responsibilities at the Bank. Management should include a chief executive officer with proven ability in managing a Bank of comparable size, and experience in upgrading a low quality loan portfolio, improving earnings, and other matters needing particular attention. Management should also include a senior lending officer with significant appropriate lending, collection, and loan supervision experience and experience in upgrading a low quality loan portfolio. Each member of management shall be provided appropriate written authority from the Bank's board of directors to implement the provisions of this ORDER.
   (b) The qualifications of management shall be assessed on its ability to:

       (i) comply with the requirements of this ORDER;
       (ii) operate the Bank in a safe and sound manner;
       (iii) comply with applicable laws and regulations; and
       (iv) restore all aspects of the Bank to a safe and sound condition, including asset quality, capital adequacy, earnings, management effectiveness, and liquidity.
   (c) During the life of this ORDER, the Bank shall notify the Regional Director of the FDIC's San Francisco Regional Office ("Regional Director") and the Superintendent of Banks for the State of California ("Superintendent") in writing when it proposes to add any individual to the Bank's board of directors or employ any individual as a senior executive officer. The notifications must be received at least 30 days before such addition or employment is intended to become effective and should include a description of the background and experience of the individual or individuals to be added or employed.
   (d) The Bank may not add any individual to its board of directors or employ any individual as a senior executive officer if the Regional Director issues a notice of disapproval pursuant to section 32 of the Act, 12 U.S.C. § 1831i.

[.2] 2. (a) By March 31, 1993, the Bank shall increase Tier 1 capital by no less than $200,000 above the Bank's adjusted Tier 1 capital of $2,378,000, as set forth on page 3 of the Report of Examination of the Bank as of July 27, 1992, and shall have Tier 1 capital in such an amount as to equal or exceed seven (7.0) percent of the Bank's total assets. Thereafter, during the life of this ORDER, the Bank shall maintain Tier 1 capital in such an amount as to equal or exceed seven (7.0) percent of the Bank's total assets.
   (b) By March 31, 1993, the Bank shall develop and adopt a capital maintenance plan. The Plan should address both internal and external sources of capital augmentation, including capital infusions and retention of earnings. The Plan shall be in a form and manner acceptable to the Regional Director and Superintendent as determined at subsequent examinations.
   (c) The level of Tier 1 capital to be maintained during the life of this ORDER pursuant to Subparagraph 2(a) shall be in addition to a fully funded loan loss reserve, the adequacy of which shall be satisfactory to the Regional Director and Superintendent as determined at subsequent examinations and/or visitations.
   (d) Any increase in Tier 1 capital necessary to meet the requirements of Para- {{2-28-93 p.C-2930}}graph 2 of this ORDER may be accomplished by the following:

       (i) the sale of common stock; or
       (ii) the sale of noncumulative perpetual preferred stock; or
       (iii) the direct contribution of cash by the board of directors and/or shareholders of the Bank; or
       (iv) any other means acceptable to the Regional Director and the Superintendent; or
       (v) any combination of the above means.
Any increase in Tier 1 capital necessary to meet the requirements of Paragraph 2 of this ORDER may not be accomplished through a deduction from the Bank's loan loss reserves without the prior written approval of the Regional Director and the Superintendent.
   (e) If all or part of the increase in Tier 1 capital required by Paragraph 2 of this ORDER is accomplished by the sale of new securities, the board of directors shall forthwith take all necessary steps to adopt and implement a plan for the sale of such additional securities, including the voting of any shares owned or proxies held or controlled by them in favor of the plan. Should the implementation of the plan involve a public distribution of the Bank's securities (including a distribution limited only to the Bank's existing shareholders), the Bank shall prepare offering materials fully describing the securities being offered, including an accurate description of the financial condition of the Bank and the circumstances giving rise to the offering, and any other material disclosures necessary to comply with the Federal securities laws. Prior to the implementation of the plan and, in any event, not less than fifteen (15) days prior to the dissemination of such materials, the plan and any materials used in the sale of the securities shall be submitted to the FDIC, Registration and Disclosure Section, Washington, D.C. 20429, for review. Any changes requested to be made in the plan or materials by the FDIC shall be made prior to their dissemination. If the increase in Tier 1 capital is provided by the sale of noncumulative perpetual preferred stock, then all terms and conditions of the issue, including but not limited to those terms and conditions relative to interest rate and convertibility factor, shall be presented to the Regional Director and the Superintendent for prior approval.
   (f) In complying with the provisions of Paragraph 2 of this ORDER, the Bank shall provide to any subscriber and/or purchaser of the Bank's securities, a written notice of any planned or existing development or other changes which are materially different from the information reflected in any offering materials used in connection with the sale of Bank securities. The written notice required by this paragraph shall be furnished within ten (10) days from the date such material development or change was planned or occurred, whichever is earlier, and shall be furnished to every subscriber and/or purchaser of the Bank's securities who received or was tendered the information contained in the Bank's original offering materials.
   (g) For the purposes of this ORDER, the terms "Tier 1 capital" and "total assets" shall have the meanings ascribed to them in Part 325 of the FDIC Rules and Regulations, 12 C.F.R. §§ 325.2(m) and 325.2(n), as amended at 56 Fed. Reg. 10154, effective April 10, 1991.

[.3] 3. (a) Within 10 days from the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall eliminate from its books, by charge-off or collection, all assets classified "Loss" as of July 27, 1992, that have not been previously collected or charged off. Elimination of these assets through proceeds of other loans made by the Bank is not considered collection for the purpose of this paragraph.
   (b) Within 90 days from the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall have reduced the assets classified "Substandard" as of July 27, 1992 that have not previously been charged off to not more than $2,800,000.
   (c) Within 180 days from the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall have reduced the assets classified "Substandard" as of July 27, 1992 that have not previously been charged off to not more than $2,200,000.
   (d) Within 360 days from the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall have reduced the assets classified "Substandard" as of July 27, 1992 that have not previously been charged off to not more than $1,700,000.
   (e) Within 480 days from the effective {{2-28-93 p.C-2931}}date of this ORDER, the Bank shall have reduced the assets classified "Substandard" as of July 27, 1992 that have not previously been charged off to not more than $1,250,000.
   (f) The requirements of subparagraphs 3(a), 3(b), 3(c), 3(d) and 3(e) of this ORDER are not to be construed as standards for future operations and, in addition to the foregoing, the Bank shall eventually reduce the total of all adversely classified assets. Reduction of these assets through proceeds of other loans made by the Bank is not considered collection for the purpose of this paragraph. As used in subparagraphs 3(b), 3(c), 3(d), 3(e) and 3(f) the word "reduce" means:

       (i) to collect;
       (ii) to charge-off; or
       (iii) to sufficiently improve the quality of assets adversely classified to warrant removing any adverse classification, as determined by the FDIC.
   4. The Bank shall continue to eliminate from its books, by charge-off or other means acceptable to the Regional Director, the $459,756 parcel of other real estate which was classified as "Substandard" as of July 27, 1992 by not less than $92,000 each calendar quarter following the effective date of this ORDER.

[.4] 5. (a) Beginning with the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall not extend, directly or indirectly, any additional credit to, or for the benefit of, any borrower who has a loan or other extension of credit from the Bank that has been charged off or classified, in whole or in part, "Loss" and is uncollected. Subparagraph 5(a) of this ORDER shall not prohibit the Bank from renewing or extending the maturity of any credit in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board Statement Number 15 ("FASB 15").
   (b) Beginning with the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall not extend, directly or indirectly, any additional credit to, or for the benefit of, any borrower who has a loan or other extension of credit from the Bank that has been classified, in whole or part, "Substandard" without the prior approval of a majority of the board of directors or the loan committee of the Bank. Subparagraph 5(b) of this ORDER shall not prohibit the Bank from renewing or extending the maturity of any credit in accordance with FASB 15, providing that such renewal or extension shall be made only with the prior approval of a majority of the board of directors or the loan committee of the Bank.
   (c) In connection with subparagraph 5(a) and 5(b) of this ORDER, the Bank shall not:

       (i) continue the accrual of interest on any loan which is delinquent in principal or interest payments ninety (90) days or more unless the asset is both well secured and in the process of collection; or
       (ii) engage in any practice or device which essentially avoids recognition of overdue loans and/or artificially inflates the income of the Bank. For any loans restructured in accordance with FASB 15, consideration should be given to the reasonableness of the modified terms of the loan, since loans should not be restructured in an attempt to conceal credit losses or delay their recognition.
   (d) For the purpose of subparagraph 5(c) of this ORDER, debt is "well secured" if it is secured by:
       (i) collateral in the form of liens on or pledges of real or realizable value sufficient to discharge the debt (including accrued interest) in full; or
       (ii) the guaranty of a financially responsible party.
A debt is "in the process of collection" if collection of the debt is proceeding in due course either through legal action, including judgment enforcement procedures, or, in appropriate circumstances, through collection efforts not involving legal action which are reasonably expected to result in repayment of the debt or in its restoration to a current status.

[.5] 6. (a) Within 60 days from the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall revise, adopt, and implement written lending and collection policies to provide effective guidance and control over the Bank's lending function, which revisions shall incorporate provisions to satisfactorily address all deficiencies noted in the FDIC Report of Examination of the Bank as of July 27, 1992. In addition, the Bank {{2-28-93 p.C-2932}}shall obtain adequate and current documentation for all loans in the Bank's loan portfolio. Such policies and their implementation shall be in a form and manner acceptable to the Regional Director and the Superintendent as determined at subsequent examinations and/or visitations.
   (b) The initial revisions to the Bank's loan policy and practices, required by this paragraph, at a minimum, shall include the following:

       (i) provisions, consistent with FDIC instructions for the preparation of Reports of Condition and Income, under which the fee income on the sale of the guaranteed portion of Small Business Administration loans is deferred until the recourse period has expired;
       (ii) provisions which prohibit the capitalization of interest or loan related expense unless the board of directors supports in writing and records in the minutes of the corresponding board of directors meeting why an exception thereto is in the best interests of the Bank;
       (iii) provisions which incorporate limitations on the amount that can be loaned in relation to established collateral values;
       (iv) provisions which specify the circumstances and conditions under which real estate appraisals must be conducted by an independent third party;
       (v) provisions which establish standards for unsecured credit;
       (vi) provisions which establish guidelines for accounts receivable financing;
       (vii) provisions which establish collection procedures;
       (viii) provisions that directors first determine that the lending staff has the expertise necessary to properly supervise construction loans and that adequate procedures are in place to monitor any construction involved before funds are disbursed;
       (ix) provisions which prohibit concentrations of credit in excess of 25 percent of the Bank's total equity capital and reserves to any borrower and that borrower's related interests;
       (x) provisions which require the preparation of a loan "watch list" which shall include relevant information on all loans in excess of $100,000 which are classified "Substandard" and "Doubtful" as of July 27, 1992 or by the FDIC or California State Banking Department in subsequent Reports of Examination and all other loans in excess of $200,000 which warrant individual review and consideration by the board of directors as determined by the loan committee or active management. The loan "watch list" shall be presented to the board of directors for review at least monthly with such review noted in the minutes; and
       (xi) the board of directors shall adopt procedures whereby officer compliance with the revised loan policy is monitored and responsibility for exceptions thereto assigned. The procedures adopted shall be reflected in minutes of a board of directors meeting at which all members are present and the vote of each is noted.

   [.6] 7. Within 90 days from the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall perform a risk segmentation analysis with respect to the Concentrations of Credit listed on page 2-c of the Report of Examination of the Bank as of July 27, 1992. Concentrations should be identified by product type, geographic distribution, underlying collateral or other asset groups which are considered economically related and in the aggregate represent a large portion of the Bank's capital account. A copy of this analysis and a plan to reduce any undue concentrations of credit will be provided to the Regional Director and the Superintendent. The plan and its implementation shall be in a form and manner acceptable to the Regional Director and the Superintendent as determined at subsequent examinations and/or visitations.

   [.7] 8. Within 10 days from the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall establish and thereafter maintain an adequate reserve for loan losses. Such reserve shall be established by charges to current operating income, together with collection of assets previously charged off. In complying with the provisions of this paragraph, the board of directors shall review the adequacy of the Bank's reserve for loan losses prior to the end of each quarter. The minutes of the board of directors meeting at which such review is undertaken shall indicate the results of the review, the amount of any increase in the reserve, and the basis for determination of the amount of the reserve provided.

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   [.8] 9. Within 60 days from the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall develop and adopt a plan to control overhead and other expenses and restore the Bank's profitability. The plan shall be in a form and manner acceptable to the Regional Director and the Superintendent as determined at subsequent examinations and/or visitations.

   [.9] 10. Within 60 days from the effective date of this ORDER, or with respect to the Other Real Estate parcel as soon thereafter as is reasonably practical, the Bank shall eliminate and/or correct all violations of law which are more fully set out on pages 6-b and 6-b-1 of the Report of Examination of the Bank as of July 27, 1992. In addition, the Bank shall take all necessary steps to ensure future compliance with all applicable laws and regulations.

   [.10] 11. During the life of this ORDER, the Bank shall adhere to its asset/liability management policy. In addition, the Bank shall take the following actions:

       (a) maintain a range for the Bank's volatile liability dependency ratio, as computed in accordance with the definitions contained in FDIC's current edition of "A Users Guide for the Uniform Bank Performance Report" at a level which shall not be more than ten (10.0) percent. The requirements of this paragraph shall not be construed as standards for future operations, and the Bank's volatile liability dependency ratio shall be maintained at a level consistent with prudent banking practices;
       (b) establish a range for short-term investments to potentially volatile liabilities, in accordance with the definitions contained in FDIC's current edition of `A Users Guide for the Uniform Bank Performance Report";
       (c) maintain acceptable ranges, for various periods through 60 months, for the Bank's rate sensitivity ratio. Such ranges shall have a minimum of not less than 0.80 and a maximum of not more than 1.20;
       (d) maintain a minimum liquidity ratio as calculated by FDIC in the Report of Examination, which ratio shall not be less than 18%; and
       (e) record minutes of meetings of the asset/liability committee, including (i) a description of the following: the committee's agenda, how objectives are to be obtained, and information and guidance obtained from the board of directors; and (ii) progress reports for presentation of the board of directors.

   [.11] 12. Within 10 days from the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall file with the FDIC amended Consolidated Reports of Condition and Income which shall accurately reflect the financial condition of the Bank as of December 31, 1991, March 31, 1992, June 30, 1992 and September 30, 1992. Specifically, such amendments shall accurately reflect that fee income on the sale of the guaranteed portion of Small Business Administration loans is deferred until the recourse period has expired. Thereafter, during the life of this ORDER, the Bank shall file with the FDIC Consolidated Reports of Condition and Income which accurately reflect the financial condition of the Bank as of the end of the period for which the Reports are filed, including any adjustment in the Bank's books made necessary or appropriate as a consequence of any final California State Banking Department or FDIC examination report that has been received by the Bank during that reporting period.

   [.12] 13. The Bank shall not pay cash dividends without the prior written consent of the Regional Director and the Superintendent.

   [.13] 14. Following the effective date of this ORDER, the Bank shall send to its shareholders or otherwise furnish a description of this ORDER in conjunction with the Bank's next shareholder communication and also in conjunction with its notice or proxy statement preceding the Bank's next shareholder meeting. The description shall fully describe the ORDER in all material respects. The description and any accompanying communication, statement, or notice shall be sent to the FDIC, Registration and Disclosure Section, Washington, D.C. 20429, at least fifteen (15) days prior to dissemination to shareholders. Any changes requested to be made by the FDIC shall be made prior to dissemination of the description, communication, notice, or statement.
   15. Within 30 days of the end of the first quarter following the effective date of this ORDER, and within thirty (30) days of the end of each quarter thereafter, the Bank shall furnish written progress reports to the Regional Director and the Superintendent de- {{2-28-93 p.C-2934}}tailing the form and manner of any actions taken to secure compliance with this ORDER and the results thereof. Such reports shall include a copy of the Bank's Report of Condition and the Bank's Report of Income. Such reports may be discontinued when the corrections required by this ORDER have Superintendent have released the Bank in writing from making further reports.
   The provisions of this ORDER shall be binding upon the Bank, it directors, officers, employees, agents, successors, assigns, and other persons participating in the conduct of the affairs of the Bank.
   This ORDER shall become effective ten (10) days from the date of its issuance.
   The provisions of this ORDER shall remain effective and enforceable except to the extent that, and until such time as, any provisions of this ORDER shall have been modified, terminated, suspended, or set aside by the FDIC.
   Dated at San Francisco, California, this 22nd day of December, 1992.
   Pursuant to delegated authority.

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